著者
渡辺 伸一
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.1, pp.115-125, 2007-10-31 (Released:2017-02-27)

Environmental cadmium pollution causes cadmium poisoning. The first cadmium-polluted area ever discovered in the world was the Jinzu River basin in Toyama Prefecture in Japan. The most severe case of cadmium poisoning is Itai-itai disease (osteomalacia), which was officially recognized as a pollution-related disease by the Japanese government in 1968, and a less severe case is tubular kidney dysfunction. In other words, the occurrence of Itai-itai disease is only the "tip of the iceberg". The tubular kidney dysfunction is the earliest and most prevalent adverse result of chronic cadmium poisoning. The Japan Public Health Association Cadmium Research Committee, supported by the Environmental Agency, carried out health surveys in cadmium-polluted areas of 8 prefectures during the period of 1976-1984 and reported that many cases of tubular kidney dysfunction were found not only in Toyama but also in Ishikawa, Hyogo and Nagasaki prefectures. However, the Environmental Agency and the research committee have never certified this kidney dysfunction as a pollution-related disease. In 1970, the Japanese government set tentative acceptable standards of 1ppm for brown rice and enacted the Agricultural Land Soil Pollution Prevention Law in 1971. Based on this Law, restoration projects of polluted soils of rice paddies were started. If cadmium nephropathy was certified as a officially pollution-related disease, acceptable standards for brown rice must be more strict than 1ppm, because 1ppm is a standard to prevent habitants from suffering from Itai-itai disease. This new strict standard arrives at increases in polluted rice and soils. This means increases in the expenses to buy polluted rice and to restore polluted soils. To offer indemnity to farmers for any reduction in his rice crop is the responsibility of polluting industries and to pay expenses to restore polluted soils is the responsibility of polluting industries, the central government and local authorities. This paper concludes that the main reason why cadmium nephropathy has not been certified as an official pollution- related disease is that the decision-making of the Environmental Agency and the research committee reflects the intention of the polluting industries and the government who regard the expenses above as too heavy a burden.
著者
上村 盛人
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.1, pp.69-80, 1977-11-15 (Released:2017-02-24)

In Swinburne's poetry we find many remarkable femme fatale characters : Dolores, Faustine, Venus, Mary Stuart, and Atalanta are all typical femmes fatales, to give a few examples. He was almost possessed with the femme fatale image, and in fact, he became the first to introduce to the Victorian England the "fatal woman" imagery, which was indeed the representative iconography in the fin de siecle European art. Mary Gordon was Swinburne's closely related cousin and was also his bosom friend who had shared the romantic make-believe world of their own since their childhood. Mary's sudden announcement to marry a soldier was a shock to the poet, to whom perhaps it meant destruction of their cherished private world. Swinburne had been interested in the femme fatale theme since his boyhood, and in his imagination the "fatal woman" image had already taken shape, waiting only for a chance to be actually written down as a poem. Mary's engagement announcement gave him such a chance, and now he could set out to become a chief actor in his‘monodrama', in which he was to be tormented by cruel femmes fatales. Swinburne was a poet who was extremely conscious of his poetic art as a‘maker' of poetry. Almost all his poetry can possibly be said‘meta-poetry', that is, poetry about poetry. To achieve his aim to embody‘l'art pour l'art' in his poems, he made use of surprisingly many poetic forms and themes. And his femme fatale myth was one of such themes and his‘lost love' to Mary Gordon gave a good chance to start him writing femme fatale poems.
著者
豊田 弘司 照田 恵理
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.1, pp.41-48, 2013-11-30

The present study examined the relationship among stress, stress response and emotional intelligence (EI) in undergraduates. Undergraduates were asked to rate the items from scales corresponding to EI (J-WLEIS; Toyota & Yamamoto, 2011), Stressor (STR; Shima, 1999) and Stess response (SRS-18; Suzuki et al., 1997). J-WLEIS consisited of four subscales: Regulating emotion, Self emotion appraisal, Others-emotions appraisal and Use of emotion. STR was composed of four subscales, existential, interpersonal, academic and physical stressors. SRS-18 consisted of three subscales: deppression, aggression and hopeless. The result indicated that EI scores were negatively correlated with both stressor and stress scores, and showing that participants with high EI had less stressor and less stress response than those with low EI. Stressor was correlated with stress response higher in participants with low EI compared to those with high EI. This result was interpreted as showing the possibility that EI moderated the relatonship between stressor and stress response.
著者
劉 麟玉
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.1, pp.95-105, 2011-11-30

GAO Yi-Sheng, who was an aborigine of Tsuou tribe in Taiwan, was born in 1908. His native name was Uyongu Yatauyungana, and he also had a Japanese name, Issei Yada, because Taiwan was ruled by Japan around the time. When Taiwan became a territory of Republic of China in 1945, he again changed his name to a Chinese name, GAO Yi-Sheng. Although he was arrested on a false charge as a revolter against the government in 1952 and executed in 1954, Taiwanese and Japanese scholars have considered him as one of the elite in Tsuou tribe, not only because he attempted to build an autonomous society for Taiwanese aborigines, but also because he had considerable talents for literature and music. Even when he was in prison, GAO Yi-Sheng composed many songs, as thinking of his own children and people of Tsuou tribe. It is undoubted that he was a tragic figure in the history of politics, but I would like to shed more light on his music talent. We all know that music composition needs knowledge of organizing the notes and writing them on the staves. So where and why did GAO learn the knowledge about music composition? What is characteristic of his music? In order to answer the questions, in this paper, I will examine GAO's progress in music education during his school years and analyze his compositions as well.
著者
丹 敦 渡辺 伸一
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.1, pp.165-180, 2004-10-29

Deer in Nara - "Nara-no-Shika"- inhabit the area in and around Nara Park in Nara City, the capital of Nara prefecture. In Nara, they have been protected as sacred animals of the Kasuga shrine for a long time. On the other hand, damage to crops caused by them was so serious that the villages in Nara built "Shikagaki" (Shishigaki) during the Edo period. "Shikagaki" is a piece of equipment which is made of wood, stones and mud to prevent damage to crops caused by wild animals, especially deer in the case of Nara. According to our fieldwork, ruins of "Shikagaki" still exist around Nara Park. However, there has been no study to prove where they are located. We would like to propose that the rums of "Shikagaki" are very precious reminders of Nara's heritage in the sense that they are the products of local villagers' hard work. The purpose of this study is to clarify the distribution of the "Shikagaki" and their present situation.
著者
阿部 智 木村 真知子 若吉 浩二 石川 元美 小畑 治 高橋 豪仁
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.1, pp.169-179, 2008-10-31

The purpose of this study was to investigate the change in physical fitness of elementary school children who participated in the long term sports classes using Ballschule program that has received high evaluation in Germany, and to compare the physical fitness and exercise habits of the children and that of those who had not participated in the classes. In addition, the aim of this study was to examine the effects of Ballschule program on the growth of child, and to obtain basic data to make a physical fitness program for elementary school children. First, a total of 47 children, the 2nd and 3rd grade, practiced in sports classes of Ballschule, participated in a sports class held over the long term. There was the improvement with physical fitness and balance in the total score of the physical fitness test. Next, In the comparison of a total 34 children of the 2nd, 10 children who had participated in sports classes of Ballschule and 24 of children who had not, it is confirmed that the total coordination score of Post-test was higher than that of Pre-test in the former children. As a result, it is suggested that the improvement of the physical fitness was caused by the long-term Ballschule program. We could consider Ballschule program as an effective training program, and furthermore we need to examine the validity of Ballschule program as school education. This study elucidated the importance that we should take unspecialized physical fitness program such as Ballschule for developing children. However, it is necessary that we demonstrate the effects of the Ballschule program by using other factors of physical fitness besides ability of coordination that have been central in test heads. And then, a program of Ballschule suitable for Japanese original social context must be suggested and practiced so that Ballschule will be familiarized, applied and practiced in various occasions.
著者
清水 キワ
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.1, pp.177-191, 1972-11-15

The 'TANOMOSHI' as they call it, is a body of association which has passed current in Japan since the Medieval days; it is a system of financing for common people, managed autonomously in the spirit of mutual assistance. Nowadays, when available means of financing are everywhere prevalent, it might almost be assumed that the TANOMOSHI is already outmoded. Our investigation, however, amply shows that this system is still largely in practice among the common people, who resort to this system with a view to their household financing and also to the betterment of their social relations. Our final conclusion is that, unless any radical measures for common people's welfare are enforced by the State authorities, the TANOMOSHI will never fail to survive.
著者
河本 大地 劉 丹 馬 鵬飛
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 = Bulletin of Nara University of Education. Cultural and Social Science (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.1, pp.125-146, 2019-11-29

History and present situation of Totsukawa Onsen, one of the three hot spring resorts in mountainous Totsukawa Village, Nara Prefecture, is examined in this paper. Totsukawa Onsen is a new hot spring resort that was established in 1963 when hot spring water was taken from the source in a steep valley to the lakeside of newly constructed Futatsuno Dam in Hiradani area where is the center of the commercial and service business function of Totsukawa Village. Managements of the accommodation facilities are specifically focused. As a result, it can be said that the development of this onsen made a great contribution to the economy of this village through tourism industries.
著者
清水 貞夫 玉村 公二彦
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 = Bulletin of Nara University of Education. 奈良教育大学 編 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.1, pp.41-54, 2015-11

In this article we analyzed the sociological labeling theory, especially focusing on Jane R. Mercer and also including the social climate of 1960s. According to Mercer, there are two perspectives in which mental retardation can be considered: (1) the clinical perspective and (2) the social system perspective. The clinical perspective is characterized by the simultaneous use of a medical model and a statistical model though these two models are frequently confused. She contends it is not appropriate to apply a medical model to mild mental retardation, but it is more appropriate to adopt a social system model for analyzing problems that people with mild retardation would meet in a community. She argues that from a social system perspective, mental retardation is a sociocultural phenomenon, That means that mental retardation is an achieved status in a social system and persons holding that status plays the social role designated by the social system. From Mercer's researches at Riversides, she found that there were a disproportionately large number of black persons and Mexican American persons labeled by community agencies. She also discovered that the schools were the chief labelers. From these and other findings Mercer came to three major conclusions. The first one is that clinicians and psychologists in the community were not measuring adaptive behavior only because there were no adaptive scales available for them to use. This meant that they judged persons as persons with mental retardation almost entirely on the basis of an IQ test score. The second one is that the cut-off point of an IQ score should be lowered to 2SD below, though public schools were using the cut-off point of IQ 79 or below. Third one is that tremendous cultural biases exists in the IQ test and the test is not appropriate when used with lower class persons who do not share the same cultural traditions as the dominant Anglo American society. These conclusions lead her to develop an improved assessment test called the System of Multicultural Pluralistic Assessment (SOMPA). SOMPA includes an extensive battery of measures. SOMPA has extensively reviewed and debated, so it has not recognized as a valid assessment tool for children yet. Mercer's social system approach, however, provides us with the new perspective about intellectual disability. According to Mercer intellectual disability is not mental defect or deficiency, but a kind of devalued deviancy which is determined to be deviant by other people in the social system.
著者
板橋 孝幸 岩本 廣美 河本 大地
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 = Bulletin of Nara University of Education. Cultural and Social Science (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.1, pp.1-19, 2019-11-29

This paper shows the significance and problems of small schools laying both elementary and junior high schools in remote rural areas by arranging the cases of Ishigaki City and Taketomi Town in Okinawa Prefecture. In these schools, efforts have been made in school management and local area learning so that children can recognize their growth while considering the connection between elementary and junior high schools, by looking at the entire nine years of learning.
著者
安田 寛
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.1, pp.129-133, 2006-10

It is put outside the concern that the Imperial court poets held the school songs under their control. They were the conservative people who tried to defend the tradition of Japanese tanka poetry from the influence of the Christian hymns. The words of school song has been discussed from the perspective of cultivating of moral nature of the child, cultivating his nationality and patriotism. The point of view to maintain the tradition of Japanese tanka poetry in the school songs was missing. From the point of view that the school songs was missing. From the point of view that the school son was born of the conflict with the anti-Christian power to deny the Christianity, which had brought by a Japanese mission, this new perspective becomes important. From the 10th year of Meiji, the school song was made by the various organizations, the Tokyo Women' s Normal school, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government and the Ministry of Education. The Imperial court poets were concerned with the song production of these organizations, and they worked as a songwriter. They did an important function with Ceremony songs for the National holidays, which were decided by law in the 26th year of Meiji.
著者
上村 盛人
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.1, pp.p41-58, 1978-11

With the publication of Atalanta in Calydon in 1865, Swinburne became famous and was welcomed "to an honourable place among younger poets of England". Aside from his juvenilia, The Queen Mother and Rosamond, issued in 1860, Atalanta was virtually his first important work, because we can find in it almost all Swinburnian traits that he was to develop further in his later works. From the legendary story of Meleager and the boar hunting which Homer, Euripides and Ovid had told, Swinburne created his own tragic version of the myth. Though Swinburne thought that Atalanta was "pure Greek", it was not necessarily so because of its Swinburnian antitheism and aestheticism. Throughout this drama, Heraclitean idea that "Παντα ρει" is repeatedly expressed. Althaea urges her son to serve the gods' law and social customs, while Meleager respects "great things done" that "endure". Chief Huntsman, Chorus and Althaea worship and implore Artemis, the goddess of moon, chastity, hunting and death, while Meleager wishes to be praised by Apollo, the god of sun and art. Artemis, Aphrodite and Atalanta are all represented as femmes fatales. Though Meleager dies a tragic death, he acquires an eternal fame for "what he did in his good time". Like Balen and Tristram, Meleager lives an everlasting life in the world of art, because his "great deeds" have been told by the artists who have immortal soul. Atalanta is a meta-poem and embodies "art for art's sake" like Swinburne's other excellent works.
著者
渡辺 伸一
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.1, pp.109-119, 2012-11-30

Over 190 animal species are designated as the national monument by the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties. The "deer of Nara" have a very peculiar characteristic among them. It is difficult to specify which "sika" deer belong to the deer of Nara because the Cultural Properties Protection Committee (the Agency for Cultural Affairs since 1968) defines them ambiguously. The deer of Nara, Cervus nippon (species name), living from Hokkaido in the north to Kyushu in the South, are found mainly in Nara Park in the city of Nara. The deer of Nara are defined simply as "sika" deer (1) living in and around Nara Park and (2) being tame. Yet, both "around Nara Park" and "being tame" are ambiguous terms, whose specification varies from person to person. This article confirms that the way to specify the deer of Nara has been ambiguous since they were designated as national monument under the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties (1957). Then, it shows how the ambiguity of the provisions has brought about various confusions and problems among local people and clarified the reasons why their content has become ambiguous. Finally, the author proposes how new provisions should be framed from the position that they must be clearly articulated.
著者
玉村 公二彦 佐藤 和美
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.1, pp.87-99, 2006-10

This paper aims to show and examine the Korean Disability Discrimination Bill which has been discussed both in disability groups and in Korean Government. The purpose of the bill is to prohibit discrimination against people with disabilities and to protect their Rights. Although Korean approach for tackling the disability discrimination has been based on the Social Welfare Act for People with Disabilities, disability groups have recognized the weakness of the approach in comparison with the international trend of disability discrimination law. The Disability Discrimination Acts Solidarity in Korea(DDASK), which is pan-association of Korean PWD groups, was formed on April 2003. PWD groups in Korea have continuously acted and had a draft of disability discrimination legislation. In response to activities by DDASK, the government planed to propose the disability discrimination bill of version which has been prepared in the Ministry of Health and Welfare. The draft by the Ministry of Health and Welfare consisted of 50 articles. As the result of the government decision, the Health and Welfare vice minister announced the Korean government officially decided that Disability Discrimination legislation would be included in the processing discrimination law of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea.
著者
北村 直也 松川 利広
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 = Bulletin of Nara University of Education. 奈良教育大学 編 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.1, pp.159-166, 2013-11

Schools have been working on operetta performances as an interdisciplinary and comprehensive educational activity to develop the general personalities of children, who take part in the activity enthusiastically to express themselves through performances. We have studied where this energy comes from, and interactions among children as well as between teachers and children from the perspective of caring, taking account of characteristics of expression in operetta performances. The study has shed light on a change in the "caring relationships" among children as well as between children and teachers built up through the expression of operetta that involved self-orientation and other-orientation in the activity, "self-expression" , and the roles and functions of these aspects.
著者
SERRANO Daniel SHIBUYA Maki
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 = Bulletin of Nara University of Education. Cultural and Social Science (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.1, pp.33-50, 2019-11-29

The study analyzes the profile of four young Japanese Brazilian students enrolled in a volunteer initiative for teaching Portuguese as heritage language in Sakai, Osaka prefecture. The children of Brazilian dekasegi, who came to Japan during the 1990s to work in the industrial sector, were born and raised in Japan and live in an area with low concentration of Brazilian citizens. By presenting and interpreting their identity narratives, the investigation aims to understand how identification process and perception take place within these individuals, whose usage rate and proficiency in Portuguese language are variable. The results suggest that factors such as parents' level of acculturation and the relationship with siblings and other family members have an important impact on children's sense of belonging. Research findings also indicate that this second generation of immigrants places a higher value on schooling and education, frequently included in their plans for the future, and reveals an internationalist inclination characteristic of a culturally hybrid profile.