著者
望月 由起
出版者
日本キャリア教育学会
雑誌
進路指導研究 : 日本進路指導学会研究紀要 : bulletin of the Japanese Society for Study of Career Guidance (ISSN:13433768)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.1-9, 2004-06-30

Inquiring the development of students' educational career maturity through career guidance activities at a prep school, following results were obtained. In April, the level of girls' educational career maturity was generally higher than that of boys', and its level of the science course applicants was higher than that of the humanity course applicants. But, the difference by the scholarship level of them wasn't shown. In this prep school, career guidance activities were organized in three different directions: "university and job experience", "cooperation with parents", and "higher academic level". Regardless of the types of career guidance, almost all students showed higher educational career maturity in December. Especially "university and job experience" guidance proved effective, regardless of sex and academic record of the students. But "higher academic level" guidance did not prove effective in the degree of concern.
著者
藤原 正光 仙崎 武
出版者
日本キャリア教育学会
雑誌
キャリア教育研究 (ISSN:13433768)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.1-5, 1985
被引用文献数
1

本研究は、教職志望の学生が、いつ頃、どのような動機に基づいて教育学部への入学を決定し、どのような教職観を築き上げていったのかをできるだけ構造的にとらえようと試みた。調査対象は、文教大学初等教育課程に在籍する945名の学生であった。得られた結果を概略すると以下の通りである。大学への進学・教育学部への入学決定時期について、大学への進学は、半数以上が小・中学校の段階で意識決定しているが、教育学部への進学決定は、高校入学以降が7割以上を占めている。しかし、女子の方が小・中学校という早い時期に進路決定している割合が高いことは注目すべきであろう。教育学部への志望動機は、「子どもが好き」、「能力・性格に合っている」といった従来の研究結果と類似するが認められた。この結果は、教職への理解が一歩進んだ実践的な特性を重視する方向に変化してきていると解釈することができよう。教師としての資質は、得られた資料を因子分析後、直交バリマックス回転した結果、"子どもを把捉する能力″、"研究・研修能力″、"教育実践能力"と呼ぶべき3つの因子が検出された。"子どもを把握する能力"は、子どもとの対応関係における能力や態度を測っている項目であり、全体として眺めると最も重視されている教師の資質であった。ついで、授業の展開や教材研究や研修を意味する"研究・研修能力"が重視され、教育をとりまく現実的な問題を処理する"教育実践能力"は相対的に低い評価であった。しかし、学年が進むにつれて、"研究・研修能力"や"教育実践能力"が重視される傾向が高まっていることは注目に値されよう。これらの結果は、同一項目で現職教員の意識を調査した福島大学(1981)の結果とほぼ類似するものであり、学生たちがかなり早い時期から現職教員と似た意識構造を形成しているものと考えられるが新しい検討は今後の課題である。ものであったが、女子の方が、「給与の安定」、「親に勧められて」といった理由が多く認められた。森(1984)の知見から考察すると、教職志望動機は全体として眺めると内面的価値に基づくものであるが、この傾向は、男子の方がより高いといえよう。望ましい教師の特性は、「子どもと遊ぶのが好き」、「根気強く・努力家」、「冷静で公平な判断」、「指導力」を高く評価する傾向がうかがわれた。また、学年が進むにつれて「研究熱心」の特性は高く評価され、「子どもと遊ぶのが好き」の特性は低くなる傾向
著者
古田 克利
出版者
日本キャリア教育学会
雑誌
キャリア教育研究 (ISSN:18813755)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.37, no.1, pp.1-10, 2018-09-30 (Released:2018-09-30)
参考文献数
36

This study aims to measure the Meaningfulness of University Life and to clarify its features, and to consider the relations between the Meaningfulness of University Life and Work Value and Career Consciousness. Firstly, I measured the Meaningfulness of University Life based on a scale measure of calling, whose definition was clarified by Dobrow & Tosti-Kharas (2011). In this study, with reference to the scale measure of calling, I created a 9-item scale measure of Meaningfulness to measure the 3 aspects of studying, extracurricular activities (various kinds of clubs) and part-time jobs. After comparing the average of Meaningfulness of the 3 aspects, one aspect which is a meaning of University Life (studying) is significantly lower than the other 2 aspects. Secondly, I clarify the relation between the Meaningfulness of University Life, Work Value and the Career Action Vision Test (CAVT). As a result of this analysis, the Meaningfulness of studying showed a significant correlation with Work Value and CAVT.
著者
下村 英雄 木村 周
出版者
日本キャリア教育学会
雑誌
進路指導研究 (ISSN:13433768)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, no.1, pp.9-16, 1997-11-01 (Released:2017-09-22)
被引用文献数
1

The present study was intended to investigate relation among "job-hunt" relevant stressors (physical stressors, firm-relevant stressors, aptitude/interests-relevant stressors), social supports (emotional support, informative support), and satisfaction with "job-hunt" process. A questionnaire was administered to final year undergraduate students (N=165) who were searching for a job. Results indicated that (1) "job-hunt" relevant stressors relates to "job-hunt" process, (2) "job-hunt" relevant stressors and social support relate to satisfaction with "job-hunt" process. (3) Results that discribed above show different pattarns by sex and by the degree of involvement to "job hunt". A role that "job-hunt" relevant stressors and social support play, the differences by sex and the degree of involvement, the concerning matters were discussed.
著者
富永 美佐子
出版者
日本キャリア教育学会
雑誌
進路指導研究 (ISSN:13433768)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.1, pp.21-31, 2000-05-31 (Released:2017-09-22)

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between career choice self-efficacy and vocational exploration activities (time/content), and to find out such factors as have favorable influences upon career choice self-efficacy. For this purpose, I administered a questionnaire survey to 145 senior students of women's college. In this study, a scale of career choice self-efficacy, with reference to Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Scale (Urakami,1995, Tomiyasu,1997) was developed. These data were analyzed using covariance structure analysis. The results indicated that vocational exploration activities were directly predicted by 11 factors which constitute career choice self-efficacy, collection of information about self and vocation being the most powerful prediction among them. The career choice self-efficacy had a significant effect on all vocational exploration activity factors. These results suggest that the nature and process of career choice self-efficacy, and upon the way to increase career choice self-efficacy of female senior undergraduates.
著者
前田 博子 山口 泰雄 竹下 俊一 加藤 寛 石川 慎之助
出版者
日本キャリア教育学会
雑誌
キャリア教育研究 (ISSN:18813755)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.2, pp.41-52, 2016-03-31

The purpose of this study is to discuss issues related to the careers of football club coaches. Specifically, it clarifies the current state of the professionalization of the coaches and future prospects for the professionalization of young volunteer coaches (YVs), and examines their factors. Furthermore, it examines appropriate support measures based on the results obtained. Research methods included data collection by questionnaires targeting football clubs and statistical method data analysis. First, descriptive statistics for the entire data and crosstabs between items were used for analysis. Descriptive statistics, crosstabs and one-way ANOVA were used for items related to YVs. Currently, 26.6% of coaches are full-time, and 25.7% are other paid workers. YVs (25 years old or younger; do not maintain a living by coaching) comprised 15.8% of the total, and represented in the 51.8% of the clubs. Of these clubs, 67% predicted YVs would remain volunteers in the future. The degree of professionalization of the coaches varied depending on scale of the club, type of legal entity, and degree of policy modeling. The study concludes that in order to solve problems related to the careers of local sports club coaches, complex measures suited to the situation surrounding the club and coach must be taken. In response, the following 3 countermeasures are proposed: to proceed with club type-specific measures to professionalize coaches, to promote development of programs linked to career acquisition for young volunteer coaches, and to advance measures to promote civil organizations and companies that support volunteer coaches.
著者
森本 昭憲
出版者
日本キャリア教育学会
雑誌
進路指導研究 : 日本進路指導学会研究紀要 : bulletin of the Japanese Society for Study of Career Guidance (ISSN:13433768)
巻号頁・発行日
no.5, pp.16-22, 1985-03-31

本研究は小学校2、4、6年生児童を対象に、職業選択の過程ではたらく職業認知の構造を明らかにしようとした。職業選択の基準として、一つは自己の欲求や興味・関心といった、いわば主観的な希望の程度を手かかりとした。もう一つは、現在の学習評価をとおしてみた将来の職業の遂行予測といった自己の能力と職業情報を考慮した、いわば客観的な職業遂行予測の程度を手かかりとして、職業をどのようにとらえているか、またその差異をとらえようとしたものである。その調査の分析結果は次のとおりである。1.小学校児童に、「どの程度やりたいか」といった希望から職業をとらえさせたところ、社会的評価と結びつきやすい「職業機能水準」あるいは「興味の水準」を中心とした側面から職業を認知していた。特にそれは高学年で顕著であった。2.小学校児童に、「どの程度やれるか」といった。自己の学習評価をとおして職業の遂行予測から職業をとらえさせたところ、「職業機能水準」あるいは「興味の水準」を中心とした側面ではなく、「職業興味」を中心とした側面から職業を認知しているようだ。その職業は、身近に接することができたり、容易に見聞したりすることの機会の多い職業であり、職務内容が比較的わかりやすい職業であると考えられた。3.「希望職業」および「遂行予測」のいずれからしても、「男子志向の職業」、「女子志向の職業」といった性による因子が抽出された。性による職業認知のしかたは、小学校低学年段階から顕著にみられ、以後一貫していた。
著者
中西 信男 三川 俊樹
出版者
日本キャリア教育学会
雑誌
進路指導研究 : 日本進路指導学会研究紀要 : bulletin of the Japanese Society for Study of Career Guidance (ISSN:13433768)
巻号頁・発行日
no.14, pp.8-16, 1993-11-01

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between Goal Instability and Superiority scales and other measures of career development. The two self-report rating scales were constructed by Robbins & Patton (1985) corresponding to Kohut's central developmental constructs of gradiosity and idealization. The Goal Instability and Superiority scales, and Career Development Test (CDT) consisting of occupational profile and career maturity scale were administered to 225 junior high school students, 274 senior high school students and 287 college students. The results of Pearson product-moment correlations indicated that both scales significantly related to some items and scales of career development. Regarding to career maturity, main results were as follows. The Goal Instability scale predicts the low level of career maturity. This suggests that a general instability or absence of orienting goals interrupt the spontanity, independence, and deliberateness of occupational choice. On the other hand, the Superiority scale could not always predict the immaturity of career development. At the younger stage, higher superiority can promote the career maturity. But it was also found that superiority was independent of career maturity or had partially negative correlation with it, in case of college students. These findings suggested that the ideas from Kohut's Self-Psychology, gradiosity and idealization, were useful to explain the process of career development and vocational behavior.
著者
古市 裕一
出版者
日本キャリア教育学会
雑誌
進路指導研究 : 日本進路指導学会研究紀要 : bulletin of the Japanese Society for Study of Career Guidance (ISSN:13433768)
巻号頁・発行日
no.14, pp.1-7, 1993-11-01

The present study aimed at investigating student's motives for entrance into university and value orientation. Two kinds of inventories were administered to a sample of 1,103 undergraduates : 260 from Faculty of Education (E), 210 from Faculty of Letters (L), 206 from Faculties of Law and Economics (L-E), 224 from Faculties of Sciences, Engineering and Agriculture (S-E-A), and 203 from Faculties of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmacy(M-D-P). One of the inventories was constructed for assessing the motives and the other for value orientation. Factor analysis was applied to the correlation matrix of the motive items and four factors were extracted: No Purpose-Compliance, Enjoyment, Pursuit of Knowledge, and Licence-Employment. Two-way of analyses of variance, with each scale score for the motive factors extracted above as dependent variable and faculty and sex as factors, yielded the following results : (1) The male students of L-E, S-E-A, and M-D-P scored higher on the No Purpose-Compliance scale than those of L and E. On the other hand, the female students of L and E scored higher than those of S-E-A. (2) The students of M-D-P and S-E-A had a stronger motive to pursue Knowledge than those of L-E, E, and L. (3) The students of M-D-P and E had a stronger motive for Licence-Employment than those of L, L-E, and S-E-A. Hayashi's Quantification Method of the 3rd Type was applied to the value orientation items. Based on the result, all the subjects were classified into four types : Egocentric, Indifferent, Heteronomous, and Serious. The relationships of the four motive factors to the four types of value orientation were as follows : (1) The students of Indifferent type scored highest on the No Purpose-Compliance scale. (2) The students of Serious and Heteronomous types had a stronger motive to pursue Knowledge than those of Indifferent and Egocentric types. (3) The students of Egocentric type had the weakest motive for Licence-Employment.