- 日本赤十字看護大学紀要 (ISSN:09142444)
- vol.16, pp.1-9, 2002-03-10
In research exploring human experiences, researchers often come into direct contact with research participants to collect data, such as events and their descriptions. Therefore, within a series of research processes, the ways in which research subjects participate, observe events, and are interviewed are important. Although these processes are often listed as methodologies or procedures for data collection, the ways in which these processes are performed in actual practice is rarely discussed. The present paper discusses an interactive interview process with nurses, and how the author placed herself in clinical settings in the author's past studies investigating experiences of nursing care for patients in a persistent vegetative state (Nishimura, 1999 and 2001). The results demonstrate that relationships between patients in a persistent vegetative state and nurses were constructed from the interaction (interview) of physical communication between nurses and the author. In addition, when discussing past experiences, nurses interpreted past events with current perspectives and recreated new experiences while in the process of describing how they physically nursed these patients in a persistent vegetative state. Furthermore, placing oneself in clinical settings meant that the author was involved in the reformation of past events, and thus the nurses related their experiences as if the author had been present. "Interactive interview" and "Placing oneself in clinical settings" are two processes of research when researchers come in direct contact with research participants, and these processes are facilitated by physical communication, which is the foundation for providing nursing care for patients in a persistent vegetative state.