著者
金政 祐司
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.11-20, 2009

This study was conducted to reveal the commonality between mother-child and romantic dyads in early adults, based on the relationships between early adult attachment dimensions, emotional experiences in the relationships, and evaluation of the relationships. Participants were 209 pairs of early adults and their mothers, and 103 romantic couples in early adulthood. The main results were as follows: in both relationships, attachment anxiety was positively correlated to one's own and one's partner's negative emotion in the relationship and negatively related to one's own and one's partner's evaluation of relationships. But attachment avoidance was only related to one's own negative and positive emotion in those relationships. Moreover, the relations between attachment anxiety and one's own and one's partner's evaluation of relationships were mediated by one's own and one's partner's negative emotion respectively in both relationships. The results were discussed in terms of the self-fulfilling prophecy of attachment styles.
著者
金政 祐司
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.2, pp.108-120, 2014-11-30 (Released:2015-07-24)
参考文献数
40

This study was conducted to examine a model in which the relationships between adult attachment dimensions as beliefs and expectations about self and others and time perspectives toward the future were mediated by social images. A Social Image Scale was developed in a pilot study and Study 1. Participants in Study 2 comprised 571 undergraduates, 590 late-adolescent workers, and 397 early-adult workers. The results showed that there were mean differences on several variables among these three groups. However, correlational analysis revealed that anxiety and avoidance were significantly negatively related to goal-directedness and hopefulness in all three groups. Moreover, the results of a multiple-group analysis of the model revealed that the relationships between anxiety and time perspectives toward the future were mediated by negative social images, and the relationships between avoidance and time perspectives toward the future were mediated by positive and negative social images in the three groups.
著者
金政 祐司 浅野 良輔 古村 健太郎
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.1, pp.1-15, 2017-08-31 (Released:2017-09-05)
参考文献数
47
被引用文献数
1

This study was conducted to reveal the commonalities and differences between the effects of attachment anxiety and narcissism on adjustment. Therefore, the hypothetical models in which both attachment anxiety and narcissism affect intrapersonal and interpersonal adjustment through senses of acceptance and rejection by other people and partners were examined. Participants were 580 undergraduates in Study 1 and 582 couples aged between their twenties and their fifties in Study 2. The results showed that both attachment anxiety and narcissism increased aggression toward other people and partners as low interpersonal adjustment, and these effects toward aggression were mediated by senses of acceptance by other people and partners. In addition, attachment anxiety increased depression as low intrapersonal adjustment, but narcissism inhibited depression, and these effects were mediated by senses of acceptance by other people and partners.
著者
金政 祐司
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.139-154, 2006
被引用文献数
3

This study was conducted in order to examine effects of early adult attachment styles on exclusivity of romantic relationships. Two hundred fifty seven undergraduates participated in Study 1, which examined how early adult attachment styles influence one's "sense of exclusivity" and "expressions of the sense of exclusivity," from the perspective of attachment dimensions. Results showed that, the higher the level of anxiety was, the more regularly a "sense of exclusivity" was experienced. Furthermore, the higher the level of avoidance was, the lower the "sense of exclusivity" was experienced. In addition, participants with high avoidance were less likely to express their "sense of exclusivity." In Study 2, participants were limited to 104 undergraduates who were currently involved in romantic relationships. Exclusivity of romantic relationships as a function of early adult attachment styles was examined with the construction of causal models as follows: first, two dimensions of early adult attachment, second, feelings of discomfort when a third person intervenes in the romantic relationships, and, lastly, coping behaviors for feelings of discomfort. Results revealed that anxiety increased the frequency of lingering/sadness, while avoidance reduced the frequency of these feelings. Moreover, results indicated that avoidance caused a higher tendency to resort to destructive coping behaviors and a lower tendency towards selecting constructive coping behaviors, such as "voice." These results are discussed in terms of the relations between early attachment styles, emotional experiences, and destructive behaviors in romantic relationships.
著者
金政 祐司
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.3, pp.274-284, 2007

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between early adult attachment styles, self-perceptions and other's-perceptions (participants' impressions from their close friends) in friendships, and also to examine the effects of attachment styles and discrepancies between participants and their friends in terms of self-perceptions on evaluations of their relationships. Participants, 210 undergraduates, were asked to pair with their same-sex close friend in class and answered several questions. Results showed that "avoidance" attachment dimension was generally negatively related to positive self-perceptions in friendships. Also, similar tendencies were obtained on other's-perceptions. Moreover, the discrepancies between participants and their friends in terms of evaluations of their relationships increased as "avoidance" dimension increased. These results suggest that "avoidance" dimension is related to low levels of adjustment in the friendships. In addition, the discrepancies between self-perceptions of "sociability" were positively and those of "attractiveness" were negatively related to the discrepancies between evaluations of relationships.
著者
金政 祐司 荒井 崇史 島田 貴仁 石田 仁 山本 功
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.89.17207, (Released:2018-05-25)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
1

This study aimed to reveal the risk factors for a person to perpetrate stalking-like behaviors following the end of a romantic relationship based on personality traits (attachment anxiety and narcissism), the characteristics of a romantic relationship before a breakup, and the emotions and thoughts of a person after a breakup. To develop two scales measuring the characteristics of a romantic relationship before a breakup and the emotions and thoughts of a person after a breakup, a web-based survey of 189 females and 165 males was conducted in Study 1. In Study 2, a national survey was conducted using two-stage stratified sampling; 106 females and 110 males who experienced the end of a romantic relationship during the past five years and did not initiate their most recent breakup were analyzed. The results of a multiple-group analysis revealed that both attachment anxiety and feelings that a partner was his/her “one and only” increased egoistic preoccupations after a breakup, and the egoistic preoccupations predicted the perpetration of stalking-like behaviors in both males and females.
著者
金政 祐司 大坊 郁夫
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.1, pp.59-76, 2003-08-06 (Released:2017-01-13)
被引用文献数
5

This study was conducted to examine the effects of early adult attachment styles on intimate opposite-sex relationships. In particular, this study focused on the theoretical duality of attachment. Thus, for examining the validity and adjustability of attachment styles on both relational and general distinctions, the images toward romantic love and experiences in a specific relationship were distinguished in this study. Subjects were 449 undergraduates. The results revealed that (a) "secure" individuals tended to have relatively positive images toward romantic love, showed high scores on Sternberg's three components of love, and valued the importance of the relationship highly, (b) oppositely, "avoidant" individuals had relatively negative images toward romantic love, showed low scores on the three components of love, and did not regard the relationship as important, and (c) "ambivalent" individuals tended to hold an image of romantic love as one which imposes restraints from their partner. Moreover, causal models of the influence process among variables were constructed and analyzed for each attachment style, and the results showed that three attachment styles had different influence processes respectively. These indicated the self-fulfillment of attachment styles. These results are discussed in terms of the validity and continuity of attachment styles.
著者
髙尾 堅司 石盛 真徳 金政 祐司 谷口 淳一 岸本 渉
出版者
日本グループ・ダイナミックス学会
雑誌
実験社会心理学研究 (ISSN:03877973)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, no.1, pp.1-14, 2005 (Released:2005-08-26)
参考文献数
45

本研究では,社会的状況が人々の状況に対する満足度の規定因に及ぼす影響を検討した。模擬社会ゲーム(SIMSOC)を用いて,大学生を対象に実験を行った。模擬社会においては,2つの富裕地域(緑地域・黄地域)と2つの困窮した地域(青地域・赤地域)がある。参加者は,4つの地域にランダムに振り分けられた。各セッション後,参加者は地域内における決定手続きの公正さ,地域内の分配の均等さ,地域間の保有資源の均等さ,さらに状況に対する満足度についての評定を求められた。その結果,状況への満足度において時期と地域の交互作用が認められ,状況への満足度は状況要因と地域要因によって影響を受けることが明らかになった。この結果は,状況に対する満足度は状況要因と地域要因によって異なっていることを示している。
著者
金政 祐司
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.168-181, 2013-11-30 (Released:2013-12-04)
参考文献数
45
被引用文献数
2

本研究は,先行研究の3つの青年・成人期の愛着関係で示された共通項が青年期の同性の友人関係においても認められるのかについて,成人の愛着スタイル,関係内の感情経験,関係への評価の観点から検討を行った。分析対象者は,106組の青年期の友人ペアであった。その結果,愛着次元の関係不安は,回答者本人のネガティブ感情ならびにポジティブ感情と有意な正の相関関係を示していた。親密性回避は,回答者本人のネガティブ感情と有意な正の相関を,関係への評価とは有意な負の相関を,加えて,ポジティブ感情とは有意傾向の負の関連を示していた。また,上記の親密性回避と本人の関係への評価との関連は,本人のポジティブ感情によって媒介されており,これは先行研究の3つの青年・成人期の愛着関係では見られなかった傾向であった。これらの結果について,愛着システムと親和システムの観点から議論を行った。
著者
金政 祐司 荒井 崇史 島田 貴仁 石田 仁 山本 功
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.89, no.2, pp.160-170, 2018 (Released:2018-06-25)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
1 1

This study aimed to reveal the risk factors for a person to perpetrate stalking-like behaviors following the end of a romantic relationship based on personality traits (attachment anxiety and narcissism), the characteristics of a romantic relationship before a breakup, and the emotions and thoughts of a person after a breakup. To develop two scales measuring the characteristics of a romantic relationship before a breakup and the emotions and thoughts of a person after a breakup, a web-based survey of 189 females and 165 males was conducted in Study 1. In Study 2, a national survey was conducted using two-stage stratified sampling; 106 females and 110 males who experienced the end of a romantic relationship during the past five years and did not initiate their most recent breakup were analyzed. The results of a multiple-group analysis revealed that both attachment anxiety and feelings that a partner was his/her “one and only” increased egoistic preoccupations after a breakup, and the egoistic preoccupations predicted the perpetration of stalking-like behaviors in both males and females.
著者
島 義弘 福井 義一 金政 祐司 武儀山 珠実
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.1, pp.28-36, 2013-10-25 (Released:2014-02-21)
参考文献数
34

This article was retracted.
著者
金政 祐司
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.3, pp.274-284, 2007-03-20 (Released:2017-02-08)
被引用文献数
3

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between early adult attachment styles, self-perceptions and other's-perceptions (participants' impressions from their close friends) in friendships, and also to examine the effects of attachment styles and discrepancies between participants and their friends in terms of self-perceptions on evaluations of their relationships. Participants, 210 undergraduates, were asked to pair with their same-sex close friend in class and answered several questions. Results showed that "avoidance" attachment dimension was generally negatively related to positive self-perceptions in friendships. Also, similar tendencies were obtained on other's-perceptions. Moreover, the discrepancies between participants and their friends in terms of evaluations of their relationships increased as "avoidance" dimension increased. These results suggest that "avoidance" dimension is related to low levels of adjustment in the friendships. In addition, the discrepancies between self-perceptions of "sociability" were positively and those of "attractiveness" were negatively related to the discrepancies between evaluations of relationships.
著者
金政 祐司
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.11-20, 2009-08-31 (Released:2017-02-20)
被引用文献数
1

This study was conducted to reveal the commonality between mother-child and romantic dyads in early adults, based on the relationships between early adult attachment dimensions, emotional experiences in the relationships, and evaluation of the relationships. Participants were 209 pairs of early adults and their mothers, and 103 romantic couples in early adulthood. The main results were as follows: in both relationships, attachment anxiety was positively correlated to one's own and one's partner's negative emotion in the relationship and negatively related to one's own and one's partner's evaluation of relationships. But attachment avoidance was only related to one's own negative and positive emotion in those relationships. Moreover, the relations between attachment anxiety and one's own and one's partner's evaluation of relationships were mediated by one's own and one's partner's negative emotion respectively in both relationships. The results were discussed in terms of the self-fulfilling prophecy of attachment styles.
著者
金政 祐司
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.1, pp.1-16, 2005 (Released:2005-11-11)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
5 5

本研究は,青年期の愛着スタイルと感情調節ならびに対人ストレスコーピングとの関連についての検討を行った.研究1では大学生460名を対象に,青年期の愛着スタイルと感情調節との関連を検討した.その結果,安定型愛着スタイル傾向は,感情の表出性や感受性と正の関連を,反対に,アンビバレント型傾向は,それらと負の関連性を示していた.また,愛着次元からの分析では,“関係不安”は,感情の感受性に,“親密性回避”は,表出性にネガティブな影響を与えていた.さらに,統制については,それら2次元軸の交互作用が見られ,“関係不安”が低い場合に“親密性回避”の影響が認められた.研究2では,大学生393名について,青年期の愛着スタイルと対人ストレスコーピングとの関連について検討を行った.その結果,安定型傾向は,ポジティブ関係コーピングと正の関連を,ネガティブ関係コーピングとは負の関連を示しており,不安定型の愛着傾向は,ネガティブ関係コーピングと正の関連を示していた.愛着次元からの分析では,“関係不安”の影響は,ネガティブ関係コーピングおよび解決先送りコーピングにおいて見られ,“親密性回避”の影響は,ポジティブ関係コーピングで認められた.これらの結果について,幼児期と青年期の愛着スタイルの概念的な対応性の観点から議論を行った.
著者
金政 祐司 大坊 郁夫
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, no.1, pp.11-24, 2003-05-10 (Released:2009-04-07)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
1

This study was conducted to help clarify the relationships between the three components of the triangular theory of love (intimacy, passion, and commitment) and several aspects of intimate opposite-sex relationships (among them, behaviors and self-perceptions). In Study 1 (N=449), the Triangular Love Scale (TLS) was translated into Japanese, and the results of factor analysis revealed that several items loaded on more than one factor as found in previous researches. Thus, factor analysis was conducted again while multiple loading items were eliminated, and the results showed that the TLS containing 27 items (TLS27) formed 3 factors, which were in accordance with the theory. The results also revealed that (1) the closer the relationships were, the higher the scores on the TLS27 became, (2) the subjects reporting unrequited love had high scores on passion, as well as (3) high scores on all components of love related to the behavioral aspects of the relationships. The results of Study 2 (N=460) supported the stability of the factor structure of TLS27 obtained in Study 1. The results of a confirmatory factor analysis also supported the multidimensional 3 factor structure of TLS27 rather than a unidimensional structure. In addition, self-perceptions of participant's closest opposite-sex relationships were influenced by intimacy and passion. Especially in the case where intimacy was high, self-perceptions of the relationships were generally positive. Results were discussed in terms of the validity and future perspectives of the triangular theory of love.
著者
金政 祐司
出版者
一般社団法人 日本発達心理学会
雑誌
発達心理学研究 (ISSN:09159029)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.3, pp.298-309, 2012

本研究は,成人の愛着関係として捉えられる青年期の恋愛関係ならびに中年期の夫婦関係において,相互の支援が関係満足度と精神的健康に及ぼす影響の過程に関して,多母集団同時分析を行いその共通性と差異について検討することを目的として行われた。調査対象者は,104組の青年期のカップルならびに156組の中年期の夫婦であった。分散分析の結果,支援に関する変数(「本人の支援期待」,「相手の支援遂行度」,「本人による相手支援の認知」)ならびに関係満足度については,中年期の夫婦関係よりも青年期の恋愛関係においてそれらの得点は高く,また,本人の支援期待については男性よりも女性の方が高いことが示された。精神的健康は青年期の恋愛関係よりも中年期の夫婦関係において良いことが示された。加えて,相互の支援が関係満足度と精神的健康に及ぼす影響の過程についての分析の結果,中年期の夫婦関係においては,「本人の支援期待」が「相手の支援遂行度」を促進し,「本人による相手支援の認知」に影響を及ぼしていたが,青年期の恋愛関係においてはそのような傾向は認められなかった。また,「本人による相手支援の認知」が関係満足度に対してポジティブな影響を及ぼし,さらに,関係満足度が精神的健康に影響するというプロセスについては双方の関係において認められた。それらの結果について青年期の恋愛関係と中年期の夫婦関係の共通性と差異の観点から議論を行った。