著者
山浦 浩太 糸井川 栄一 熊谷 良雄 梅本 通孝
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.377-385, 2008-11-14 (Released:2019-04-18)
参考文献数
12

In the Japanese postwar era, flood control measures focused mainly on river improvements and dams. Meanwhile, urbanization gave birth to new flood risks, so comprehensive flood control measures that have storage facilities, osmosis plants, and soft measures began. This thesis aims to test the hypothesis that these new flood control measures have not only physical effects but also psychological effects to risk perception. By conducting a questionnaire survey, it became clear that recognition of flood control measures is important in the formation of flood risk perception.
著者
木村 玲欧 田村 圭子 井ノ口 宗成 林 春男 立木 茂雄
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.35-45, 2015-11-13 (Released:2017-08-02)
参考文献数
19

We conducted a random sampled questionnaire survey of disaster victims of the Great Hanshin-Awaji (Kobe) Earthquake Disaster. We clarified victims’ situation and problems of sixteenth year in life recovery process. We set the "recovery follow-up phase" as the sixth stage in life recovery process. We analyzed changing of victims residence, victims awareness and life recovery feeling, life recovery process using life recovery calendar method and attaching the meaning to disaster experience. As a result, for victims of the fully damaged houses or independent business men,we found that they need follow-up recovery aides in more than ten years after earthquake.
著者
菅野 拓
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.177-186, 2017-11-10 (Released:2018-05-26)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
1

In the Great East Japan Earthquake, Government-Rented-Privately-Owned-Houses-as-Temporary-Housing were provided in large scale. Several studies revealed they had merit of supply speed and cost, but there were various problems. Based on these studies, we conducted action research on the practices of introduction and implementation process concerning provision of temporary housing and the method of reconstructing the lives of victims in Kumamoto city in the Kumamoto Earthquake. These practices are grasped as "Kumamoto city model for provision of temporary housing " and "Japanese model for disaster case management". It is necessary for nationwide dissemination to amend the law that have continuity with general institutions, mainly social security, rather than specialized in disaster response.
著者
Nicolle Comafay 中村 千佳子 横田 治郎 立木 茂雄
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, pp.127-134, 2009

<p>This paper utilizes data from Hyogo Ward in Kobe City to implement the person-in-environment model of vulnerability. 612 persons with physical disability were surveyed regarding their personal information, disability and level of care needed, degree of social isolation, housing condition and special needs for mobility/daily living. The results were quantified and scores from the 5 variables were combined to calculate the overall degree of gathered were combined to calculate the overall degree of special needs. From this a multi-hazard mapping of social vulnerability was conducted to visualize the geographic distribution of PSND's. As a result, we were able to identify persons with high degree of special needs in times of disaster.<b> </b></p>
著者
高島 正典 林 春男
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, pp.69-78, 2000

<p>In this paper, the validity of the method to estimate damaged area using DMSP/OLS (Defense Meteorological Satellite Program/ Optical Linescan System night-time imagery developed by our research group (Hayashi et al, 2000). OLS mounted on the DMSP satellites captures city lights distribution reflecting extent of human activity. The area shows significant decrease of light intensity after the earthquake compared with before the event is estimated as impacted area in the DMSP method. We compared the actual damage with estimated damaged area of Marmara earthquake in Turkey(1999) and of Hanshin-Awaji earthquake(1995) based on the DMSP method. As a result, it is clarified the DMSP method can detect various kinds of damages rather than only severe housing damages.</p>
著者
岩佐 佑一 林 春男 近藤 民代
出版者
地域安全学会事務局
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 = Journal of social safety science (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.193-202, 2003-11-01
参考文献数
6
被引用文献数
4

If the Tokai, Tonankai, and Nankai earthquakes occur simultaneously in the first half of the 21^<st> century, the damage would spread over many prefectures. It is indispensable for the prefecture governments in the impacted area, as well as the national government, to establish a standardized emergency response operation system, in order to mobilize the limited resources effectively. "The Basic plan for Disaster Prevention" compiled by the national government serves as the emergency disaster plan for the national government level, as well as the basic requirements to be complied by the emergency response plan compiled by prefecture governments and municipality governments. By employing Flow-chart system as the tool for describing the plan, this paper examined the emergency management section of Basic Plan for Disaster Prevention to identify operational models to be used as the basis for a standardized emergency management system.
著者
青砥 穂高 熊谷 良雄 糸井川 栄一 澤田 雅浩
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.155-162, 2006-11-23 (Released:2019-01-19)
参考文献数
8

After the Niigata-ken Chuetsu Earthquake of 2004, many housings were damaged and the risk of soil failures and inundations were increasing in intermediate and mountainous areas. And these areas have been had the problems related to depopulation by moving out their settlement because of disadvantage to the weather conditions and inconvenient location as usual. Therefore there are anxiety of many households moving out and breakdown after this earthquake in these area. Under the situation, Niigata Pref. Government adopts the community preservation. So we investigate into the households and analyze the impact on the communities and factors of moving out from their settlements. And we want to obtain empirical knowleges for community preservation at their native area in this study.
著者
段 牧 小檜山 雅之
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.313-322, 2015-11-13 (Released:2017-08-02)
参考文献数
26

This study focuses on the scheduling in public real estate management (PREM) and proposes a method to optimize the scheduling using real option approach considering seismic risk. The seismic risk is represented by risk curves using Is value, which is a structural performance index. The risk curve is evaluated with a loss curve derived from a fragility curve, which represents the seismic vulnerability of a building, and a hazard curve, which represents the seismic risk at the site location. The damage due to earthquakes and its occurrence probability are modelled using the Monte Carlo simulation. Through the case study of a retrofitting problem of school facilities, it is confirmed that the proposed method can derive the optimal retrofit schedule with a reduced cost and risk of damage due to earthquakes.
著者
岡田 尚子 大西 一嘉
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.87-96, 2017-11-10 (Released:2018-05-26)
参考文献数
28

This paper aimed to clarify the check in date and duration of vulnerable population in shelters with additional assistance and consideration after 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake. We found differences in these factors between elderlies and disablities:#1 Elderly people with long time care checked in and left earlier. #2 Elderly people with daily support checked in later and stayed a long term. #3 Physically disabled people could be found earlier and stayed a long term. #4 Mental disorders checked in later and left earlier
著者
岡田 尚子 大西 一嘉
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, pp.53-60, 2016-03-25 (Released:2017-08-02)
参考文献数
24

Our objective is to clarify the state of such extra shelters management, that is, how victims were selected from primary shelters and how they were treated after evacuated in 2014 Hiroshima Mudslide Disaster. We contacted interview research against key persons of extra shelters in Asa-Minami ward and surrounding wards of seriously affected areas. This paper clarifies three essential strategy contents for improvement of extra shelters management in flood disaster, based on above case study. #1. To increase capacity of extra shelters and develop new type of elderly apartment with supportive services. #2. To collaborate various keypersons who are worked coordinators. #3. To support logistic work of facilities in use of extra shelters
著者
田邊 麻由子 塩野 計司
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.10, pp.435-445, 2008-11

Reconstruction aids for private housing structures lost in earthquakes were calculated on the basis of six criteria and published statistics. The criteria were generated from a principle given by the authors that the housing recovery does not degrade the quality of living of the affected, and their acceptability was confirmed through a questionnaire survey done in affected areas of a recent damaging earthquake. It was suggested that the financial assistance is needed only by families with an annual income less than seven million yen when earthquake insurance is not included and four million yen when included. Diffusion of earthquake insurance and financial standing of the affected were the significant issues carefully included in the development of assistance models.
著者
河本 尋子 重川 希志依 田中 聡
出版者
Institute of Social Safety Science
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, pp.29-37, 2013

The present study, as a case study of the Great East Japan Earthquake, examined external assistance of response activities in a major disaster. Regarding external assistance in disasters, considering both sending and receiving the assistance is essential. In our analysis, interview data of responders were adopted. They were conducted to municipal and prefectural officials from both affected and unaffected areas. Based on their point of view, we examined practical assisting activities by external teams, receiving activities in an affected local government, and problems and lessons from their response.
著者
佐藤 太一 河野 達仁 越村 俊一 山浦 一保 今村 文彦
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.10, pp.393-400, 2008-11

Many evacuation simulation models have been developed. However, all the models exogenously set the rate of evacuation and the evacuation route which are inherently determined by residents. With the exogenous settings, these models can not follow the change in the residents' behavior according to changes in policies. Therefore, it is necessary to model residents who evacuate based on their individual rationality. And now, it is known in particular that residents will not evacuate by some psychological factors (e.g. cognitive dissonance). This paper, focusing on cognitive dissonance as psychological factors, constructs an evacuation model incorporating individual rationality and cognitive dissonance. As a result, we show the effects of cognitive dissonance on the residents' evacuation.
著者
古屋 貴司 佐土原 聡
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.4, pp.255-260, 2002-11
被引用文献数
1

The mitigation of casualties from the earthquakes are one of the most important topics in the prevention countermeasure. The casualty relate to building damages. However, not only that but also other many factors such as time, human characteristics, regional characteristics and rescue influences. It is necessary to clarify the effect of each of them. In this research, the regional characteristics about the rescue activities from a wooden collapsed house was clarified. And the estimated intensity map shows that the most dangerous zone is located in east. The final subject of this study is to clarify relation between "the time" and "the probability of survival", and arrange the rescue tools effectively as the prevention countermeasure.
著者
山下 未知子 林 春男
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.3, pp.189-198, 2001-11
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
2

In order to make disaster preparedness education effective, it is first required that the contents to be educated should be identified and then systematically represented. In this paper, we tried to develop a way to systematize the knowledge on earthquake disaster mitigation. First, we run an experiment in which undergraduate students were asked to identify the elements of the knowledge on earthquake disaster mitigation from the 22 existing video teaching materials. Next, we experts in earthquake disasters systematized these extracted elements to construct a system of knowledge on earthquake disaster mitigation by applying the method of Semantic Network, which has been studied as a way of Representing Knowledge in the fields of Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science.
著者
多名部 重則 東田 光裕 林 春男
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.10, pp.565-572, 2008-11
参考文献数
7

City formed a warning cordon with the radius of 300 meters from the bomb and ordered to evacuate from the restricted area. It considered what was important was to let vulnerable people to disasters evacuate smoothly. In order to find out vulnerable people who were not reported, Government of Kobe City ordered the staffs to visit all the houses in the restricted area in advance. On the day of disabling of unexploded bomb, the support plan for vulnerable people was carried out. To complete to evacuate, the staffs visited all the houses again and checked whether no one left. The aim of this thesis is to examine the lessons learnt from the emergency procedures on the evacuation support for vulnerable people to disasters.
著者
山崎 栄一 立木 茂雄 林 春男 田村 圭子 原田 賢治
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.9, pp.157-166, 2007-11
被引用文献数
1

To establish the evacuation support system for vulnerable people to disasters, some efforts about collecting and sharing personal information are attempted. However, these efforts don't always produce good results. By the analysis of collection and sharing personal information process on vulnerable people to disasters, people in communities feel the necessities of collection and sharing. At the some time, they have serious concerns about protection of personal information. In this paper, the discussion on the evacuation support for vulnerable people to disasters is reconstructed from the point of local community. And this paper proposes the practical ways about collecting and sharing personal information of vulnerable people to disasters.
著者
中谷 典正 村尾 修
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.5, pp.285-292, 2003-11
被引用文献数
3

Since the revision of Basic Plan for Disaster Prevention of 1995, local governments have changed their municipal plan for disaster prevention and made their own disaster management manuals. However those manuals are not easy to use in the case of disasters because there is no unified definition among them and no useful methodology for making manuals. This paper shows problems of them and proposed a methodology of making the Disaster Management Manuals using Technical Writing Method. Also an actual Disaster Management Manual for Shinji Town, Shimane Pref. based on the methodology is introduced.
著者
柄谷 友香 ピヤタムロンチャイ チャリダー
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.9, pp.167-176, 2007-11
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
2

This paper provides the agenda for a future action plan for tourism industry based on the recovery process in southern Thailand from the Indian Ocean Tsunami for two years. We grasp the recovery process using the time-series number of tourists from foreign countries and have interview to owners and managers of tourism-related business like hotels about their own responses. As a result, we propose the six items, for example, some loan programs for reconstruction, a compensation system to foreign laborers, baseless and harmful rumors and countermeasures to them, etc.
著者
木村 玲欧 林 春男 立木 茂雄 浦田 康幸
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.1, pp.93-102, 1999-11
被引用文献数
11

Based on a random sampling survey on the "Individual Recovery Processes from the 1995 Hanshin-Awaji earthquake disaster", people in the impacted area can be divided into 4 groups depending on the severity of housing damage and their life stages. An 80% of the severely damaged victims were forced to relocate their home. For then, the need for information regarding housing damage peaked at the first one week after the earthquake, and nearly half of the victims made up their minds with regards to where they live within one month after the earthquake.