著者
藤原 綾乃
出版者
特定非営利活動法人 組織学会
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, no.2, pp.26-32, 2016 (Released:2016-12-14)
参考文献数
9

This study performed an empirical analysis of R&D based on technologies and knowledge embodied in people hired by advanced companies as engineers in emerging countries. In recent years, emerging companies in Asia have been recruiting numerous engineers from Japanese companies for their R&D efforts. This study empirically analyzed the R&D performance of companies for which engineers from Japanese companies have become employed. Result show that those engineers from Japanese companies contributed to increased patent production, patent complexity, and patent quality of companies in emerging Asian countries. However, the contribution is limited. Among the engineers from Japanese companies, engineers who contribute to increased patent production and who contribute to patent complexity, and patent quality are different.
著者
生稲 史彦 原 泰史
出版者
特定非営利活動法人 組織学会
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.1, pp.52-58, 2015-07-31 (Released:2015-07-31)
参考文献数
14

Japanese animation industry has a big contradiction. Despite they have made great honorable animation, animators (people who draws motion picture) cannot get enough wages. Why their work are not adequately rewarded even they have a capability to produce excellent work? Involved stakeholders, academic researchers, and policy makes have shared similar concerns on this issue. Several policies had been implemented but it doesn’t yield sufficient outcomes. “Anime Mirai” policy is the new policy approach to solve this problem. Anime Mirai was planned mainly by the Japan Animation Creators Association (JAniCA), and implemented by the Agency for Cultural Affairs. Through Anime Mirai, policy makers aimed to develop human resources which sustain the creation of Japanese animation ecosystem. JAniCA and Cultural Affairs has same point of view on Japanese animation that current animation company haven’t capability to train young animators. In Anime Mirai scheme, JAniCA provided fund to the selected animation companies, these companies produced the new original animations to train young animators. Through Anime Mirai process, turn-over rate of young animators turns low and animation companies has own profitable copyright product such as Little Witch Academia (Trigger) and Death Parade(Madhouse). As of the policy implication of Anime Mirai, organizational failure could be absorbed by “gemba-oriented” governmental funding scheme.
著者
服部 泰宏 伊達 洋駆 福澤 光啓 舘野 泰一 安斎 勇樹
出版者
特定非営利活動法人 組織学会
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.1, pp.113-119, 2013 (Released:2013-07-30)
参考文献数
13

Social scientists credit science with stimulating technological invocation and with it economic growth. We management theorist also believe that theories do help us organize our thoughts, generate explanations, and improve our predictions. In American/Western context, however, many researchers in our field point out that the gap between science and practice is so persistent and pervasive that our theory has been lost its relevance. Over the past decade, several attempts to deal with such problem have evolved in the form of movements toward “evidence-based management: EBM.” In response to EBM movement, in this “theme session” we try to rethink about the problems of researcher-practitioner linkage (RPL) in Japanese context. Our session consists of three separate parts. In the first part, based on the result of survey research we discuss about diffusion of management theory. In this part we try to develop a framework that will guide us in taking steps necessary for increasing the probability that practitioners will implement our findings. This may enable us to understand how transfer of knowledge (management theory) occurs and why. In the second part, we theoretically and empirically discuss about inter-organizational trust. As prior studies have suggested, the existence of inter organizational trust decrease uncertainty in inter-organizational exchanges and can enhance the performance of both practitioner and researchers. And our empirical research supports this. And finally, in the third part we think about RPL from the perspective of educational technology. Discussing about “evidence-based education” and analyzing data from some academic-industrial collaboration projects we try to draw some implication about RPL.

3 0 0 0 OA Groupthink trap

著者
Ryota MATSUI
出版者
The Academic Association for Organizational Science
雑誌
Transactions of the Academic Association for Organizational Science (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.2, pp.14-19, 2017 (Released:2017-12-23)
参考文献数
13

On March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake triggered an extremely severe nuclear accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, owned and operated by Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO). Before the accident, several experts and researchers had repeatedly pointed out a high possibility that tsunami would reach beyond the level assumed by TEPCO, as well as a possibility that such level of tsunami might cause severe accidents. However, TEPCO and the regulatory body (NISA) overlooked these warnings and did not take any preventive measure against tsunami. Consequently, Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant was incapable of withstanding the tsunami that hit on the day. Due to these facts, the accident is regarded as a man-made disaster. Even today, more than 6 years after the accident, it has not been revealed why they underestimated the risk of tsunami and couldn't prevent the accident. This article suggests that this question can be partially answered by applying “groupthink” model which was developed by Irving Janis. This study analyzes the descriptions of two official reports on the Fukushima accident by Japanese government and National Diet. As the result, all antecedent conditions, six symptoms of groupthink and six symptoms of defective decision making are found in the accident reports. This study also suggests that an additional antecedent condition "existences of obvious and obscure risks" and a symptom of groupthink "procrastination of problem solving" could be included in the groupthink model.
著者
赤間 愛理
出版者
特定非営利活動法人 組織学会
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.1, pp.32-37, 2014-08-25 (Released:2014-08-28)
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
1

The purpose of this study is to disclose the building process of suppliers' development capabilities through the patent data analysis under rapid technological system conversion of the automobile. Recent computerization of cars has urged the improvement of the technology of arranging wire harness and lightening. The role of wire harness in a car is a linking of electrical components, so it means that wire harness is to define the electrical functions of the car. Namely, wire harness is suitable as a subject to observe recent improvement process of development capabilities of auto parts suppliers. In order to visualize research results, we use a patent data analysis of the wire harness area. Research subject is wire harness department of the Sumitomo group (Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd., Sumitomo Wiring Systems, Ltd., Auto Network Technology Institute), which has extended global market share over the last two decades, while comparing with the Yazaki Group (Yazaki Sougyou), a top supplier of wire harness. In analyzing the patent data, we regard a company as a bunch of technology and analyze from 3 viewpoints, which are companies, engineers, and invention. Our study revealed the following mechanisms.Mechanism 1, Analysis of Company unit: “Building development capabilities starts from the patent application by wire harness manufacturer alone.”Mechanism 2, Analysis of Engineer unit:“The key to build development capabilities is the reciprocating motion between single application and joint application by core engineers.”Mechanism 3, Analysis of Invention unit: “Building development capabilities accelerates by reconstructing the predecessor's technology.”We present a conceptual model that organizes the mechanism as the conclusion of this study. "Building development capabilities starts from patent applications by wire harness manufacturer alone and returns to the evolution path of the invention by the reciprocating motion of the core engineer as an interface, and accelerates by reconstructing the predecessor's technology."
著者
清宮 徹
出版者
The Academic Association for Organizational Science
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.2, pp.43-54, 2016-02-29 (Released:2016-03-14)
参考文献数
25

When we focus on organizing, rather than organization, it is crucial to pay attention to the role of discourse and consider how social reality is shaped through discursive interactions in organizational settings. This paper explores effective discourse approaches to study the dynamic aspects of organizing. From the perspective of organizational communication, in particular from a communication constitutes organization, a focal point of studies has been on discursive interactions and their process in a variety of contexts. This paper illustrates basic understandings of organizational discourse studies that commonly emphasize conceptualizations of articulation, recontextualization, interdiscursivity, and polyphony, which sheds light on the dynamic development of social reality. The relationship between text and context must be understood in the analysis of intertextual relations. Studies of organizational discourse do not mean analysis about words and languages, but rather analysis of contexts with intertextual relationships. In doing so, a complex and often taken-for-grated contexts are interpreted in the dynamic process of organizing. A variety of discourse analyses are used as complementary approaches. These are beneficial for investigating the dynamics of historical, cultural, and everyday contexts. Eventually, the organizational discourse approaches challenge the study of complex social reality and attempt to expand beyond the limited areas of traditional management studies and traditional domains of research legitimatized by managerialism. While strong concerns have been expressed regarding a notion of organizing, it is crucial to change the conventional view of control in management to a more dynamic aspect of communicating and democratizing in organizations.
著者
見吉 英彦
出版者
The Academic Association for Organizational Science
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.1, pp.81-86, 2017 (Released:2017-08-18)
参考文献数
13

Recently, in research of entrepreneurship, much attention has been paid to the new approach, which trying to formulate an excellent entrepreneur's decision-making principle. As one of them, there is the concept of "effectuation" that Saras Sarasvathy advocated. In this paper, first, it explain the "effectuation" and sorting out an issue of competitive strategic theory and consider the possibility of "effectuation" in this field. As the result, this paper pointed out that it is important point that how to balance or fuse “Correspond to Knight's the third uncertainty” and "special solutions embedded in specific contexts"
著者
中祖 晴香 大滝 令嗣 野口 麗奈
出版者
The Academic Association for Organizational Science
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.2, pp.191-196, 2018 (Released:2018-12-27)
参考文献数
9

The objective of this paper is to gain implications for measuring and visualizing employee engagement instantaneously by using AI called "A; " (Laboratik Inc.). Currently, employee engagement scores in Japan only attains the half of its universal average score while some study concluded that employee engagement impacted on its corporate performance. Therefore, the aim of this study is to contribute for improving current employee engagement score in Japan by seeking for a possible solution to measure and visualize employee engagement more instantaneously without survey questions in the future, specifically, utilizing technology. The research hypothesis is that there are correlations between changes in sentiment scores with "A;", and the change of employee engagement survey scores before and after coaching sessions. We conducted this research toward 2 groups of 6 employees in each within targeted period. The research result supported our hypothesis. In addition, we found that two teams employee engagement factors that correlated to the sentiments' changes were different. In conclusion, the findings implied the possible utilization of A; to a real-time measure of employee engagement score though it is mandatory to accumulate results with larger samples.
著者
井形 元彦 繁桝 博昭 桂 信太郎
出版者
The Academic Association for Organizational Science
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.2, pp.299-304, 2018 (Released:2018-12-27)
参考文献数
5

In this research, we aimed to give new findings to marketing strategies for flowers. Especially purchase of flower plants is decided not with functional value but with sensibility value. Therefore, we quantitatively and structurally analyzed the sensitivity of subjects' preferences using Kansei Engineering method. Furthermore, based on cognitive neuroscience method, fMRI (functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging) was used to evaluate the impression on the way of presenting flowers and the effect on brain activity. Based on the results, this paper explores the possibility of applying the neuromarketing which integrates the fields of marketing, psychology, and neuroscience to the flower business in the future.
著者
池田 浩 森永 雄太
出版者
特定非営利活動法人 組織学会
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.1, pp.62-67, 2014-08-25 (Released:2014-08-28)
参考文献数
11

The purpose of this study was to develop a scale measuring multi-faceted as well as multi-dimensional work motivations in Japanese organizations. It also sought to verify the scale’s validity and reliability. In study 1, items of the scale were developed based on Barrick, Stewart, and Piotrowski’s (2002) work on a prior scale, and included additional content on motivational aspects of learning. These items were further elaborated and examined in two preliminary investigations to determine whether each reflected three core dimensions: directivity, persistence, and strength. In study 2, web surveys comprising the items were administered to 600 Japanese employees whose responses were later analyzed. An exploratory factor analysis was performed to ascertain the scale’s validity and reliability, which revealed 4 factors: accomplishment, competition, cooperation, and learning-oriented motivation. This factor structure was confirmed in Study 3 with two samples of 209 nurses and 467 system engineers. This final phase of our research also demonstrated that competition-oriented motivation was associated with decreased negative job performance among employees of Japanese hospitals.
著者
西口 敏宏
出版者
特定非営利活動法人 組織学会
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.1, pp.200-205, 2015-07-31 (Released:2015-07-31)
参考文献数
18

This paper examines community-level social capital, or community capital for short. Building on existing literature on social capital and supply chain networks, we specifically look at the community networks that evolved among the natives of China’s Wenzhou, often referred to as the birthplace of spontaneous Chinese capitalism. A key is to understand in depth whether and how individuals interact in local contingencies, to form a coherent pattern that may facilitate or inhibit further collective action. To what extent, moreover, is such pattern generation a product of community norms, values and strategies shared by community members? How does such pattern generation differ from other communities whose collective performance is less impressive? And why? This research directly addresses these issues with original evidence. Drawing on extensive fieldwork, we investigate, at the community level, the emerging networking patterns of Chinese entrepreneurs from Wenzhou, whose striking economic success has been widely noted. In particular, we examine the extent to which Wenzhounese entrepreneurs’ rapid rewiring of their links with various transnational locales and the concomitant efficient network search and information sharing on the basis of community cohesiveness is related to Wenzhou’s success. We find “commensurate trust”shared and enjoyed among its exclusionary community members a key to decode the secrets of their success as well as to limit their evolvability.
著者
山内 裕 平本 毅
出版者
特定非営利活動法人 組織学会
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.2, pp.41-46, 2014-12-24 (Released:2014-12-18)
参考文献数
11

This study examines customer interactions at traditional-style sushi bars in Tokyo using an ethnomethodological and conversation analytic approach. Actual interactions were videotaped and analyzed in detail. The findings suggest that sushi chefs test customers by posing a difficult question, that less experienced customers show their orientation to whether their answer is appropriate, and that experienced customers produce a concise answer without such orientation. This is all done in a routine, mundane, and matter-of-fact way. The chefs define that their customers should be able to answer the question without any problem and customers demonstrate their competence through minimal and concise actions. The customer interaction is not only about exchanging information as to what the customers want but also about presentation and negotiation of selves. As an implication, it is briefly discussed that services can be seen as a struggle; beyond meeting customer needs and satisfying customers.
著者
長瀬 勝彦
出版者
The Academic Association for Organizational Science
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.2, pp.179-184, 2018 (Released:2018-12-27)
参考文献数
11

Previous findings on the relationship between psychological traits and procrastination are inconsistent. Same applies to the relationship between procrastination and performance. Some researchers have reported negative influences of procrastination on performance, some researchers have reported positive influences, and the others have reported no influences. It is partly due to the fact that prior research has explored only each of the two relationships. Additionally, the relationship between psychological traits and performance remains hidden from view. In order to overcome these limitations, this study investigates the relationships among psychological traits, procrastination, and performance. Steel(2011) presented a scale of procrastination and scales of three psychological traits (expectation, value, and impulsivity). I translated them into Japanese language and made some modest amendments in order to improve the suitability for Japanese students. Respondents were 160 sophomores (82 females, 78 males) of a university in Tokyo. Students answered the questionnaires and described their GPAs, which were used as the indicators of their academic performance. Structural equation modelling (SEM) revealed that impulsivity acted on procrastination and that procrastination acted on performance. Expectation and value did not have significant influences on procrastination. None of the psychological traits had significant direct influences on performance. The model fit statistics indicated CFI=.864, GFI=.806, and RMSEA=.058.
著者
水谷 浩之
出版者
特定非営利活動法人 組織学会
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.1, pp.20-25, 2014-08-25 (Released:2014-08-28)
参考文献数
16

With the increase of decentralization, local governments are left to solve their own policy problems more than ever. Existing research focused on the decision making process of local government are scarce and fails to consider both organizational hierarchy and many participants. Based on these point, the purpose of this article is to investigate the decision making process of local government by expanding upon the Garbage Can Model of Cohen et al. (1972). I did both interviews and questionnaires targeted at staff in the Affairs Department of local government X. I found postponement of problems that the Section did not tackle problems and interruption that the decision making process went back former stage. This postponement had an effect to tackle important problems to be solved in the short term inside of the Section. In addition, in the situations where decision making process was in progress, postponement was to develop decision making process related to other important problems, and to solve these problems. Interruption had an effect to tackle important problems that the Section overlooked. The result shows that postponement of problems and interruption played an important role in the decision making process of local government X.
著者
吉永 崇史
出版者
The Academic Association for Organizational Science
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.2, pp.47-52, 2017 (Released:2017-12-23)
参考文献数
7

This paper proposes three ideas for the possible roles of an organizational studies researcher (hereafter referred to as an OSR) when practicing the narrative approach described by Yoshinaga and Saito (in press). First, in order to device a method for extracting diverse narratives, it is necessary for an OSR to have a sufficiently trusting relationship with the practitioners. The positive attitudes of the practitioners trying to incorporate an OSR in order to encourage diversity management and of the researchers that are trying to contribute to co-constructing narratives in the field are required. Therefore, the OSR must appeal to the practitioners and demonstrate that the researcher can become someone who will promote diversity management within the organization. Second, by witnessing how the narrative approach is practiced, an OSR can be involved in the field without interfering with the autonomy of the practitioners. In addition, the OSR will be able to present positive meaning for each practitioner's practice. Finally, for an OSR to administrate the organizational practice of a narrative approach, after OSRs have been grouped into teams, they can conduct a process that consists of four steps: 1) a dialogue between the OSRs, 2) a presentation of the dialogue summary to the practitioners, 3) a dialogue with the practitioners and the researchers, and 4) a dialogue between the practitioners. The process needs to be designed as action research.
著者
榎波 龍雄 田路 則子
出版者
The Academic Association for Organizational Science
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.1, pp.71-76, 2015-07-31 (Released:2015-07-31)
参考文献数
8

Companies that have success in the product of modular architecture, easily to get stuck in “The Modularity Trap”. What are the factors for next successful innovation for these companies? This paper follows the transition of the product architecture of semiconductor exposure tools which have large scale complexity. Semiconductor exposure tool is the ultimate integrative type of product as typified by the automobile. According to previous discussions represented by Fujimoto (2001), Japanese companies have strong points of making integral architecture product by utilizing much knowledge beyond the boundary of companies and integrated human resources. In fact, a Japanese exposure manufacture, Nikon had attained around 50% market share until the mid-1990s by leveraging overwhelming technological innovation capability. However, Nikon have been caught up by ASML (a Dutch company), which entered the market later. In this paper, we compare ASML succeeding in innovation despite its modular architecture with Nikon not succeeding in innovation despite integral architecture.
著者
伊佐田 文彦
出版者
The Academic Association for Organizational Science
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.2, pp.447-452, 2018 (Released:2018-12-27)
参考文献数
17

The objective of this research is to clarify empirically the influence of the network structure between companies on research and development (R&D) in Internet of Things (IoT) business. In IoT business, R&D beyond the border of a company becomes important. Furthermore, advantageous positioning in the network is thought to enhance the result of R&D, and ultimately contribute to profit. In this research, the relationship between the network structure and the result of R&D was analyzed with a method of social network analysis. Joint-application patents related to IoT business were extracted from the intellectual-property database. As a result, the difference in the network structure of a company was related to the result of R&D and profitability in IoT business.
著者
今永 典秀
出版者
The Academic Association for Organizational Science
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.2, pp.332-337, 2018 (Released:2018-12-27)
参考文献数
8

The focus is on a knife industry, one of the traditional local industries in Seki, Gifu Prefecture. I consider the case of Nikken Cutlery Co., Ltd., one of the small and medium enterprises, whose business successor made innovation using crowdfunding. After working for several years as an engineer at a big enterprise, the business successor joined the company for business succession. After exchanging constructive ideas with younger employees there, the successor developed a new product. Then, utilizing crowdfunding, the person sold the new product in new markets. This action is a thinking process to take advantage of "effectuation", starting actions from means already possessed, acting to positively aim at constructing new partnerships that were not originally anticipated and creating the environment, which I found it to be an inspiring approach. In addition, utilization of crowdfunding may contribute to reform of corporate culture and promotion of new business. Utilization of crowdfunding in traditional industries in the local area can be one of the useful ways in which business successors make innovation and reform an organization.
著者
中野 勉
出版者
The Academic Association for Organizational Science
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, no.2, pp.41-48, 2016 (Released:2016-12-14)
参考文献数
20

What is “good” sound to listen to music? How does the market work? This paper investigates market mechanisms of Japan’s high-end audio industry as linked to the global markets, from the point of view of pragmatic valuation as tasting of hardware products. It aims to test its validity and potential with relevance to the network analysis. The industry is a “creative industry” where art, technology and culture intersect to produce “good” quality sound for serious audiophiles who buy luxurious high-end equipments to enjoy listening to the aesthetic music. The serial work by Hennion on taste discusses attachments as a moment of sensations as to become music lovers or alcoholics. By contrast, applying network analysis of relevant social networks and fieldwork interviews of audiophiles in Denmark, France, Germany, Japan, Sweden, UK, and US markets, this research study focused on the hardware, which mediates the art of music and human minds as agents, the point largely ignored by the existing literature. As a result, the study found that the concept of “high fidelity” is the foundational notion of “good” sound as a shared benchmark among the stakeholders. However the complexity of valuation of sound as combination of art, culture and technology generates ambiguity or ambivalence regarding the definition. The fact requires a multi-dimensional approach to the tasting or evaluation with a rich and sophisticated repertoire of pragmatic knowledge from seasoned experience, highly subjective judgements as well as objective metric tests from engineering and technology. This ambivalence of high-fidelity is the engines that drives the market by creating the dynamic market valorization mechanisms where intermediaries coordinate stakeholders to stabilize value of the products through collaboration, confirmation, information sharing, legitimation, and updating or upscaling as agencement. This approach thus can elaborate on the coordination processes as well as the competitive dynamics of social networks in the marketplace beyond the relational structure.
著者
髙橋 省吾
出版者
The Academic Association for Organizational Science
雑誌
組織学会大会論文集 (ISSN:21868530)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.2, pp.154-159, 2018 (Released:2018-12-27)
参考文献数
11

This research presents ways in which companies engaged in industry-academia open innovation manage risks. Recently, importance of industry-academia open innovation is increasing. Universities, in particular, find it difficult to administrate risks; such as, information leakages, breaches of contract, conflicts of interest, etc. One of the reasons for this is multiple organizational structures of universities, which include bureaucracies, collegiums, enterprises, and corporations. In contrast, corporate governance is comparatively easy to administer because the organizational structure is bureaucratic basically. Therefore, companies that introduce industry-academia open innovation should manage their risks, including the ones mentioned above.