- 感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
- vol.21, no.3, pp.133-142, 2014-05-01 (Released:2014-09-11)
To investigate the psychological characteristics of respect, 214 undergraduate students were asked to recall situations in which they respected others. The participants were asked to complete four types of survey items: a free description of the situation, the emotional experience of feeling respect, any feelings of shame, and the physiological reaction of feeling respect for others. Analysis showed that situations feel respect could be classified into four types: respect for others who have no interaction with the surveyed participant (e.g., a baseball player or architect), respect for superiors (e.g., a teacher, parent, or senior), respect for peers (e.g., a friend or class mate), and respect for junior peers (e.g., a younger member of a club). Further, factor analysis revealed two distinct emotional experiences of respect: adoration and awe. Correlation analysis showed that adoration was indicative of a self-reported sympathetic nervous reaction, and awe was indicative of a self-reported parasympathetic nervous reaction. In addition, the linkage between respect and shame differed by type of situation. For example, awe was positively associated with shame only in cases of respect for superiors or peers.