- 日本情報経営学会誌 (ISSN:18822614)
- vol.30, no.1, pp.52-63, 2009-08-17
Market environment surrounding enterprises and various organizations is globalized ever faster and very fluid. Establishment of sustainable competitive advantage is sought for every organization to develop, survive and adapt in such managerial circumstances. Innovation is one of useful managerial principle. In this paper, the applicability of Actor-Network Theory (ANT) as an analytical viewpoint to innovation studies was discussed. ANT is a prime example of the Socio-Technical approach. First, precedent innovation studies were surveyed and current streams of the studies were confirmed. Then, precedent innovation studies applied ANT were surveyed and the differences between them were clarified. From these differences, the usefulness and applicability of ANT as an analytical viewpoint to innovation studies were concluded. One of reasons is, ANT analyzes innovation from not the viewpoint of reductionism but the viewpoint of relationship. Furthermore, the viewpoint of ANT has an affinity for the viewpoint of innovation studies in general management studies, especially the viewpoint that focuses on process and network. Starting on the study of innovation using ANT, it will have the complexity that all things are treated as variables without the assumption that something is constant tacitly. However it has the possibility to discuss the innovation topic from the difference views and to derive some unique results. Lastly, two issues for innovation studies using ANT were brought.