著者
菅 文彦 古川 拓也 舟橋 弘晃 間野 義之
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.4, pp.4_321-4_335, 2018 (Released:2018-10-12)
参考文献数
30

Although a causal relationship has been suggested between Team Identification and Place Attachment, it may be necessary to verify the existence of the parameters between them. In this research, "The rise of Team Identification is accompanied by the rise in the evaluation of the social environment of the community, and leads to the rise of Place Attachment," was aimed at the hypothesis to be verified.    As a result of the two-way analysis of variance based on data from three longitudinal surveys, we determined that Team Identification ascending group significantly increased both Place Attachment and the bonds of the community as compared to the non-ascending group, and it was suggested that the evaluation of the social environment of the community rose in the ascending group. It can be said that the hypothesis was supported, considering the fact that "regional attachment influence structure" was confirmed in Imabari-City, the area of survey on this study.
著者
桑田 真澄 川名 光太郎 間仁田 康祐 平田 竹男
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.1, pp.91-95, 2010 (Released:2010-06-07)

The purpose of this study was to reveal how professional baseball players were trained while they were amateur baseball players, and to examine ways to improve the problems faced by amateur baseball players. A survey of 300 professional baseball players was conducted.    There were a lot of problems revealed in amateur baseball: “overwork and injury because of irrational, inefficient, and too long training” , “manner of the instructors” , “balance among baseball, studying, and playing” , and “violence to the players” . These results suggested that most professional baseball players wanted it to be done in a different way from their own experience, and that they had a strong awareness of the problems of traditional training.
著者
束原 文郎
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.2, pp.149-168, 2011
被引用文献数
1

This study defines the students who have continuously belonged to a sports club built systematically in the school constitution as "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I>" students, and clarifies when and how this idea came into being and the common understanding that "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I>" students could be regarded as more favorable human resources than the other students in job hunting in Japan. The document sources are mainly gathered from articles in the business magazine '<I>JITSUGYOU NO NIHON</I>' , that was circulated widely from the end of the Meiji era to the beginning of the Showa era.<BR>    The results are summarized as follows. At the beginning of the Taisho era, the idea or consciousness of "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I>" had not existed yet, but there was a belief that it was necessary to have a robust body in order to survive the competition of society. In the middle of the Taisho era, behind the growing enthusiasm for sports, people became conscious that lots of executives of big companies had been "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I>" and it had the media values of : (1) advertisement and (2) prevention of being left in remote colonial places, and so it was observed that "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I> employment" was coming into being. By the end of the Taisho era, reflecting the excessive emphasis on academic attainments in recruiting, "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I> employment" came to be established.<BR>    Afterwards, at the beginning of the Showa era, the process of distinguishing between "Professional" and "Amateur" became clearer and the latter became dominant over the former in "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I> employment" , and sportsmanship became a more important element in composing a useful body. In the days when the labor movement was growing radically in response to the depression, ideological problems such as alerting to Marxists, leftists, and communists were supposed to be social issues. In this context, the students with physical and mental problem-this study named them "<I>KYOYOKEI</I>" in contrast to "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I>" -received negative images and seemed to have been shunned by companies. At the same time, because the "<I>TAIIKUKAIKEI</I>" had not changed anything, they were understood to have a moderate ideology and to be more important from the viewpoint of employment.
著者
Hiroto SHOJI Yoshiyuki MANO Yoshio NAKAMURA
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
Journal of Japan Society of Sports Industry (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.2, pp.207-215, 2011 (Released:2011-11-23)
参考文献数
14
被引用文献数
1

It is important to clarify the impact of competition among J-League clubs on the distance decay parameters of season ticket purchase rate for J-clubs marketing.    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the distance decay parameters of J-league season ticket purchase rate and the other competing clubs when two clubs are located close together, using the distance decay model.    All of the respondents were J-League season ticket holders of four clubs: theYokohama F·Marinos, Shonan Bellmare, Gamba Osaka and Cerezo Osaka. Postal code were collected in 2008 January. Season ticket purchase rate and the distance between each stadium and center of cities were calculated using geographic information system. Through the distance decay model, we estimated the distance decay parameters.    The results of the present study suggested that the season ticket purchase rates of the higher performance clubs are widely distributed (distance decay slope is gentle) , while the season ticket purchase rates of the lower performance clubs are precipitously distributed (distance decay slope is steep) . In conclusion, it is possible that the distance decay parameters of J-League season ticket purchase rates are affected by the existence of other competing when two clubs are located close together.
著者
桑田 真澄 川名 光太郎 間仁田 康祐 平田 竹男
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.1, pp.91-95, 2010

The purpose of this study was to reveal how professional baseball players were trained while they were amateur baseball players, and to examine ways to improve the problems faced by amateur baseball players. A survey of 300 professional baseball players was conducted.<BR>    There were a lot of problems revealed in amateur baseball: "overwork and injury because of irrational, inefficient, and too long training" , "manner of the instructors" , "balance among baseball, studying, and playing" , and "violence to the players" . These results suggested that most professional baseball players wanted it to be done in a different way from their own experience, and that they had a strong awareness of the problems of traditional training.
著者
松山 博明 土屋 裕睦
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.1_111-1_122, 2015

This study aims at revealing the current situation and challenges of the sports instructor overseas dispatching project. For that aim, in this paper, in our analysis of the activities of Bhutan National football team in this project, we categorized those activities and suggested the following policies to strengthen the team. First, we need to organize a system for scouting and developing new talent. We also need to promote football and improve the circumstances for playing football. Making opportunities for players to experience big matches and training sessions abroad is also essential.
著者
霜島 広樹 木村 和彦
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.1, pp.1_19-1_32, 2013

The purpose of this study was to clarify the influence of watching an exhibition match by coaches on tennis club members.<BR>    In order to examine that, we conducted 3 studies as follows:<BR>【Study 1】: To make a hypothesis about the influence of watching an exhibition match by coaches on club members, we conducted interview researches for spectators in the exhibition match of November 2011.<BR>【Study 2】: To test the hypothesis quantitatively, we staged an exhibition match again and carried out a questionnaire survey for tennis club members before and after the exhibition match.<BR>【Study 3】: To supplement Study 1 and Study 2, we conducted interview research for coaches of players in the exhibition match and to clarify the influence of watching the exhibition match on club members, from the standpoint of coaches.<BR>    As a result, the main findings are summarized as follows. First, watching an exhibition match by coaches affects "tennis commitment (watching) " , "respect" , "psychological distance for coaches" , and "attitude for tennis" among club members. In addition, watching an exhibition match by coaches affects "Trigger of Skill Mastery" and "to break out from routine" . Therefore, staging an exhibition match could be effective as a strategy in club management.
著者
塚本 拓也 西脇 智洋 吉野 次郎 藤村 慎也 高橋 義雄
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.2, pp.2_337-2_350, 2015

The present study aimed to provide an overview and compare Master′s degree programs to clarify the characteristic features of the curriculum course contents and lecture formats among four Master′s programs in sport management education: the TIAS in Japan and the AISTS, FIFA Master, and FIMBA programs in Europe, by utilization of semi-structured interviews and analysis of the data from the interviewees.<BR>    The paper clarifies that there are two types of Master′s programs designed to foster practical sport managers: 1) programs supported by the IOC and FIFA, and 2) newly developed programs of existing university graduate schools. Both types of programs differ in their lecture formats. In the type 1 programs, experts working in the IOC and IFs are invited as guest speakers to give lectures that are mostly organized around a discussion format and basically involve the use of PowerPoint slides. On the other hand, in the type 2 programs, the classroom format is generally followed, in which individual classes by instructors are taken weekly and over an extended period of time, following the set pattern of the university graduate schools. However, the curriculum is also flexible, where guest speakers are invited, using the same Powerpoint format through discussion as in the type 1 program. Furthermore, the study revealed that the subjects of each graduate school can be divided into common subjects and specific subjects. The point of difference among the said subjects was found to lie in their focus on the graduate′s destinations, keeping in mind the concept of the backgrounds and human resources installed in each graduate school and program.<BR>    In conclusion, our study reveals new findings in context of the professional graduate schools in Japan and Europe.
著者
大下 和茂 山口 恭平 大山 泰史 萩原 悟一 船津 京太郎
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.1_39-1_48, 2015 (Released:2015-05-27)
参考文献数
22

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the perception regarding TAIKAN (which means the trunk or torso, including the core) exercise training among young adults. A questionnaire-based survey was performed on university students (n = 236) to clarify the relationships between exercise habits, perception of TAIKAN training exercise, and frequency of implementation of the same. The participants, who exercised regularly (30 or more min per day, 2 or more days per week, and maintaining this for more than 1 year) , had a higher proportion of understanding of TAIKAN than the participants who did not exercise. However, even most of the participants who did not exercise were aware of the word TAIKAN. The participants who exercised regularly performed TAIKAN training at a high frequency, even if they did not understand the meaning of TAIKAN. Furthermore, among the participants who understood TAIKAN, 20-30% consciously train their upper arm or thigh muscles, and 10% train their forearm or lower thigh muscles. These results suggest that although awareness of the word TAIKAN was high, regardless of presence or absence of exercise habits, its meaning might not be properly understood. Therefore, to enhance the effect of training, it is important to instruct people in the correct way of performing TAIKAN training exercises.
著者
間野 義之 庄子 博人
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.1, pp.73-79, 2010

The aim of this research was to clarify the change in service quality of a stadium before and after the introduction of CCT using one facility in Japan as a case study, and to compare some performance data before and after the introduction of CCT. The data before CCT were collected in May 2006 and the post- CCT data were collected in November 2008. Random sampling of respondents was used in those years. In total, 758 respondents in 2006 and 292 respondents in 2008 were asked to complete the questionnaire after the football game. Some of the mean scores of "Cleanliness and comfort" , "Food and drink" , "Litter box" , "Toilet" and "Staff" were significantly higher than those of before CCT. However, the service quality of "Easy to watch" did not change between those years significantly.
著者
Hiroto SHOJI Tadashi KURAMOTO Yoshiyuki MANO Yoshio NAKAMURA
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
Journal of Japan Society of Sports Industry (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.2, pp.119-127, 2009 (Released:2009-12-03)
参考文献数
16

The purpose of this study was to estimate the distance decay parameters of J-League season ticket purchase rate, and to clarify the relationship between the distance decay parameters and population densities/competition of catchment areas. The total number of the sample was 53,727 which came from the season ticket holders of 20 J-League clubs in 2007. The distance and the population were calculated by using Geographic Information System. The findings of the analyses are summarized as follows;    A gradually weakening relationship between J-League season ticket purchase rate and distance from stadium was observed. Also it was shown that the distance factor has an effect on the J-League season ticket purchase rate. The distance decay rate of densely populated area is low (distance decay slope is gentle) , while the distance decay rate of thinly populated area is high (distance decay slope is steep) . The catchment areas of J-league season ticket compete with other clubs′ catchment areas in the densely populated regions. That is to say the spatial demand, which is the distance decay rate of J-League season tickets, is affected by the difference of city size and the existence of other competing clubs.
著者
西崎 信男
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.1, pp.53-64, 2010

Corporate governance is essentially the way in which companies are managed. Among professional sport clubs, professional football clubs are typically registered as companies. Hence, the operation is determined by corporate governance. There was a steadily increasing volume of criticism and complaints regarding the governance of many companies. Also in sport industries worldwide, there occurs the conflict of interests between fans and clubs due to excessive commercialization. To tackle this problem, innovative "supporters′ trusts" have been successfully created in the British football and rugby leagues and union clubs by an organization called "Supporters Direct" , an independent but government backed body. Supporters come together collectively and set up these mutual organizations (called Industrial and Provident Societies-IPSs) and buy and hold the shares mutually in their clubs and where possible elect their representatives to the board as directors to express their concerns and opinions effectively. This has been effective at many clubs where they depend on supporters as well as the local community for their survival, and also at clubs in the English and Scottish Premier Leagues.<BR>    Here in Japan, we find the sponsors have started to withdraw their sponsorship for the professional as well as amateur clubs due to the tightening corporate governance in the business societies. The successive withdrawals have caused damages to the development of sports, while sports are expected to provide good pastime for the ageing society in the future.<BR>    In the circumstances it is now apparent that fans' participation in the management of professional sport clubs has become more important than ever. Here we discuss the structure of supporters' trust and its significance to fans′ involvement in the management of football clubs by comparing it with other types of ISA (Independent Supporters Association) , Mutuals, Share Purchase Cub and as such.
著者
飯田 義明
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.1, pp.13-23, 2006

The purpose of this study was to clarify the way in which the stadium securitization was introduced to finance professional football clubs in England during the period of 1989 to 2002, and also to analyse the general structure and current practices of such deals. First phase of this development was the modernization of stadiums, prompted by the Taylor Report. The second phase was characterised by the transformation of clubs into joint-stock companies for more stable financing, which also coincided with the stadium refurbishment and the consequent spread of stadium hospitality business. The third phase was where the clubs discovered securitization of stadiums as a method of attaining long-term financing. It was discovered that the place of stadium in the club's financial operation was thereby changed. It was also found that securitization is a large and long-term source of finance, which also happens to be more flexible than loans from banks, and therefore easier to use. However, it also became clear that this method of financing requires each club to maximize their stadium revenues. These English cases also suggest that depending on where the money is reinvested, such financial practices can potentially put club finances in danger.
著者
早乙女 誉 S. Nicole CULOS-REED
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.2, pp.2_141-2_148, 2018 (Released:2018-04-20)
参考文献数
19

The purpose of this article was to introduce the role and importance of physical literacy in Canadian Long-Term Athlete Development (LTAD) and physical education, and to consider the applicability of physical literacy in Japanese athlete development and physical education.    Physical literacy can be described as “the motivation, confidence, physical competence, knowledge and understanding to value and take responsibility for engagement in physical activities for life”. The concept is recognized as the foundation for LTAD. However, the effectiveness of LTAD and physical literacy have not been made clear because there has been no concrete measurement.     On the other hand, in a physical education setting, recent studies have recommended the assessment of outcomes of physical education by the Canadian Assessment of Physical Literacy (CAPL). If the reliability and validity of CAPL is confirmed, further studies are expected to procced in the fields of LTAD and physical education.     In conclusion, there are a lot of research subjects within LTAD and physical education settings, while the attention to physical literacy is increasing. Therefore, the applicability of physical literacy in Japanese athlete development and physical education needs to be considered with careful attention to future research trends. In addition, the discussion on sharing the goal of developing physical literacy between athlete development and physical education is one of the important issues.
著者
千葉 直樹 永谷 稔
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.2, pp.2_327-2_336, 2015

The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in characteristics of spectators of professional basketball teams, and the relationship between frequency of attendance and participant motives in Sapporo. The name of the professional basketball team and its company changed from "Rera Kamuy Hokkaido" to "Levanga Hokkaido" in 2011. Questionnaire surveys conducted in 2010 and 2012 were analyzed. Findings indicated that between the two research periods there was no change in spectators′ characteristics according to sex and age groups. Previous studies had indicated that 70% of spectators were women and half of these female spectators were between the ages of 20-40. About 80% of spectators surveyed participated in both research periods. The 2012 results indicated that the percent of spectators who had belonged to basketball club in their junior and high school days was higher compared to that in 2010.
著者
高橋 豪仁
出版者
Japan Society of Sports Industry
雑誌
スポーツ産業学研究 (ISSN:13430688)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.1, pp.7-19, 1996
被引用文献数
2

The spectators attending sports in a stadium, who are the object of this study, are indispensable for professional sports. The purpose of this paper was to clarify the factors related to the frequency of stadium attendance. The factors clarified will be important materials to marketing managers regarding customer retention. The data was collected through questionnaires distributed to 362 people(men=180, women=182) who had been to the stadiums once or more in 1993 to watch the franchise games of Sanfrecce Hiroshima, which is one of the teams in the Japan Professional Soccer League. The procedure of this study was, first, to examine which items are related to the frequency of stadium attendance by applying X<SUP>2</SUP> test and hypothesis testing of Kendall's rank correlation to the data, and second, to identify which factors affected the frequency by using multiple regression analysis . As the result, there were three factors affecting the frequency of stadium attendance : the number of the players the spectators knew by name, the time required to get to the stadiums, and the degree to which the spectators regarded themselves as supporters.