著者
荒川 歩 村上 幸史
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.1, pp.85-97, 2006

We investigated why people own lucky charms. One hundred ninety-eight students answered our questionnaire. The results showed that ownership of lucky charms is not entirely related to the desire to connect to a transcendental power; people have lucky charms because they have received them as gifts from family and friends; family and friends give lucky charms when they cannot provide other forms of support directly; the gift of a charm is usually from an older person to a younger person; the relationship between the donor and the recipient affects the type of charm given. These results suggest that donors may give lucky charms to allay their anxiety, and that lucky charms act as a reminder of the donor's support of the recipient in times of trouble.
著者
村上 幸史 荒川 歩
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.3, pp.233-248, 2009

Arakawa & Murakami (2006) reported that some people keep "lucky charms" not because they have faith in them, but because the lucky charms were gifts from people close to them. This indicates that lucky charms are used as a communication tool, through gift-giving, rather than as goods. To examine why lucky charms are given between parents and children, 89 pairs (students and their parents, the relatives who most commonly give lucky charms) completed questionnaires. The results showed that parents gave children lucky charms more often than vice versa. The lucky charms were given by parents to their children as a token to ward off danger or for luck in an exam. The parents thereby sought to reduce their own anxiety, as well as that of the children, and to relay the message that they were supportive as the child grew up. In addition, the children sometimes looked at the lucky charm and were reminded of their parents. It is clear from these results that, despite there being a difference of understanding in the purpose of the gift between the giver and the receiver, gift giving results in the mutual extraction of meaning from the act. The result is discussed in terms of "goods-mediated communication" through gift-giving, focusing on this ambiguity.
著者
荒川 歩 菅原 郁夫
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.1, pp.73-88, 2010
被引用文献数
1

To maximize the value of jury deliberations, it is important to recognize how lay citizens in a mixed-court jury think about communication during deliberations. In this study, we analyzed jury deliberations during a mock mixed-court jury trial to examine situations in which jurors feel satisfaction or otherwise, and the situations in which they agree with an opinion. We examined several forms of data: A videotape of the deliberation process; pre- and post-trial questionnaires completed by six jurors who participated in the mock trial; and post-trial interviews with the same jurors. Some jurors thought that the opinion needed to be well-founded, and a juror who agreed with that thought was satisfied with the deliberation process. However, those jurors who were unable to discern the reasoning behind the opinion were not satisfied with the deliberation process. If there are relationships between satisfaction and agreement with the rule, these findings suggest that communication during deliberation needs to appear valid not only from the point of view of an observer but also from the perspective of jury members.
著者
松島 公望 林 明明 荒川 歩
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1730, (Released:2019-10-21)
参考文献数
38

This study examined the relationship between Christian religious consciousness (CFC) and subjective well-being for Japanese Christians. Members of the Roman Catholic Church (status of denomination: Believers, n=58; Leaders, n=61) and of the A subgroup of the Holiness Church (status of denomination: Believers, n=646; leaders, n=102) participated in the research. Based on factor analysis, we developed a scale of CFC that contained three factors: “Christian doctrine-based belief,” “norms of religious activities,” and “relationship with other church members.” Hierarchical multiple regression analysis on CFC and subjective well-being showed that the people who had high “Christian doctrine-based belief” or a high “relationship with other church members” have high subjective well-being, and that they were partially influenced by subjective well-being among denominations. However well-being was not influenced by status of denomination. These results indicate that subjective well-being rests largely on CFC, although a small portion of it rests on the type of denomination.
著者
荒川 歩 中谷 嘉男 サトウ タツヤ
出版者
社会言語科学会
雑誌
社会言語科学 (ISSN:13443909)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.2, pp.18-25, 2006-03-30

本研究では,世代の要因と同世代から顔文字付きのメールをどれくらい受信するかの要因の2種類が,顔文字の評価に与える影響について検討した.大学生38名(男性14名,女性24名,平均年齢20.3才)と40才代と50才代の34名(男性17名,女性17名)がメールメッセージの印象評定実験に参加した.また調査対象者には「同世代の親しい人」からどの程度顔文字付きのメールを受け取るかについて回答を求めた.その結果,同世代の親しい人が顔文字を使う頻度が,受信者の顔文字に対する印象に影響を与えることが認められた.しかし,顔文字付きのメールの受信頻度が高い限りは,顔文字の印象に世代による差は認められなかった.これらのことは,普段から顔文字を利用するスタイルが一般的なコミュニティに属しているのかそうでないのかが,顔文字の印象に対して重要な影響をもたらすことを示している.
著者
荒川 歩 菅原 郁夫
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.3, pp.133-141, 2019-03-31 (Released:2019-03-31)
参考文献数
23

Focus groups (FGs) led by trial consultants are popular in the USA but not in Japan. Additionally, the effectiveness of this method has not been examined. This study examined the effect of FGs on the Saiban-in system. First, eleven undergraduates participated in FGs, discussing the perception of certain words (e.g., self-defense) and a theme (e.g., how to evaluate a wrongful act when losing self-control because of fear) that were points of dispute in a simulated case. The contents were compared with three law students’ estimation of how undergraduates perceived these topics. Second, a law student wrote a final case argument before and after reading a summary produced by FGs. Third, another set of thirty-one undergraduates participated in one of two conditions (whether based on an FG result or not), read the arguments (sixteen read arguments not based on an FG result; fifteen read arguments based on one), judged the case, reported their confidence in the judgment, and marked the words that affected them. The effect of the FG on the conviction rate was not significant. However, confidence in the not-guilty verdict increased and participants were influenced by the final arguments based on the FG result. This indicates the efficacy of focus groups in writing a final argument mentioned in the deliberation.
著者
荒川 歩 菅原 郁夫
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1735, (Released:2019-02-12)
参考文献数
23

Focus groups (FGs) led by trial consultants are popular in the USA but not in Japan. Additionally, the effectiveness of this method has not been examined. This study examined the effect of FGs on the Saiban-in system. First, eleven undergraduates participated in FGs, discussing the perception of certain words (e.g., self-defense) and a theme (e.g., how to evaluate a wrongful act when losing self-control because of fear) that were points of dispute in a simulated case. The contents were compared with three law students’ estimation of how undergraduates perceived these topics. Second, a law student wrote a final case argument before and after reading a summary produced by FGs. Third, another set of thirty-one undergraduates participated in one of two conditions (whether based on an FG result or not), read the arguments (sixteen read arguments not based on an FG result; fifteen read arguments based on one), judged the case, reported their confidence in the judgment, and marked the words that affected them. The effect of the FG on the conviction rate was not significant. However, confidence in the not-guilty verdict increased and participants were influenced by the final arguments based on the FG result. This indicates the efficacy of focus groups in writing a final argument mentioned in the deliberation.
著者
荒川 歩 竹原 卓真 鈴木 直人
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, no.1, pp.22-29, 2006-03-30 (Released:2010-01-15)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
2

This research compared the effects of messages with and without emoticons from a familiar friend on the reduction of intensity of emotions, the relationship between changes in emotions, and the impact of emoticons on text messages. In particular, the effect of messages with one of five emoticons { (^_^) (;_;) (>_<) (^_^;) m(_ _)m } and messages with no emoticons, on four emotional scripts, happy, sad, angry, and anxious, were compared. Using their own cell phones, university students (n=33) participated in this study by reporting emotional intensity when they were in each script. They again reported emotional intensity after receiving a text message with emoticons from a familiar friend. Results indicated that (1) messages with emoticons reduced the intensity of the receiver's negative emotions in comparison to messages without emoticons; and (2) when receivers were feeling angry or happy, a significant relationship was found between the impact of emoticons and the reduction in the intensity of emotions, expect when receivers were feeling anxious or sad. Results suggest that appropriate selection from emoticons reduces the intensity of the receiver's negative emotions.
著者
荒川 歩 木村 昌紀
出版者
The Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology
雑誌
認知心理学研究 (ISSN:13487264)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.1, pp.95-101, 2005
被引用文献数
1

認知スタイル (Verbalizer-Visualizer) とジェスチャー頻度の個人差の関係が分析された.大学生(35 ペア)が,事前に閲覧した映像を対面・非対面条件において互いに説明する実験に参加した.その後,彼らは,Verbalizer-Visualizer Questionnaire (VVQ)に回答した.実験参加者が説明している間のジェスチャーはビデオテープに録画され,表象的ジェスチャーとビートジェスチャーとがカウントされた.その結果,VVQ高得点者は,非対面条件に比べて,対面条件においてより多くの表象的ジェスチャーを行っていた.しかし,VVQ低得点者は,両条件において,表象的ジェスチャーの頻度に違いは認められなかった.認知スタイルや対面・非対面条件はビートジェスチャーには影響していなかった.このことから,表象的ジェスチャーの頻度に影響を与える個人内要因は,状況(対面・非対面)によって異なると考えられる.
著者
荒川 歩 鈴木 直人
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, no.2, pp.56-64, 2004-01-31 (Released:2009-04-07)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
15 10

Categorical theory (e. g. Ekman, 1971) and dimensional theory (e. g. Russell, 1980) are popularly used to describe feelings and emotions. However these two theories have been largely ignored in gesture studies. One reason appears to be that the research has been based on of facial expressions and words, as such as not been applied to other studies.This research examined the relationships between feelings and hand movements. 106 students (53 pairs) participated in the experiment, where they talked to each other about various emotional themes, and then filled in questionnaires on their feelings. Their conversations were videotaped. The cumulative duration of self-adaptors and gestures, as well as the velocity, size, smoothness and accent of the gestures was rated by 3 coders. The results indicated that some feelings do have an affect on self-adaptors and gestures, while other feelings, however, were different that the theoretical underpinnings would have suggested.