著者
樋口 匡貴 中村 菜々子
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.61-69, 2009
被引用文献数
1

The proper use of condoms is one of the most effective types of protection against HIV. One of the major factors that negatively affect the use of condoms is embarrassment caused by the purchasing of condoms. To clarify the causes and effects of embarrassment on the purchasing of condoms, 522 undergraduate student volunteers were investigated. The results showed that both males and females experienced two types of embarrassment, 'Basic embarrassment' and 'Awkwardness,' when they purchased condoms. Moreover, structural equation modeling revealed that the purchasing of condoms by males was strongly inhibited due to vagueness in the guidelines of condom-purchasing behavior, and the purchasing of condoms by females was strongly inhibited due to inconsistency with self-image and the purchasing of condoms. Implications of this study for HIV prevention, especially the intervention method of promoting condom purchasing, are also discussed.
著者
樋口 匡貴 中村 菜々子
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.2, pp.151-157, 2010

The proper use of condoms is one of the most effective types of protection against HIV. One of the major factors that negatively affect the use of condoms is embarrassment caused by using or negotiating to use condoms. To clarify the causes and effects of embarrassment on using or negotiating to use condoms, 186 undergraduate student volunteers were investigated. The results showed that patterns of types of embarrassment were unclear when they used or negotiated to use condoms. Moreover, structural equation modeling revealed that the embarrassment felt by males was strongly promoted by apprehension of the partner's evaluation, while the embarrassment felt by females was strongly promoted by vagueness in the kind of guidelines aimed at behavior regarding condom use or negotiation to use condoms. Implications of this study on HIV prevention, especially the intervention method of promoting condom use or negotiation to use condoms, are also discussed.
著者
樋口 匡貴 中村 菜々子
出版者
上智大学
雑誌
若手研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2012-04-01 (Released:2013-05-31)

コンドームの適切な使用を阻害する羞恥感情を低減するための介入プログラムについて,購入状況と使用・使用交渉状況に大別して検討を行った。購入時に関する検討の結果,インターネット上でVTRを閲覧させる介入プログラムの羞恥感情低減効果およびコンドーム購入の自己効力感の増加効果が確認された。また使用・使用交渉時に関する検討の結果,ウェブサイトでのインタラクティブな介入プログラムの羞恥感情低減効果が確認された。
著者
松永 美希 中村 菜々子 三浦 正江 原田 ゆきの
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.88.15223, (Released:2017-05-10)
参考文献数
30

“Reality shock” is defined as the discrepancy between an individual’s expectations established prior to joining to an organization and their perceptions after becoming a member of the organization. The purpose of this study was to develop a scale to measure factors leading to reality shock in first-year teachers, and to confirm its reliability and validity. A scale was developed based on factors leading to realty shock, and a survey was conducted on 219 first-year teachers (90 men, 129 women, mean age 25.18 years). Structure analysis based on factor analysis revealed that this scale consisted of four factors; “inter-personal relations in the workplace”, “lack of experience”, “relationship with students or parents”, and “pressure at work”. Given that high scores of the scale were associated with negative changes in perceptions of work, we showed that the scale was concurrently valid. Multiple regression analysis showed that realty shock significantly influenced stress responses, and that it had particular positive effects on anxiety and depression. Future studies will need to elucidate factors that buffer the effects of reality shock, and develop interventions to prevent worsening mental health in first-year teachers.
著者
樋口 匡貴 中村 菜々子
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.3, pp.234-239, 2010 (Released:2010-11-05)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
2

This research focused on (a) embarrassment at the time of condom purchase or use, and (b) stages of change (Prochaska & DiClemente, 1983) as psychological factors related to the use of condoms. A written questionnaire was completed by 376 university students. For condom purchases, ANOVAs revealed that scores for “intent of behavior” increased as participants moved from the “precontemplation” stage to the “action” stage. The scores for embarrassment, and many factors of embarrassment, were lower in the “action” stage than in the other stages. However, the patterns of condom use scores were unclear. These results indicate that with regard to condom purchases, persons who are in the “preparation” or earlier stages (i.e., persons who are not purchasing condoms) are particularly susceptible to embarrassment.
著者
樋口 匡貴 中村 菜々子
出版者
The Japanese Psychological Association
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.3, pp.234-239, 2010

This research focused on (a) embarrassment at the time of condom purchase or use, and (b) stages of change (Prochaska & DiClemente, 1983) as psychological factors related to the use of condoms. A written questionnaire was completed by 376 university students. For condom purchases, ANOVAs revealed that scores for "intent of behavior" increased as participants moved from the "precontemplation" stage to the "action" stage. The scores for embarrassment, and many factors of embarrassment, were lower in the "action" stage than in the other stages. However, the patterns of condom use scores were unclear. These results indicate that with regard to condom purchases, persons who are in the "preparation" or earlier stages (i.e., persons who are not purchasing condoms) are particularly susceptible to embarrassment.
著者
樋口 匡貴 中村 菜々子
出版者
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 第三部 教育人間科学関連領域 (ISSN:13465562)
巻号頁・発行日
no.58, pp.145-149, 2009

Properly using condoms is one of the most effective types of protection against HIV. To clarify the contents of normative beliefs regarding purchasing and using condoms, 390 undergraduate student volunteers were surveyed. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed that both males and females held two types of normative beliefs, namely formal normative beliefs and informal normative beliefs, regarding purchasing and using condoms. Formal normative beliefs were concerned with the necessity of condoms on the one hand, while informal normative beliefs were concerned with private norms within reference groups on the other. Moreover, a t-test revealed a significant gender difference in formal normative beliefs regarding purchasing condoms, with females regarding purchasing condoms as less necessary than males did. These results were discussed from the view of HIV prevention education.
著者
中村 菜々子
出版者
兵庫教育大学
雑誌
若手研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2009 (Released:2009-04-01)

人工透析患者34名対象の面接調査と632名対象の質問紙調査を実施して、血液透析と腹膜透析の恩恵と負担の情報を整理し医療者の効果的な支援を検討した。研究の結果、(1)患者自身が認識する両透析療法の恩恵と負担の内容と重みづけ、(2)透析種別に異なる治療上のストレスに対する効果的な対処行動、(3)医療者の関わりがセルフケアに与える影響は患者の個人特性(依存性、自律性)で異なることが明らかになり、各透析の特徴と患者の特性を考慮した支援内容や方法が提案された。