著者
福留 邦洋
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.10, pp.503-509, 2008-11

In this paper, the following were examined: Positioning of the contribution in the regional disaster prevention plan, tendency of the contribution in earthquake hazard after Hanshin Awaji Earthquake disaster, content of contribution allocation in recent large earthquake disaster. The allocation considering the regionality was able to be confirmed. It is considered that the contribution is a part of the victim supporting measures.
著者
鍵屋 一 池田 真紀
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.13, pp.357-366, 2010-11

This study is an investigation of the guideline for the special elderly nursing home to make the business continuity plan. There is little home where bcp is made according to the investigation of the Cabinet Office. The four investigated homes did not make the policy and the concrete measure how to execute the routine work after the large earthquake.We analyzed the business scheme of four homes, and made the staff hearing. Then we made die guideline of the business continuity plan of the special elderly nursing home. The routine work of the special elderly nursing home is almost the same in the whole country. So we think the guideline is very useful. Moreover, we propose die solution of the challenging problem for homes to make the business continuity plan.
著者
松本 亜沙香 林 春男 立木 茂雄
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.463-472, 2011-11-11 (Released:2019-09-12)
参考文献数
9

The authors conducted an internet survey regarding the March 2011 Great Eastern Japan Earthquake Disaster. The sample was taken from the nationwide internet monitor, an internet-based survey, living outside the disaster areas Optimal scaling and cross tabulation were used to analyze behaviors such as "panic buying,” “giving monetary donation,” and “sending supplies.” The result showed the following: a) social capital affect the behavior of cash donation and sending/offering of supplies; b) people who donate or send goods tend to reduce their expenses, and c) people living near the disaster area feel a strong sense of insecurity which leads to panic buying.
著者
関谷 直也
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, pp.143-153, 2016-11-04 (Released:2017-08-02)
参考文献数
12

In Japan, it was found that 20-30% of people avoid purchasing agricultural products produced in Fukushima Prefecture in the wake of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster of March 2011. Conversely, many people state that they usually do not pay attention to where a product comes from while they are shopping. The reason this many people are still fearful of contaminated agricultural products from Fukushima Prefecture is that they are not familiar with the system for food inspection and its results. People are generally not knowledgeable about the process of monitoring agricultural products for radioactive substances, which involves testing all volume and all bags of rice in Fukushima Prefecture. It is the goal of public relations to make sure information about the inspection system and its results are properly publicized in order to reduce anxiety among the public over the safety of these agricultural products.
著者
馬場 美智子
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.5, pp.327-334, 2003-11
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
2

Land use planning and management is not utilized in Japan for disaster management although it is considered one of the countermeasures and under the investigation of its applicability. Also, risk management is a rising framework for disaster management in these years. In this paper, land use planning and management method is studied to extract essential factors through the case study of Wellington City of New Zealand from the risk management perspective. Then, the land use planning method incorporating management point of view and applicable for the municipal government is developed based on the foundlings from the case study.
著者
鎌田 智之 糸井川 栄一
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.333-340, 2006-11-23 (Released:2019-01-19)
参考文献数
12

In the hall of University of Tsukuba, it is often crowded of many people because of some problems, which are come from characteristic of the space. Crowded situation has various risk, some are close to us and others might lead fatal problem. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relation between flow of crowd and characteristic of space based on a computer simulation developed. It is come out that most possibility space of crowding in the hall is just inside of the entrance.
著者
紅谷 昇平 木本 勢也 北後 明彦 室崎 益輝
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.7, pp.411-416, 2005-11

Recovery of local economy is one of the most important issues after natural disasters in rural area. We studied two local industries suffered from flood disaster in 2004, luggage industry in Toyooka-city and lacquer craft industry in Sabae-city. First, we figure out how local industries recovered from the disaster, especially focused on the activites by local companies in both cities. Second, we present expected local government role indispenasable for recovery of local indutries after natural disasters.
著者
鎌田 智之 糸井川 栄一
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.8, pp.333-340, 2006-11
被引用文献数
1

In the hall of University of Tsukuba, it is ofter crowded of many people because of some problems, which are come from characteristic of the space. Crowded situation has various risk, some are close to us and others might lead fatal problem. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relation between flow of crowd and characteristic of space based on a computer simulation developed. It is come out that most possibility space of crowding in the hall is just inside of the entrance.
著者
澤田 雅浩 中林 一樹 市古 太郎
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.6, pp.173-180, 2004-11
被引用文献数
2

A reconstruction process from an earthquake disaster in Turkey has a special characteristic point Especially, the most characteristic points are the system of support for reconstructing a person's destroyed building caused by an earthquake disaster. Also development of a new settlement area that is considered great importance to the ground condition. These have been invented by the law, system and organization for a disaster in Turkey. In addition, after the Marmara earthquake, there were some changes in the law, system and organization about a disaster. By this change, it has been expected a different correspondence to afuture disaster. It is the purpose of this paper to examine the future changes of the characteristic points for a disaster in Turkey by arranging a series of processes.
著者
薬袋 奈美子
出版者
地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
no.7, pp.207-212, 2005-11

Disaster victims of Fukui Downpour received better support by local government, compare to the previous other disasters. The study though reveals facts that victims suffer for wider range of damage than what the government publish. It is necessary to find demanded schemes for theses victims by evaluating their process of housing recovery. A platform for volunteers were established by a NPOs' network with cooperative effort of local government. The study also finds out that voluntary support have encouraged residents to start repairing the houses, while local government support is rather limited.
著者
梅本 通孝
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.37-47, 2017-11-10 (Released:2018-05-26)
参考文献数
54

In order to contribute to reconsideration appropriate policies on countermeasures against natural and man-made disasters in Japan in a period of population decrease, we investigated the actual state of disaster management in New Zealand which has really similar natural environment causing many kinds of hazards, though much lower density society than Japan. In the object country, the disaster management is operated with a framework of Civil Defence Emergency Management (CDEM) based on the "4Rs" approach and the "CIMS2". The CDEM system is applied to any hazards including infectious disease, major transport accident and terrorism. They lay relatively more emphasis on appropriate response actions rather than structural measures to mitigate hazards' damage.
著者
大山 太 吉村 晶子 嶋田 淳子 小島 善和 杉田 学
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.23-31, 2014-03-20 (Released:2017-08-02)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
1

In this paper, we discuss a communication system for disaster relief medical teams. Usually, Japanese medical teams are not equipped with communication systems specialized for disaster operations. They can only rely on common-use mobile and landline phones during disaster events. However, public lines are reported to be out of function in disaster areas during the past major disasters. We conducted experiments to evaluate communication means that can holdmedical communication links during disasters, using the new Japanese two-way communication radio system,“Digital Convenience Radio: DCR”. Our results suggested that DCR can support medical activity at sites ofdevastating disasters.
著者
中林 啓修
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.77-86, 2017-03-24 (Released:2018-04-27)
参考文献数
47

Military-level mutual cooperation between Japan and U.S. in the field of disaster relief in Japan germinated since the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake. After the earthquake, some of local authorities hosting U.S. Force Japan(USFJ) started to build a cooperation with USFJ for disaster relief. The Great East Japan Earthquake accelerated and expanded these relationships. At present, contribution of USFJ to disaster relief in Japan is incorporated with institution for JapanU.S. Defense Cooperation and local authorities not hosting USFJ also start to building a disaster relief cooperation with USFJ. Major challenges of the cooperation today are solving institutional ambiguity (e.g. conditions for disaster relief by USFJ) and expanding opportunities for cooperation between local authorities and USFJ such as joint expertise.
著者
糸井川 栄一 富塚 伸一郎
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.43-51, 2017-03-24 (Released:2018-04-27)
参考文献数
9

When a large earthquake happens in major city, a great number of post-earthquake fires would occur and expand in densely wooden buildings built up area. Furthermore, it is estimated that the number of fires would exceed the number of the pumper trucks in the suffered area. And the pumper trucks would face to difficulty of forward movement to firing area because of many street blockades by building collapse. Therefore, aerial firefighting by helicopters is needed. This study aims to clarify the relation between the firing properties in a burning area and the dropping water by helicopters. According to the numerical experiments based on the fire engineering methods, it becomes clear that there is a close relationship between marginal distance of the spread between two buildings and frequency of dropping water by helicopters. In addition, we clarified the requirements of urban area where is more effective to drop water by helicopters.
著者
山浦 浩太 糸井川 栄一 熊谷 良雄 梅本 通孝
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.377-385, 2008-11-14 (Released:2019-04-18)
参考文献数
12

In the Japanese postwar era, flood control measures focused mainly on river improvements and dams. Meanwhile, urbanization gave birth to new flood risks, so comprehensive flood control measures that have storage facilities, osmosis plants, and soft measures began. This thesis aims to test the hypothesis that these new flood control measures have not only physical effects but also psychological effects to risk perception. By conducting a questionnaire survey, it became clear that recognition of flood control measures is important in the formation of flood risk perception.
著者
木村 玲欧 田村 圭子 井ノ口 宗成 林 春男 立木 茂雄
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.35-45, 2015-11-13 (Released:2017-08-02)
参考文献数
19

We conducted a random sampled questionnaire survey of disaster victims of the Great Hanshin-Awaji (Kobe) Earthquake Disaster. We clarified victims’ situation and problems of sixteenth year in life recovery process. We set the "recovery follow-up phase" as the sixth stage in life recovery process. We analyzed changing of victims residence, victims awareness and life recovery feeling, life recovery process using life recovery calendar method and attaching the meaning to disaster experience. As a result, for victims of the fully damaged houses or independent business men,we found that they need follow-up recovery aides in more than ten years after earthquake.
著者
菅野 拓
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, pp.177-186, 2017-11-10 (Released:2018-05-26)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
1

In the Great East Japan Earthquake, Government-Rented-Privately-Owned-Houses-as-Temporary-Housing were provided in large scale. Several studies revealed they had merit of supply speed and cost, but there were various problems. Based on these studies, we conducted action research on the practices of introduction and implementation process concerning provision of temporary housing and the method of reconstructing the lives of victims in Kumamoto city in the Kumamoto Earthquake. These practices are grasped as "Kumamoto city model for provision of temporary housing " and "Japanese model for disaster case management". It is necessary for nationwide dissemination to amend the law that have continuity with general institutions, mainly social security, rather than specialized in disaster response.
著者
Nicolle Comafay 中村 千佳子 横田 治郎 立木 茂雄
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, pp.127-134, 2009

<p>This paper utilizes data from Hyogo Ward in Kobe City to implement the person-in-environment model of vulnerability. 612 persons with physical disability were surveyed regarding their personal information, disability and level of care needed, degree of social isolation, housing condition and special needs for mobility/daily living. The results were quantified and scores from the 5 variables were combined to calculate the overall degree of gathered were combined to calculate the overall degree of special needs. From this a multi-hazard mapping of social vulnerability was conducted to visualize the geographic distribution of PSND's. As a result, we were able to identify persons with high degree of special needs in times of disaster.<b> </b></p>
著者
高島 正典 林 春男
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集 (ISSN:13452088)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, pp.69-78, 2000

<p>In this paper, the validity of the method to estimate damaged area using DMSP/OLS (Defense Meteorological Satellite Program/ Optical Linescan System night-time imagery developed by our research group (Hayashi et al, 2000). OLS mounted on the DMSP satellites captures city lights distribution reflecting extent of human activity. The area shows significant decrease of light intensity after the earthquake compared with before the event is estimated as impacted area in the DMSP method. We compared the actual damage with estimated damaged area of Marmara earthquake in Turkey(1999) and of Hanshin-Awaji earthquake(1995) based on the DMSP method. As a result, it is clarified the DMSP method can detect various kinds of damages rather than only severe housing damages.</p>
著者
サンドラ・カラスコ 落合 知帆 岡崎 健二
出版者
一般社団法人 地域安全学会
雑誌
地域安全学会論文集
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, pp.61-68, 2016

<p>The massive destruction caused by typhoon Washi triggered a large scale resettlement program in the city of Cagayan de Oro, which was based on a top-down approach for decision-making and implementation. As a result there was a limited understanding of the beneficiaries' needs and the local conditions. After beneficiaries' were allocated into the new houses, they expressed willingness to compensate the shortcomings of the provided houses starting with the construction of modifications. The aim of this study is to examine the influence of the designs of the original houses in the way residents built modifications, considering their initial motivations, actual use of modifications, location, and the type of materials used for their construction in four selected villages in Calaanan site.</p><p></p>