著者
松本 亜沙香 林 春男 立木 茂雄
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 = Journal of social safety science (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.463-472, 2011-11-01
参考文献数
9

<p>The authors conducted an internet survey regarding the March 2011 Great Eastern Japan Earthquake Disaster. The sample was taken from the nationwide internet monitor, an internet-based survey, living outside the disaster areas Optimal scaling and cross tabulation were used to analyze behaviors such as "panic buying," "giving monetary donation," and "sending supplies." The result showed the following: a) social capital affect the behavior of cash donation and sending/offering of supplies; b) people who donate or send goods tend to reduce their expenses, and c) people living near the disaster area feel a strong sense of insecurity which leads to panic buying.</p>
著者
松本 亜沙香 林 春男 立木 茂雄
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.463-472, 2011-11-11 (Released:2019-09-12)
参考文献数
9

The authors conducted an internet survey regarding the March 2011 Great Eastern Japan Earthquake Disaster. The sample was taken from the nationwide internet monitor, an internet-based survey, living outside the disaster areas Optimal scaling and cross tabulation were used to analyze behaviors such as "panic buying,” “giving monetary donation,” and “sending supplies.” The result showed the following: a) social capital affect the behavior of cash donation and sending/offering of supplies; b) people who donate or send goods tend to reduce their expenses, and c) people living near the disaster area feel a strong sense of insecurity which leads to panic buying.
著者
関谷 直也
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, pp.143-153, 2016-11-04 (Released:2017-08-02)
参考文献数
12

In Japan, it was found that 20-30% of people avoid purchasing agricultural products produced in Fukushima Prefecture in the wake of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster of March 2011. Conversely, many people state that they usually do not pay attention to where a product comes from while they are shopping. The reason this many people are still fearful of contaminated agricultural products from Fukushima Prefecture is that they are not familiar with the system for food inspection and its results. People are generally not knowledgeable about the process of monitoring agricultural products for radioactive substances, which involves testing all volume and all bags of rice in Fukushima Prefecture. It is the goal of public relations to make sure information about the inspection system and its results are properly publicized in order to reduce anxiety among the public over the safety of these agricultural products.
著者
鎌田 智之 糸井川 栄一
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.333-340, 2006-11-23 (Released:2019-01-19)
参考文献数
12

In the hall of University of Tsukuba, it is often crowded of many people because of some problems, which are come from characteristic of the space. Crowded situation has various risk, some are close to us and others might lead fatal problem. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relation between flow of crowd and characteristic of space based on a computer simulation developed. It is come out that most possibility space of crowding in the hall is just inside of the entrance.
著者
瀧本 浩一 三浦 房紀 日置 武男
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 = Journal of social safety science (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.145-150, 1999-11-01
参考文献数
7

<p>Schoolchildren should learn not only knowledge about earthquake prevention but also how to cope with an earthquake. However, there is no effective educational tools. Therefore, we developed the new version software for eartquake preparedness education in order to learn behavior during and after earthquakes by introducing the style of TV games. This paper outlines summary of the new software development and its evaluation by using methods which are used in the field of educational technology. The results are also explained.</p>
著者
梅本 通孝
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.37-47, 2017-11-10 (Released:2018-05-26)
参考文献数
54

In order to contribute to reconsideration appropriate policies on countermeasures against natural and man-made disasters in Japan in a period of population decrease, we investigated the actual state of disaster management in New Zealand which has really similar natural environment causing many kinds of hazards, though much lower density society than Japan. In the object country, the disaster management is operated with a framework of Civil Defence Emergency Management (CDEM) based on the "4Rs" approach and the "CIMS2". The CDEM system is applied to any hazards including infectious disease, major transport accident and terrorism. They lay relatively more emphasis on appropriate response actions rather than structural measures to mitigate hazards' damage.
著者
大山 太 吉村 晶子 嶋田 淳子 小島 善和 杉田 学
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.23-31, 2014-03-20 (Released:2017-08-02)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
1

In this paper, we discuss a communication system for disaster relief medical teams. Usually, Japanese medical teams are not equipped with communication systems specialized for disaster operations. They can only rely on common-use mobile and landline phones during disaster events. However, public lines are reported to be out of function in disaster areas during the past major disasters. We conducted experiments to evaluate communication means that can holdmedical communication links during disasters, using the new Japanese two-way communication radio system,“Digital Convenience Radio: DCR”. Our results suggested that DCR can support medical activity at sites ofdevastating disasters.
著者
田中 正人 上野 易弘
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 = Journal of social safety science (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.437-444, 2011-11-01
参考文献数
11

<p>In this study, we clarify the actual conditions and backgrounds of isolated deaths at temporary housing and recovery housing in disaster area, conducting statistical analyses based on death certificates. The results are as follows, 1) The ages of those who die alone are higher at recovery housing than temporary housing. At recovery housing, it also takes longer for discovery. The main reason for this is young people under age fifty with isolation risks such as remaining unemployed and single. 2) At temporary housing, family and neighbors mitigate the isolation risks, while their roles decline at recovery housing. 3) Location of recovery housing has little connection with isolation of disaster victims. One of the factors seems to be that the isolated condition has already been established before moving into recovery housing. Community-conscious safety nets should be in place especially in the early stage of restoring stable living.</p>
著者
中林 啓修
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.77-86, 2017-03-24 (Released:2018-04-27)
参考文献数
47

Military-level mutual cooperation between Japan and U.S. in the field of disaster relief in Japan germinated since the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake. After the earthquake, some of local authorities hosting U.S. Force Japan(USFJ) started to build a cooperation with USFJ for disaster relief. The Great East Japan Earthquake accelerated and expanded these relationships. At present, contribution of USFJ to disaster relief in Japan is incorporated with institution for JapanU.S. Defense Cooperation and local authorities not hosting USFJ also start to building a disaster relief cooperation with USFJ. Major challenges of the cooperation today are solving institutional ambiguity (e.g. conditions for disaster relief by USFJ) and expanding opportunities for cooperation between local authorities and USFJ such as joint expertise.
著者
糸井川 栄一 富塚 伸一郎
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.43-51, 2017-03-24 (Released:2018-04-27)
参考文献数
9

When a large earthquake happens in major city, a great number of post-earthquake fires would occur and expand in densely wooden buildings built up area. Furthermore, it is estimated that the number of fires would exceed the number of the pumper trucks in the suffered area. And the pumper trucks would face to difficulty of forward movement to firing area because of many street blockades by building collapse. Therefore, aerial firefighting by helicopters is needed. This study aims to clarify the relation between the firing properties in a burning area and the dropping water by helicopters. According to the numerical experiments based on the fire engineering methods, it becomes clear that there is a close relationship between marginal distance of the spread between two buildings and frequency of dropping water by helicopters. In addition, we clarified the requirements of urban area where is more effective to drop water by helicopters.
著者
山浦 浩太 糸井川 栄一 熊谷 良雄 梅本 通孝
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.377-385, 2008-11-14 (Released:2019-04-18)
参考文献数
12

In the Japanese postwar era, flood control measures focused mainly on river improvements and dams. Meanwhile, urbanization gave birth to new flood risks, so comprehensive flood control measures that have storage facilities, osmosis plants, and soft measures began. This thesis aims to test the hypothesis that these new flood control measures have not only physical effects but also psychological effects to risk perception. By conducting a questionnaire survey, it became clear that recognition of flood control measures is important in the formation of flood risk perception.
著者
木村 玲欧 田村 圭子 井ノ口 宗成 林 春男 立木 茂雄
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.35-45, 2015-11-13 (Released:2017-08-02)
参考文献数
19

We conducted a random sampled questionnaire survey of disaster victims of the Great Hanshin-Awaji (Kobe) Earthquake Disaster. We clarified victims’ situation and problems of sixteenth year in life recovery process. We set the "recovery follow-up phase" as the sixth stage in life recovery process. We analyzed changing of victims residence, victims awareness and life recovery feeling, life recovery process using life recovery calendar method and attaching the meaning to disaster experience. As a result, for victims of the fully damaged houses or independent business men,we found that they need follow-up recovery aides in more than ten years after earthquake.
著者
菅野 拓
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.177-186, 2017-11-10 (Released:2018-05-26)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
1

In the Great East Japan Earthquake, Government-Rented-Privately-Owned-Houses-as-Temporary-Housing were provided in large scale. Several studies revealed they had merit of supply speed and cost, but there were various problems. Based on these studies, we conducted action research on the practices of introduction and implementation process concerning provision of temporary housing and the method of reconstructing the lives of victims in Kumamoto city in the Kumamoto Earthquake. These practices are grasped as "Kumamoto city model for provision of temporary housing " and "Japanese model for disaster case management". It is necessary for nationwide dissemination to amend the law that have continuity with general institutions, mainly social security, rather than specialized in disaster response.
著者
Nicolle Comafay 中村 千佳子 横田 治郎 立木 茂雄
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, pp.127-134, 2009

<p>This paper utilizes data from Hyogo Ward in Kobe City to implement the person-in-environment model of vulnerability. 612 persons with physical disability were surveyed regarding their personal information, disability and level of care needed, degree of social isolation, housing condition and special needs for mobility/daily living. The results were quantified and scores from the 5 variables were combined to calculate the overall degree of gathered were combined to calculate the overall degree of special needs. From this a multi-hazard mapping of social vulnerability was conducted to visualize the geographic distribution of PSND's. As a result, we were able to identify persons with high degree of special needs in times of disaster.<b> </b></p>
著者
高島 正典 林 春男
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, pp.69-78, 2000

<p>In this paper, the validity of the method to estimate damaged area using DMSP/OLS (Defense Meteorological Satellite Program/ Optical Linescan System night-time imagery developed by our research group (Hayashi et al, 2000). OLS mounted on the DMSP satellites captures city lights distribution reflecting extent of human activity. The area shows significant decrease of light intensity after the earthquake compared with before the event is estimated as impacted area in the DMSP method. We compared the actual damage with estimated damaged area of Marmara earthquake in Turkey(1999) and of Hanshin-Awaji earthquake(1995) based on the DMSP method. As a result, it is clarified the DMSP method can detect various kinds of damages rather than only severe housing damages.</p>
著者
サンドラ・カラスコ 落合 知帆 岡崎 健二
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, pp.61-68, 2016

<p>The massive destruction caused by typhoon Washi triggered a large scale resettlement program in the city of Cagayan de Oro, which was based on a top-down approach for decision-making and implementation. As a result there was a limited understanding of the beneficiaries' needs and the local conditions. After beneficiaries' were allocated into the new houses, they expressed willingness to compensate the shortcomings of the provided houses starting with the construction of modifications. The aim of this study is to examine the influence of the designs of the original houses in the way residents built modifications, considering their initial motivations, actual use of modifications, location, and the type of materials used for their construction in four selected villages in Calaanan site.</p><p></p>
著者
青砥 穂高 熊谷 良雄 糸井川 栄一 澤田 雅浩
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.155-162, 2006-11-23 (Released:2019-01-19)
参考文献数
8

After the Niigata-ken Chuetsu Earthquake of 2004, many housings were damaged and the risk of soil failures and inundations were increasing in intermediate and mountainous areas. And these areas have been had the problems related to depopulation by moving out their settlement because of disadvantage to the weather conditions and inconvenient location as usual. Therefore there are anxiety of many households moving out and breakdown after this earthquake in these area. Under the situation, Niigata Pref. Government adopts the community preservation. So we investigate into the households and analyze the impact on the communities and factors of moving out from their settlements. And we want to obtain empirical knowleges for community preservation at their native area in this study.
著者
段 牧 小檜山 雅之
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.313-322, 2015-11-13 (Released:2017-08-02)
参考文献数
26

This study focuses on the scheduling in public real estate management (PREM) and proposes a method to optimize the scheduling using real option approach considering seismic risk. The seismic risk is represented by risk curves using Is value, which is a structural performance index. The risk curve is evaluated with a loss curve derived from a fragility curve, which represents the seismic vulnerability of a building, and a hazard curve, which represents the seismic risk at the site location. The damage due to earthquakes and its occurrence probability are modelled using the Monte Carlo simulation. Through the case study of a retrofitting problem of school facilities, it is confirmed that the proposed method can derive the optimal retrofit schedule with a reduced cost and risk of damage due to earthquakes.
著者
岡田 尚子 大西 一嘉
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.87-96, 2017-11-10 (Released:2018-05-26)
参考文献数
28

This paper aimed to clarify the check in date and duration of vulnerable population in shelters with additional assistance and consideration after 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake. We found differences in these factors between elderlies and disablities:#1 Elderly people with long time care checked in and left earlier. #2 Elderly people with daily support checked in later and stayed a long term. #3 Physically disabled people could be found earlier and stayed a long term. #4 Mental disorders checked in later and left earlier
著者
岡田 尚子 大西 一嘉
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, pp.53-60, 2016-03-25 (Released:2017-08-02)
参考文献数
24

Our objective is to clarify the state of such extra shelters management, that is, how victims were selected from primary shelters and how they were treated after evacuated in 2014 Hiroshima Mudslide Disaster. We contacted interview research against key persons of extra shelters in Asa-Minami ward and surrounding wards of seriously affected areas. This paper clarifies three essential strategy contents for improvement of extra shelters management in flood disaster, based on above case study. #1. To increase capacity of extra shelters and develop new type of elderly apartment with supportive services. #2. To collaborate various keypersons who are worked coordinators. #3. To support logistic work of facilities in use of extra shelters