著者
渡辺 伸一
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.1, pp.115-125, 2007-10-31 (Released:2017-02-27)

Environmental cadmium pollution causes cadmium poisoning. The first cadmium-polluted area ever discovered in the world was the Jinzu River basin in Toyama Prefecture in Japan. The most severe case of cadmium poisoning is Itai-itai disease (osteomalacia), which was officially recognized as a pollution-related disease by the Japanese government in 1968, and a less severe case is tubular kidney dysfunction. In other words, the occurrence of Itai-itai disease is only the "tip of the iceberg". The tubular kidney dysfunction is the earliest and most prevalent adverse result of chronic cadmium poisoning. The Japan Public Health Association Cadmium Research Committee, supported by the Environmental Agency, carried out health surveys in cadmium-polluted areas of 8 prefectures during the period of 1976-1984 and reported that many cases of tubular kidney dysfunction were found not only in Toyama but also in Ishikawa, Hyogo and Nagasaki prefectures. However, the Environmental Agency and the research committee have never certified this kidney dysfunction as a pollution-related disease. In 1970, the Japanese government set tentative acceptable standards of 1ppm for brown rice and enacted the Agricultural Land Soil Pollution Prevention Law in 1971. Based on this Law, restoration projects of polluted soils of rice paddies were started. If cadmium nephropathy was certified as a officially pollution-related disease, acceptable standards for brown rice must be more strict than 1ppm, because 1ppm is a standard to prevent habitants from suffering from Itai-itai disease. This new strict standard arrives at increases in polluted rice and soils. This means increases in the expenses to buy polluted rice and to restore polluted soils. To offer indemnity to farmers for any reduction in his rice crop is the responsibility of polluting industries and to pay expenses to restore polluted soils is the responsibility of polluting industries, the central government and local authorities. This paper concludes that the main reason why cadmium nephropathy has not been certified as an official pollution- related disease is that the decision-making of the Environmental Agency and the research committee reflects the intention of the polluting industries and the government who regard the expenses above as too heavy a burden.
著者
高橋 豪仁
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2002 (Released:2002-04-01)

日本のプロ野球には、私設応援団や後援会が存在する。それは、近代社会におけるスポーツイベントが創出したスポーツファンによって形成された、応援のための自発的集団である。本研究の目的は、私設応援団「神戸中央会」の参与観察を通して、「全国広島東洋カープ私設応援団連盟」と「近畿カープ後援会」の設立経緯と活動状況を明らかにすることである。1.下位文化研究の視点から私設応援団の参与観察を実施した結果、球場における示威的コミットメントや選手との距離の近さが彼ら独自の勢力資源となり、スタジアムでの典型的な応援行動である旗振りやリードは応援団の社会的勢力を儀礼的に象徴化する機能を有することが推察された。そして、官僚制やヤクザ的な擬似的家制度が、これらの彼ら独自の行動様式や価値基準に取り込まれており、官僚制は近代社会の主流から取り込んだものであり、擬似的家制度は社会の周辺部分に位置づけられた親文化である。ここに、応援団の下位文化の多層性を見ることができ、私設応援団の下位文化は、応援に関する彼ら独自の価値基準や行動様式に官僚制や擬似家制度をドメスティケイト(domesticate)することによって創られているのである。2.近畿カープ後援会の設立母体であった近畿広島県人会は、戦後の復興期において広島と大阪の間の物流のパイプ役として機能しており、広島県から近畿圏への労働力のスムーズな移動に貢献していた。目に見える形で広島との繋がりを意識することのできるスポーツ観戦は、広島県人会のメンバーにとって、大阪の広島県人としてのアイデンティティを確認する場であった。カープ後援会設立のための共感の共同性を作り出したものは、単なる故郷に関する共通の記憶ではなかった。それはカープによって上演されたV1の物語であり、広島から大阪に出て来て働くという共通の体験を再帰的に映し出す社会的ドラマとなっていた。
著者
清水 貞夫 玉村 公二彦
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 = Bulletin of Nara University of Education. 奈良教育大学 編 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.1, pp.41-54, 2015-11

In this article we analyzed the sociological labeling theory, especially focusing on Jane R. Mercer and also including the social climate of 1960s. According to Mercer, there are two perspectives in which mental retardation can be considered: (1) the clinical perspective and (2) the social system perspective. The clinical perspective is characterized by the simultaneous use of a medical model and a statistical model though these two models are frequently confused. She contends it is not appropriate to apply a medical model to mild mental retardation, but it is more appropriate to adopt a social system model for analyzing problems that people with mild retardation would meet in a community. She argues that from a social system perspective, mental retardation is a sociocultural phenomenon, That means that mental retardation is an achieved status in a social system and persons holding that status plays the social role designated by the social system. From Mercer's researches at Riversides, she found that there were a disproportionately large number of black persons and Mexican American persons labeled by community agencies. She also discovered that the schools were the chief labelers. From these and other findings Mercer came to three major conclusions. The first one is that clinicians and psychologists in the community were not measuring adaptive behavior only because there were no adaptive scales available for them to use. This meant that they judged persons as persons with mental retardation almost entirely on the basis of an IQ test score. The second one is that the cut-off point of an IQ score should be lowered to 2SD below, though public schools were using the cut-off point of IQ 79 or below. Third one is that tremendous cultural biases exists in the IQ test and the test is not appropriate when used with lower class persons who do not share the same cultural traditions as the dominant Anglo American society. These conclusions lead her to develop an improved assessment test called the System of Multicultural Pluralistic Assessment (SOMPA). SOMPA includes an extensive battery of measures. SOMPA has extensively reviewed and debated, so it has not recognized as a valid assessment tool for children yet. Mercer's social system approach, however, provides us with the new perspective about intellectual disability. According to Mercer intellectual disability is not mental defect or deficiency, but a kind of devalued deviancy which is determined to be deviant by other people in the social system.
著者
北村 陽英 鯰 裕美 木村 洋子
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 自然科学 (ISSN:05472407)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.2, pp.51-60, 2004-10-29

Using a questionnaire which asseses premenstrual syndrome and dysmenorrhea symptoms, we investigated 392 senior high school female students in June and July, 2002. Sixty-eight percent of these students were suffering from premenstrual syndrome, and eighty-three percent of these students were suffering from dysmenorrhea symptoms. Comparing symptoms of premenstrual syndrome with dysmenorrhea, there are a lot of somatic symptoms in both conditions, but premenstrual syndrome has more symptoms of swelling and breast pain than dysmenorrhea. Symptomatically, it is recognized that symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are different from symptoms of dysmenorrhea. In daily and school life, thirty-three percent of those students were disturbed by premenstrual syndrome. This study proposes that it is necessary to teach students not only about dysmenorrhea but also about premenstrual syndrome in school health education and mental health counseling classes.
著者
丹 敦 渡辺 伸一
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.1, pp.165-180, 2004-10-29

Deer in Nara - "Nara-no-Shika"- inhabit the area in and around Nara Park in Nara City, the capital of Nara prefecture. In Nara, they have been protected as sacred animals of the Kasuga shrine for a long time. On the other hand, damage to crops caused by them was so serious that the villages in Nara built "Shikagaki" (Shishigaki) during the Edo period. "Shikagaki" is a piece of equipment which is made of wood, stones and mud to prevent damage to crops caused by wild animals, especially deer in the case of Nara. According to our fieldwork, ruins of "Shikagaki" still exist around Nara Park. However, there has been no study to prove where they are located. We would like to propose that the rums of "Shikagaki" are very precious reminders of Nara's heritage in the sense that they are the products of local villagers' hard work. The purpose of this study is to clarify the distribution of the "Shikagaki" and their present situation.
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
天平雲 : 奈良教育大学学生広報
巻号頁・発行日
vol.202, 2011-07-29

男女ハンドボール部春季リーグ戦優勝!!/連載 寮生インタビュー/学生企画活動支援事業採択プロジェクト決定/イベント情報/お知らせ
著者
上村 盛人
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.1, pp.p41-58, 1978-11

With the publication of Atalanta in Calydon in 1865, Swinburne became famous and was welcomed "to an honourable place among younger poets of England". Aside from his juvenilia, The Queen Mother and Rosamond, issued in 1860, Atalanta was virtually his first important work, because we can find in it almost all Swinburnian traits that he was to develop further in his later works. From the legendary story of Meleager and the boar hunting which Homer, Euripides and Ovid had told, Swinburne created his own tragic version of the myth. Though Swinburne thought that Atalanta was "pure Greek", it was not necessarily so because of its Swinburnian antitheism and aestheticism. Throughout this drama, Heraclitean idea that "Παντα ρει" is repeatedly expressed. Althaea urges her son to serve the gods' law and social customs, while Meleager respects "great things done" that "endure". Chief Huntsman, Chorus and Althaea worship and implore Artemis, the goddess of moon, chastity, hunting and death, while Meleager wishes to be praised by Apollo, the god of sun and art. Artemis, Aphrodite and Atalanta are all represented as femmes fatales. Though Meleager dies a tragic death, he acquires an eternal fame for "what he did in his good time". Like Balen and Tristram, Meleager lives an everlasting life in the world of art, because his "great deeds" have been told by the artists who have immortal soul. Atalanta is a meta-poem and embodies "art for art's sake" like Swinburne's other excellent works.
著者
玉村 公二彦 佐藤 和美
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.1, pp.87-99, 2006-10

This paper aims to show and examine the Korean Disability Discrimination Bill which has been discussed both in disability groups and in Korean Government. The purpose of the bill is to prohibit discrimination against people with disabilities and to protect their Rights. Although Korean approach for tackling the disability discrimination has been based on the Social Welfare Act for People with Disabilities, disability groups have recognized the weakness of the approach in comparison with the international trend of disability discrimination law. The Disability Discrimination Acts Solidarity in Korea(DDASK), which is pan-association of Korean PWD groups, was formed on April 2003. PWD groups in Korea have continuously acted and had a draft of disability discrimination legislation. In response to activities by DDASK, the government planed to propose the disability discrimination bill of version which has been prepared in the Ministry of Health and Welfare. The draft by the Ministry of Health and Welfare consisted of 50 articles. As the result of the government decision, the Health and Welfare vice minister announced the Korean government officially decided that Disability Discrimination legislation would be included in the processing discrimination law of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea.
著者
北村 直也 松川 利広
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 = Bulletin of Nara University of Education. 奈良教育大学 編 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.1, pp.159-166, 2013-11

Schools have been working on operetta performances as an interdisciplinary and comprehensive educational activity to develop the general personalities of children, who take part in the activity enthusiastically to express themselves through performances. We have studied where this energy comes from, and interactions among children as well as between teachers and children from the perspective of caring, taking account of characteristics of expression in operetta performances. The study has shed light on a change in the "caring relationships" among children as well as between children and teachers built up through the expression of operetta that involved self-orientation and other-orientation in the activity, "self-expression" , and the roles and functions of these aspects.
著者
瓜生 淑子
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2009 (Released:2009-04-01)

幼児に対して、ヒーローを救うために悪者にウソをつけるかという欺き課題と「心の理論」の獲得を見る標準的な誤信念課題を実施し、あわせて行った母親のアンケート調査の結果を含めて、子どものウソの出現時期の確認とウソを可能にする認知的・人格的要因を検討し、子どもの心的世界の形成にとっての子どものウソの持つ意味を考察した。研究は、1)幼稚園児の個別実験と2)母親に子どものウソに気づいているかを問うアンケート調査からなった。その結果、個別実験からも親の調査からも、効果を意図したウソの年齢下限は、満4歳頃であることが確認された。しかし、非第一子的性格であると見られたパーソナリティの「のびやかさ」尺度得点が実験場面でのウソの出現を早めるという仮説は検証されず、むしろ「慎重さ」尺度と逆転させて名付け、この尺度得点が正の影響力を持つとして仮説とは逆に解した方が適合する結果が示された。この尺度が認知的能力の代替変数になった可能性がある。また、前研究に比べ、ウソが可能になる年齢や「心の理論」獲得の年齢がやや遅かったことについては、対象児の保育経験(幼稚園児か保育所児か)の違いが自他の分化に影響している可能性が示唆された。この点については、今後、年長児のデータも加えて分析し、検討したい。
著者
広報・情報公開委員会
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
ならやま : 奈良教育大学広報誌
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, 2012-03-19

特集 教育実習の日々~附属中学校編~/羅針盤~奈良教育大学の取り組み~学び、考え、動く「なっきょん食育塾」/NEWS~大学の最新ニュースを紹介 改組後の初年次教育~平成24年4月 新たな教員養成課程のスタート~/ラボ・レター ~研究室紹介~:分析化学 堀田弘樹 研究室/クローズアップ ~教員研究紹介~世界遺産を切り口とした持続発展教育を展開する 中澤静男 専任講師/なっきょん's CLUB企画 奈教のひみつ ~学術情報教育研究センター図書館~/ひと・あれ・これ ~卒業生紹介~下北山村で英語教諭として教壇に立つ木村祐葵さん/留学生レポート:セントラルミシガン大学(アメリカ) 窪田裕介さん/キラリ☆奈教生 ~キャンパスで輝く学生を紹介~東市小学校を日本一の小学校に!TNPメンバーの挑戦/ブカツ魂!:男女ソフトテニス部/キャンパスニュース/奈良に息づく仲間たち:爬虫類三種/奈教生に聞きました!:奈教で得た宝物
著者
森本 弘一 島原 宏文 谷 純子 辻 靖子
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.1, pp.91-102, 1997-11-10

Recently, there is a problem that insurance companies reject applications of genetic disease carriers in the USA. It is said that the educational content in a primary school should contain genetic content as there is a genetic teaching material in the USA. It is "You, Me, & Others' In the future, we predict that these situations will happen in Japan. So, we have developed genetic teaching material as worksheets for elementary schools. In order to examine the potency, of developed worksheets, we taught the students in an elementary school attached to Nara University of Education using these worksheets. The titles of the worksheets used in this practice are "Similarity and Difference between us" and "Continuity of Life". The response of children was good. From this result, we confirm that these worksheets are useful for elementary school eduation. We hope that many elementary schools will use the genetic teaching material which we developed.
著者
川本 崇雄
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.1, pp.p1-16, 1975-11

Some of the most interesting etymologies in this part may be the following: kaka IV kaQ '(fly) into a rage', kaQkaQ, kaNkaN'(of the sun) exceedingly bright, (of a person) in a rage, (of charcoal) red-hot', hoka-hoka, poka-poka 'pleasantly warm', maQka, maQkaQka 'bright red', aka 'red' ; OJp. kaka-yaku 'to shine brightly' : -PJp. (k)AKA 'red-hot' PEOka, kaka, pukaka'red-not' : Ma. ka 'to burn, to take fire', kaka 'red-hot', Fu. kaka 'to shine', Mar.kaka 'yellow, red', To. kakaha 'to glow with heat,to be red-hot, (of anger) to flare up', Sa., Ma. pukaka, pokaka 'hot' pai pai-pai, oQpai 'the breast', OJp. FaFa 'mother' < *papai : PJp. PAYL 'motherhood' PAN bayi 'Mutter' : Tg. babayi 'Frau, Weiblichsein' ; Ja. bayi 'Saugling' sio sio-sio (OJp. siFo-siFo) 'in low spirits, sadly', siQpori 'pleasantly wet', siwo-reru, sibo-mu 'to wither', OJp. niFo-dori'grebe (=a diving bird)', simo 'lower part ', nisi 'west'(prena salized) *sisi(po) : -PJp. SI(M)PO, SIMO, NIPO, NISI 'down into water' PEO (n)sipo, sisipo 'down, to bow down, (of the sun) to set,to go into the water, west, unfortunate'. [N.B. PJp. saku 'to bloom', sakayu 'to prosper', sakari 'the prime' , saki 'happiness' and PJp. agu 'to lift, to get out of water', Okinawa agari 'east' correspond to PEO (n)sake 'up, to lift, to go up from the sea, (of the sun) to rise, to elevate in rank of power or dignity, east'. ]
著者
瓜生 淑子
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.1, pp.57-67, 2012-11

The practice of bilingual deaf education in Northern Europe and America has pushed the introduction of Japanese Sign Language (JSL) for communication aids into Japanese public deaf schools since the 1990s. This study examined this new trend and discussed the possibility of the combined method of JSL and oral Japanese for young deaf children to promote their meta-linguistic abilities and to provide them clues to written Japanese language.
著者
豊田 弘司
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.41, no.1, pp.p143-151, 1992-11

The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of number of the encoded attributes of autobiographical information on incidental memory of Kanii words. In an incidental memory task, the sujects were presented each word and asked to rate the personal experiences on each word. Three types of rating scales were used : the quantity, the pleasantness and the vividness scales. Two rating conditions involved processing on one scale (1 rating group) and three scales (3 rating group). Recall performance of each subject was tested in the immediate and the one-week delayed tests. Performance differences between two groups were not observed in both tests. This result showed that there was no effect of the number of the encoded attributes on incidental memory in autobiographical elaboration. Immediate and delayed recall performances varied as a function of quantity, pleasantness and vividness rated by subjects. Recall performances in 3 categories (low, medium, high) ×3 scales (quantity, pleasantness, vividness) combinations were compared. Performances in 4 combinations with high category of vividness scale were higher than those in the other ones. This result showed that the vividness of personal experiences was critical for the effectiveness of autobiographical elaboration.
著者
福田 清美
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.1, pp.59-74, 2001-10

Whether French vocal music is sung successfully or not depends on how precisely the vocalist can pronounce the French lyrics. For the benefit of such vocalists, in this essay, based on Camille Maurane's report, "Advice for Japanese Vocalists Who Sing French Vocal Music." I examine (1) the similarity and difference between French and Japanese pronunciation and (2) an effectivc way to pronounce French for Japanese vocalists. When French vocal music is sung, it is very important for the vocalists not only to grasp the dynamism of the music as a whole but also to understand the intonation, accent and rhyme of the lyrics. This is the reason I quote from dictionaries. music scores and, in order to refer to the liaison and movement of intonation, French conversation. Based on these factors, first I look into lyrics as separate from the music. Through this process, we might be able to know how the conrposer listened to and felt about the lyrics. Then. we can find out how the lyrics' rhyme and intonation go together with their accompaniment and, at the sarne time, we can understand the lyrics more profoundly than before. The problem for Japanese is that it is difficult to get instructive materials on French "sound," while we have a lot of literary works like translations and researches on French literature, It is necessary for vocalists to acquire knowledge of the language in which the music is sung. Japanese people generally are not good at recognizing and pronouncing French sounds, but once they get familiar with them. they can have the confidence to sing in French. I write this essay because I think we need, along with the interpretation of the music itself a guideline for the rules of pronunciation when vocalists sing French vocal music.