著者
藤田 祐
出版者
日本イギリス哲学会
雑誌
イギリス哲学研究 (ISSN:03877450)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.39-54, 2004-03-20 (Released:2018-04-25)

In his ‘Evolution and Ethics’ T. H. Huxley formulates the antagonism between nature and art. In this formulation, human beings and society have in themselves both natural and artificial aspects, to which he attaches ambiguous values. This view is closely connected with his political argument in ‘The Struggle for Existence in Human Society’, which seeks the middle course between ‘Anarchic Individualism’ and ‘Regimental Socialism’. In his formulation, the antagonism between individualism and socialism is parallel to that between nature and art. It can be argued, therefore, that his middle-of-the-road politics is based on his ambiguous attitudes to nature and art.
著者
藤田 祐史 FUJITA YUJI
出版者
名古屋大学大学院人文学研究科図書・編集委員会
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学フォーラム (ISSN:24332321)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.107-120, 2018-03-31

This article examines how to use three Haikus in "Gokumon-tou(Gokumon Island)", one of Yokomizo Seishi's mystery novels. In this mystery, a detective, Kindaichi Kosuke finds the truth of the serial murders. In those cases, each of the victims are compared to Haiku. For example, Yukie, she is the middle of three sisters, is compared to Basho's Haiku "Muzan yana Kabuto no Shita no Kirigirisu (How pitiful! Under a soldier's empty helmet, a cricket sings)". Specifically, Yukie is compared to an old cricket related to white color because Basho's cricket is compared to an old soldier. Then, a big temple bell is compared to a soldier's helmet. What is this criminal doing? The criminal rediscovers the beauty of Haiku. In other words, the criminal plays with Mitate. As I have explained, Mitate is a kind of comparison, and in this paper I solve three mysteries with Kindaichi, and clarify the motive for crime. As a whole, this thesis offers a close reading "Gokumon-tou" focusing on three Haikus and the role of characters. In addition, I show the position of "Gokomon-tou" in the Japanese mystery or Japanese modern literature containing Haiku. "Gokomon-tou" is groundbreaking in these special tricks using Haiku. After this novel we find a lot of mystery writers using Haiku. Especially, Matsumoto Seicho utilize Haiku as a trick or the key to solving the mystery. Seicho knows the characteristics of modern Haiku in comparison with Seishi. He use the characteristics, namely Shasei(sketching)theory, going to famous sightseeing spots, literary coterie magazines, Haiku gathering and so on, in his novels. Then, Yokomitsu Riichi who is a contemporary of Seishi connects Basho's Haiku and Japanese fate. In contract, Seishi's Basho is released from the oppression. Seishi makes free use of Basho's Haiku, and accordingly "Gokumon-tou" becomes a watershed of Basho's Haiku for use in novels.
著者
山崎 真治 藤田 祐樹 片桐 千亜紀 黒住 耐二 海部 陽介
出版者
日本人類学会
雑誌
Anthropological Science (Japanese Series) (ISSN:13443992)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.122, no.1, pp.9-27, 2014
被引用文献数
1

2012~2013年に沖縄県南城市サキタリ洞遺跡調査区IのII層(約16400~19300 BP[未較正])を発掘し,人骨2点(臼歯1点と舟状骨1点)とともに39点の断片化した海産貝類を検出した。先に報告したI層出土のものと合わせ,計47点にのぼる海産貝類は,人為的に遺跡近辺に運搬され,埋没したものと考えられる。II層由来のマルスダレガイ科(マツヤマワスレ[<i>Callista </i><i>chinensis</i>]・ハマグリ類[<i>Meretrix</i> sp. cf. <i>lusoria</i>]),クジャクガイ[<i>Septifer bilocularis</i>],ツノガイ類["<i>Dentalium</i>" spp.]について組成や形状,割れ方について記載するとともに,微細な線条痕および摩滅・光沢を観察したところ,マルスダレガイ科の破片には定型性が認められ,二次加工と考えられる小剥離痕が高い頻度で見られた。また,特定の部位に使用痕や加工痕と推定できる摩滅・光沢や線条痕が観察できることから,少なくともその一部は利器として使用されたと考えられる。また,クジャクガイの一部にも,使用痕と見られる線条痕や損耗が観察できた。ツノガイ類は,産状から装飾品(ビーズ)として用いられた可能性が高く,その一部には人為的な線条痕が観察できた。以上のことから,II層出土の海産貝類の少なくとも一部は,利器・装飾品を含む道具(貝器)として使用されたものと考えられる。II層出土の人骨と合わせて,こうした貝器の存在は,サキタリ洞での人類の活動痕跡が,少なくとも16400~19300 BP にまで遡ることを示している。
著者
藤田 祐一 栗栖 源嗣
出版者
一般社団法人 日本生物物理学会
雑誌
生物物理 (ISSN:05824052)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.2, pp.066-071, 2011 (Released:2011-03-30)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
1

Protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) reduction is the final step to make up the spectroscopic properties of chlorophyll a in biosynthesis of chlorophyll. During evolution, photosynthetic organisms have invented two structurally unrelated Pchlide reductases; light-dependent Pchlide reductase (LPOR) and light-independent (dark-operative) Pchlide reductase (DPOR). LPOR is an NADPH-dependent enzyme operating as a key enzyme for the light-dependent greening in angiosperms, and DPOR is a nitrogenase-like enzyme that allows gymnosperms, algae, cyanobacteria and photosynthetic bacteria to produce (bacterio)chlorophylls even in the dark. We will review recent major research progresses on Pchlide reductases, especially, crystallographic structure and proposed reaction mechanism of DPOR. Differential operation and evolutionary implications of these enzymes are also discussed.
著者
藤田 祐志
出版者
一般社団法人 日本人間工学会
雑誌
人間工学 (ISSN:05494974)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.1, pp.1-4, 2019-02-15 (Released:2020-08-21)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
1 1

人間工学を世界的に推進する観点から,重要なリサーチ・イシューを要約した.リサーチの姿勢に関わる5つの主要なイシューを議論しており,これらは(1)科学的研究と実践の相補的実行,(2)ステークホルダーの関与,(3)システミックなアプローチ,(4)人間工学の新たな役割,および(5)先見的姿勢である.また,将来に向けて,教育者が重要な役割を果たさなければならないと論じている.本稿は,国際人間工学連合で得られた10年近くにおよぶ筆者の経験にもとづいている.
著者
榎原 毅 鳥居塚 崇 小谷 賢太郎 藤田 祐志
出版者
一般社団法人 日本人間工学会
雑誌
人間工学 (ISSN:05494974)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.4, pp.155-164, 2021-08-15 (Released:2021-08-20)
参考文献数
19

国際人間工学連合は人間工学(HFE;Human Factors and Ergonomics)のコア・コンピテンシーを改訂した.HFEの改訂コア・コンピテンシーの単位は7領域に集約・再整理され,システムズアプローチ視点がより強調される形となっている.改訂コア・コンピテンシーに基づき,今,社会の要請に応えるHFE専門家を育成するために必要と考えられるリサーチ・イシューとして,1)ステークホルダ関与に基づく解決策の提案,2)システムズアプローチに基づくシステム要素の調和,そして3)HFE主導による,あるべき近未来労働・生活様式ビジョンの策定,の3つのポイントを提案した.これらはHFEの世界的な動向を鑑み,国内のHFE研究者,実務者,専門家が今,学び,実践すべき重要なリサーチ・イシューである.
著者
豊田 真吾 藤田 祐也 菅野 皓文 後藤 哲 熊谷 哲也 森 鑑二 瀧 琢有
出版者
一般社団法人 日本脳卒中の外科学会
雑誌
脳卒中の外科 (ISSN:09145508)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.6, pp.431-438, 2016 (Released:2016-12-27)
参考文献数
38
被引用文献数
1

Considering the excellent results of coil embolization in several clinical studies for cerebral aneurysms, endovascular treatment has often been selected as the first-choice treatment of cerebral aneurysms, even in Japan. However, recurrence, which occurs at a certain probability after coil embolization, is a crucial problem. As a result of the increased use of endovascular treatment, we have experienced increased frequency of recurrent aneurysms after coil embolization.Many authors have reported that re-coil embolization is safe and efficient for the treatment of recurrent aneurysms after coil embolization. On the other hand, surgical clipping is an alternative option for retreatment, especially in cases unsuitable for coil embolization. Surgical clipping for recurrent aneurysms after coil embolization is performed with or without removal of embolized coils. However, removal of embolized coils entails management of some uncertain elements during the procedure. Therefore, when technically feasible, clipping without removal of embolized coils is preferred.We present our experience with retreatment of 24 cerebral aneurysms after coiling between 2009 and 2015. Among the 24 aneurysms, 12 were retreated with coiling, and 12 were retreated with clipping. Among the 12 cases with clipping, 10 involved neck clipping and two involved partial clipping of the non-thrombosed portion. In all the cases, clipping was accomplished without coil removal. No neurological complications occurred in any of the cases retreated with surgical clipping.The management of recurrent lesions of embolized aneurysms requires appropriate choice of treatment that involves using coiling as well as clipping. In these cases, surgical clipping, especially without coil removal, plays an important role in ensuring safe treatment.
著者
藤田 祐史 FUJITA YUJI
出版者
名古屋大学大学院人文学研究科図書・論集委員会
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学フォーラム (ISSN:24332321)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.107-120, 2018-03-31

This article examines how to use three Haikus in “Gokumon-tou(Gokumon Island)”, one of Yokomizo Seishi’s mystery novels. In this mystery, a detective, Kindaichi Kosuke finds the truth of the serial murders. In those cases, each of the victims are compared to Haiku. For example, Yukie, she is the middle of three sisters, is compared to Basho’s Haiku “Muzan yana Kabuto no Shita no Kirigirisu (How pitiful! Under a soldier’s empty helmet, a cricket sings)”. Specifically, Yukie is compared to an old cricket related to white color because Basho’s cricket is compared to an old soldier. Then, a big temple bell is compared to a soldier’s helmet. What is this criminal doing? The criminal rediscovers the beauty of Haiku. In other words, the criminal plays with Mitate. As I have explained, Mitate is a kind of comparison, and in this paper I solve three mysteries with Kindaichi, and clarify the motive for crime. As a whole, this thesis offers a close reading “Gokumon-tou” focusing on three Haikus and the role of characters. In addition, I show the position of “Gokomon-tou” in the Japanese mystery or Japanese modern literature containing Haiku. “Gokomon-tou” is groundbreaking in these special tricks using Haiku. After this novel we find a lot of mystery writers using Haiku. Especially, Matsumoto Seicho utilize Haiku as a trick or the key to solving the mystery. Seicho knows the characteristics of modern Haiku in comparison with Seishi. He use the characteristics, namely Shasei(sketching)theory, going to famous sightseeing spots, literary coterie magazines, Haiku gathering and so on, in his novels. Then, Yokomitsu Riichi who is a contemporary of Seishi connects Basho’s Haiku and Japanese fate. In contract, Seishi’s Basho is released from the oppression. Seishi makes free use of Basho’s Haiku, and accordingly “Gokumon-tou” becomes a watershed of Basho’s Haiku for use in novels.