著者
酒向 貴子 川田 伸一郎 手塚 牧人 上杉 哲郎 明仁
出版者
国立科学博物館
雑誌
Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science. Series A, Zoology (ISSN:18819052)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.2, pp.63-75, 2008-06

The distribution of latrines of the raccoon dog, Nyctereutes procyonoides, was examined from July 2006 to December 2007 in the Imperial Palace grounds, Tokyo, Japan. The raccoon dog is accustomed to defecate at fixed locations, forming holding latrines; thus the distribution of latrines is a good indicator of their abundance. The results suggest that the latrines are widely scattered in the study site, but are more dense in the Fukiage area, where an old-growth broad-leaved forest is established. The latrine sites are used more frequently from September to December, as the number of fresh feces increased in the autumnal season. To examine the seasonal food changes of the raccoon dogs, 10 pieces of feces from some latrines were collected every month and analyzed the indigestible contents in the sampled feces. The food items identified consisted of animal, plant and man-made materials, suggesting that the raccoon dogs were highly omnivorous. The animal materials found from the feces included mammals (4% of total feces), birds (37%), reptiles (2%), amphibians (3%), insects (95%), chilopods (56%), isopods (2%) and gastropods (12%). Invertebrates were the most abundand food item throughout the year. Three coleopteran families, the Carabidae, Staphylinidae and Scarabaeidae, accounted for a large proportion of the insects and they showed seasonal fluctuations. These suggest that the raccoon dogs fed on them as major animal food resources in the study site, and perhaps the seasonality is related to the temporal changes of availability of the insects. The majority of plant materials found in the feces was a variety of seeds, suggesting that the raccoon dogs fed on berries and fleshy fruits throughout the year. The occurrence of seeds decreased from March to April, which coincided with a low availability of fruits. The seeds found in feces were categorized into three types : (1) the short-term berry type including Prunus (Cerasus) spp., Moms spp., Rubus hirsutus and Machilus thunbergii, which occurred only a short term after their fruiting periods ; (2) the long-term berry type, including Celtis sinensis, Aphananthe aspera and Swida controversa, which occurred continuously for three or more months after the fruiting periods ; (3) the acorn type, including Castanopsis spp., Quercus spp. and Ginkgo biloba, which occurred in early spring (January to April) when the other fruits are scarce. The seasonal change of the three fruit types implies that the raccoon dogs consume the available fruits in relation to the successive fruiting periods. The proportion of artificial materials found in the feces was considerably lower than in previous studies carried out in the suburbs of Tokyo, suggesting that the raccoon dogs in the study site strongly depend on natural foods. Most of the natural food items were native to Japan since the past Edo period. Thus we conclude that the preservation of biodiversity in the Imperial Palace grounds was essential for the re-colonization by the raccoon dogs of the Tokyo metropolitan area after the 1970s.
著者
明仁親王 目黒 勝介
出版者
The Ichthyological Society of Japan
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:18847374)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.4, pp.409-420, 1988

ロクラハゼ属の2種キマダラハゼ<I>Astrabe flavima-culata</I>とシマシロクラハゼ<I>A. fasciata</I>を新種として記載し, シロクラハゼ属の模式種であり, 今まで知られていた唯一の種であるシロクラハゼ<I>A. lactisella</I>についても前2種と比較して再記載した.キマダラハゼは日本産魚類大図鑑の中でキマダラハゼ<I>Astrabe sp</I>.として明仁親王 (1984) が解説を付したものである.キマダラハゼはシロクラハゼとは眼の上縁にある皮摺の上後部が突出しないこと, 縦列鱗数が少ないこと, 第1背鰭前方と腹部に鱗があること, 胸鰭基部を通る白色横帯の幅が狭いこと, 生時には胸鰭基部を通る白色横帯を除き, 暗褐色地に黄色模様が見られることによって区別される.シマシロクラハゼはシロクラハゼとは横列鱗数が少ないこと, 体側の鱗のある部分の幅が狭いこと, 胸鰭基部を通る白色横帯の幅が狭いこと, 第1背鰭前部から体の腹側に向かう白色横帯があることによって区別される.この度の標本の調査により, Snyder (1912) が記録した種子島産の<I>A. lactisella</I>はキマダラハゼであり, 本間・田村 (1972) が記録した佐渡島達者産のシロクラハゼはシマシロクラハゼであることが判明したので, これらの標本はそれぞれの種の副模式標本とした.また道津.塩垣 (1971) がシロクラハゼとして扱ったものの中, 標本を調べることが出来た鹿児島県馬毛島産のものはキマダラハゼであった.長崎県野母崎産の標本は図から判断するとシマシロクラハゼと考えられる.明仁親王 (1984) のシロクラハゼとキマダラハゼの解説は訂正しなければならない.
著者
明仁親王
出版者
文芸春秋
雑誌
文芸春秋
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.10, pp.107-114, 1999-10
著者
明仁 坂本 勝一
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.36, no.1, pp.100-112, 1989-06-28 (Released:2011-02-23)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
0 or 3

The striped goby was characterized by having more than 50 scales in a longitudinal row and 2 black longitudinal bands from the head to the tail. It has been regarded as 1 species since Tomiyarna (1936) grouped several nominal species into one, Tridentiger trigonocephalus (Gill, 1858). But detailed study has revealed that it can be classified into 2 separate species, T. trigonocephalus and Tridentiger bifasciatus Steindachner, 1881, on the basis of the difference mainly in the forms of the sensory canals and pectoral fins and in the coloration. T. trigonocephalus has been collected from Hokkaido to Kyushu in Japan, and in Korea, China, and Hong Kong abroad. It has immigrated into both California, U.S.A., and New South Wales and Victoria, Australia. T. bifasciatus has been collected in the same area as T. trigonocephalus in Japan, and in the Soviet Union, Korea, China, and Taiwan abroad. Both species inhabit brackish and sea water with stony bottoms, and are often found in the same place. However, T. trigonocephalus has seldom been found in very dilute brackish water, and T. bifasciatus has not been found in undiluted sea water. The type specimen of T. trigonocephalus has not been found, but the identification to T. trigonocephalus was decided on the basis of the closeness of the numbers of the 2nd dorsal and anal fin rays to those of the original description, which were 14 and 13, respectively. In addition, the type specimen was collected in the port of Hong Kong, where the water is not diluted and is unlikely to be suitable as habitat for T. bifasciatus.
著者
土屋 明仁 宮寺 庸造 夜久 竹夫
出版者
一般社団法人電子情報通信学会
雑誌
電子情報通信学会技術研究報告. ET, 教育工学 (ISSN:09135685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.101, no.41, pp.19-24, 2001-05-04
被引用文献数
1 or 0

URLの登録/再利用を行う際の問題として, URLは階層構造をなす分類項目に一意に類別されるが複数の内容を含むURLの類別が困難, URL相互の関連が欠落するなどがあげられる. 本研究では多変最解析の手法を用いて上記の問題点の解決を試みた. 開発にはクロスプラットフォーム, ネットワーク型のソフトウェア開発が比較的容易に行えるJAVA言語と, WWWブラウザにはNetscapeナビゲータを用いた. 新しいURLナビゲータではキーワードによるURLの意味付けが可能で, またURL相互の関連性が提示される. 利用者の思考状態に対応して動的に変化するURL集合を操作することによって, 思考活動に対して自然でURL相互の関連に基づいたウェブコンテンツの参照を支援できると考えられ, これまでにないURL資産の運用が実現できる可能性がある.
著者
馬越 智浩 高橋 廣臣 八尾 和雄 稲木 勝英 中山 明仁 永井 浩巳 岡本 牧人
出版者
耳鼻咽喉科臨床学会
雑誌
耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.94, no.1, pp.65-69, 2001-01-01 (Released:2011-11-04)
参考文献数
18

Between June 1988 and December 1996, 57 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphomas of the head and neck were treated at our department. The primary lesion was located in Waldeyer's ring in 31 patients and cervical lymph nodes in 26 patients. These patients, who were diagnosed as Stage I or II, were treated with chemotherapy and radiation. The chemotherapy regimen consisted of pirarubicin (45mg/m2; day 1), cyclophosphamide (750mg/m2; dayl), vindesine (1.5mg/m2; day 1) and predonisolone (100mg/body; days 1-5). The complete and partial response rates were 79% and 82% respectively. The five-year estimated overall survival rate calculated by Kaplan-Meier method was 75%. We concluded that the combination of chemotherapy regimen (THP-CVP) and radiation were useful and safe for treating non-Hodgkin's lymphomas of the head and neck.
著者
西田 宗幹 門脇 明仁 本村 清二 尾崎 文彦 大西 竜哉 貝谷 誠久 窓場 勝之 坂口 綾 森本 麻紗子 植松 光俊
出版者
公益社団法人日本理学療法士協会
雑誌
理学療法学 (ISSN:02893770)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.2, 2005-04-20

【はじめに】従来の全国学会で実施されていたワークショップは、講師の方々がテーマに沿って検討会を実施するのを参加者が聴くというタイプのものであり、実質はパネルディスカッション的なものであった。本来、ワークッショプは「研究集会:参加者が専門家の助言を得ながら問題解決のために行う共同研究講習会」である。平成16年11月7,8日、奈良県において開催された第39回日本理学療法士協会全国研修会における参加型ワークショップは、受講者が従来のような受け身的なものではなく、取り上げたテーマに対し能動的に関わりを持ち充実した研修を行うことを目的とした。その受講者アンケート調査結果より若干の知見を得たので報告する。<BR>【ワークショップ概要】今回のテーマは「歩行自立度判定」(参加者49名)、「高齢者の車いすの作製」(44名)、「装具作製はいつ行うか?」(50名)で、研修会後すぐに実際の臨床の場面で役立つと考えられるものとした。実施時間は3時間。進行内容はメイン講師によるワークショップの説明と討議内容の説明、テーブル講師の指示課題およびモデル症例・事例提示のもと各班で検討、討議後各班より発表、最後にメイン講師による総括という流れであった。ワークショップ後、参加者にアンケートを実施した。<BR>【結果】アンケート回収率は84.5%(n=126)、参加者の平均経験年数3.12年。「参加して良かったか」では「はい」が100%、「また参加したいか」では「はい」が80.2%、「いいえ」が0.8%で、「はい」と答えた方の80.2%が「勉強になった」、29.4%が「おもしろかった」と答えられた。また「今後の業務に役立つ」が98.4%、「役に立たない」が0.8%、「希望したテーマに参加できた」89.7%、「参加できなかった」8.7%であった。実施時間は「短い」36.5%、「丁度いい」56.3%、「長い」5.6%であった。あと感想として「仕事に生かせる」、「色々な方の意見が聞けて良かった」、「見方が変わった」、「もっとディスカッションをしたかった」等が聞かれた。3テーマとも、参加者の多くはワークショップ終了後も15~30分以上もの熱いディスカッションを続けていた。<BR>【考察】今回のアンケート結果より全員が参加して良かった、約9割の方がまた参加したい、約8割の方が勉強になった、ほとんどの方が今後の業務に役立つと答えられていることより若い参加者の多くは本当に現場で役に立つ研修会を望んでいると考えられた。このことより、講演やパネルディスカッションのような受動的な研修会も必要だが、参加者自らが考え、討議などを実施する能動的な研修会のあり方が臨床上では重要であり、若い参加者のニーズを把握していく必要があることを示唆した。
著者
明仁親王
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.3, pp.93-114, 1969-12-20 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
34

In order to establish a firmer classification of gobies, certain characters (listed in the title) were examined.The gobies studied were arranged in four groups on the basis of three featurs (Table2), namely, the presence or absence of the mesopterygoid and of the upper postcleithrum, and the number of branchiostegals.These characters were thought to be more reliable than the other four that were investigated-namely, the pelvic fins, scapula, lower postcleithrum, and suborbitals-because of individual variations in the latter at the intraspecific level and interspecific variations among related species.The characters of the four groups are shown in table2.Group 1 is thought to be the least specialized, because of minimal reduction of bones and the completely separated pelvic fins with a spine and five branched soft rays (except Percottus glehni).In many of the included species the enclosing scapula type, and in two of them a suborbital, were present.Groups 2 and 3 are intermediate between groups 1 and 4 from the point of view of these characters.Group 4 is regarded as the most specialized because of the greatest loss of bones.None of the members of this group (except one among threespecimens of Eleotriodes longipinnis and one among sixteen specimens of E.strigatus) displayed completely separated pelvic fins with five branched soft rays, and none had the enclosing scapula.Instead, the membrane uniting the pelvic fins, the pelvic frenum, fewer pelvic soft rays, and the blotched scapula or no scapula were found.Although group 4 seems capable of being divided, it is left undivided in this study because of the characters used.Owing to the limited number of species and characters examined here it is impossible to know more than that these four groups show four levels of specialization.

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著者
明仁
出版者
東海大学出版会
雑誌
日本産魚類検索 全種の同定
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1139-1310, 2000
被引用文献数
1 or 28
著者
中川 明仁 佐藤 豪
出版者
Japan Society of Personality Psychology
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.1, pp.38-45, 2010
被引用文献数
0 or 1

本研究の目的は,Cloningerの気質4次元から自己志向的完全主義の各側面への影響を男女別に検討することであった。重回帰分析の結果,男女共通して気質次元の「固執」が完全主義の全側面へ正の影響を及ぼしていた。また,男性のみの結果として,「新奇性追求」と「報酬依存」が「失敗懸念」に負の影響を及ぼし,「報酬依存」は「完全性欲求」にも負の影響を及ぼしていた。一方,女性は「損害回避」が「失敗懸念」および「完全性欲求」に正の影響を及ぼしていた。本研究の結果より,多次元的な自己志向的完全主義の基盤に存在すると考えられる気質特性には,男女共通する気質と男女間で相違する気質が存在することが示唆された。
著者
李 明香 尾崎 明仁 鈴木 香奈子
出版者
社団法人空気調和・衛生工学会
雑誌
学術講演会論文集
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.1, pp.705-708, 2010-08-12

The advanced theories on building physics applying THERB, such as thermal conduction, convection and radiation, for numerical simulation on the hygrothermal environment of buildings are exemplified and verified (to calculation accuracy. The followings are mentioned as the results; the need for calculation of combined heat and moisture transfer to analyze the hygrothermal environment, the importance of time-varying and nonlinearity of the coefficients of convection and radiation heat transfer in each point of buildings, the necessity of the detailed calculation of mutual radiation among the indoor surfaces in condition such as panel heating, the influences of the time shift of sunshine portion and the multiple reflection of transmitted solar radiation among the indoor surfaces.
著者
中原 明仁 茂木 尚 高橋 和彦 井出 一正 金田 潤也 服部 憲一 渡辺 孝 開道 力 峰松 英資 半澤 和文
出版者
The Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan
雑誌
電気学会論文誌. D, 産業応用部門誌 = The transactions of the Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan. D, A publication of Industry Applications Society (ISSN:09136339)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.124, no.8, pp.830-836, 2004-08-01
参考文献数
14
被引用文献数
11 or 0

This paper focuses on no-load iron losses of turbine generators. To calculate iron losses of turbine generators a program was developed. In the program, core loss curves of materials used for stator core were reproduced precisely by using tables of loss coefficients. Accuracy of calculation by this method was confirmed by comparing calculated values with measured in a model stator core. The iron loss of a turbine generator estimated with considering three-dimensional distribution of magnetic fluxes. And additional losses included in measured iron loss was evaluated with three-dimensional magnetic field analysis.
著者
明仁 坂本 勝一
出版者
The Ichthyological Society of Japan
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:18847374)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.36, no.1, pp.100-112, 1989
被引用文献数
1 or 0

The striped goby was characterized by having more than 50 scales in a longitudinal row and 2 black longitudinal bands from the head to the tail. It has been regarded as 1 species since Tomiyarna (1936) grouped several nominal species into one, <I>Tridentiger trigonocephalus</I> (Gill, 1858). But detailed study has revealed that it can be classified into 2 separate species, <I>T. trigonocephalus</I> and <I>Tridentiger bifasciatus</I> Steindachner, 1881, on the basis of the difference mainly in the forms of the sensory canals and pectoral fins and in the coloration. <I>T. trigonocephalus</I> has been collected from Hokkaido to Kyushu in Japan, and in Korea, China, and Hong Kong abroad. It has immigrated into both California, U.S.A., and New South Wales and Victoria, Australia. <I>T. bifasciatus</I> has been collected in the same area as <I>T. trigonocephalus</I> in Japan, and in the Soviet Union, Korea, China, and Taiwan abroad. Both species inhabit brackish and sea water with stony bottoms, and are often found in the same place. However, <I>T. trigonocephalus</I> has seldom been found in very dilute brackish water, and <I>T. bifasciatus</I> has not been found in undiluted sea water. The type specimen of <I>T. trigonocephalus</I> has not been found, but the identification to <I>T. trigonocephalus</I> was decided on the basis of the closeness of the numbers of the 2nd dorsal and anal fin rays to those of the original description, which were 14 and 13, respectively. In addition, the type specimen was collected in the port of Hong Kong, where the water is not diluted and is unlikely to be suitable as habitat for <I>T. bifasciatus</I>.
著者
明仁親王 目黒 勝介
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.2, pp.p192-202, 1979-09
被引用文献数
1 or 0
著者
明仁親王 目黒 勝介
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.3, pp.215-236, 1980-11-30 (Released:2011-07-04)
参考文献数
39

Six species of the genus Bathygobius collected in Japan were compared with each other and with the type specimens of nominal species considered as synonyms of three species of the genus Bathygobius: B.petrophilus, B.scapulopunctatus, and B.fuscus listed by Koumans (1953).The genus Bathygobius has the following combination of characters: a protuberance below the anterior nostril bordered by a groove containing pit organ line 6 on the upper side and by a groove containing pit organ line 7 on the posterior side, a median longitudinal groove containing pit organ line 10, which runs from the anterior margin of the cheek and divides into two posteriorly, the trapeziform mental flap bordered by a groove containing pit organ line 13 on the lateral side and by a groove containing pit organ line 14 on the posterior side, and free branched rays on the upper part of the pectoral fin.Six species of the genus Bathygobius were found in Japan, i.e., B. fuscus, B.padangensis, B.cocosensis, B.petrophilus, B.cyclopterus, and B.cotticeps.The differences between B.fuscus and B.padangensis are the least among the six species.Clearcut differences between them are only in the number of free branched rays on the pectoral fin and in coloration, although there are some specific differences in the number of pectoral fin rays and the angle between the lower and posterior axes of the first pterygiophore of the first dorsal fin. The number of differences between B.padangensis and B. cocosensis and between B.fuscus and B.cocosensis are only slightly greater. Although more differences are found between B.cyclopterus and B. cotticeps than those among the three species mentioned above, both of them have many common characteristics, some of which are specialized and are only found in these two species.Based on the number of common and distinctive characteristics, the six species are divided into three types: B.fuscus, B.padangensis, and B.cocosensis; B.petrophilus; B.cyclopterus and B.cotticeps.B.fuscus, B.padangensis, B.cocosensis, B.cyclopterus, and B.cotticeps are found in the tidal zone of rocky beaches, while B.petrophilus is collected near shore on substrates of sand or mixed mud and sand. B.fuscus, B.padangensis, and B.cocosensis are collected north of 35°N, but specimens of B.padangensis and B.cocosensis collected in the northern area of their range are extremely small in number compared with those of B.fuscus.B.petrophilus is collected between 33° and 35°N in Japan, but as the type specimens of Gobius petrophilus and Gobius villosus were collected in Indonesia, it is conjectured that B.petrophilus inhabits southern Japan south of 33°N.The examination of the type specimens revealed that Gobius poecilichthys should be synonymized with B.fuscus which is different from Mapo fuscus sensu Jordan, Tanaka and Snyder (1913).M. fuscus sensu Jordan, Tanaka and Snyder is presumed to be synonymous with B.padangensis from the description of M.fuscus sensu Snyder (1912a) from Tanegashima, in which the difference between M.fuscus and Mapo poecilichthys was recorded, and from the specimens of M. fuscus sensu Snyder (1912b) from Naha.Bathygobius sp.reported by Arai and Ida (1975), Zama and Fujita (1977), Hayashi and Itoh (1978) was identified as B.cocosensis on the basis of comparison with three specimens of that species (RMNH 4533) collected and identified by Bleeker.