- 早稲田大学人間科学研究 (ISSN:09160396)
- vol.7, no.1, pp.129-141, 1994-03-25
Seizaburo Fukushima (1890-1950), a famous judo instructor, became involved in political activity after he met Kanji Ishihara, who was said to be the best strategist in the Japanese army. The author devised five questions to investigate why he changed and researched them using documents and firsthand accounts. Briefly, the results were as follows: 1. Fukushima was born in Kumamoto Prefecture. In 1920, after graduating from the bujutsu instructors' school he became a professor of the college of budo managed by the Dainihon Butokukai. He then became an influential budo instructor in the Kansai area and also a budo adviser at Kenkoku University in Manchukuo. 2. He was a man who practiced judo actively since his youth and was devoted to helping young people. He was impartial with his students, even with a Korean student who practiced karate, despite the racial discrimination of that era. 3. In 1936, Fukushima built a 80-mat judo training hall, the Giho-kai, where he taught students. At that time, he was an active supporter of a political movement known as the East Asia Union, under the guidance of Ishihara, despite the military police and ultra-rightists trying to suppress it. 4. He recommended his student Suguru Manda for the position of chief judo instructor at Kenkoku University and as a result had an indirect influence on the students of the judo club through Manda, because Manda sometimes invited them to his home to give them opportunities to listen to Ishihara's ideas. 5. Budo instructors generally tend to be conservative, because they are influenced by the traditional budo practice system in which great importance is attached to obedience to seniors. However, Fukushima and his friend Tatsukuma Ushijima, one of the strongest judo players of his era, became critical of their own lives and society after meeting Ishihara. Cases such as these tell us that if we attach importance to budo education in modern education, it is necessary that we try to foster a critical spirit in it, because traditionally it tends to lead to a passive acceptance of the status quo.