著者
伊東 孝 鈴木 伸治 武部 健一 津田 剛 原口 征人 藤井 三樹夫 鈴木 盛明 小野田 滋 為国 孝敏
出版者
日本大学
雑誌
基盤研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2002 (Released:2002-04-01)

近年、「ハードな土木」に対し、土木政策や事業決定のプロセスなど「ソフトな土木」を解明することも土木史の重要な課題と考えられるようになった。本研究は、日本の高度経済成長の牽引役を果たしてきた高速道路に焦点をあて、欧米で普及しているオーラルヒストリーの手法を用いて、1)関係者がご存命のうちに、話を聞き、整理し、資料として後世に残すこと、2)あわせて土木史研究に適用できる方法論を確立することを目的としている。本研究成果の概要は、次の通りである。本研究は、土木学会土木史研究委員会オーラル・ヒストリー研究小委員会がおこなった。1)インタヴューの実施及び証言記録の作成と保管本研究では、4箇年の研究期間をとおして、戦後の道路行政の黎明期を代表する3人の技術官僚にインタヴューを実施し、証言記録の作成と保管をおこなった。(1)平成14〜15年度は、高橋国一郎氏(元建設省事務次官・元日本道路公団総裁):通算7回(2)平成15〜16年度は、井上孝氏(元建設省事務次官・元参議院議員・元国土庁長官):通算6回*井上氏は平成16年5月以降、体調をくずされ、11月に逝去された。今回のオーラルヒストリー・インタヴューが氏の最後のお仕事になった。(3)平成16〜17年度は、山根孟氏(元建設省道路局長・元本州四国連絡橋公団総裁):通算10回2)土木史研究におけるオーラルヒストリー手法の構築3人のインタヴュー対象者へのインタヴューをとおして、オーラルヒストリーの方法論構築に向けての内容蓄積と検討をおこなった。そして最終年度に、5冊の報告書(「実践編」3冊と「理論編」2冊)を作成した。それぞれのインタヴューは、「実践編」として3冊の速記録にまとめた。また蓄積したオーラルヒストリーの方法論を「総括編」とし、ワン・デイ・セミナー(16年度開催)の速記録とともに、2冊の「理論編」としてまとめた。
著者
小野田 滋 竹内 定行 丸山 孝 萩原 幸一
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木史研究 (ISSN:09167293)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, pp.255-268, 1993-06-01 (Released:2010-06-15)
参考文献数
25

The line between Takasaki and Naoetu which belonged to the old Imperial Japanese Railways, and the line between Naoetu and Niigata which belonged to the old Hokuetu Railway Company were laid in Meiji Era to link Kanto areas with Japan Sea coast. After Hokuetu Railway Company was bought by the government, these lines were designated collectively as a Shin-etsu line. This report describes the history and present state of railway tunnels, taking an example of Shin-etsu line based on field surveys and historical records. There was on this line some 26 tunnels constructed with Abt track to climb the steep section between Yokogawa and Karuizawa at over Usui Pass. The tunnels between Nagano and Naoetu were constructed in the early stage of tunnel work in Japan, and the tunnels between Naoetu and Niigata were constructed by private railways.Through investigations of these tunnels, it has made been clear that the original tunnels were abandoned for reconstruction to be electrified and double-tracked, but most of them have remained in original forms, as a valuable heritage from the Meiji Era.
著者
三浦 彩子 小野田 滋
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, no.30, pp.577-580, 2009-06-20 (Released:2009-06-19)
参考文献数
7

Railway foot bridge at stations is one of the station structures for use of passengers. Although it is a universal railway structure in Japan, its historical development is poorly understood until now. This paper describes the history of railway foot bridges on the Tokaido Line based on historical records and drawings in the Meiji era. As the results of this survey, the diffusion process from large stations to local stations, and the standardization process in the end of the Meiji era have become clear.
著者
小野田 滋
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
日本土木史研究発表会論文集 (ISSN:09134107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.115-122, 1986-06-25 (Released:2010-06-15)
参考文献数
21

First derrick car called SO-1 type was designed for bridge erection by Japanese Government Railways, and 6 units of them had been built from 1920 to 1927. This derrick car was capable of erecting up to 70ft span and 28ton weight class plate girder bridge. Though based on the past similer idea, the car was an original one for railway use, and it contributed very much to construction of railway network at that time. This erection method was characterized in that it made the bridge erection safer, faster and more economical than the former staging erection. But it retired about 1960', because a new bridge erection has been developed thereafter, and a new derrick car SO-200 type appeared in 1960. This paper discribes a history of the first derrick car for bridge erection.
著者
三浦 彩子 小野田 滋
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, no.30, pp.577-580, 2009

Railway foot bridge at stations is one of the station structures for use of passengers. Although it is a universal railway structure in Japan, its historical development is poorly understood until now. This paper describes the history of railway foot bridges on the Tokaido Line based on historical records and drawings in the Meiji era. As the results of this survey, the diffusion process from large stations to local stations, and the standardization process in the end of the Meiji era have become clear.
著者
小野田 滋
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
日本土木史研究発表会論文集 (ISSN:09134107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.113-124, 1988-06-20 (Released:2010-06-15)
参考文献数
29

This paper describes a history and present state of railway tunnels, based on field surveys and histrical records, taking an example of former Kansei Railway Company (now JR-Kansai main line and its branches). Through this case study, it became clear that the tunnels have been bored to various inside shape and some of them have portals by special individual designs.
著者
小野田 滋 司城 能治郎 永井 彰 菊池 保孝
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
日本土木史研究発表会論文集 (ISSN:09134107)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.245-254, 1989-06-20 (Released:2010-06-15)
参考文献数
10

This paper describes the past and present state of railway tunnels, based on field surveys and historical records. In this second report the objects selected are the former Kyoto Ry. and Hankaku Ry., which were constructed to link Keihanshin district with Maizuru area in the 1890s, and the structural features of the tunnels on these railways are made clear here. These two companies were established with similar intentions, in similar periods, on a similar scale; later purchased by the National Railways of Japan, and now the greater parts of the lines have discontinued services upon completion of new lines. These tunnels are found very valuable as monuments to brick or masonry structures of the Meiji Era.