著者
竹花 佑介 北川 忠生
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.1, pp.76-79, 2010 (Released:2014-03-05)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
1
著者
小山 直人 北川 忠生
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.2, pp.153-157, 2009 (Released:2014-03-05)
参考文献数
12
被引用文献数
1

In order to examine genetic introgression from the orange-red type commercial strain of Oryzias latipes (himedaka) to wild medaka populations, a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene was conducted for 45 populations from the Yamato River system, Nara Prefecture and two fish farm populations from special product grounds of himedaka (Yamatokoriyama and Yatomi Cities). Orange-red type fish only were collected from three sites, and a mixture of wild and orange-red types from sympatric populations at four other sites in theYamato R. system. Most orange-red type specimens had the B27 mitotype, being identical with that of the typical orange-red type Hd-rR strain. Although most of the wild type fish individuals had mitotype B1a, inferred as one of the native mitotypes in the Yamato R., four from three sites had mitotype B27, implying genetic introgression from himedaka to wild medaka populations.
著者
馬渕 浩司 瀬能 宏 武島 弘彦 中井 克樹 西田 睦
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.1, pp.1-12, 2010 (Released:2014-03-05)
参考文献数
22

A recent mitochondrial (mt) DNA survey revealed that the native Japanese population of the common carp has been endangered by the introduction of non-native domesticated strains: more than half of the haplotypes detected so far in Japanese waters originated from Eurasian strains. In expectation that Lake Biwa, the largest freshwater body in Japan, contains a relatively pure native population, we conducted a survey of mtDNA haplotypes in the lake, collecting 856 common carp from 40 localities in the lake. Of these, 606 specimens were caught by various nets (gill net, set net, net trap, etc.) used at depths from 1 to 5 m, 148 specimens were caught by a trawl net used at depths from 30-70 m, and 102 specimens that had washed ashore during mass mortality caused by Koi herpes virus (KHV) in 2004 were collected by hand. For each of the specimens, the mitochondria- encoded cytochrome b gene was genotyped (Japanese native or non-native haplotypes) by PCR using allele-specific primers. Analysis of haplotype frequencies showed that the native Japanese haplotype was significantly more frequent in deep off-shore waters and waters along the steep northern coast of the North Basin (about 80% on average), than in shallow coastal waters in the South Basin and waters along the eastern coast of the North Basin (less than 50% on average). These results indicate that the deep waters of the lake may contain a relatively pure native population that is of prime importance for conserving the native Japanese common carp. Among the results, it is notable that more than 90% of the KHV-killed specimens had native Japanese haplotypes.
著者
田和 篤史 田原 義太慶 日比野 友亮
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.17-050, (Released:2018-03-30)
参考文献数
24

Snake eels in the genus Myrichthys, characterized by molariform teeth, moderate to very elongate body, short snout, dorsal fin origin before gill openings, short pectoral fin, anterior nostrils tubular and elongate, posterior nostrils opening into mouth, and spotted and/or striped coloration, include 10 valid species and are commonly found along most tropical shores worldwide. Two species, Myrichthys colubrinus (Boddaert, 1781) [striped coloration] and Myrichthys maculosus (Cuvier, 1816) [spotted coloration], having been previously recorded from Japan, Myrichthys paleracio McCosker and Allen, 2012 is described here from two specimens found in the stomach contents of a sea snake Laticauda laticaudata (Linnaeus, 1758) from Iriomote Island, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, being the first speciemen-supported record of the species from Japan and the northernmost record of distribution. Myrichthys paleracio most closely resembles M. colubrinus in having striped body coloration, but differs in having 183 total vertebrae (vs. 193–202) and more than 50 irregularly patterned brown stripes (vs. 25–35 arranged in a regular pattern). The absence of an ethmoid pore on the head in one specimen was considered to be a malformation. A new standard Japanese name “Madara-shima-umihebi” proposed for the species. An underwater photograph of a snake eel from Yakushima Island, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, was identified as M. paleracio.
著者
渡辺 勝敏 一柳 英隆 阿部 司 岩田 明久
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.2, pp.69-83, 2014-11-05 (Released:2016-12-25)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
1

The population of the botiid Parabotia curtus in the Katsura River, Lake BiwaYodo River system, Kameoka, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan, the only one recorded in the Kinki region since the year 2000, was subjected to a population viability analysis (PVA) based on demographic data between 2006 and 2013 (8 years). Count-based and age-structured models with several conditions for density-dependence, carrying capacity, migration rate, and bias in population estimation (48 settings in total) were used for calculating the quasi-extinction probability within 50 years (extinction threshold <10 individuals), using computer simulations. The estimated population for the 8 year period fluctuated from 200 to 2,300 individuals (average ca. 935, with a coefficient of variation of 66%). PVA demonstrated a significant extinction risk for this population (23–82% extinction in 45 of 48 settings). Although further population monitoring is necessary for a more precise evaluation, we conclude that this population faces a real extinction risk. Sensitivity analysis suggested several requirements for effectively enhancing population viability, i.e., restraining large biotic and abiotic environmental perturbations to avoid extreme depression of the recruitment of young, enhancing winter survival, and promoting upstream migration into the spawning site.
著者
篠原 現人 尼岡 邦夫
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.4, pp.487-490, 1994-02-15 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
11

北海道室蘭沖から得られ, 完模式標本以外に採集例のないヤセアイナメStellistius katsukii Jordan et Tanaka, 1927と同海域で普通に採集されるホッケPleurogrammus azonus Jordan et Metz, 1913との関係について主に外部形態に基づき調査した.両種の完模式標本と日本各地から得た23個体のホッケの標本を比較したところ, 両者に差異は認められなかった.従って, ヤセアイナメはホッケのシノニムであり, ヤセアイナメ1種のみを含むヤセアイナメ属Stellistiusもホッケ属Pleurogmmmusのシノニムである.また, 背鰭第1鰭条が長く, 後続のものとほとんど同じであるというヤセアイナメ属の特徴は模式標本の再調査では認あられず, Jordan and Tanaka (1927) の観察が誤りであったと判断された.
著者
稲田 伊史 J.A.F. Garrick
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.4, pp.235-243, 1979-02-15 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
23

Rhinochimaera pacifica previously known only from Japan and Peru is reported and described from 23 New Zealand specimens taken on the Chatham Rise, Challenger Plateau and east of Stewart Island in depths of 750-1110 m. Comparison with R.atlantica, the other nominal species, shows that R.pacifica differs only in its higher number of denticulations on the upper caudal margin of males (34-69 in New Zealand and Japanese specimens, 25-30 in R.atlantica).
著者
髙橋 夢加 岡田 誠 笹木 大地 本村 浩之 木村 清志
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-023, (Released:2018-09-19)
参考文献数
11

The carangid genus Decapterus Bleeker, 1851 is characterized by single finlets behind both the second dorsal and anal fins, no scutes along the anterior curved part of the lateral line, two low papillae on the shoulder girdle, and a well-developed adipose eyelid. Members of the genus are distributed in tropical to temperate areas of the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic oceans, and are commercially important food fishes. Four species (D. akaadsi Abe, 1958, D. kurroides Bleeker, 1855, D. smithvanizi Kimura, Katahira and Kuriiwa, 2013 and D. tabl Berry, 1968), characterized by a red caudal fin, are included in the red-fin Decapterus group. In 2016 and 2018, three specimens [216–304 mm in standard length (SL)] of D. kurroides, previously recorded from the Red Sea and east coast of Africa to the east coast of Australia and the Philippines, were collected from Kumano-nada, Pacific coast of Mie Prefecture, Japan. Additionally, a single specimen (191 mm SL) collected from Japanese waters in the East China Sea (west of Kyushu) in 2006 was also identified as D. kurroides. The specimens represent the first records of the species from Japanese waters, the Kumano-nada specimens being the northernmost record for the species. Decapterus kurroides is the most similar to D. akaadsi, but differs from the latter in the following characters: scutes more numerous on the straight part of the lateral line (30–32 vs. 26–29 in D. akaadsi), longer head (head length 29.9–33.0% SL vs. 26.7–30.1%) and longer snout-anus distance (55.8–60.4% SL vs. 51.2–54.6%) [measurements for both species modified from Kimura et al., (2013)]. Decapterus kurroides is also distinguishable from D. smithvanizi and D. tabl by having fewer cycloid scales on the curved part of the lateral line (45–52 vs. 54–62 in D. smithvanizi, 61–72 in D. tabl) and a deeper body (body depth 23.4–27.2% SL vs. 19.4–22.5%, 16.6–23.0%). A new standard Japanese name “Kitsune-akaaji” is proposed for D. kurroides.
著者
兼森 雄一 竹垣 毅 夏苅 豊
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.2, pp.133-141, 2006-11-25 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
45

The genetic population structure of the mudskipper Boleophthalmus pectinirostris was investigated based on nucleotide sequence data from the mitochondrial control region (472 bp) of 131 individuals collected from four localities in Ariake Bay, two in Yatsushiro Bay, Kyushu, Japan, one in Korea (Suncheon) and one in China (Zhe Jiang). A total of 53 composite haplotypes were observed from 49 permutation sites. The estimated haplotype tree and pairwise Fst showed genetic differentiation among the Suncheon, Zhe Jiang and Japanese populations. The structures of the haplotype tree and network, and low genetic diversity of the Japanese populations compared to that at Zhe Jiang suggested that a bottleneck effect had occurred in the former after being isolated from the continental population by rising sea levels (i. e., relictual species). Based on the number of unique haplotypes in the Japanese populations and nucleotide substitution rate, the estimate of the divergence time for the Japanese and Zhe Jiang populations was much greater than that expected for the apparently relictual species distributed in Ariake Bay. The Ariake and Yatsushiro populations formed a single group in the haplotype tree, although the estimate of pairwise Fst showed a significant difference between the populations, probably associated with the differences in frequency of the most dominant haplotype. Accordingly, the two populations seemed to be genetically differentiated from each other, probably due to the geographical isolation.
著者
向井 貴彦 西田 睦
出版者
The Ichthyological Society of Japan
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.1, pp.71-76, 2003-05-23 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
1

Phylogenetic relationships among 4 major geographic population groups (San-in-Biwa-Ise, East Seto, West Seto and West Kyushu) of Japanese freshwater goby Odontobutis obscura (Perciformes: Gobioidei: Odontobutidae) and related species O. hikimius were inferred from partial nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial 12S and 16S rRNA genes. The resultant mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) phylogeny was consistent with that based on the previous allozyme analysis. This phylogeny showed that specimens from the Sagami River system in Kanagawa Prefecture, Kanto District, were extremely close to fish from the West Seto group, suggesting the formers to have been descended from individuals artifi-cially introduced from the range of the latters. Judging from the fact that about 40 individuals of the goby were easily collected by a person in 2 hrs, the Kanto popu-lation did not seem to be small, and thus might be disturbing the native fauna in the river system.
著者
赤田 仁典 淀 太我
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.2, pp.175-179, 2006-11-25 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
8

Between-habitat variations in the body shape of Hemigrammocypris rasborella, a small freshwater cyprinid fish included in the Red List by the Ministry of Environment of Japan (Category EN), were analyzed using photographs of anesthetized specimens (n=323) collected from eight ponds on the Ise (Mie Prefecture) and Nobi Plains (Aichi and Gifu prefectures). Twenty-two morphometric variables were measured, and principal component and discriminant analyses conducted. The results indicated that body shape was variable among the ponds but similar within each plain. It is suggested that the original Ise and Nobi Plain populations differed in body shape, the subsequent restriction to isolated populations on each plain further enhancing the original morphological variations.
著者
大森 健策 加納 光樹 碓井 星二 増子 勝男 篠原 現人 都築 隆禎 横井 謙一
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-019, (Released:2018-08-20)
参考文献数
64

Large-scale Japanese lakes support many fish species and abundant fisheries resources. However, long-term changes in the fish fauna of such lakes have not been fully investigated, despite recent significant anthropogenic impacts on associated ecosystems. Accordingly, the extensive native and non-native fish fauna of Lake Kitaura, a typical large inland-sea lake (36 km2) in eastern Japan, was investigated based on specimens collected by the staff of Itako Hydrobiological Station, Ibaraki University from 1977 to 1997, plus data from previous studies conducted since the 1950s. In total, 83 species in 35 families have been recorded from the lake from the 1950s to the present decade. The analyses of long-term changes in fish species data since the 1960s demonstrated a sharp decrease in marine, estuarine and diadromous species due to an estuarine barrage (Hitachi River floodgate) established in 1973, the disappearance of nine red-list species (e.g., threatened and near threatened species) following various artificial environmental changes from the 1960s to 1980s, and an increase in introduced exotic and Japanese species after the 1980s.
著者
渡辺 勝敏 森 誠一 名越 誠 田 祥麟 清水 義孝
出版者
The Ichthyological Society of Japan
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.2, pp.157-162, 1992-09-15 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
11

日本の伊勢湾周辺に局在するネコギギCoreobagrus ichikawaiは, 韓国に分布するウサギギギC. brevicorpusとの核型の相違が報告されているが, 過去にはその形態的類似性から, 独立した種としての有効性が疑われることがあった.櫛田川と田切川 (員弁川水系) 産のネコギギ32個体, および南江 (洛東江水系) 産のウサギギギ35個体について, 計数および計量的な合計18形質を比較した.その結果, 臀鰭軟条数, 鰓耙数, 体高比, 眼径比, および頭部と各鰭の大きさや形など, 多くの形質で有意な差異が認められた.さらに, 胸鰭棘前縁の鋸歯の形状や固定標本の色彩にも差異が認められた.また, 体長約50mmを越えた個体については, 両者を識別する際に相体成長をほとんど無視できることがわかった.一方, Jayaram (1966) が記載したC. okadaiは, C. ichikawaiのシノニムと判断された.
著者
後藤 晃
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.3, pp.359-362, 1985-11-28 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
7

淡水カジカ類の一種カンキョウカジカの第1背鰭棘と第2背鰭軟条にそれぞれコード番号を符した後, それらを組み合わせて除去することによって個体識別する方法を考案し, またそれを自然河川個体群に適用することによって有効性を検討した.その結果, 本マーキング法は体長50mm以上の個体に容易に用いることが出来, 魚の運動能力にほとんど影響を与えることがなく, 組み合わせによっては数千個体の識別が可能であり, かつ, 永久マークとなるので極めて有効なマーキングの方法であると判断された.
著者
塚原 博
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.3-5, pp.139-143, 1954-06-30 (Released:2011-02-23)
参考文献数
5
被引用文献数
1

In this paper the writer deals with the breeding habits of the fresh-water suker, Abbottina rivularis (BASILEWSKy), a small cyprinoid fish. The usual habitats of the fish are the slow streams with muddy bottom. The spawning season lasts from beginning of March to early May. In the breeding male numerous horny tubercles appear on the snout, anterior part of the cheek, pre-opercle region and on the outer margin of pectoral fins. Dusky and yellow nuptial coloration also appears on the body.The male fish prepairs a nest on the muddy bottom in the shape of a round, shallow depression, 20-40 cm. in diameter and 3-5 cm. in depth. In this nest about 2, 000-4, 000 eggs are deposited, over which the male parent fish eagerly keeps guard until the hatched larvae attain the end of the post-larval stage, about 10mm. in total length. The egg is spherical in shape and about 1.4mm. in diameter, with a jelly-like coating of about 1mm. in thickness. The surface of the jelly coat is covered with mud.
著者
山根 英征 横山 正 長田 芳和 山田 卓三
出版者
The Ichthyological Society of Japan
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.2, pp.135-147, 2004-11-25 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
5

The reproductive ecology and early life history of the bagrid catfish, Pseudobagrus nudiceps, were investigated in the field and laboratory. The species reproduced between late June and early August in a tributary of the Kinokawa River, Wakayama Prefecture. During the reproductive period, large mature males maintained a territory around crevices along shoals and banks. Mating behavior was observed there and in an aquarium, the field observations being the first for any Asian bagrid. When a female visited a male's territory, a series of behavioral activities, including courting, embrace and egg-stirring by the female were observed. Females (115-137mm SL) produced 1200-3000 developed ovarian eggs, apparently spawning in the nests of several males. Parental males cared for the eggs by fanning and cleaning, using the pectoral and pelvic fins, and displayed aggressive behavior against fish approaching the nest. Spawned eggs were adhesive and between 2.5-2.7mm in diameter. The eggs hatched 2.5-3 days after fertilization at an average water temperature of 26°C. At 2 days posthatching, the larvae began to move at night, leaving the nest after 7 days. Brood parasitism by the Japanese minnow, Pungtungia herzi, was frequently observed in the nests of Pseudobagrus nudiceps.
著者
望岡 典隆
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.1, pp.33-35, 2014-04-25 (Released:2016-05-22)
参考文献数
19
著者
綱川 孝俊 白井 厚太朗
出版者
日本魚類学会
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-009, (Released:2018-06-30)
参考文献数
62

The migratory histories of individual masu salmon Oncorhynchus masou collected from the Naka River, Tochigi, Japan were clarified from otolith strontium (Sr) and calcium (Ca) concentrations using X‒ray electron microprobe analysis. Mapping and line analysis indicated three migratory types of the species. In addition to the conventional types, such as freshwater resident and typical anadromous (spending one year in marine waters), a new migratory pattern of short marine term anadromous (remaining in marine waters for several months) was apparent. Detailed life histories of short marine term anadromous individuals were estimated from otolith Sr fluctuations and ageing, from both scale and otolith daily increments. Consequently, more than half of the Naka River population was estimated to migrate to a marine environment upon reaching a total length of 178‒252 mm (one year old) in December‒January, thereafter staying in marine waters for approximately five months, before returning to the river in May‒July at 345‒463 mm total length. These findings may help establish an enhancement method for this species as a recreational fishery stock. Future investigations, including tagging, verification of age evaluation methods, and gene analysis are necessary to confirm the existence of the short marine term anadromous form.
著者
河野 博
出版者
The Ichthyological Society of Japan
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.3, pp.268-286, 1984-11-20 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
50

ウロコマグロの骨格系を記載した. それに基づいて, スズキ目に属する9科との比較を行い, ウロコマグロの系統的位置を考察した.ウロコマグロはサバ科魚類の特徴とみなされた13形質のうち12形質を保有していた.これに対して, サバ科以外のスズキ目魚類では, ウロコマグロとだけ共有されている形質はシイラ科の節骨以外に見出すことはできなかった.さらに, ウロコマグロには15の特異な形質が認められた.これらの形質は主に頭部に集中しており, これらの形質に基づいて単一の科を提唱することは本質的ではないと判断した. 以上のことから, ウロコマグロはサバ科に属すると結論した.ウロコマグロと他のサバ科魚類を比較すると, ウロゴマグロにはサバ科の原始的・派生的形質がモザイク状に分布していることが判明した. 先に述べた15の特異形質とサバ科魚類の形質状態がモザイク状に分布していることから, ウロコマグロは早い時期にサバ科の主幹から分化して独自の特化方向へむかったものと推論した.