- 鳴門教育大学研究紀要 (ISSN:13434403)
- vol.19, pp.9-24, 2004
In present Japan, the collapse phenomenon of the society such as the deterioration of the public peace and the increase of suicide, etc. were made a normal state. We particularly focused on the weakening of norm consciousness in Japan. And we discussed the fundamental causes and the direction of overcoming it on the basis of "the theory of dual self; my-self and other-self" which had formulated as a psychological model by Nakatsuka. By this theory, the progress of "my-self hypertrophy" and "other-self atrophy" in many Japanese people had formed the foundation of losing the legal and norm consciousness. This disposition was particularly conspicuous in the young people and it was contrasted with Americans who had the absolute norm consciousness by the Christian faith. There had been "the harmony spirit" in Japan. That was the base of consciousness that Japanese people had traditionally esteemed the group. "The harmony spirit" was originally a theory that advanced the integration of "my-self and "other-self" under the doctrines of Buddhism. However, it was interpreted in favor of "my-self hypertrophy" in the history. This interpretation had still affected the norm consciousness of Japanese people. It was discussed that the losing trend of the norm consciousness and pessimistic feeling to the future both were rooted in the losing the belief or religion that formed the marrow of "other-self". We asserted that in order to overcome the modern problems, one should recur to "other-self society" that Japan once was so, from "my-self society" of nowadays.