著者
菅 文彦 古川 拓也 舟橋 弘晃 間野 義之
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.4, pp.4_321-4_335, 2018 (Released:2018-10-12)
参考文献数
30

Although a causal relationship has been suggested between Team Identification and Place Attachment, it may be necessary to verify the existence of the parameters between them. In this research, "The rise of Team Identification is accompanied by the rise in the evaluation of the social environment of the community, and leads to the rise of Place Attachment," was aimed at the hypothesis to be verified.    As a result of the two-way analysis of variance based on data from three longitudinal surveys, we determined that Team Identification ascending group significantly increased both Place Attachment and the bonds of the community as compared to the non-ascending group, and it was suggested that the evaluation of the social environment of the community rose in the ascending group. It can be said that the hypothesis was supported, considering the fact that "regional attachment influence structure" was confirmed in Imabari-City, the area of survey on this study.
著者
桑田 真澄 川名 光太郎 間仁田 康祐 平田 竹男
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.1, pp.91-95, 2010 (Released:2010-06-07)

The purpose of this study was to reveal how professional baseball players were trained while they were amateur baseball players, and to examine ways to improve the problems faced by amateur baseball players. A survey of 300 professional baseball players was conducted.    There were a lot of problems revealed in amateur baseball: “overwork and injury because of irrational, inefficient, and too long training” , “manner of the instructors” , “balance among baseball, studying, and playing” , and “violence to the players” . These results suggested that most professional baseball players wanted it to be done in a different way from their own experience, and that they had a strong awareness of the problems of traditional training.
著者
澤井 和彦
出版者
日本スポーツ産業学会
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.2, pp.263-273, 2011 (Released:2011-11-23)
参考文献数
49

This paper presents a comparative institutional analysis of the endogenous and self-enforcing system of “Japanese company sports” and examines the characteristics of the design and problems of its transitions. The remarkable feature of the institutional design of Japanese company sports in the sports domain is the “institutional complementarity” with Japanese-style employment practices in the company domain, mediated by the company athletes who play games simultaneously as athletes in sport domain and as employees in the company domain. Such institutional interdependencies between two different domains also provide managerial resources to the National Sports Federation or top-league organization and greatly affect its institutional design. Thus, we can understand the company sports as an endogenous and self-enforcing equilibrium outcome of the game in both domains.    Because of this institutional complementarity, Japanese company sports can’ t be easily changed, according to what is known in Comparative Institutional Analysis as the “inertia” . For example, it is difficult to dismiss an employee who is a company athlete under the Japanese-style employment practice. However, in recent years, because of the slow economic growth and decreasing corporate profits, combined with the decreasing merits of Japanese-style employment practices, the benefit of company sports in the context of labor management has decreased significantly. By considering these factors, a transition to an alternative system of professional or community sport is planned. However, one issue involved with this transition is that although company sports bring great benefits, the transition involves risk for the athletes, as they must rebuild their careers in some way. The second issue is that for company sports, which are at the center of company costs, independent management as well as intellectual and personal management resources are not combined. The third issue is the adjustment of complementarity with the existing systems during transition.
著者
束原 文郎
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.2, pp.149-168, 2011
被引用文献数
1

This study defines the students who have continuously belonged to a sports club built systematically in the school constitution as "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I>" students, and clarifies when and how this idea came into being and the common understanding that "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I>" students could be regarded as more favorable human resources than the other students in job hunting in Japan. The document sources are mainly gathered from articles in the business magazine '<I>JITSUGYOU NO NIHON</I>' , that was circulated widely from the end of the Meiji era to the beginning of the Showa era.<BR>    The results are summarized as follows. At the beginning of the Taisho era, the idea or consciousness of "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I>" had not existed yet, but there was a belief that it was necessary to have a robust body in order to survive the competition of society. In the middle of the Taisho era, behind the growing enthusiasm for sports, people became conscious that lots of executives of big companies had been "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I>" and it had the media values of : (1) advertisement and (2) prevention of being left in remote colonial places, and so it was observed that "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I> employment" was coming into being. By the end of the Taisho era, reflecting the excessive emphasis on academic attainments in recruiting, "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I> employment" came to be established.<BR>    Afterwards, at the beginning of the Showa era, the process of distinguishing between "Professional" and "Amateur" became clearer and the latter became dominant over the former in "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I> employment" , and sportsmanship became a more important element in composing a useful body. In the days when the labor movement was growing radically in response to the depression, ideological problems such as alerting to Marxists, leftists, and communists were supposed to be social issues. In this context, the students with physical and mental problem-this study named them "<I>KYOYOKEI</I>" in contrast to "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I>" -received negative images and seemed to have been shunned by companies. At the same time, because the "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I>" had not changed anything, they were understood to have a moderate ideology and to be more important from the viewpoint of employment.
著者
桑田 真澄 川名 光太郎 間仁田 康祐 平田 竹男
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.1, pp.91-95, 2010

The purpose of this study was to reveal how professional baseball players were trained while they were amateur baseball players, and to examine ways to improve the problems faced by amateur baseball players. A survey of 300 professional baseball players was conducted.<BR>    There were a lot of problems revealed in amateur baseball: "overwork and injury because of irrational, inefficient, and too long training" , "manner of the instructors" , "balance among baseball, studying, and playing" , and "violence to the players" . These results suggested that most professional baseball players wanted it to be done in a different way from their own experience, and that they had a strong awareness of the problems of traditional training.
著者
野田 光太郎 秦 美香子 菅 文彦 間野 義之
出版者
日本スポーツ産業学会
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.2, pp.2_121-2_133, 2017 (Released:2017-04-15)
参考文献数
30

This article presents the results of research designed to explore the coach dispatch programme which was conducted by the committee of the Japan Gymnastics Association to promote men′s rhythmic gymnastics outside Japan. Although men′s rhythmic gymnastics has been developed for over fifty years in Japan, the existence of this sport has been endangered since around 2001, when global success came to be considered essential for every competitive sport. To bring this sport to more athletes and a wider audience, the committee sent top gymnasts to some countries from 2001 to 2006. However, the details of the programme and the reasons why the programme was terminated in 2006 were not publicly recorded. Thus, this article investigates what the representatives accomplished and what problems and future tasks the coaches recognised to identify the structure of the problems that have occurred in the process of the global diffusion of the sport.    Interview data were analysed according to the principles of the SCAT (Steps for Coding and Theorization) Qualitative Data Analysis Method. Results show that the defects were inherent in their organisation and the programme itself, which were recognised by most of the coaches dispatched, such as lack of close consideration before the programme was set out, and the fact that the coaches were supposed to carry out their mission on a fairly low budget and in an unfamiliar culture, mostly without any support from the committee in Japan. Research indicates that the coach dispatch programme was aborted as a result of a combination of those factors. Additionally, this paper argues that further tasks of the programme suggested by the informants are significantly affected by their understandings of the characteristics of this sport and their philosophy of it.
著者
千葉 直樹 永谷 稔
出版者
日本スポーツ産業学会
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.2, pp.2_327-2_336, 2015 (Released:2015-11-12)
参考文献数
10

The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in characteristics of spectators of professional basketball teams, and the relationship between frequency of attendance and participant motives in Sapporo. The name of the professional basketball team and its company changed from “Rera Kamuy Hokkaido” to “Levanga Hokkaido” in 2011. Questionnaire surveys conducted in 2010 and 2012 were analyzed. Findings indicated that between the two research periods there was no change in spectators′ characteristics according to sex and age groups. Previous studies had indicated that 70% of spectators were women and half of these female spectators were between the ages of 20-40. About 80% of spectators surveyed participated in both research periods. The 2012 results indicated that the percent of spectators who had belonged to basketball club in their junior and high school days was higher compared to that in 2010.
著者
澤井 和彦
出版者
日本スポーツ産業学会
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.2, pp.2_169-2_184, 2014 (Released:2014-11-21)
参考文献数
45

This study uses property rights theory to comparatively analyze the institutional design of the spectator sports business by examining both a company basketball club and a professional basketball club of Japan’ s top basketball league, whose hometowns were adjacent to each other. Then we try to clarify the possibilities and problems of the institutional transition from a company club to a professional club. To evaluate the “property” (attributes of goods and services) in the spectator sports businesses, we administered a questionnaire survey to spectators attending home games of each club, in which we asked fans if their motivation consisted of “team attachment,” “player attachment,” “sports attachment,” and/or “community pride.” Employees and stakeholders of both clubs were interviewed to identify the assignment of property rights to utilize the value corresponding to the fans’ motivation.    Our results showed that company club fans showed significantly higher “player attachment,” while professional club fans showed significantly higher “community pride.” Moreover, despite the fans’ higher player attachment, the company clubs failed to efficiently utilize “player value” (an attribute of spectator sports that motivated fans via player attachment) because the required property rights actually belong to the parent company, which employs players as full-time employees of the main business, rather than as players. However, the economic advantage that company athletes gained from simultaneously performing a double role (top athlete and full-time employee) provided the company clubs more opportunities to recruit players than the professional clubs, whose budgets for player salaries were limited. In contrast, professional clubs had control over most of the property rights required to utilize the element “value for community resource,” (an attribute of spectator sports that motivated fans via community pride) although these rights were dispersed to stakeholders who had little incentive to engage in the community activities from a medium- and long-term perspective in the company clubs. More fans attended home games of the professional clubs than company clubs, and the utilization of the value for community resources was one factor behind this difference. Therefore, assigning property rights of the value for community resources and also the lack of human resources of business management in company club can be considered the key aspects of institutional design required by spectator sports businesses and the answer to the problem of successful institutional transition from a company club to a professional club.
著者
平田 竹男 シマンスキー ステファン
出版者
日本スポーツ産業学会
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.1, pp.41-54, 2009 (Released:2009-11-05)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
1

This paper examines the impact of the 2002 World Cup held in Japan and Korea on the domestic soccer league of Japan, the J. League. We first consider the impact of World Cups on league attendance in some European countries and then compare this with the Japanese case. We find that demand increased substantially in the years just before and after the World Cup. These effects seem to be associated with new stadiums built for the event.
著者
間野 義之 庄子 博人 飯島 沙織 本目 えみ
出版者
日本スポーツ産業学会
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.2, pp.211-215, 2010 (Released:2010-11-22)
参考文献数
5
被引用文献数
1

The Local Authority Act of Japan was revised in September 2003 in order to reduce the costs and improve the quality of public services. As a result of the Act, all local authorities had to introduce CCT for public sports facilities by September 2006. The aim of this research was to clarify the change in the number of full-time employees in public sports facilities before and after the introduction of CCT. The pre-CCT data were collected in March 2005 and the post-CCT data were collected in September 2007. In total, 333 respondents in both 2005 and 2007 were asked to complete the questionnaire. The mean number of full-time employees was significantly higher after the introduction of CCT than before it.
著者
鈴木 聡一郎 林 末義
出版者
日本スポーツ産業学会
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.1, pp.1-8, 2009 (Released:2009-11-05)
参考文献数
19

Ski boots are generally important for assisting progress in ski turn technique as an interface between a skier and a ski. This study is aimed at developing a new ski boot that can improve the results of alpine ski races for Japanese players. In this paper, a new design of a ski boot that is adjusted to the features of the frame of Japanese athletes was experimentally examined. As a result, it was demonstrated that the front part of the upper shell of a ski boot should be lower and the rear part should be higher than the normal upper shell for providing well-balanced quick leaning of the leg in the ski turn. Finally, the effect of the new upper shell was verified in giant slalom and slalom test by Japanese alpine ski players of the first rank.
著者
松山 博明 土屋 裕睦
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.1_111-1_122, 2015

This study aims at revealing the current situation and challenges of the sports instructor overseas dispatching project. For that aim, in this paper, in our analysis of the activities of Bhutan National football team in this project, we categorized those activities and suggested the following policies to strengthen the team. First, we need to organize a system for scouting and developing new talent. We also need to promote football and improve the circumstances for playing football. Making opportunities for players to experience big matches and training sessions abroad is also essential.
著者
早乙女 誉 S.Nicole CULOS-REED
出版者
日本スポーツ産業学会
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.4, pp.4_287-4_294, 2018 (Released:2018-10-12)
参考文献数
28

The purpose of this article was to introduce the case of the Aspen Institute Project Play and to consider a few current topics in Japanese youth sports. In 2013 this project was launched by the Aspen Institute Sports and Society Program in the U.S. Subsequently, it has produced multiple reports regarding issues surrounding youth sports in the U.S and has held annual summits to address these issues (2016, 2017). Additionally, it has succeeded in obtaining various stakeholders’ support (e.g. MLB, NBA, NBC Sports Network and NIKE) through implementation of its nationwide projects. The primary issues around childhood play/movement that Project Play has highlighted are the impact of childhood obesity and inactive lifestyles. To address these concerns, they developed eight strategies, including the “Sport for All, Play for Life Model”. This model aims to encourage all young people in the U.S to participate in competitive and/or recreational sports throughout their lives. In summary, the strengths of this project can be described as improving the cycle “research → strategy → evaluation” based on the above-referenced model. Furthermore, the vast network of stakeholders has enhanced the impact of its resources. Therefore, in the Japanese youth sports setting, it might be useful to consider the development of a similar model which encompasses both competitive and lifelong sports. Two key steps, as demonstrated by Project Play, are development of an effective network and utilizing the existing data related to youth sports in Japan.
著者
霜島 広樹 木村 和彦
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.1, pp.1_19-1_32, 2013

The purpose of this study was to clarify the influence of watching an exhibition match by coaches on tennis club members.<BR>    In order to examine that, we conducted 3 studies as follows:<BR>【Study 1】: To make a hypothesis about the influence of watching an exhibition match by coaches on club members, we conducted interview researches for spectators in the exhibition match of November 2011.<BR>【Study 2】: To test the hypothesis quantitatively, we staged an exhibition match again and carried out a questionnaire survey for tennis club members before and after the exhibition match.<BR>【Study 3】: To supplement Study 1 and Study 2, we conducted interview research for coaches of players in the exhibition match and to clarify the influence of watching the exhibition match on club members, from the standpoint of coaches.<BR>    As a result, the main findings are summarized as follows. First, watching an exhibition match by coaches affects "tennis commitment (watching) " , "respect" , "psychological distance for coaches" , and "attitude for tennis" among club members. In addition, watching an exhibition match by coaches affects "Trigger of Skill Mastery" and "to break out from routine" . Therefore, staging an exhibition match could be effective as a strategy in club management.
著者
塚本 拓也 西脇 智洋 吉野 次郎 藤村 慎也 高橋 義雄
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.2, pp.2_337-2_350, 2015

The present study aimed to provide an overview and compare Master′s degree programs to clarify the characteristic features of the curriculum course contents and lecture formats among four Master′s programs in sport management education: the TIAS in Japan and the AISTS, FIFA Master, and FIMBA programs in Europe, by utilization of semi-structured interviews and analysis of the data from the interviewees.<BR>    The paper clarifies that there are two types of Master′s programs designed to foster practical sport managers: 1) programs supported by the IOC and FIFA, and 2) newly developed programs of existing university graduate schools. Both types of programs differ in their lecture formats. In the type 1 programs, experts working in the IOC and IFs are invited as guest speakers to give lectures that are mostly organized around a discussion format and basically involve the use of PowerPoint slides. On the other hand, in the type 2 programs, the classroom format is generally followed, in which individual classes by instructors are taken weekly and over an extended period of time, following the set pattern of the university graduate schools. However, the curriculum is also flexible, where guest speakers are invited, using the same Powerpoint format through discussion as in the type 1 program. Furthermore, the study revealed that the subjects of each graduate school can be divided into common subjects and specific subjects. The point of difference among the said subjects was found to lie in their focus on the graduate′s destinations, keeping in mind the concept of the backgrounds and human resources installed in each graduate school and program.<BR>    In conclusion, our study reveals new findings in context of the professional graduate schools in Japan and Europe.
著者
大下 和茂 山口 恭平 大山 泰史 萩原 悟一 船津 京太郎
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.1_39-1_48, 2015 (Released:2015-05-27)
参考文献数
22

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the perception regarding TAIKAN (which means the trunk or torso, including the core) exercise training among young adults. A questionnaire-based survey was performed on university students (n = 236) to clarify the relationships between exercise habits, perception of TAIKAN training exercise, and frequency of implementation of the same. The participants, who exercised regularly (30 or more min per day, 2 or more days per week, and maintaining this for more than 1 year) , had a higher proportion of understanding of TAIKAN than the participants who did not exercise. However, even most of the participants who did not exercise were aware of the word TAIKAN. The participants who exercised regularly performed TAIKAN training at a high frequency, even if they did not understand the meaning of TAIKAN. Furthermore, among the participants who understood TAIKAN, 20-30% consciously train their upper arm or thigh muscles, and 10% train their forearm or lower thigh muscles. These results suggest that although awareness of the word TAIKAN was high, regardless of presence or absence of exercise habits, its meaning might not be properly understood. Therefore, to enhance the effect of training, it is important to instruct people in the correct way of performing TAIKAN training exercises.
著者
間野 義之 庄子 博人
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.1, pp.73-79, 2010

The aim of this research was to clarify the change in service quality of a stadium before and after the introduction of CCT using one facility in Japan as a case study, and to compare some performance data before and after the introduction of CCT. The data before CCT were collected in May 2006 and the post- CCT data were collected in November 2008. Random sampling of respondents was used in those years. In total, 758 respondents in 2006 and 292 respondents in 2008 were asked to complete the questionnaire after the football game. Some of the mean scores of "Cleanliness and comfort" , "Food and drink" , "Litter box" , "Toilet" and "Staff" were significantly higher than those of before CCT. However, the service quality of "Easy to watch" did not change between those years significantly.