著者
原田 忠直 大島 一二 Tadanao Harata Kazutsugu Oshima
雑誌
日本福祉大学経済論集
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, pp.75-92, 2014-09-30

マカオでは,2002年にカジノ経営権の国際入札が始まり,アメリカ・香港を中心に巨額な資本が投下されている.なかでも,カジノ産業だけではなく,宿泊施設・飲食店・ショッピングモール・劇場等のレクリエーション施設・展示場・会議場,さらにその他の観光施設等からなる複合的な「統合型リゾート」の建設が進められている.そして,この「統合型リゾート」を核として,マカオは劇的な経済成長を遂げ,雇用の確保,高福祉の実現など,多くの恩恵をマカオの地元住民に与えている.しかし,その陰で,低学歴層を中心に就業・生活面で「周辺化」されつつある人々,犯罪率の増加などの課題も存在している.
著者
大島 一二
出版者
桃山学院大学
雑誌
桃山学院大学経済経営論集 (ISSN:02869721)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.3, pp.33-48, 2016-03

This article mainly discusses the following issues: 1) Under the inflexible socialism economic system till the end of 1970's, large amount of the surplus labor were produced in rural China. 2) After the reform and opening of the economy by the Chinese government in 1980's, the industrialization in rural China enabled nearly one hundred million rural surplus labor to be employed successfully. 3) Because of the decline in employment in non-agricultural sector in China after 1990, immigrant labor to the cities have been increased. 4) These huge immigrants from the farming area to the cities brought serious impacts to the society. In the farming area, serious shortage of backbone young population caused the "hollowing-out" of rural society and economy and declined the agricultural production as well. This problem will possibly become a large obstacle to the development of agricultural economy. 5) Thus, reconsideration should be necessary about the significance of the development of agricultural economy through promoting the rural manufacturing and service industry.
著者
左 雯 大島 一二
出版者
地域農林経済学会
雑誌
農林業問題研究 (ISSN:03888525)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.3, pp.195-200, 2017-09-25 (Released:2017-09-30)
参考文献数
6

This paper investigates the current status of slotting allowances in the retail industry in China and the countermeasures of suppliers. The results of surveys of “Company R,” a major food retailer, and “Company C,” a food company, show that slotting allowances are often at a flexible rate. These slotting allowances allow retailers to cover their costs and help retailers to find better suppliers. However, the slotting allowances are relatively high for most suppliers such that some even find it difficult to make a profit. Therefore, “Company C” adopts its own pricing strategy and sales strategy to adapt to the retail market in China.
著者
大島 一二
出版者
桃山学院大学
雑誌
桃山学院大学総合研究所紀要 (ISSN:1346048X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.43, no.1, pp.117-126, 2017-10

In this paper, I examined sales and promotion strategies of Japanese agricultural products andfoods through those who exhibited Hong Kong Food Expo (HKTDC), one of the largest foodexhibition in East Asia. After the registration of Japanese dishes to World Heritage in 2013, aboom of Japanese foods has been observed especially in Asia. In Hong Kong, people are enjoyingvarious Japanese restaurants as well. This boom is obviously accelerating exports of Japaneseagricultural products. However, Japanese agricultural producers were mainly selling theirproducts in the domestic markets and their strategies toward the foreign markets still remain invulnerable stage. This paper aims to seek insights through the examination of the strategies usedat Hong Kong Food Expo.Hong Kong's food market has following characteristic points ;1) It is the biggest counter partner of exports of Japanese agricultural foods and products,2) There is no tariff on imports of Japanese foods and products basically, no non-tariff barrier butfor a few exceptions. It is in a favorable condition as an export partner.3) It is close to Japan and carriage procedures are simple.4) Most of Hong Kong people have visited Japan several times and are interested in Japanesefoods and culture.Thus, an analysis of Hong Kong Food Expo can provide us a good practice of strategies ofselling and promoting Japanese agricultural foods and products overseas.
著者
原田 忠直 大島 一二
出版者
日本福祉大学
雑誌
日本福祉大学経済論集 (ISSN:09156011)
巻号頁・発行日
no.49, pp.75-92, 2014-09-30

マカオでは,2002年にカジノ経営権の国際入札が始まり,アメリカ・香港を中心に巨額な資本が投下されている.なかでも,カジノ産業だけではなく,宿泊施設・飲食店・ショッピングモール・劇場等のレクリエーション施設・展示場・会議場,さらにその他の観光施設等からなる複合的な「統合型リゾート」の建設が進められている.そして,この「統合型リゾート」を核として,マカオは劇的な経済成長を遂げ,雇用の確保,高福祉の実現など,多くの恩恵をマカオの地元住民に与えている.しかし,その陰で,低学歴層を中心に就業・生活面で「周辺化」されつつある人々,犯罪率の増加などの課題も存在している.
著者
大島 一二
出版者
桃山学院大学
雑誌
桃山学院大学経済経営論集 (ISSN:02869721)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.4, pp.119-143, 2014-03-28

This paper reports the current situation of the advance of Chinese national farms in Russia. According to the material, this movement is regarded as the result of the surplus labor in Chinese rural area. It can also be attributed to the result of Chinese securing foods. The advance into the Republic of Kazakhstan is reported as well. Roles of the government, national farms and the family business are regarded as follows; Family business actors are the agents of the advance and management. They have at least over 33.3ha farms, some have about thousands Mu. They usually have as large as 10-100 times of those in domestic farms. National farms act as the association of the advance and the contractor of land lease. Government sector negotiates and seals agreements with the counter countries for the advance. The material also illustrated the following problems; Russian side has problems such as 1) collapsed agricultural infrastructure after the end of Soviet Union, 2) strict policy of the custom and immigrant office and difficulties in obtaining the visa, 3) difficulties in seeking productive tools, 4) Russian's hostile attitude that regarding China as "threat," 5) difficulties in sales in the far east of Russia and so on. Chinese side has problems such as 1) individual farms' financial shortage of development funds, 2) jumps of importing costs (cheaper cost of producing in Russia loses its merit because of the high tariff,) and so on. To solve these problems, the material insisted the steps such as government's positive action, non-profitable insurance, and advantageous tariff for imported agricultural products from Russia, low interest funds for the family business farms and their workers.
著者
口野 直隆 大島 一二
出版者
桃山学院大学
雑誌
桃山学院大学経済経営論集 = ST.ANDREW'S UNIVERSITY ECONOMIC AND BUSINESS REVIEW (ISSN:02869721)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.2, pp.1-16, 2016-10-03

In this paper, strategies of Japanese food service industry into overseas markets are discussed. Most of Japanese food service companies those challenged promotions into overseas markets have not completed their plans successful. Many of them experienced withdraw or shrinkage of sales because of the poor business performance. This paper aimed to examine its' causes and countermeasures based on the case of Ootoya; who established unique FC transforming strategy through close corporation with partners in Thailand and Taiwan, and have led to successful business there. Based on these successes, recently they are implementing the promotion into Chinese market with Taiwanese partner. The case indicates the significance of tight relationship with the partners in overseas markets, and is supposed to be worthy of attention.
著者
大島 一二
出版者
桃山学院大学
雑誌
桃山学院大学経済経営論集 (ISSN:02869721)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.1, pp.7-22, 2013-10-31

In Macau, the casino industry's rights of management have been opened in early in 2000's. The rights which had been monopolized by Sociedade de Jogos de Macau (SJM) opened to the Hongkong and the American enterprises. This participation by a Las-vegas enterprise erased previous dark image of casinos in Macau and made them change into the huge bright resort facilities where families can enjoy. These huge resorts are called as "Integrated resorts" which consist of multiplex facilities such as casinos, hotels, restaurants, shopping-malls, theaters, convention centers, and so on. This integrated-resorts' developments made huge success and brought enormous tourists and benefits to Macau. Macau government also obtained huge increase in fiscal revenue. The integrated-resorts' developments also have large capacity of employment so that unemployment rate in Macau has declined from 6% to 2%. Casino's developments brought Macau citizens many employment opportunities, high incomes and high-level social securities, too. On the other hand, there also remain some problems. This extra ordinary inclination toward a single industry of casino in all the social and economic aspects might influence the future economic development of Macau.
著者
口野 直隆/大島 一二 大島 一二
出版者
桃山学院大学
雑誌
桃山学院大学経済経営論集 (ISSN:02869721)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.3, pp.1-12, 2015-02-27

This paper examines the strategy of development in Chinese food service market focusing on Saizeriya's case, one of the leading Japanese food service chain. In spite of expanding share of Japanese food service industry in Chinese market, media says that some companies are facing difficulties. Saizeriya's case could be described as a success when defining it as consequent increase of numbers of restraint after entering Chinese market. In this case study, factors of Saizeriya's success were analyzed focusing on it's strategy on1) procurement of food materials and2) labor management. This paper described how Saizeriya developed their business in Chinese food industry with using these strategies.
著者
菱田 雅晴 毛里 和子 天児 慧 加藤 弘之 高原 明生 大島 一二 趙 宏偉 南 裕子 WANK David 唐 亮 小嶋 華津子 朱 建榮 加茂 具樹 諏訪 一幸 鈴木 隆 阿古 智子 中岡 まり 中居 良文 林 載桓 福田 円 呉 茂松 弓野 正宏
出版者
法政大学
雑誌
基盤研究(A)
巻号頁・発行日
2011-04-01

中国共産党を組織集団として捉えようとの目的から、中国側カウンターパートの協力の下、党および党員に関する認識をめぐる広範なインデプス・インタビューおよびアンケート調査を実施した。国家社会論フレームに基づくクロス解析結果から、「党政関係」、すなわち,党・国家体制の揺らぎおよび「党群関係」、すなわち,党に対する公信力の低下が観察された。だが、その一方で、政府、とりわけ中央政府に対する信任は依然として高位にあるところから、党信任の脆弱性は国家信任の強靱性によって補完されており、党のサバイバル戦略が依然として機能しているものと推測される。
著者
陳 光輝 加藤 弘之 中兼 和津次 丸川 知雄 唐 成 加藤 弘之 梶谷 懐 大島 一二 陳 光輝
出版者
神戸大学
雑誌
基盤研究(A)
巻号頁・発行日
2005

個票データの利用や収集が容易ではない中国,かつその内陸部農村地域の調査を,四川省社会科学院農業経済研究所の協力を得て行い,同省江油市農村地域206戸×3年,同小金県農村158戸×3年のパネルデータ(3年間継続調査できたのは前者が142戸,後者は127戸)を構築した.中国内陸農村地域の成長・発展は沿海や都市部に比べて伸び悩み,利子補填融資,財政支援,雇用創出等の貧困支援策のほか,現在は「新農村建設」政策が打ち出されている.そうした環境下の住民行動を「開発のミクロ経済学」を理論ベースとして分析し,以下の知見が得られた.1.山間部にある小金県は貧困世帯が多いが,政府からの移転所得は必ずしも貧困家庭のほうが多くを受けとっておらず,貧困支援策がうまく機能していない可能性を示唆している.2.所得水準の低い小金県のほうが道路,電気,水道・水利,医療施設といったインフラの現状に対する満足度は低く,整備を望む度合いが高かった.3.小金県の農業は,より恵まれた江油市のそれに比べて土地生産性が低く,得られる所得も低いが,それ以上に小金県は出稼ぎを含む非農業所得がめだって小さい.4.小金県の出稼ぎが少ない理由として,土地利用権の保障や農家間で土地を貸し借りする制度が十分でなく,出稼ぎのリスクが大きくなっていることが考えられた.5.天候不順などの収入低下ショックに直面した場合,江油市農家は貯蓄の取り崩し,小金県農民は親戚・友人からの借り入れに頼る度合いが大きかった.6.教育の収益率は有意であった.