- Japanese Society of Sport Education
- スポーツ教育学研究 (ISSN:09118845)
- vol.16, no.2, pp.145-155, 1996-11-30 (Released:2010-08-10)
The purpose of this study was to make a clear structure of physical competence of students from the upper grades of elementary school to the university, and to examine the developmental tendency and sex difference. The subjects were 4, 880 students broken down into 505 elementary school children, 3, 530 junior high school students, 358 high school students, 487 university students. The 12 items were chosen from among a result of preliminary investigation about physical competence, and factor analysis was done.The results were as follows:1) Factor analysis reveals a 3-factor solution. The first factor, perceived physical competence, was defined by 4 items. The second factor, feeling of control, was defined by 4 items. The third factor, peer and teacher acceptance, was defined by 4 items. And the questional items which constituted each factor of physical competence were common to all development stages from the elementary school to the university. The reliability of these scales were tested by the coefficient α, and credible results were obtained.2) On the development stage, the elementary school children showed a higher score than the junior high school students, the high school students and the university students in perceived physical competence and feeling of control.The elementary school children and the junior high school students showed a higher score than the high school students and the university students in peer and teacher acceptance.3) On sex difference, it was showed that the male's scores in perceived physical competence and feeling of control were higher than the female's one on all school stages, and that the female's scores in peer and teacher acceptance were higher than the male's one on the elementary school, the junior high school and the high school. But it was not significant differences between the males and the females on the university.