著者
出口 順子 沖村 多賀典 井澤 悠樹 徳山 友 菊池 秀夫
出版者
日本スポーツマネジメント学会
雑誌
スポーツマネジメント研究
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.2, pp.19-34, 2017

<p>The objective of this study is to confirm the intentions of J. League spectators to support a club. Specifically, data was collected from 619 J. League supporters, and a hypothetical model that assumes a relationship among attachment, team identification, and club support intentions was examined using structural equation modeling. In addition, to verify the difference in the intensity of supportive behavior, supporter-club members and non-members and supporter-association members and non-members were compared. From the results, it was observed that team identification and attachment to a fan community affected club support intentions, and among the two, the effect of the former was stronger. Further, no differences were observed that compared supporter-club members and non-members. In the comparison between supporter-association members and non-members, differences were observed in the relationship between attachment to a fan community and club support intentions and that between attachment to a local city and team identification.</p>
著者
吉田 政幸 仲澤 眞 岡村 敬子 吉岡 那於子
出版者
日本スポーツマネジメント学会
雑誌
スポーツマネジメント研究 (ISSN:18840094)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.1, pp.3-21, 2017 (Released:2017-06-23)
参考文献数
47

This article attempts to shed some empirical attention on sport fans' feelings of pride toward multiple sport consumption objects (e.g., team color, logo, home stadium, fight songs, and glory of the past). Data were collected from spectators at professional soccer and baseball games in Japan. The results from Study 1 provided evidence of the scale's construct validity and supported the notion that fans' pride feelings positively influence their identification with the team as well as with the fan community. In Study 2, we found further evidence of construct and nomological validity and concluded that there were two important sequential relationships (1) between fans' feelings of pride toward tangible sport consumption objects (e.g., logo and stadium), team identification, and conative loyalty and (2) between pride feelings toward objects related to communal fan experiences (e.g., logo and fight songs), fan community identification, and conative loyalty.
著者
福田 拓哉 今泉 直史
出版者
日本スポーツマネジメント学会
雑誌
スポーツマネジメント研究 (ISSN:18840094)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2013-002, (Released:2013-04-15)
参考文献数
34

Lately, brand communities have been a heavily researched topic in marketing science. Prior work on brand communities has proved that community participation has a positive influence on brand loyalty. One of the key factors is the concept of identification with the brand community (Algesheimer et al., 2005). However, the leading factor for identification with the community has seldom been investigated (Miyazawa, 2011). Additionally, while previous empirical researches were focused on brand community of consumer goods such as car clubs, there is no research about brand community of professional sports clubs. Thus, the purpose of our study is to (1) verify a conceptual model of how different aspects of members' relationships with the brand community of professional sports club influence their intentions and behaviors, based on Algesheimer et al. (2005), (2) construct and estimate a conceptual model of the leading factor of identification with the community.
著者
井上 尊寛 松岡 宏高 竹内 洋輔 荒井 弘和
出版者
日本スポーツマネジメント学会
雑誌
スポーツマネジメント研究 (ISSN:18840094)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2015-006, (Released:2015-06-15)
参考文献数
39

Understanding spectators' perspectives towards a sports competition is one of the major marketing issues in professional sport management. The purposes of this study are (1) to develop a scale to measure spectators' involvement in athletic elements of figure skating which can be deemed as the core product, (2) to examine the relationships of such involvement with antecedent variables and consequent variables, and (3) to examine involvement in athletic elements by the difference in gender of a player supporting. We analyzed a sample of 478 spectators at the 2013 NHK Trophy Grand Prix of Figure Skating. The results of confirmatory factor analyses revealed that athletic elements consisted of technical and aesthetic dimensions. Furthermore, the findings indicated that spectators' involvement had significant relationships with their knowledge regarding figure skating as well as consequent variables such as their intention to support a specific athlete and spectating behavior. This observation could significantly contribute to the development of marketing strategies for figure skating events.
著者
齋藤 れい 原田 宗彦 広瀬 盛一
出版者
日本スポーツマネジメント学会
雑誌
スポーツマネジメント研究 (ISSN:18840094)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.1, pp.3-17, 2010-02-25 (Released:2010-08-31)
参考文献数
48
被引用文献数
1 1

This research develops the Experiential Value Scale for Sport Consumption (EVSSC). Drawing from the literature on experiential research, a second-order factor model of experiential value was developed. The items were mainly adopted from the Experiential Value Scale (EVS) by Mathwick, Malhotra, and Rigdon (2001). The original items were generated from in-depth interviews with professional football spectators, in addition to the review of previous research. The reliability and validity of the proposed measures were assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficients and a confirmatory factor analysis. The results provided fair support for the EVSSC. Confirming an acceptable model fit to the data, hierarchical and non-hierarchical cluster analyses were conducted by using eleven factors in the EVSSC. Four clusters emerged and were interpreted as “Experiential Valued Spectators,” “Non-Experiential Valued Spectators,” “Intrinsic Valued Spectators,” and “CROI Valued Spectators.” Although the results showed the modification on the EVSSC constructs, the findings and recommendations for future research provide numerous opportunities for advancing our understanding of experiential value marketing.
著者
仲澤 眞 吉田 政幸 岩村 聡
出版者
日本スポーツマネジメント学会
雑誌
スポーツマネジメント研究 (ISSN:18840094)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.1, pp.17-35, 2014 (Released:2015-03-31)
参考文献数
59
被引用文献数
2

The drivers of team attachment and repurchase behavior are complex. What remains unexplored is to examine the effects of spectator motives on team attachment and repurchase behavior among event attendees of a new professional sport league. Using a sample of 1228 attendees at J. League games in 1998, the authors demonstrate that (1) spectator motives consist of six factors, (2) the attraction-stage motives have significant effects on the attachment-stage motive (soccer club attachment) that in turn influences attendance frequency, and (3) the effects of the attraction-stage motives on the attachment-stage motive are enhanced by two moderating variables (gender and stadium size). The results suggest that managers must differentiate the marketing of individual athletes from the marketing of game, soccer, and club, specifically for male consumers and spectators attending games at small stadiums.
著者
福原 崇之 原田 宗彦
出版者
日本スポーツマネジメント学会
雑誌
スポーツマネジメント研究 (ISSN:18840094)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2013-007, (Released:2013-07-29)
参考文献数
24

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between club performance and revenue in Japanese professional football clubs. In Europe, Union of European Football Association (UEFA) decided to introduce financial fair play (FFP) for the purpose of the sound management for all clubs. In Japan, J.LEAGUE decided to introduce the club license system in 2013. In this way, through importance for the management of J.LEAGUE club would increase. This paper examines, the relationship between revenue and club performance in the J.LEAGUE club by making use of analyzing the panel data from 2005 to 2010. As a result, two-way fixed effect model was selected. This implied that there were differences among each club and there were time effects between seasons. From the scale of fixed effect, clubs in metropolis are not always profitable. And we find that club's performance do not significant affect the revenue.
著者
備前 嘉文 辻 洋右 棟田 雅也
出版者
日本スポーツマネジメント学会
雑誌
スポーツマネジメント研究 (ISSN:18840094)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2019-001, (Released:2019-07-20)
参考文献数
25

The number of universities with sport management-related departments and courses have rapidly increased throughout the country, and program offerings have diversified. In this present study, we aim to clarify the present situation of sport management education in Japanese universities and examine whether it has changed in the past decade (Matsuoka, 2008). A list of sport management programs was compiled after review of literature (Inoue, 2012; Ishibashi, 2017; Matsuoka, 2008; Ogasawara, 2013). Eighty-four universities were found in this process. A content analysis of program’s websites and syllabi were conducted to identify the unique features of the programs. Results indicate that 44 universities (52.4%) housed the sport management program in the faculty of management and economics. Results also suggest that there were no major changes regarding the proportion (52.4%) as compared to ten years ago. Lastly, the numbers of faculty members were less than two at about 80% of the programs.
著者
山口 志郎 石黒 哲朗 山口 泰雄
出版者
日本スポーツマネジメント学会
雑誌
スポーツマネジメント研究 (ISSN:18840094)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.1, pp.77-93, 2011

Despite the increasing study of spectator sports, little attention has been given to the study of fan services in Japan. The purpose of this study was to examine the hypothesized model, which explains the relationships between event satisfaction, team identification and attendance intentions. Data were collected from 211 participants at the Kobelco rugby festival 2010 in Kobe. The data were analyzed using correlation and multiple regression analyses. The results indicate that event satisfaction does not have a direct impact on attendance intentions, although it has an indirect effect on attendance intentions via team identification. The findings suggest that sport marketers should pay more attention to the satisfaction for fan events. Furthermore, it is necessary for sport marketers to take a more favorable approach in order to enhance team identification. Future research and managerial implications were also discussed.
著者
仲澤 眞 吉田 政幸
出版者
日本スポーツマネジメント学会
雑誌
スポーツマネジメント研究 (ISSN:18840094)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.1, pp.23-38, 2015 (Released:2015-07-11)
参考文献数
52
被引用文献数
3

Although the relationship between a sport team and its fans has been long understood as team identification which is a type of self-team connection, limited attention has been devoted to the idea of communal-team connection (also called fan community identification). This study is one of the first attempts to conceptualize fan community identification and examine its antecedents and consequences. Data were collected from spectators attending professional baseball and soccer games in Japan. The results indicated three points of attachment (sport, player, and local city) were significant precursors of fan community identification. The findings also suggested fan community identification positively influenced team identification. Moreover, the impact of fan community identification on future attendance frequency was stronger for those spectators having a short-term relationship with the team than for those spectators having a long-term relationship. Including fan community identification, the results extended previous research that has focused primarily on team identification.
著者
押見 大地 原田 宗彦
出版者
日本スポーツマネジメント学会
雑誌
スポーツマネジメント研究 (ISSN:18840094)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2017-008, (Released:2017-08-01)
参考文献数
63

This study (1) verified the effect of positive affect in the event on the fit (between host city image and sporting event), host city image, and spectators' behavioral intention (2) verified the effect of fit and host city image on behavioral intention, and (3) confirmed the validity and reliability of the host city image scale and predicted behavioral intention based on each city's image. Questionnaires from 267 people living outside the host area were collected at the 2015 Tour de France Saitama Criterium. The results from structural equation modeling indicated that positive affect in the event was an antecedent variable to fit and behavioral intention, fit influenced host city image and behavioral intention, and city image also influenced behavioral intention. A city image scale comprised of 6 factors and 21 items, with reliability and validity, and city image of “Sport” and “Sightseeing/Leisure” predicted behavioral intention through a multiple regression analysis.
著者
福原 崇之 原田 宗彦
出版者
日本スポーツマネジメント学会
雑誌
スポーツマネジメント研究 (ISSN:18840094)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.1, pp.3-15, 2014 (Released:2015-03-09)
参考文献数
24

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between club performance and revenue in Japanese professional football clubs. In Europe, Union of European Football Association (UEFA) decided to introduce financial fair play (FFP) for the purpose of the sound management for all clubs. In Japan, J.LEAGUE decided to introduce the club license system in 2013. In this way, the importance for the management of J.LEAGUE club would increase. This paper examined, the relationship between revenue and club performance in the J.LEAGUE club by making use of analyzing the panel data from 2005 to 2010. As a result, two-way fixed effect model was selected. This implied that there were differences among each club and there were time effects between seasons. From the scale of fixed effect, clubs in metropolis were not always profitable. And we found that club's performance do not significant affect the revenue.
著者
山口 志郎
出版者
日本スポーツマネジメント学会
雑誌
スポーツマネジメント研究 (ISSN:18840094)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.1, pp.3-22, 2015 (Released:2015-07-11)
参考文献数
80

Although the fit between a sponsor and an object (e.g., event, sponsored organization, and endorser) in sport has been shown to be an important construct in predicting sponsorship effects, little attention has been given to understand the concept of sponsor fit. The purpose of this study was to review the literature on sponsor fit at sporting events. This paper was consisted of four categories: 1) construct of sponsor fit, 2) theoretical development of sponsor fit, 3) measurement and methodology of sponsor fit, and 4) the antecedents and consequences of sponsor fit on consumer behavior. This paper also provides directions for future research that focuses on the development of new concept based on traditional marketing concepts such as personality fit and portfolio fit, as well as the development of integrated model for sponsor fit including moderator variables.
著者
松岡 宏高
出版者
日本スポーツマネジメント学会
雑誌
スポーツマネジメント研究 (ISSN:18840094)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.1, pp.33-45, 2010
被引用文献数
3

The field of sport management has expanded rapidly, and now includes various aspects of sport industry. Researchers as well as practitioners in the sport business have provided various interpretations of the concept of sport management. However, the question &ldquo;what should be researched and taught in sport management&rdquo; remains unanswered. The present paper attempted to reexamine the concept of sport management in order to explain the significance of its existence as a science. In order to clarify what aspects of &ldquo;sport&rdquo; could be the target in the field of sport management, the author reviewed the structure of the sport industry and concluded that producing sport itself(i.e., sport activities) is the center of the sport industry. The uniqueness of sport product was also examined bacause it would clarify peculiar features of sport management. As discussed in the paper, sport management can be defined as &ldquo;the management of business related to the production and provision of participant sport and/or spectator sport.&rdquo;
著者
齋藤 れい 原田 宗彦 広瀬 盛一
出版者
日本スポーツマネジメント学会
雑誌
スポーツマネジメント研究 (ISSN:18840094)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.1, pp.3-17, 2010
被引用文献数
1

This research develops the Experiential Value Scale for Sport Consumption (EVSSC). Drawing from the literature on experiential research, a second-order factor model of experiential value was developed. The items were mainly adopted from the Experiential Value Scale (EVS) by Mathwick, Malhotra, and Rigdon (2001). The original items were generated from in-depth interviews with professional football spectators, in addition to the review of previous research. The reliability and validity of the proposed measures were assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficients and a confirmatory factor analysis. The results provided fair support for the EVSSC. Confirming an acceptable model fit to the data, hierarchical and non-hierarchical cluster analyses were conducted by using eleven factors in the EVSSC. Four clusters emerged and were interpreted as &ldquo;Experiential Valued Spectators,&rdquo; &ldquo;Non-Experiential Valued Spectators,&rdquo; &ldquo;Intrinsic Valued Spectators,&rdquo; and &ldquo;CROI Valued Spectators.&rdquo; Although the results showed the modification on the EVSSC constructs, the findings and recommendations for future research provide numerous opportunities for advancing our understanding of experiential value marketing.