著者
櫻庭 隆浩 松井 豊 福富 護 成田 健一 上瀬 由美子 宇井 美代子 菊島 充子
出版者
一般社団法人 日本教育心理学会
雑誌
教育心理学研究 (ISSN:00215015)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.2, pp.167-174, 2001-06-30 (Released:2013-02-19)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
2

本研究は,『援助交際』を現代女子青年の性的逸脱行動として捉え,その背景要因を明らかにするものである。『援助交際』は,「金品と引き換えに, 一連の性的行動を行うこと」と定義された。首都圏の女子高校生600人を無作為抽出し, 質問紙調査を行った。『援助交際』への態度 (経験・抵抗感) に基づいて, 回答者を3群 (経験群・弱抵抗群・強抵抗群) に分類した。各群の特徴の比較し,『援助交際』に対する態度を規定している要因について検討したところ, 次のような結果が得られた。1) 友人の『援助交際』経験を聞いたことのある回答者は,『援助交際』に対して, 寛容的な態度を取っていた。2)『援助交際』と非行には強い関連があった。3)『援助交際』経験者は, 他者からほめられたり, 他者より目立ちたいと思う傾向が強かった。本研究の結果より,『援助交際』を経験する者や,『援助交際』に対する抵抗感が弱い者の背景に, 従来, 性非行や性行動経験の早い者の背景として指摘されていた要因が, 共通して存在することが明らかとなった。さらに, 現代青年に特徴的とされる心性が,『援助交際』の態度に大きく関与し, 影響を与えていることが明らかとなった。
著者
櫻庭 隆浩 松井 豊 福富 護 成田 健一 上瀬 由美子 宇井 美代子 菊島 充子
出版者
日本教育心理学会
雑誌
教育心理学研究 (ISSN:00215015)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.2, pp.167-174, 2001-06-30

本研究は, 『援助交際』を現代女子青年の性的逸脱行動として捉え, その背景要因を明らかにするものである。『援助交際』は, 「金品と引き換えに, 一連の性的行動を行うこと」と定義された。首都圏の女子高校生600人を無作為抽出し, 質問紙調査を行った。『援助交際』への態度(経験・抵抗感)に基づいて, 回答者を3群(経験群・弱抵抗群・強抵抗群)に分類した。各群の特徴の比較し, 『援助交際』に対する態度を規定している要因について検討したところ, 次のような結果が得られた。1)友人の『援助交際』経験を聞いたことのある回答者は, 『援助交際』に対して, 寛容的な態度を取っていた。2)『援助交際』と非行には強い関連があった。3)『援助交際』経験者は, 他者からほめられたり, 他者より目立ちたいと思う傾向が強かった。本研究の結果より, 『援助交際』を経験する者や, 『援助交際』に対する抵抗感が弱い者の背景に, 従来, 性非行や性行動経験の早い者の背景として指摘されていた要因が, 共通して存在することが明らかとなった。さらに, 現代青年に特徴的とされる心性が, 『援助交際』の態度に大きく関与し, 影響を与えていることが明らかとなった。
著者
清水 裕 水田 恵三 秋山 学 浦 光博 竹村 和久 西川 正之 松井 豊 宮戸 美樹
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, no.1, pp.1-12, 1997
被引用文献数
1

The purpose of our study on the 1995 Hanshin Earthquake was twofold. First, we investigated the operation of the relief shelters, including relief activities. In this part of the study, we focused on the leaders of the shelters. The second purpose of this study was to reveal factors contributing to the effective management of the shelters. About three weeks after the Hanshin Earthquake, we conducted interviews with 32 leaders of the relief shelters and of volunteer workers. We were mainly concerned with the conditions of the emergency facilities, how leaders were selected and what managerial problems they faced. The result of our study showed three types of motivation for becoming leaders. The first occurred naturally as an outcome of their activities; the second by their own choice; and the last because of their regular job positions. These results were analyzed and categorized by the type three quantification analysis. We found that the most effective management of the relief shelters was under leaders chosen by the last method; that is, those who held positions of leadership in their regular jobs.
著者
松井 豊
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.5, pp.335-342, 1993-12-20 (Released:2010-07-16)
参考文献数
14
被引用文献数
3 2 6

In this study, the interrelational structure of the six love styles based on J. A. Lee's theory (1973, 1974) was analyzed, and developmental changes in the structure at distinct behavioral stages of romantic love (Matsui, 1991) were examined. One thousand and ninety-two undergraduates from six universities in the Tokyo Metropolitan area responded to a questionnaire asking about (1) their behavior and experience in romantic love, (2) love and liking scales (Rubin, 1970), and (3) love style scale developed by Matsui, Tokusa, Tachizawa, Okubo, Omae, Okamura, and Yoneda (LETS-2; 1990) based on Lee's theory. Principal component analysis and multidimensional scaling of LETS-2 scores of 738 students who had an intimate heterosexual friend indicated that their Eros, Mania, and Agape scores clustered together. Analyses of variance showed that Eros, Mania, and Agape scores increased as love developed, but the Ludus score peaked at the kissing stage, and the Storge score was high at an early stage. All the analyses suggested that the interrelational structure of the six love styles is perhaps square or triangular pyramid, and not circular as Lee hypothesized
著者
竹中 一平 落合 萌子 松井 豊
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.3, pp.135-148, 2018-03-25 (Released:2018-03-25)
参考文献数
34

In modern society, the filtering of illegal or harmful content on the Internet is necessary for the healthy development of young people. However, the mental damage that Internet filtering workers may suffer has been overlooked. We examined occupational stress and related factors among Internet filtering workers in Japan. Workers (N=160) in a company providing a web-content filtering service completed a questionnaire. The percentage of all respondents with high-risk Impact of Event Scale Revised (IES-R) scores was 10.4% and with high-risk General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) scores was 47.0%. These results indicated that rates of mental damage among Internet filtering workers were as high as those of firefighters and journalists. IES-R and GHQ-12 scores were used as the dependent variables in the quantification method (Type 1). The results showed that these scores related to stress responses in the aftermath of witnessing traumatic illegal or harmful content, emotional empathy, and so on.
著者
松井 豊 山本 真理子
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.9-14, 1985

Male students differing in the degree of their self-esteem rated the impressions of ten female photographs and made a choice of their dating partner. The rating scales included 19 personality and appearance traits, liking scales, and the subjects' fear of rejection. Four factors emerged as a result of a factor analysis of the 19 personality and appearance traits: homeliness, physical attractiveness, liveliness, and individuality. The findings were as follows : (a) liking for females was not only determined by their physical attractiveness but also by their homeliness ; (b) subject's self-esteem did not influence whom they choose as his date ; (c) liking of the high self-esteem subjects (HSE) were influenced more strongly by the physical attractiveness of the female than the low self-esteem subjects (LSE); (d) only the LSE was attracted more to females with high individuality; (e) LSE's liking score was strongly influenced by fear-of-rejection score. These findings suggest that the matching hypothesis should take into account factors other than physical attractiveness, i.e. desirable personality traits judged from the appearance of the other sex and also the self-esteem of the subject.
著者
宇井 美代子 松井 豊 福富 護 成田 健一 上瀬 由美子 八城 薫
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.3, pp.215-223, 2008 (Released:2011-06-25)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
1 1

The present study analyzed demographic and psychological factors that affect adult men's decisions to solicit a prostitute. We administered a questionnaire to 1 400 randomly sampled men aged 20 to 59, who live in the Tokyo metropolitan area (obtaining 664 valid responses). The results revealed that 14.6 percent of respondents have had the experience of being a client in prostitution at some point over the past four to five years. Men in their 50s, who spent their adolescence before the enforcement of anti-prostitution laws, had high prostitution acceptability. Those in their 20s and 30s, who spent their adolescence in the 1990s when “Enjyo-Kousai” (Japanese amateur prostitution)gained topicality, also showed high rates. These findings are considered to be birth cohort effects. In addition, those men who reported grater sexual drive and desire for intimate contact with others, as well as those who reported fewer attitudes of gender egalitarianism, had higher rates of prostitution solicitation. Finally, those men who reported less emotional family bonds also showed higher rates.
著者
磯部 綾美 久冨 哲兵 松井 豊 宇井 美代子 高橋 尚也 大庭 剛司 竹村 和久
出版者
The Japanese Psychological Association
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.5, pp.453-458, 2008
被引用文献数
1 3

This study developed a Japanese version of the "Regret and Maximization Scale" in decision making, which was originally constructed by Schwartz, Ward, Monterosso, Lyubomirsky, White, and Lehman (2002). This scale measures assess the tendency to experience regret, and individual differences in the desire to maximize or to satisfy. In Study 1, the original version of the "Regret and Maximization Scale" was translated into Japanese and administered to 307 Japanese university students responded the scale. Factor analysis did not replicate the finding of Schwartz et al. (2002). In Study 2, we developed new items, and constructed a "Japanese Version of the Regret and Maximization Scale", based on the interpretation of the factor analysis in Study 1. This new version of the scale was administered to 163 Japanese university students. The result of factor analysis and reliability analysis indicated that this "Japanese Version of the Regret and Maximization Scale" had a considerably high Cronbach's alpha and conceptual validity.
著者
松井 豊 山本 真理子
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.9-14, 1985-10-05 (Released:2016-11-18)

Male students differing in the degree of their self-esteem rated the impressions of ten female photographs and made a choice of their dating partner. The rating scales included 19 personality and appearance traits, liking scales, and the subjects' fear of rejection. Four factors emerged as a result of a factor analysis of the 19 personality and appearance traits: homeliness, physical attractiveness, liveliness, and individuality. The findings were as follows : (a) liking for females was not only determined by their physical attractiveness but also by their homeliness ; (b) subject's self-esteem did not influence whom they choose as his date ; (c) liking of the high self-esteem subjects (HSE) were influenced more strongly by the physical attractiveness of the female than the low self-esteem subjects (LSE); (d) only the LSE was attracted more to females with high individuality; (e) LSE's liking score was strongly influenced by fear-of-rejection score. These findings suggest that the matching hypothesis should take into account factors other than physical attractiveness, i.e. desirable personality traits judged from the appearance of the other sex and also the self-esteem of the subject.
著者
山本 真理子 松井 豊 山成 由紀子
出版者
日本教育心理学会
雑誌
教育心理学研究 (ISSN:00215015)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.1, pp.64-68, 1982-03-30
被引用文献数
36
著者
松井 豊
出版者
学術雑誌目次速報データベース由来
雑誌
心理學研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.5, pp.335-342, 1993
被引用文献数
1 2

In this study, the interrelational structure of the six love styles based on J. A. Lee's theory (1973, 1974) was analyzed, and developmental changes in the structure at distinct behavioral stages of romantic love (Matsui, 1991) were examined. One thousand and ninety-two undergraduates from six universities in the Tokyo Metropolitan area responded to a questionnaire asking about (1) their behavior and experience in romantic love, (2) love and liking scales (Rubin, 1970), and (3) love style scale developed by Matsui, Tokusa, Tachizawa, Okubo, Omae, Okamura, and Yoneda (LETS-2; 1990) based on Lee's theory. Principal component analysis and multidimensional scaling of LETS-2 scores of 738 students who had an intimate heterosexual friend indicated that their Eros, Mania, and Agape scores clustered together. Analyses of variance showed that Eros, Mania, and Agape scores increased as love developed, but the Ludus score peaked at the kissing stage, and the Storge score was high at an early stage. All the analyses suggested that the interrelational structure of the six love styles is perhaps square or triangular pyramid, and not circular as Lee hypothesized
著者
上瀬 由美子 松井 豊
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.3, pp.170-179, 1996

The purpose of this study was to investigate the course of stereotype changes on cognitive, affective, and behavioral components. The blood-groups stereotype widespread in Japan was used for the study. One hundred and four female undergraduate students (average age 20.2) attended a lecture given by one of the authors concerning the denail of the blood-groups stereotype. For three times the students responded to the questionnaires about blood-groups stereotype: immediatelybefore, immediately after, and three months after the lecture. Statistically significant changes werefound in cognitive and affective components of the attitude, but not in the behavioral component. Although in the cognitive component the attitude changed in support of the 'bookkeeping model', inthe affective component some of the students changed according to 'conversion model'. The cognitive component did not change when 'subtyping' was formed.
著者
沼田 真美 Hartling Linda M. 松井 豊
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.89.16232, (Released:2018-07-14)
参考文献数
25

This research aimed to develop a Japanese version of the Humiliation Inventory (HI-J) and to examine the validity and reliability of the HI-J. In Study 1, two subscales (cumulative humiliation and fear of humiliation) from the original Humiliation Inventory were used. Next, to examine the reliability of the subscales, an α coefficient was calculated. The α coefficients indicated that each subscale was internally consistent (α = .86 and .87, respectively). Furthermore, to examine the validity of the HI-J, when calculating the correlation coefficient with the predicted related variable, it was confirmed that each subscale was positively correlated with hostility, state humiliation, state embarrassment, and state guilt. In Study 2, sufficient retest reliability was confirmed for each subordinate scale of the HI-J (rs = .68 and .70, respectively). Based on these results, the HI-J was confirmed as a valid and reliable measurement of humiliating experiences.
著者
上野 行良 上瀬 由美子 松井 豊 福富 護
出版者
一般社団法人 日本教育心理学会
雑誌
教育心理学研究 (ISSN:00215015)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.42, no.1, pp.21-28, 1994-03-30 (Released:2013-02-19)
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
7 3

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between adolescents' views on friendship and personality characteristics. Six hundred twenty (620) randomly- sampled high-school students completed a questionnaire. Hayashi's Quantification Method of the Third Type showed two more-or-less ind ependent dimensions for the views: friends as a source of conformity and preferred psychological distance to them. The students, in accordance with the above two d imensions, were classified into four types: independent, individual, surface, and close friendship seekers. Analyses indicated that these types were related to such personality characteristics as inferiority, family-adjustment, public self-consciousness, frequen cy of problem-behavior thoughts, and purposes in life. Surface friendship, with high conformity but more psychological distance to each other, might characterize contemp orary youth relationship in Japan. The students who viewed friendship in th is way, in general, loved family more and were better socially adjusted, but the males of thi s category felt inferiority and thought about problem behaviors more frequently.