著者
Hideki Kawahara
出版者
日本音声学会
雑誌
音声研究 (ISSN:13428675)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.3, pp.63-73, 2017-12-30 (Released:2018-04-27)
参考文献数
20

This paper introduces a new fine-grained voice source analysis method and its application to filled pause analysis in the CSJ (Corpus of Spontaneous Japanese). The new source analysis procedure is designed to provide annotation with reliable and precise descriptions of objective characteristics to items in large speech corpora. This design target made the new analysis method provide far more accurate descriptions than existing methods. The new method provides the fundamental frequency estimate and the band-wise aperiodicity information simultaneously. It also provides an information-rich representation of a probability map of the fundamental component. This paper presents several analysis examples and discussions.
著者
櫻庭 京子 今泉 敏 筧 一彦
出版者
日本音声学会
雑誌
音声研究 (ISSN:13428675)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.1, pp.77-84, 2004-04-30
被引用文献数
1

A primary purpose of this study was to examine the difference in identification by Japanese and English listeners of vocally-expressed emotions (happy, sad, angry, and neutral) on the utterance "pikachuu" as generated by Japanese and American children. Both sets of listeners identified the emotions uttered by Japanese children better than those by American children, but the difference was not significant. A second purpose of the study was to examine the acoustic differences between the Japanese and American English children's productions of 'pikachuu.' The results showed that in expression of emotions, the dynamic range of F0 was similar in the two languages; however, the length of syllables varied, reflecting language-specific characteristics.
著者
郡 史郎
出版者
日本音声学会
雑誌
音声研究 (ISSN:13428675)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.3, pp.59-78, 2012-12-30 (Released:2017-08-31)

In the Keihan-type accent system, which includes the Osaka dialect, the lexically specified pitch patterns (i.e., accents) of words are classified into the following two categories: high-beginning and low-beginning. During the pronunciation of isolated words, the low-beginning type has two characteristics, which are an initial low pitch, and a gradual pitch rise from the beginning to the accent nucleus. A number of researchers claim that the latter characteristic is more consistent and therefore more pertinent. This paper provides a detailed phonetic description of the behavior of this type of accent in various sentence conditions and argues the relative importance of the two characteristics. An acoustic analysis performed on 15 sets of sentences uttered by a total of 26 speakers revealed the following: An initial low pitch is a firm characteristic that does not easily disappear in a sentence context; A gradual rise may be acoustically flat or even slightly descendent in some conditions, but it is also a firm characteristic that distinguishes low-beginning words from high-beginning words. These results suggest that it is not legitimate to conclude that one of the two characteristics is more important.
著者
手島 良
出版者
日本音声学会
雑誌
音声研究 (ISSN:13428675)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, no.1, pp.31-43, 2011-04-30 (Released:2017-08-31)

This article examines the following three aspects of teaching English pronunciation at secondary schools in Japan: 1)which features of pronunciation are actually taught and which are not; 2) which problems are caused by this; and 3)which measures can or should be taken to solve the problems. In each aspect above, single sounds, word/phrase/sentence stresses and intonation are taken into account. Very little time is devoted to teaching pronunciation, and sadly awareness of the importance of pronunciation among pupils/students is quite low. In order to improve the situation, remedies, such as phonics-based instruction, are proposed.
著者
新田 哲夫
出版者
日本音声学会
雑誌
音声研究 (ISSN:13428675)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, no.1, pp.6-15, 2011-04-30 (Released:2017-08-31)

A special geminate like ff in maffa "pillow", which does not exist in the Standard Japanese (SJ), is found in the Antoh dialect in Fukui Prefecture. This paper deals with the synchronic and diachronic phenomena concerning the ff geminate in addition to bb and ss. This paper has the following purposes: (1) to illustrate the correspondence of geminates between the Antoh dialect and SJ, (2) to investigate the historical development of the geminates in the Antoh dialect, (3) to point out that the manifestation of the geminates in the Antoh dialect is similar to that of the Miyakojima dialect in the Ryukyuan language, and (4) to propose that the explanation for the process of the geminate in this dialect gives a suggestive source to the discussion on the processes of sound changes in the Ryukyuan language.
著者
遠藤 光暁
出版者
日本音声学会
雑誌
音声研究 (ISSN:13428675)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, no.2, pp.40-51, 2011-08-30

In this paper, a panoramic view is given on the relationship between three different laryngeal features found in Eastern Asian languages. The features under investigation consist of manner of articulation of the consonant, phonation type and pitch, all of which are controlled by larynx. Close correlation between these features is observed, especially among tone languages distributed across the center of the East Asian region. Moreover, examples from surrounding languages (i.e. Japanese and Korean, as well as Austronesian and Austroasiatic languages) are also surveyed.
著者
梶 茂樹
出版者
日本音声学会
雑誌
音声研究 (ISSN:13428675)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, no.1, pp.8-10, 2001-04-30 (Released:2017-08-31)

Tone is one of the common features of the world's languages. It is found not only in East and Southeast Asian languages, but in many languages of the world: native American, New Guinean, African, etc. If we add to this category pitch-accent languages, an overwhelming number of the world's languages can be seen to exploit this particular phonetic feature in varying degrees. Four languages and language groups are chosen in this issue to exemplify various tone types; namely, Chinese, Korean, Haida (North American) and Bantu (Africa). Although typology is considered in the analysis of these languages, we mainly intend to show different tone and/or pitch-accent languages, no unification being attempted as to the usage of the terms tone and pitch-accent.
著者
屋名池 誠
出版者
日本音声学会
雑誌
音声研究 (ISSN:13428675)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.2, pp.46-57, 2004-08-31 (Released:2017-08-31)

In this paper, I describe the accent on predicates in the Kyoto dialect in the Heian era. This paper focuses on verbs with affixes which have not been discussed comprehensively in previous studies. By including them, I attempt to describe all the pitch patterns of predicates. The accent on predicates in this era are not very useful for distinguishing between predicate forms. They have mainly a delimitative function.
著者
戸田 貴子
出版者
日本音声学会
雑誌
音声研究 (ISSN:13428675)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.2, pp.70-83, 2003-08-30
被引用文献数
2

In this paper, I first introduce some previous acoustical studies concerning Japanese special morae. Following this, I seek to review previous studies on the acquisition of special morae by Japanese language learners. The reviews are conducted from the viewpoint of both perception and production. Finally, I suggest research areas pertaining to second language speech perception and production as directions for future study.
著者
久保 智之
出版者
日本音声学会
雑誌
音声研究 (ISSN:13428675)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, no.3, pp.27-32, 2001-12-31

In the Fukuoka dialect, flat high pitch spreads between a WH-word and a [+WH] COMP which binds it. Two assumptions are made to explain this phenomenon: (i) there is a rule which forms a phonological phrase between a WH-word and a [+WH] COMP, (ii) only the underlying accent of lexical head will surface. These assumptions also hold for the Pusan dialect of Korean, which shows striking similarity to Fukuoka Japanese.
著者
五十嵐 陽介 田窪 行則 林 由華 ペラール トマ 久保 智之
出版者
日本音声学会
雑誌
音声研究 (ISSN:13428675)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.1, pp.134-148, 2012-04-30

聴覚印象に基づいて分類した3種類のアクセント型にそれぞれ所属するテスト語は,音響的にも互いに有意に異なっていることが,分散分析の結果によって確認された。また,あらかじめ分類を行わずに音響特徴のみを与えてテスト語を分類させるクラスター分析の結果,3種類のクラスターが得られた上,各クラスターの成員が,聴覚印象に基づいて分類したアクセント型の成員とほぼ完全に一致した。以上の結果から,池間方言のアクセント体系は三型であって二型ではないということは,動かしがたい事実であると断言することができる。本節の分析により,池間方言と多良間方言の間にはそれぞれのアクセント型に所属する語彙に規則的な対応があることが示されたが,同時に池間方言のA型の語彙数が極端に少ないことも明らかにされた。A型の語彙が極めて少ない事実もまた,池間方言のアクセント体系が二型であるとする誤った記述の原因のひとつであると考えられる。方言間の対応については次節でも触れる。
著者
梶 茂樹
出版者
日本音声学会
雑誌
音声研究 (ISSN:13428675)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, no.1, pp.8-10, 2001

Tone is one of the common features of the world's languages. It is found not only in East and Southeast Asian languages, but in many languages of the world: native American, New Guinean, African, etc. If we add to this category pitch-accent languages, an overwhelming number of the world's languages can be seen to exploit this particular phonetic feature in varying degrees. Four languages and language groups are chosen in this issue to exemplify various tone types; namely, Chinese, Korean, Haida (North American) and Bantu (Africa). Although typology is considered in the analysis of these languages, we mainly intend to show different tone and/or pitch-accent languages, no unification being attempted as to the usage of the terms tone and pitch-accent.
著者
早田 輝洋
出版者
日本音声学会
雑誌
音声研究 (ISSN:13428675)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.1, pp.25-33, 1998-04-30

This paper rejects Matsumoto's (1984, 1995) arguments that o_1 and o_2 in Old Japanese (OJ) are allophones of the phoneme /o/. Matsumoto claims that a restricted distribution of the phonetically unmarked o_1, its low frequency, and the anomalous direction of its merger with o_2 should be regarded as denoting their status as allophones, rather than two different phonemes. The phonological distinction of vowel quantity in OJ and pre-OJ, and Short-mid-vowel-raising in pre-OJ (Hattori 1976, 1979a, b) and Vowel-shortening, which shortens the vowel of the first syllable in a disyllabic morpheme containing two long vowels in pre-OJ, can explain all the alleged anomalies and serve to invalidate Matsumoto's arguments.
著者
五十嵐 陽介
出版者
日本音声学会
雑誌
音声研究 (ISSN:13428675)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.3, pp.46-65, 2016-12-30 (Released:2017-07-04)
参考文献数
44

The Ikema dialect of Miyako, Southern Ryukyuan, has a three-pattern accent system in which three tone classes (Types A, B, and C) are lexically contrastive, although the Type A simplex nouns are fewer. The biased distribution of tone classes is a consequence of the diachronic change, whereby Types A and B are merged together. This study aims to confirm that the three-pattern system in Ikema retains the proto-Ryukyuan system and to demonstrate that a set of words that are originally of Type A and share specific meanings are not merged into Type B.