著者
安斎 育郎
出版者
公益社団法人 日本放射線技術学会
雑誌
日本放射線技術学会雑誌 (ISSN:03694305)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.36, no.2, pp.209-225, 1980
被引用文献数
2

Explanations were given as to the characteristic of the MIRD Committtee method for estimating the internal radiation doses due to the radioisotope administration, with special emphasis on the comparison with the method described in the ICRP Publication 2. The method evolved in the MIRD pamphlets have actually developed the accuracy of the calculation of the absorbed energy per disintegration of the radionuclide deposited in various organs, and it became more important to evaluate exactly the cumulated activity A^^〜 in the internal organs concerned. Some examples were selected for explaining how the MIRD pamphlets could practically be used, in which the author emphasized that the precise evaluation of the retention function, especially of its long-term components, was quite important for improving the accuracy of the dose assessment. The method for obtaining the "S" value for the organ mass that is different from that of the MIRD phantom was described. The author finally discussed the problem of estimating the mass of each internal organ out of the anthropometrical parameters such as body height and body weight.
著者
寺下 貴美
出版者
公益社団法人 日本放射線技術学会
雑誌
日本放射線技術学会雑誌 (ISSN:03694305)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.4, pp.413-417, 2011

研究方法論においてデータの性質から、数値で表されるデータを量的データ性質や特徴など数値で表せないデータを質的データという2つに分類される。 本稿では、質的データを扱う研究手法である質的研究手法に焦点を絞り、質的研究手法において理解すべき基本的項目を網羅的に紹介する。
著者
小沼 洋治 林 美智子 林 裕晃 西原 貞光
出版者
公益社団法人 日本放射線技術学会
雑誌
日本放射線技術学会雑誌 (ISSN:03694305)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.3, pp.277-282, 2012-03-20 (Released:2012-03-24)
参考文献数
12
被引用文献数
4

We tried to remove contamination of radioisotope (RI) for an X-ray detector (photostimulable phosphor plate; IP) and verified that our procedure suggested by Nishihara et al. was effective for decontamination. The procedure was as follows. First, the IP was kept for approximately twelve hours, and then it was processed [image (A)] as well as a clinical processing mode. Second, using a wet-type chemical wiper, we scavenged the IP to remove the adhered RI on its surface. Then, once again, the IP was kept for approximately fifteen hours and processed [image (B)] in order to check an effect of decontamination. Finally, the two images of (A) and (B) were analyzed using ImageJ, which can be downloaded as a free software, and a percentage of removal was calculated. The procedure was applied to two IPs using the FCR 5501 plus. In the present case, the percentage of removal was approximately 96%. The removed radioisotopes in the chemical wipers were analyzed by Ge detector. Then, 134Cs and 137Cs were found with activities of 2.9 4.3 Bq and 3.5 5.2 Bq, respectively. For three months after that, we cannot see black spots on the IPs owing to the contamination of the RI and there are no defects caused by decontamination using a wet-type chemical wiper.
著者
森下 雄太 宮地 利明 上田 丞政 清水 満 濱口 隆史 藤原 康博 林 弘之
出版者
公益社団法人 日本放射線技術学会
雑誌
日本放射線技術学会雑誌 (ISSN:03694305)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.5, pp.587-590, 2008-05-20 (Released:2008-05-29)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
1 1

The purpose of our study was to assess the mechanical effect on tattoo seals and eye makeup caused by a spatial magnetic gradient in the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system. Seven kinds of tattoo seals and three kinds of eye makeup, i.e., mascara, eye shadow, and eyeliner were used. On a 3.0-Tesla MRI, we determined these deflection angles according to a method established by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) at the position that produced the greatest magnetically induced deflection. Eighty-five percent of the tattoo seals showed deflection angles greater than 45 degrees of the ASTM guidelines, and the mascara and eye shadow showed over 40 degrees. This was because these contained ferromagnetic pigments such as an iron oxide, but those translational forces were very small owing to slight mass. However, it is desirable that these should be removed before MRI examination to prevent secondary problems.
著者
鈴木 千晶 藤崎 賢二 渥美 雄介 竹村 実紀 水野 孝一 永峯 岳樹 天野 智康 山本 英雄 高橋 護
出版者
公益社団法人 日本放射線技術学会
雑誌
日本放射線技術学会雑誌 (ISSN:03694305)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.4, pp.273-281, 2017 (Released:2017-04-20)
参考文献数
22

The purpose of this study is to measure the hemodynamics on the effect of Valsalva maneuver aiming at pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) using 2-dimensional (2D) phase contrast imaging of magnetic resonance image (MRI), Philips Ingenia 3.0-tesla (T). The maximal inspiration reduced the blood flow rate in various degrees at all measurement positions, superior vena cava (SVC), inferior vena cava (IVC), pulmonary artery (PA), ascending aorta (AA), and descending aorta (DA). This result suggests that the contrast effect in the PA might become weak during general PA phase to give a substantial influence of Valsalva maneuver in the condition after maximum inspiration. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) examination aiming at detection for PTE should be scanned without an advance maximum inspiration.
著者
元日田 和規 田川 まさみ 池田 賢一 福士 政広 亀岡 淳一
出版者
公益社団法人 日本放射線技術学会
雑誌
日本放射線技術学会雑誌 (ISSN:03694305)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.8, pp.979-985, 2012-08-20 (Released:2012-08-24)
参考文献数
17

Radiological technologists (RTs) and medical technologists (MTs) are legally allowed to work as sonographers performing medical ultrasound examination. Despite the total number, much fewer RTs work as sonographers than MTs. To explore the reason, we investigated educational programs, universities, and colleges for both specialties. First, we established five categories of sonographers’ competency: 1) Anatomy for imaging diagnosis, 2) Diseases and diagnosis, 3) Imaging, 4) Structure and principle of the equipment, and 5) Evaluation of image quality, using competence reported by the International Society of Radiographers and Radiological Technologists (ISRRT) and diagnostic competency required of sonographers in Japan. Using these categories, we analyzed the content and total instruction time by lectures and seminars based on information written in the syllabi, and explored the differences in education related to sonographers’ competency in both programs. “Anatomy for imaging diagnosis” was taught in 15 RT programs (93.8%), and 6 MT programs (31.6%). “Diseases and diagnosis” was taught in 13 RT programs (86.7%), and 8 MT programs (53.3%). “Imaging” was taught in 14 RT programs (100%), and 13 MT programs (76.5%). “Structure and principle of the equipment” was taught in 12 RT programs (85.7%), and 6 MT programs (31.6%). “Evaluation of image quality” was taught in 11 RT programs (84.6%), and 3 MT programs (15.0%). The average instruction time for RT was longer than for MT programs in all categories. RTs are educated and have a foundation to be sonographers at graduation, and may have the possibility to expand their career in this field.
著者
樋口 範雄
出版者
公益社団法人 日本放射線技術学会
雑誌
日本放射線技術学会雑誌 (ISSN:03694305)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.5, pp.655-657, 2008 (Released:2008-05-29)

抄録はありません.
著者
林 裕晃 西原 貞光 小沼 洋治
出版者
公益社団法人 日本放射線技術学会
雑誌
日本放射線技術学会雑誌 (ISSN:03694305)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.5, pp.545-553, 2012-05-20 (Released:2012-05-30)
参考文献数
6
被引用文献数
1

Due to accidents of the nuclear power plants in Fukushima prefecture, a lot of radioisotopes were diffused into the environment. They adhered onto the surface of the X-ray detector (imaging plate; IP) and many black spots were seen on the medical images. The process to count them is important to evaluate the degree of contamination and/or removal. In this study, we aimed to develop a counting method for black spots. Based on the analysis of the medical images having black spots, we summarized that areas affected by the certain black spots were limited to the eight pixels surrounding the most intensive pixel. The newly developed counting method was applied to these nine pixels (3×3 pixels) and selection rules were based on the following two information: 1. differences between the digital value of the most intensive pixel and those of the surrounding eight pixels, and 2. total summation of the digital values in the nine pixels. The estimated image based on our method showed a good concordance with the original image. Therefore, we summarized that our counting method is a powerful tool for estimating numbers of black spots.
著者
小笠原 克彦
出版者
公益社団法人 日本放射線技術学会
雑誌
日本放射線技術学会雑誌 (ISSN:03694305)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.7, pp.791-795, 2007-07-20 (Released:2007-10-04)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
2 1 1

(抄録はありません)
著者
小林 明日香 渋川 周平 高野 晋 室 伊三男
出版者
公益社団法人 日本放射線技術学会
雑誌
日本放射線技術学会雑誌 (ISSN:03694305)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.10, pp.1180-1185, 2018 (Released:2018-10-20)
参考文献数
12

We have found that the number of packages influences contrast for brain tissue signals on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the contrast of white and gray matters by changing the number of packages. In a volunteer study (n=8), FLAIR images were obtained with the various number of packages (number of package=2, 3, 4, 5). We investigated the same imaging condition at both 1.5 and 3.0T. The signal intensity of white and gray matters in all volunteers was increased as increasing the number of packages. Moreover, the contrast ratio between white and gray matters was slightly decreased. In our conclusion, the contrast between the gray and white matters on FLAIR was influenced by the number of packages.
著者
山口 隆義 高橋 大地
出版者
公益社団法人 日本放射線技術学会
雑誌
日本放射線技術学会雑誌 (ISSN:03694305)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, no.8, pp.1032-1040, 2009-08-20 (Released:2009-09-01)
参考文献数
12
被引用文献数
10 5

The test bolus tracking (TBT) method is a new injection method of contrast medium that we developed. The TBT method is an injection technique that continuously performs the test bolus injection and the main bolus injection, such that the best acquisition of scan timing and the improvement of examination efficiency can be expected. We compared the TBT method and the test injection method by coronary CT angiography. The results demonstrated that the contrast enhancement of the coronary arteries was high and the variation of the CT value was also small in the TBT method. When the scan timing expected by the TI method and the TBT method were compared, it was different of two seconds or more by the case with 43%. However, the variation of CT value was small for the TBT method in these cases. Therefore, the TBT method is a very useful method for CCTA.
著者
高橋 康幸 五十嵐 博 平野 邦弘 河原田 泰尋 五十嵐 均 村瀬 研也 望月 輝一
出版者
公益社団法人 日本放射線技術学会
雑誌
日本放射線技術学会雑誌 (ISSN:03694305)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.3, pp.335-340, 2007-03-20 (Released:2007-04-05)
参考文献数
9

An amendment concerning the enforcement of the law on the prevention of radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, etc., and the medical service law enforcement regulations were promulgated on June 1, 2005. This amendment concerned international basic safety standards and the sealing of radiation sources. Sealed radiation sources ≤3.7 MBq, which had been excluded from regulation, were newly included as an object of regulation. Investigation of the SPECT system instituted in hospitals indicated that almost all institutions adhere to the new amendment, and the calibration source, the checking source, etc., corresponding to this amendment were maintained appropriately. Any institutions planning to return sealed radioisotopes should refer to this report.