著者
樋口 匡貴 中村 菜々子
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.61-69, 2009
被引用文献数
1

The proper use of condoms is one of the most effective types of protection against HIV. One of the major factors that negatively affect the use of condoms is embarrassment caused by the purchasing of condoms. To clarify the causes and effects of embarrassment on the purchasing of condoms, 522 undergraduate student volunteers were investigated. The results showed that both males and females experienced two types of embarrassment, 'Basic embarrassment' and 'Awkwardness,' when they purchased condoms. Moreover, structural equation modeling revealed that the purchasing of condoms by males was strongly inhibited due to vagueness in the guidelines of condom-purchasing behavior, and the purchasing of condoms by females was strongly inhibited due to inconsistency with self-image and the purchasing of condoms. Implications of this study for HIV prevention, especially the intervention method of promoting condom purchasing, are also discussed.
著者
樋口 匡貴 磯部 真弓 戸塚 唯氏 深田 博己
出版者
広島大学大学院教育学研究科心理学講座
雑誌
広島大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13471619)
巻号頁・発行日
no.1, pp.53-68, 2001

本研究は,恋愛関係における効果的な告白方策としての言語的方策を明らかにすることを第1の目的とし,そうした告白方策の効果に関する状況差を明らかにすることを第2の目的とした.大学生18O名に対し,19種類の告白の言語的方策を呈示し,それぞれの告白を受けることによって,相手との関係が進展する程度を尋ねた.また状況要因として,告白者に対する被告白者の好意(片思い,両思い)を操作した.因子分析の結果,恋愛の告白に使用する方策は,"単純型","懇願型","理屈型"の3種類に整理されることが明らかになった.さらに,2(性別)×2(状況)×3(言語的方策)の3要因の分散分析を行った結果,①両思い状況で告白した方が片思い状況でよりも関係が進展しやすい,②単純型の告白を用いた場合にもっとも関係が進展しやすい,③単純型告白方策の効果の優位性は,状況および性別を問わない,ということが明らかになった.これらの結果が,言語的方策の持つイメージの点から考察された.
著者
樋口 匡貴 中村 菜々子
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.2, pp.151-157, 2010

The proper use of condoms is one of the most effective types of protection against HIV. One of the major factors that negatively affect the use of condoms is embarrassment caused by using or negotiating to use condoms. To clarify the causes and effects of embarrassment on using or negotiating to use condoms, 186 undergraduate student volunteers were investigated. The results showed that patterns of types of embarrassment were unclear when they used or negotiated to use condoms. Moreover, structural equation modeling revealed that the embarrassment felt by males was strongly promoted by apprehension of the partner's evaluation, while the embarrassment felt by females was strongly promoted by vagueness in the kind of guidelines aimed at behavior regarding condom use or negotiation to use condoms. Implications of this study on HIV prevention, especially the intervention method of promoting condom use or negotiation to use condoms, are also discussed.
著者
平川 真 深田 博己 塚脇 涼太 樋口 匡貴
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.6, pp.532-539, 2012 (Released:2012-08-18)
参考文献数
34

Why do people make requests indirectly? We examined the goals of indirect requests in order to answer this question. In Study 1, 162 university students completed a questionnaire regarding the goals of indirect requests. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that the goals of indirect requests could be classified into five types: concern for the listener, making an effective request, avoidance of explicit refusal, self-impression management, or conveyance of indebtedness. In Study 2, we examined whether these goals actually affect the use of indirect requests by conducting a questionnaire study with 25 university students. The results indicated that some goals (making an effective request, avoidance of explicit refusal, self-impression management, and conveyance of indebtedness) have positive effects on indirect requests, whereas the goal of concern for the listener has no effect. Therefore, we concluded that these four goals which have positive effects are reasonable goals for indirect requests.
著者
塚脇 涼太 新入 智哉 平川 真 深田 博己 樋口 匡貴
出版者
広島大学大学院教育学研究科心理学講座
雑誌
広島大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13471619)
巻号頁・発行日
no.10, pp.321-327, 2010

本研究では, メガネの着用が対人印象に及ぼす影響を検討した。実験参加者は大学生24名であった。実験計画は, メガネ要因(黒のセルフレーム, 銀のメタルフレーム, サングラス, メガネ着用なし)を独立変数とする1要因4水準の実験参加者内計画であり, 男子学生の上半身を撮影したカラー写真(3タイプのいずれかのメガネを着用, もしくは着用なし)4枚について, 形容詞対による印象の評定を行った。黒のセルフレームのメガネは, 社会的望ましさを高めるが, サングラスは低めることが示された。また, サングラスは活動性を高め, 穏和性を低めることも示された。これらの結果から, メガネの着用が影響を及ぼす対人印象は, メガネのタイプによって異なる可能性が示唆された。
著者
蔵永 瞳 樋口 匡貴 福田 哲也
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.89.16070, (Released:2018-02-20)
参考文献数
11

The purpose of this study was to explain the psychological process of exhibiting prosocial behaviors after a person receives gratitude. The results of a preliminary survey indicated that psychological responses are organized into six categories for people who receive gratitude and five categories for those who do not receive it. Participants who participated in this study’s two main surveys completed questionnaires measuring their psychological responses and prosocial behaviors after receiving or not receiving gratitude. Participants in Survey 1 recalled their experiences of receiving or not receiving gratitude from their friends after exhibiting prosocial behaviors, whereas Survey 2 participants recalled their experiences of receiving or not receiving gratitude from strangers. Regression analysis showed that among participants who received gratitude from others, the “affirmative responses to one’s own behavior” promoted a wide variety of prosocial behaviors. Furthermore, a “desire to receive gratitude” promoted prosocial behaviors toward another person after not receiving gratitude.
著者
町 一誠 樋口 匡貴 深田 博己
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.3, pp.173-186, 2006

This study aims to examine the effects of a speaker's use of dialect on the impression given by that person. The experimental conditions were as follows : (1) the speaker used a common language and a dialect with appropriate code-switching according to the situation; (2) the speaker used the same, but with inappropriate code-switching; (3) the speaker consistently used a common language; and (4) the speaker consistently used dialect. The subjects consisted of two hundred and eighty undergraduate students, some of whom were native speakers of the dialect while others were not. The experiment revealed that the impression given by and the interpersonal attractiveness of a speaker who used a common language and a dialect with appropriate code-switching according to the situation were more favorable. On the other hand, the impression given by and the interpersonal attractiveness of a speaker with inappropriate code-switching were less favorable. These results were discussed from the viewpoint of the evaluation of the dialects in Japan.
著者
塚脇 涼太 深田 博己 樋口 匡貴
出版者
日本グループ・ダイナミックス学会
雑誌
実験社会心理学研究 (ISSN:03877973)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.1, pp.43-51, 2011 (Released:2011-08-30)
参考文献数
38
被引用文献数
3

本研究の目的は,ユーモア表出が表出者自身の精神的健康に及ぼす影響過程を検討することであった。3類型のユーモア表出が,表出者自身のユーモア感情喚起と周囲からのソーシャルサポートに影響し,さらに,その2つの変数が表出者自身の精神的健康に影響を及ぼすと仮定するモデルを構成し,共分散構造分析による解析を行った。その結果,遊戯的ユーモア表出と自虐的ユーモア表出は,周囲からのソーシャルサポートを促進することを通して,不安を低減することが示された。さらに,遊戯的ユーモア表出は,表出者自身に対してユーモア感情を喚起させることでも不安を低減することが示された。一方,攻撃的ユーモア表出は,周囲からのソーシャルサポートを阻害することを通して不安を高めることが示された。これらの結果から,ユーモア表出の類型によって,精神的健康に及ぼす影響過程が異なる可能性が示された。
著者
藤島 喜嗣 樋口 匡貴
出版者
心理学評論刊行会
雑誌
心理学評論 (ISSN:03861058)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.1, pp.84-97, 2016 (Released:2018-04-13)
参考文献数
41

There is currently an ongoing debate about reproducibility in social psychology. One reason for low reproducibility is the excessive use of questionable research practices, called “p-hacking”. We present two direct replication studies of social priming and embodied cognition that failed to replicate the original findings under the circumstances of high statistical power. However, a variety of p-hacking attempts made it possible to obtain some false-positive findings based on the data from these two studies. We note that selectively reporting the results and deriving the hypothesis after the results are obtained may disguise the presence of p-hacking, and argue that pre-registration of studies and fair publishing of negative results could inhibit p-hacking.
著者
三浦 麻子 平石 界 樋口 匡貴 藤島 喜嗣
出版者
関西学院大学
雑誌
挑戦的萌芽研究
巻号頁・発行日
2015-04-01 (Released:2015-04-16)

本研究計画は,心理学,特に社会心理学領域における,実験結果の再現可能性の検証を組織的に実施する世界規模の再現可能性検証プロジェクトに参画するために,日本における拠点を構築するものである.具体的には,追試研究の実施の拠点となる研究者ネットワークを形成し,標準化された刺激・手続きの日本語版を作成し,手続きの共有と結果の蓄積・公開をインターネット上で実現する.2016年度の研究実績は以下の4点に集約できる.1 学会誌特集号の刊行:研究代表者の三浦を担当編集委員とする『心理学評論』特集号「心理学の再現可能性」が公刊され,研究分担者の平石・藤島・樋口,連携研究者の佐倉・平井の論文が掲載された.2 再現可能性の検証論文の出版:研究分担者の樋口を第2著者とするShariff & Norenzayan(2007)の日本における再現可能性検証論文が国際誌に掲載された.3 海外の関連研究者の招聘・招待講演の実施:2016年9月に再現可能性問題について国際的に発言・活動しているDr. Daniel Lakens氏(アイントホーフェン工科大学)を日本に招聘し,日本社会心理学会第57回大会(関西学院大学)において招待講演,慶應義塾大学において講演会とワークショップを開催した.4 研究会での発表:2017年3月11日に開催された関西社会心理学研究会において研究分担者の藤島と樋口が「直接的追試を複数繰り返すことの有用さと困難」と題して研究発表を行った.
著者
福田 哲也 樋口 匡貴
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.3, pp.116-122, 2016-05-30 (Released:2016-12-02)
参考文献数
22

This study had two purposes: first, we investigated the effects of observer behavior on feeling of embarrassment of an individual, and second, we explained the process of that effect. Participants read a scenario in which they felt embarrassment in front of a friend and the friend responded with one of four types of behavior (helpfulness, avoidance, being humorous, and other-monitoring.) or did not react at all. Participants were then asked to respond to items describing their feeling of embarrassment (Higuchi, 2000) and causal factors of embarrassment (Higuchi, 2001). To examine whether participants' feeling of embarrassment differed, one-way ANOVA and multiple comparison were conducted. These analyses revealed that “avoidance” behavior heightened feeling of embarrassment compared to “helpfulness” or “being humorous” behavior. Moreover, mediation analyses showed three causal factors of embarrassment (apprehension of social evaluation, disruption of social interaction, and loss of self-esteem) could mediate between avoidance behavior and feeling of embarrassment.
著者
樋口 匡貴 中村 菜々子
出版者
上智大学
雑誌
若手研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2012-04-01 (Released:2013-05-31)

コンドームの適切な使用を阻害する羞恥感情を低減するための介入プログラムについて,購入状況と使用・使用交渉状況に大別して検討を行った。購入時に関する検討の結果,インターネット上でVTRを閲覧させる介入プログラムの羞恥感情低減効果およびコンドーム購入の自己効力感の増加効果が確認された。また使用・使用交渉時に関する検討の結果,ウェブサイトでのインタラクティブな介入プログラムの羞恥感情低減効果が確認された。
著者
蔵永 瞳 樋口 匡貴
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.3, pp.133-142, 2014-05-01 (Released:2014-09-11)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
4

To investigate the psychological characteristics of respect, 214 undergraduate students were asked to recall situations in which they respected others. The participants were asked to complete four types of survey items: a free description of the situation, the emotional experience of feeling respect, any feelings of shame, and the physiological reaction of feeling respect for others. Analysis showed that situations feel respect could be classified into four types: respect for others who have no interaction with the surveyed participant (e.g., a baseball player or architect), respect for superiors (e.g., a teacher, parent, or senior), respect for peers (e.g., a friend or class mate), and respect for junior peers (e.g., a younger member of a club). Further, factor analysis revealed two distinct emotional experiences of respect: adoration and awe. Correlation analysis showed that adoration was indicative of a self-reported sympathetic nervous reaction, and awe was indicative of a self-reported parasympathetic nervous reaction. In addition, the linkage between respect and shame differed by type of situation. For example, awe was positively associated with shame only in cases of respect for superiors or peers.
著者
町 一誠 樋口 匡貴 深田 博己
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.3, pp.173-186, 2006-02-08 (Released:2017-02-07)
被引用文献数
2

This study aims to examine the effects of a speaker's use of dialect on the impression given by that person. The experimental conditions were as follows : (1) the speaker used a common language and a dialect with appropriate code-switching according to the situation; (2) the speaker used the same, but with inappropriate code-switching; (3) the speaker consistently used a common language; and (4) the speaker consistently used dialect. The subjects consisted of two hundred and eighty undergraduate students, some of whom were native speakers of the dialect while others were not. The experiment revealed that the impression given by and the interpersonal attractiveness of a speaker who used a common language and a dialect with appropriate code-switching according to the situation were more favorable. On the other hand, the impression given by and the interpersonal attractiveness of a speaker with inappropriate code-switching were less favorable. These results were discussed from the viewpoint of the evaluation of the dialects in Japan.
著者
塚脇 涼太 樋口 匡貴 深田 博己
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.4, pp.339-344, 2009 (Released:2012-03-20)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
5 3

The structure of humor expression was clarified and its relationships with aggression, altruism, and self-acceptance were examined. In study 1, college students (n=216) responded to a scale with items about humor expression. An exploratory factor analysis indicated three types of humor expression: aggressive, self-disparaging, and playful humor expression. In study 2, 119 college students responded to items about (a) humor expression, (b) aggression, (c) altruism, and (d) self-acceptance. The results showed positive relationships between aggressive humor expression and aggression, self-disparaging humor expression and self-acceptance, and playful humor expression and altruism.
著者
猪八重 涼子 深田 博己 樋口 匡貴 井邑 智哉
出版者
広島大学大学院教育学研究科心理学講座
雑誌
広島大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13471619)
巻号頁・発行日
no.9, pp.247-263, 2009

本研究では, 裁判員裁判を想定した状況設定を行い, 質問紙実験によって, 裁判員を演じる実験参加者の判断に及ぼす被告人の身体的魅力の影響を検討した。独立変数は, 被告人の身体的魅力(高, 低), 被告人の性(女性, 男性), 実験参加者の性(女性, 男性)の参加者間変数であり, 従属変数の測定は事後測定計画であった。実験参加者は, 219名の大学生であり, 印刷された裁判資料を読んだ後, 質問紙に回答した。被告人の身体的魅力は, 裁判員の課す量刑を軽くすることが示された。そして, 被告人の身体的魅力の増加は, 情状酌量の余地の認知を高め, 犯行の性格への帰属を低めることによって, 裁判員の量刑判断を甘くし, 殺人罪適用を減少させることが実証された。本研究の結果は, 身体的魅力のステレオタイプが裁判員の判断に影響することを証明した。
著者
樋口 匡貴
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.2, pp.103-113, 2000
被引用文献数
1 5

In order to clarify groups of emotions that compose shame, 309 university students were asked to rate 27 emotional items in accordance with their past shameful experience. The factor analysis revealed six groups of emotions composing shame, namely "Confusional Fear", "Emotion of Self-abnegation", "Basic Shame", "Emotion of Self-reproaching Shrink", "Awkwardness", and "Bashfulness". In another survey, the rated scores of 161 university students were examined in order to elucidate the relationship of the six groups of shame emotions with the multiple situational categories of shame, e.g. 'Public Shame' and 'Private Shame', which, prior studies had considered. "Emotion of Self-abnegation" was felt with the most intensity in both 'Public Shame' and 'Private Shame', while in the other situational categories of shame, it marked the least intensity. Since 'Public Shame' and 'Private Shame' were found to be the typical situations of shame, these results suggested that "Emotion of Self-abnegation" could distinguish between a typical shame situation from those that are not.
著者
樋口 匡貴 中村 菜々子
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.3, pp.234-239, 2010 (Released:2010-11-05)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
2

This research focused on (a) embarrassment at the time of condom purchase or use, and (b) stages of change (Prochaska & DiClemente, 1983) as psychological factors related to the use of condoms. A written questionnaire was completed by 376 university students. For condom purchases, ANOVAs revealed that scores for “intent of behavior” increased as participants moved from the “precontemplation” stage to the “action” stage. The scores for embarrassment, and many factors of embarrassment, were lower in the “action” stage than in the other stages. However, the patterns of condom use scores were unclear. These results indicate that with regard to condom purchases, persons who are in the “preparation” or earlier stages (i.e., persons who are not purchasing condoms) are particularly susceptible to embarrassment.