著者
友添 秀則 梅垣 明美
出版者
日本体育科教育学会
雑誌
体育科教育学研究 (ISSN:13428039)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.1, pp.1-10, 2007-03-15 (Released:2012-09-24)
参考文献数
55

In Japan, the suicide by bullying took place m ostly continuously in the elementary school, the junior high school, and the high school in 2006. Now, children are in the situation which is in the crisis concerned with character. In such a situation, it is thought that physical education should pursue the character building for the purpose of formation of sociality or morality.The purpose of this paper is to examine critically the prec e dence research on the character building in physical education. And it is to clarify the result and problem of the character building theory in physical education through the critical examination of the precedence research.This study will give the effective suggestions for building the character building theory in future physical education.The results were summarized as follows.1) It is necessary to build clearly the explicit concept of the “character building” in physical education.2) The study on the “character building” in physical education must be added comprehensive analysis and examination from the relation with ideal changes of school physical education of Japan and the national curriculum for school physical education of Japan.3) The study on the character building in physical education needs to be considered, clarifying related structure with sports culture.4) The study on the character building in physical education needs to be considered from the position of creating new society, having the viewpoint of social criticism.
著者
橋爪 和夫 高邑 和樹
出版者
日本体育科教育学会
雑誌
体育科教育学研究 (ISSN:13428039)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.2, pp.11-20, 2005-08-15 (Released:2012-09-24)
参考文献数
13

Purpose: This study examined the coordin ated movement of SAKA-AGARI (forward upward circling on the horizontal bar) by analyses of both ground reaction forces and films made with high speed cinematography. Methods: The reaction forces of the sustaining leg were compared between three elementary school children who perform SAKA-AGARI successfully and 6 elementary school children who were unable to perform SAKA-AGARI even though they were judged to have sufficient muscle strength to achieve SAKA-AGARI. Results: The results were summarized as follows.1) Both legs of the SAKA-AGARI performer seemed to put together until the upward swinging leg parting from the floor.2) After the upward swinging leg parted from the floor, reaction forces of the sustaining leg pointed vertically and to the front. The direction of the reaction force in the successful SAKA-AGARI changed to the direction of the bar.3) Maximal speed at which the upper part of the body of the SAKA-AGARI performer leaned back was significantly faster when SAKA-AGARI was performed successfully, and this was a significant factor in explaining whether the SAKA-AGARI performance would succeed or not.4) Maximal speed at which the upper part of the body of the SAKA-AGARI performer leaned back correlated with the impulse of forward reaction forces when SAKA-AGARI performance was successful.
著者
大塚 光雄 伊藤 美智子 伊藤 章
出版者
日本体育科教育学会
雑誌
体育科教育学研究 (ISSN:13428039)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.1, pp.1-18, 2011-03-25 (Released:2013-03-26)
参考文献数
38

The effects of two methods of teaching elementary school 6th graders in a hurdle class were compared in the present study. One is a new teaching method which emphasizes jump over hurdles high and long. The other is a general teaching method which emphasizes hurdle clearance movement. The former refers to jumping over hurdles, trailing the back leg parallel to the trunk and to run in a three-stride rhythm. This method was used in experimental group (13 boys and 8 girls). The latter refers to stepping over the hurdles as low as possible, trailing the back leg parallel to the ground and to run in a three-stride rhythm if students can. This method was used in control group (13 boys and 8 girls). Each class comprised 6 days. The effects were assessed as pre- and post-test performance in 40-meter hurdle races filmed with six cameras. We analyzed measurement items in hurdling and interval run movements and time required to finish the race. The main findings were as follows. 1) All of the students in experimental group (p< 0.001) and 80% students in control group (p< 0.05) improved hurdle records in the post-test. 2) Post-test hurdling velocity in both groups significantly increased, while interval run velocity significantly increased in the experimental group. 3) Both hurdling and take-off distances significantly increased in the experimental group in the post-test. 4) Post-test hurdle clearance time in the control group significantly decreased. These findings suggested that the new method of teaching is effective in improving all of their hurdle records, and fundamental ability to repeat run and jump in turn without hitting hurdles.
著者
鈴木 理 廣瀬 勝弘 土田 了輔 鈴木 直樹
出版者
日本体育科教育学会
雑誌
体育科教育学研究 (ISSN:13428039)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.1, pp.1-11, 2008-03-10 (Released:2012-09-24)
参考文献数
18

The essential component of ball games is competition for the uncertain outcome. Clarifying the structure of the games with the viewpoint of players, this article argues for a theoretical framework to grasp the relations among the objective of competition, the task of competition, and the method selected for task-solving.Although there are several types of ball games, all of them include one of two distinct objectives: ballprogressing to an objective point or movement of an individual player to an objective point. Ball or player progression is accomplished through conflicts between offense and defense or the activity of an individual player.Considering these elements, the process of task-solving can be classified into four types: “target-shooting”, “breakthrough”, “breakthrough ± target-shooting”, and “breakthrough ± base-advance”. Each type of task-solving reveals a fundamental learning content of the game. Furthermore, based on the layered structure of defensive interface and the selected method of ball- progressing corresponding to that structure, several types of confrontation between offense and defense can be distinguished: “separation”, “confusion”, “cross-border”, and “alternation”.Those findings promote curricular conversion from “athletic event priority” to “learning contents priority” in teaching ball games.
著者
塙 佐敏
出版者
日本体育科教育学会
雑誌
体育科教育学研究 (ISSN:13428039)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.2, pp.17-26, 2010-06-20 (Released:2013-03-26)
参考文献数
25

平成 22 年 10 月 20 日付けで刊行されました『体育科教育学研究』(第 26 巻第 2 号)の掲載論文中に投稿規定 4.1に抵触した論文がみられましたので,下記掲載論文の取り消し及び『体育科教育学研究』(第26 巻第 2号)における当該論文の無効をお知らせ致します.