著者
篠田 裕美 鐘ヶ江 靖史 岡本 拓也
出版者
科学技術・学術政策研究所
巻号頁・発行日
2014-12 (Released:2015-01-15)

大学院重点化で大学院学生が急激に増加する一方、日本の産業界における博士課程修了者の民間企業への登用が進んでいない。このような背景を受け、本調査研究は、大学院博士課程において専門分野の枠の中で研究活動に従事してきた人材が、産業界でのキャリア構築や活躍の機会を広げる上での示唆を得ることを目的として、民間企業に対して博士の採用と活用に対するインタビュー調査を実施した。製造業の研究開発部門を中心として民間企業19社を対象に、①企業が求める人材、②博士人材の能力に対する印象、③博士課程修了者の採用状況、④採用時に重視する点、⑤採用後の博士人材の待遇、に関してヒアリングし、取り纏めたものである。 本インタビュー調査より、博士人材が民間企業においてキャリアパスを形成するには、大学における学術研究と企業での研究開発との間に存在する目的の違いを理解した上で、変化を続ける社会の状況や顧客ニーズに応じて、自身の専門性や研究開発能力を応用できる柔軟性の獲得が重要であることが示唆される。また、博士に求められる能力の重きは、民間企業が置かれている状況により異なるものの、博士・修士を問わず、大学院生の質の低下が指摘されており、全体的な能力の底上げが望まれている。大学院での研究活動やキャリア支援等がもたらす人材育成効果は、論文数や被引用回数等の研究力評価指標だけでは推し量れないため、博士人材が身に付けた能力やスキルを可視化するための新たなインデックスの作成が求められる。The number of graduate students is rapidly increasing due to the government’s policy of prioritizing graduate education; however, fewer doctoral graduates are being hired by private companies in the Japanese public sector. Against this background, in this study we conducted interview surveys with private companies to obtain suggestions about the employment and use of doctoral graduates. The aim was to use these suggestions to help people who have been working within their research field so that they can develop their careers and expand their opportunities to operate in the public sector. We summarized the results of interviews with 19 private companies, centering on the research and development divisions of manufacturers, concerning the following questions: 1) the human resources that private companies are seeking, 2) their impressions of doctoral graduates’ abilities, 3) the recruitment status of doctoral graduates, 4) important points for employment of doctoral graduates, and 5) the labor conditions of doctoral graduates after employment. Our survey suggests that doctoral graduates should understand the difference between academic research in universities and industrial studies in private companies and gain flexibility in order to be able to apply their specialties and research and development skills to other fields depending on changeable situations in society and customer needs. Although the abilities of doctoral graduates that have received a graduate education vary in accordance with the status of private companies, graduate education is expected to raise the standard for all graduate students because there has been a decline in the qualities of both master and doctoral students. It is hard to assess the effects of human resource development through academic research activities and career support programs by using a research performance index such as the number of published papers and the number of citations per paper. Therefore a new indicator is required to visualize the skills and abilities acquired by doctoral graduates.
著者
望月 崇 島 正之 篠田 裕
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究 (ISSN:09167293)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, pp.545-552, 1998-05-01 (Released:2010-06-15)
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
1

The Sumida River, running through the eastern basin of Tokyo, used to be one of the main traffic means and often caused flood damages such as inundation, flood tides and so On.During our highly rapid economic growth, We had constructed perpendicular banking along the river, which was named on “KAMISORT TEIBOU”, to protect against these to damages.In this reports_we will investigate each case of Perpendicular Banking along the Sumida River in viewpoints of both histories and technologies, and will finally find out why so-called KAMISORI TEIBOU was established.
著者
望月 崇 島 正之 篠田 裕
出版者
公益社団法人 土木学会
雑誌
土木史研究 (ISSN:09167293)
巻号頁・発行日
no.18, pp.545-552, 1998
被引用文献数
1

The Sumida River, running through the eastern basin of Tokyo, used to be one of the main traffic means and often caused flood damages such as inundation, flood tides and so On.<BR>During our highly rapid economic growth, We had constructed perpendicular banking along the river, which was named on &ldquo;KAMISORT TEIBOU&rdquo;, to protect against these to damages.<BR>In this reports_we will investigate each case of Perpendicular Banking along the Sumida River in viewpoints of both histories and technologies, and will finally find out why so-called KAMISORI TEIBOU was established.
著者
篠田 裕之
出版者
一般社団法人 日本音響学会
雑誌
日本音響学会誌 (ISSN:03694232)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.76, no.1, pp.38-45, 2019-12-25 (Released:2020-07-01)
参考文献数
22
著者
篠田 裕之 竹内 亨 寺西 裕一 春本 要 下條 真司
出版者
一般社団法人情報処理学会
雑誌
情報処理学会研究報告コンピュータセキュリティ(CSEC) (ISSN:09196072)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2007, no.16, pp.77-82, 2007-03-01

近年のユビキタス技術の発展により、空間センサやユーザの携帯端末から、多種多様なユーザの行動履歴が取得・蓄積可能となってきている。そこで、ユーザの行動履歴から、行動パターンを抽出することで、ユーザが興味を持つと考えられる場所を推測し、推薦するシステムが考えられる。本稿では協調フィルタリング手法を適用し、推薦の対象となるユーザと類似の行動パターンを持つ他のユーザの行動履歴を参照することで、ユーザが行ったことのない場所でも効果的な推薦を行ったり、潜在的に興味のある場所の推薦を行う行動ナビゲーション手法の考察を行う。By the development of ubiquitous technology of recent years, we will be able to acquire and accumulate various action histories of users from spatial sensors and mobile devices. Therefore, a system to recommend the interested places of users by extracting action patterns from action histories of users can be developed. In this paper, we propose action navigation method by collaborative filtering, which can recommend potentially interested places or even a place where users have not been by referring to action histories of other users having a similar behavior.
著者
江連 悠貴 井上 碩 牧野 泰才 篠田 裕之
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
ロボティクス・メカトロニクス講演会講演概要集 2016 (ISSN:24243124)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1A2-12a5, 2016 (Released:2017-06-19)

Recently, there is an increasing demand for the method of 3D rendering which achieves both reducing the processing load and keeping the quality of generated image. One of the solutions to this trade-off is ”foveated rendering”, in which rendering is simplified as far as human cannot perceive. In the most of the previous researches, they adopted foveated rendering using a heuristic and discrete evaluation which causes generated image to be unnatural for the human perception. Then we suggest the method of foveated rendering which continuously simplifies rendering based on spatial frequency response of human vision system. We experimentally show that proposed method enables to render images approximately three times as fast as maximum-resolution rendering.
著者
篠田 裕之
出版者
公益社団法人 精密工学会
雑誌
精密工学会誌 (ISSN:09120289)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.6, pp.489-493, 2017-06-05 (Released:2017-06-06)
参考文献数
14
被引用文献数
1
著者
三河 祐梨 牧野 泰才 篠田 裕之
出版者
特定非営利活動法人 日本バーチャルリアリティ学会
雑誌
日本バーチャルリアリティ学会論文誌 (ISSN:1344011X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.4, pp.239-248, 2018 (Released:2018-12-31)
参考文献数
16

In this research, we propose a method that estimates the softness of an object based on the motion images of a hand and a forearm when a target object is pushed with a stick. The softness of the object is estimated from those images by using deep learning. For the motion recognition, we capture a series of RGB-D images with a depth camera. A subject pushes objects of different softness with a stick for collecting motion images for learning. Then the captured images are learned through Convolutional Neural Network and their characteristics are parameterized appropriately to achieve the softness estimation system. The results of softness estimation show that root mean square error of the estimated value of non-learned softness scores within 5 points in durometer hardness. It means that pushing motions of human beings include tactile information that leads to estimate the target object softness and our system can recognize it accurately. We also confirmed that using all the 3 types of images (RGB-image, depth image and Canny edge image) as the input results in the highest accuracy for both personalized and generalized networks.
著者
末石 智大 長谷川 圭介 奥村 光平 奥 寛雅 篠田 裕之 石川 正俊
出版者
特定非営利活動法人 日本バーチャルリアリティ学会
雑誌
日本バーチャルリアリティ学会論文誌 (ISSN:1344011X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.2, pp.173-183, 2014-06-30 (Released:2017-02-01)
被引用文献数
1

In this paper, we propose an image and tactile presentation system for quickly moving objects, high-speed dynamic information environment, and a calibration method between a camera and Airborne Ultrasound Tactile Display(AUTD), which can present tactile sensation noncontactly as focused ultrasound. We realize one example of high-speed dynamic information environment that even if an object is moving, we can use the object as a tool for human interfaces without delay by combining a high-speed gaze controller by rotational mirrors. An accuracy of position, however, is not sufficient against difference threshold between images and tactile sensation because of mainly error of position between AUTD and camera. We calibrate the AUTD-camera system by visualizing the invisible focal position using Frustrated Total Internal Reflection(FTIR). Experimental results show that estimation accuracy is better than the threshold.
著者
安藤 繁 篠田 裕之 小川 勝也 光山 訓
出版者
公益社団法人 計測自動制御学会
雑誌
計測自動制御学会論文集 (ISSN:04534654)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.5, pp.520-528, 1993-05-31 (Released:2009-03-27)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
5 21

This paper describes a theory, algorithm, and experimental results of a new 3-D sound source localization system which is based on the spatio-temporal derivative method applied to acoustic signals.The principle is outlined as follows. We observe the sound field through amplitude f and its spatiotemporal gradients fx, fy, ft of a single point. An instantaneous distribution of time-varying vectors fx, fy, ft, f in a 4-D gradient space is classified according to its degree of orderness. Each orderness is theoretically related to constraints on possible source locations. Under this classification, we obtain an unambiguous 3-D location of a single source under a second degree of orderness and a co-existing line or plane of double sources under a first degree of orderness.We applied the principle to a sound source visualizer system by which a possibility map of the source locale is accumulated and superposed realtimely on TV images. By several experiments, this system is shown to be able to localize multiple wideband sources such as white noises and human voices while discriminating a number of them.
著者
半田 拓也 坂井 忠裕 清水 俊宏 篠田 裕之
出版者
一般社団法人電子情報通信学会
雑誌
電子情報通信学会技術研究報告. HIP, ヒューマン情報処理 (ISSN:09135685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.112, no.483, pp.13-16, 2013-03-06

筆者らは,3次元形状を視覚障害者にも触覚で伝えられる手法の開発を目指している.従来の点接触型力覚提示装置では,3次元形状の認知に重要な稜線や頂点の触察が困難であるという課題があった.そこで,稜線や頂点の認知のしやすさの向上を目指し,1本の指の腹に5点の刺激点を配置し,それぞれに3自由度の独立した力覚提示が可能な装置を試作した.本装置を用いて,力覚提示する刺激点(力覚刺激点)の数による物体の稜線と頂点のわかりやすさに関し,視覚障害者4名による主観評価を実施した.結果から,従来の1点による場合と比較して,力覚刺激点の数が2点以上で稜線と頂点のわかりやすさに有意な向上がみられ,今回の条件では,力覚刺激点の数が4点のときに稜線と頂点が最もわかりやすくなることが示唆された.