著者
森 正人 Mori Masato
出版者
三重大学人文学部文化学科
雑誌
人文論叢 (ISSN:02897253)
巻号頁・発行日
no.26, pp.147-159, 2009

本稿は1934年の建武中興六百年祭と35年の大楠公六百年祭が、資本や寺院や地方自治体の関わりによってどのように演出されたのか考える。そしてそれを契機にして楠木正成に関わる事物や景観や人物などがどのように価値付けられたり発見されたりしたのかも紹介する。そうした過程は地域という地理的単位と結びついて展開した。それゆえ、地域なるものと国家なるものが関係的に立ち現れることが最後に示される。
著者
森 正人
出版者
一般社団法人 人文地理学会
雑誌
人文地理 (ISSN:00187216)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.6, pp.535-556, 2002-12-28 (Released:2009-04-28)
参考文献数
101
被引用文献数
3

This paper discusses the changing spatiality and movement modes of the 'Henro' pilgrimage on Shikoku Island from 1920-1930. The pilgrimage is one of principal topics in the geography of religion, and geographers have analysed its spatial structure using historical, quantitative and humanistic approaches. For those researching the spatiality of the pilgrimage, it is necessary to clarify the contested processes by which spatiality was produced and the manner in which discourses concerned with modes of movement were produced in order to control the flow of pilgrims. Though pilgrims mainly traveled on foot for religious training, there were no statements concerning the pilgrimage route in guidebooks published at Edo era.Since the modern Japanese government created a transport system to create homogeneous space in Japan, several transport systems-train, bus and ship-were available in Shikoku until the middle of 1930s. For pilgrims who used these transport systems, movement patterns during the Henro pilgrimage became diversified. However, since the end of the Taisho era, 'the intellectual class' who had hardly previously participated, became interested in the Henro pilgrimage. As a result of this change, the Henro pilgrimage became involved in domestic tourism as alternative form of tourism at the end of the 1920s, and pilgrims using the new transport system and taking casual pleasure in were referred to as 'Modern Henro'.On the other hand, in 1929, 'Henro-Dogyokai', which aimed to organize pilgrims and provide several activities concerned with the Henro pilgrimage, was founded at Tokyo. Its goal was to enlighten people along national policy and to criticize the Modern Henro because they regarded its style as religiously regressive. Through providing information about the Henro pilgrimage in their monthly journal Henro and their activities, they emphasised the authentic style or way of the Henro pilgrimage, and at the same time they emphasized that pilgrims should journey on foot.In short, from the end of 1920s to the middle of 1930s, while Japanese tourism or 'Modern Henro' represented the space of the Henro pilgrimage as tourist space, 'Henro-Dogyokai' represented it as religious training space. However, both agents reconstituted the network in the space of the Henro pilgrimage; indeed the space of the Henro pilgrimage was a contested one in this period. Of course, traditional pilgrims-those who had not been admitted to live their village community and could do nothing but carry on the pilgrimage with begging -also existed. In this context, the reconstituted Henro pilgrimage was appropriated within Japanese fascist policy through its articulation with hiking in the middle of 1930s, and Modern Henro' and 'Henro-Dogyokai' were placed within national ideology. The Japanese government coerced people into walking to make proper bodies and to pray for victory in World War II. In this policy, adopting various modes of movement in pilgrimage was unacceptable since pilgrims were compelled to walk. However, despite this policy, some pilgrims refused to comply and some of them preferred to use transportation.
著者
森 正人
出版者
一般社団法人 人文地理学会
雑誌
人文地理 (ISSN:00187216)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.1, pp.1-22, 2009 (Released:2018-01-10)
参考文献数
98
被引用文献数
2 2

This article traces some trajectories of social and cultural geography since the end of the 1980s to the early 2000s and attempts to explain how the geography of materiality has become a matter in current Anglophone geography, especially in the United Kingdom. Although the new cultural geography of Japan redefines social and cultural geography and focuses on discursive practices and representations, in Japan there is low awareness of discussions on post-humanism, which is a topic in Anglophone geography. Anglophone geography consists of topics such as materiality, performativity, complexity theory, and actor-network theory. There is no paper in the Japanese or English literature in Japan that discusses such topics. Hence, this article attempts to establish a framework to facilitate the discussion of topics such as those mentioned above.To begin with, the process of development of the new cultural geography is detailed in order to review the questions raised towards the end of the 1980s on both sides of the Atlantic. The new social and cultural geography has progressed beyond the conventional understanding of culture, which is sustained by traditional cultural geography, stressing the complex relation between culture, economy and politics, and has also served to underline the crisis in geographical representations associated with anthropological discussions. In this consideration, moral geography, which forms webs of ideologies through space, place, and landscape, is examined. There have been criticisms of the new cultural geography, of which a problem of reification of the idea of culture is noted here. However, the controversy around this criticism seemingly still retains a problem of metaphysics, and rigidly assumes the existence of ‘subject’ and ‘object’. Phil Crang’s paper that intends to combine the cultural aspect with economic geography implies the idea of culture and economy as something performed. It states that there is no linearity or predetermined harmony among cultural, economic and political practices. This point of view was amplified in some lines of discussions in the late 1990s.Second, theoretical frameworks for performativity, hybridity, ethics, non-representational theory, complexity theory, and actor-network theory are outlined in this essay. The power of things, women, nature, etc. that have been objectified is included as these discussions revolve around the issue of western metaphysics which continually attempts to establish a rigid division between the subject and the object. The distinction has been always/already mediated by the corporeal. The traces left by the corporeal or things reveals the impossibility of the execution of the project of western metaphysics. Ethics are centered, instead of moral geography, to grasp the entanglement of humans and non-humans.Third, criticism of the material turn that occurred at the end of the 1990s is studied. The discussion on materiality became a critical vehicle to overcome the weakness of verbal analysis. Mike Crang’s papers on heritage show that materiality emerges in various practices and affects people’s memories. Materiality is not only an issue of matter. Subsequently, there is reference to a controversy between Daniel Miller, who influenced the material turn in geography, and Michel Callon, who proposed the actor-network theory. It demonstrates how Miller is captured by the classic Hegelian/Marxist concept: Miller assumes the linearity of ideology in a market and the predominance of the subject over the object. It is, therefore, understandable that some geographers were accused of continuing to retain Hegelian beliefs, i. e., the belief that there is a binary relation between subject/object, spirit/thing, and human/nature.(View PDF for the rest of the abstract.)
著者
森 正人 モリ マサト MORI Masato
出版者
三重大学人文学部文化学科
雑誌
人文論叢 : 三重大学人文学部文化学科研究紀要 (ISSN:02897253)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.A65-A80, 2005-03-31

本稿は一九三七年に大阪で南海電鉄会社が行った「四国八十八ヶ所霊場出開帳」に注目し、それがどのような社会的過程で生産されたのかを詳述する。これまでの四国遍路史上、たった一度だけ成功を収めたのが一九三七年の出開帳である。この出開帳は宗数団体が主催したものでも四国内で行われたわけでもなかったため、従来の研究ではほとんど取り上げられることはなかった。またこれは、鉄道・出版資本、国家政策、仏教寺院がそれぞれの思惑を交差させながら重層的に生産されたのである。したがって、この出開帳を取り上げることにより、四国遍路自体の複雑性を示すことができる。また従来の研究における静的な巡礼空間モデルに対して、巡礼空間が社会的構築物であること、さらに、生産された空間が社会的構成を行う社会-空間弁証法が見られることを示すこともできると考える。
著者
森 正人 Mori Masato
出版者
日本地理学会
雑誌
地理学評論 = Geographical review of Japan (ISSN:18834388)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.78, no.1, pp.1-27, 2005-01-01

本稿は,「節合」という概念を手掛かりとして,1934年の弘法大師1100年御遠忌で開催された「弘法大師文化展覧会」を中心として,弘法大師が日本文化と節合され,展示を通して人々に広められる過程を追う.この展覧会は,戦時体制に協力する大阪朝日新聞と御遠忌を迎えた真言宗による「弘法大師文化宣揚会」が開催したものであった.この展示には天皇制イデオロギーを表象する国宝や重要文化財が,弘法大師にも関係するとして展示された.また展示会場は近畿圏の会館や百貨店であり,特に百貨店では都市に居住する広い階層の人々に対して,わかりやすい展示が試みられた.このような種別的な場所での諸実践を通して国民国家の維持が図られた.ただし会場を訪れた人々は,イデオロギーの中に完全に取り込まれてしまうのではなく,それを「見物」したり,娯楽としてみなしたりする可能性も胚胎していた.
著者
森 正人
出版者
尚絅大学
雑誌
尚絅大学研究紀要. A, 人文・社会科学編 (ISSN:21875235)
巻号頁・発行日
no.48, pp.A1-11, 2016-03-31

この研究の目的は,学校法人尚絅学園の建学の精神を記述した諸資料について調査した結果にもとづき,建学の精神と教育理念の本来の姿を復元するものである。尚絅学園の建学の精神は,佐々友房と彼の同志達が起草した「濟々黌付属女學校創立ノ主旨(趣旨)」に示される。学園に伝えられてきたのは,二つの段落から成る文章である。しかし,本来この文章には,教育課程の方針について述べる第三段落がそなわっていた。このことを,新資料とそのほかの資料を用いて証明した。
著者
森 正人
出版者
The Association of Japanese Geographers
雑誌
地理学評論 (ISSN:13479555)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.78, no.1, pp.1-27, 2005-01-01 (Released:2008-12-25)
参考文献数
117
被引用文献数
1 2

本稿は,「節合」という概念を手掛かりとして, 1934年の弘法大師1100年御遠忌で開催された「弘法大師文化展覧会」を中心として,弘法大師が日本文化と節合され,展示を通して人々に広められる過程を追う.この展覧会は,戦時体制に協力する大阪朝日新聞と御遠忌を迎えた真言宗による「弘法大師文化宣揚会」が開催したものであった.この展示には天皇制イデオロギーを表象する国宝や重要文化財が,弘法大師にも関係するとして展示された.また展示会場は近畿圏の会館や百貨店であり,特に百貨店では都市に居住する広い階層の人々に対して,わかりやすい展示が試みられた.このような種別的な場所での諸実践を通して国民国家の維持が図られた.ただし会場を訪れた人々は,イデオロギーの中に完全に取り込まれてしまうのではなく,それを「見物」したり,娯楽としてみなしたりする可能性も胚胎していた.
著者
本谷 崇之 森 正人
出版者
Japanese Society for Medical and Biological Engineering
雑誌
生体医工学 (ISSN:1347443X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, pp.O-287-O-288, 2014

With recent advanced and complex medical technologies, viewing the locations of blood vessels and organs through 3D-reconstructed images during medical operations is essential for safe and accurate procedures. The conventional observation methods require the use of computer mice with the hand, which is inappropriate in sanitary environments such as operation rooms. We developed an application program for monitoring volume-rendered images using the Leap Motion, a remote-controlling device instead of conventional mice. In this research, we realized an interface that allows the users to have synchronized perception and understanding of holding 3D objects, which can be frustrating when using the Leap Motion, through the postures of fingers and timing input. In our demonstrational experiment, doctors reviewed that they could observe three-dimensional location information in a sanitary manner through easy operations. This method proves the possibility of the Leap Motion becoming an indispensable device in diverse medical fields.
著者
森 正人 倉橋 節也

"Web sites called an information publication site provide information to people looking for a job, a home and so forth. Companies that want to display their products or services on the sites pay adver-tisement rates for administration companies of the sites, such as a job offer site and a real estate site.In this study, we consider how to decide the display order of products for publication on list pages of contents in information publication sites. The order should be desirable not only for advertisers, but likewise for users.First, we show a result of a regression analysis between display order and page views. Second, we de-fine User Popularity Degree using the analysis. Finally, we employ agent-based modelling to simulate the websites in which web contents are defined as agents bidding advertisement rates for getting the op-timised or effective display orders autonomously.