著者
李 京銀 高坂 宏一 出嶋 靖志
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.1, pp.10-18, 2002-01-31 (Released:2011-10-21)
参考文献数
45

The present study examines the Korean sex ratio at birth using Vital Statistics Korea data from 1970 to 1998. Since 1980, in most years, the sex ratio at birth correlated positively with the birth order (p<0.05). The results demonstrate that the ratio has dramatically increased in the past two decades, especially for higher birth orders, with the ratio reaching a maximum of 224.7 and 202.8 in 1994 at the third and fourth birth orders, respectively . Korean society has traditionally held a strong preference for having sons. In the mid-1980s, advanced medical technology for sex predetermination and sex preselection became popular and enabled mothers to try to choose the sex of the baby. The increased sex ratio at birth at higher birth orders is presumably attributed to the technological advances . As a result, the Korean government introduced laws to prohibit using such medical technology . Other factors affecting the recent trends of sex ratio at birth are also discussed, including Korean culture and social trends such as the decline in fertility.
著者
松坂 正
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.35, no.5, pp.345-352, 1969 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
13

The influenza vaccine now used is of an aqueous type : it causes many side-effects mainly consisting of influenza-like symptoms on inoculation, and its immune value is kept merely for a short period of time : thus, there are some problems to use the said vaccine . While, the mineral-oil adjuvant vaccine which has been developed from the standpoint of the immune effect is excellent in its effectiveness, but it has also some problems on using practically, as it causes induration including the carcinogenes due to mineral oil. The author examined the results of a metabolizable adjuvant vaccine in a field experiment, as it can be developed according to the success of making sesame oil adjuvant . Treatment of the virus with ether, which is presumed to be developed in future, was also examined. The vaccines examined and compared were five ; that is, an aqueous vaccine (Plain-V), its ether-treated one (ET-Plain-V), two sesame oil vaccines (Meta-V, ET-Meta-V .), and a mineral-oil vaccine (Mine-V). 1. The influenza-like symptoms due to side-effects appeared less with Plain-V, ET-Plain-V and Mine-V. 2. Redness was seen similarly with the five vaccines, but induration was hardly observed with Plain-V, ET-Plain-V, Meta-V, and ET-Meta-V. 3. The HI value was observed : 3 months after inoculation, Meta-V and ET-Meta-V showed the antibody value the same to that of Plain-V one month after inoculation ; thus, the former two exhibited a prolonged effect, which was however inferior to that of Mine-V. 4. The ether-treated vaccine was not so effective as expected in this experiment . Judging from the above results, the sesame-oil adjuvant vaccine can be employed instead of the vaccine now used.
著者
本多 正喜 城田 陽子 金子 鈴 高橋 滋
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.2, pp.115-123, 1995 (Released:2011-02-25)
参考文献数
14

We studied 388 cases who have consulted by telephone twice or more, and were selected from records kept at the Gunma Prefectural Mental Health Center since its opening (1986) until March 1993. For many cases, such series of consultations ended after no more than four calls, but 19 cases have lasted over several years or over a hundred calls. The most frequent type was related to mental illness of various sourts; the second most frequent concerned problems of children. Among the first type, many cases had visited psychiatric hospitals or clinics, increasing percentage wise as they passed the stages of their condition; first, anxiety overhaving fallen mentally ill; second, dissatisfaction or doubt about psychiatric treatment; third, anxiety over rehabilitation. Many cases felt completely at a loss over difficulties in finding solutions to their problems even after consulting with mental hospitals, clinics, or other counseling facilities. Cases continually used telephone for a sense of ease and/or familiarity with counselors of the Center. It was suggested that these continuing telephone consultations followed public relations that the Center's services were available without charge, and especially that they were so easily accessible by telephone.
著者
秋山 房雄 武藤 志真子 中根 孝子 渡辺 久子
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.43, no.1-2, pp.1-12, 1977 (Released:2012-02-17)
参考文献数
23

This is the second part of the study on famines, epidemics, socio-economic conditions, and combinations of these before the Meiji era. The great famine in the Tenmei period (1781-88) was discussed. The development of land, advance in commerce and alterations in agricultural policy were closely related to the disaster of famines. During the Tenmei famine, about a half a million people died in Oou district where the weather had been cold and the local government system was misguided. Although three fouth of deaths were caused by malignant influenza, death rate varied considerably from sex, age, social class, feudal clan and characteristics of area such as fishing village, farm village, city, etc. The severity of famine seemed to deter mine the severity of epidemics of diseases.
著者
島田 彰夫
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.5, pp.229-235, 1990-09-30 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
14
被引用文献数
1

Longitudinal study of visual acuity (VA) from 6 to 17 years old have been carried out using the medical examination records of the graduates of a high school in Akita City in 1978 and 1988. The study subjects were completed their elementary and junior high school in Akita City and their numbers were 114 out of 236 male graduates in 1978 (78M), 54 out of 79 females (78F), 150 out of 322 male graduates in 1988 (88M) and 67 out of 115 females (88F). VA of decimal notation have been changed to visus logarithmus and then the mean values were caliculated. The highest values of mean-VA of each group were 1.21 at 8 years old(y) of 78M, 1.18 at 9y of 78F, 1 .17 at 7y of 88M and 1.15 at 8y of 88F, and their mean-VAs were fallen to about 0.4 at their 17y and the speed of decline of mean-VAs of 88M and 88F were faster than those of 78M and 78F . The cases of the lower vision at 17y showed earlier decline of VA. Stability of VA which showed the same VA more than continuous 3 years were 1.5+ and it seems that the normal VA of Japanese is 1.5 or more. Lower facial mascular strength that comes from the softness of foodstaff s makes trouble to control the mascules participate to lens . It would be a major cause of decline of VA.
著者
古謝 安子 宇座 美代子 玉城 隆雄 小笹 美子 船附 美奈子
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.2, pp.35-46, 2003-03-31 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
1 1

Questionnaire study on the concern of 245 inhabitants regarding funeral practices and sur vey on the situation of old people's hospitalization in the isolated islands of Zamami village with out crematorium were carried out in 2000. The relationship of funerary practice and care of old people are discussed. 1. Traditionally the funeral practice involves burial of the dead followed by exhumatio: after several years whence the bones are cleaned by their relatives. All people died in the is lands have been practiced in the islands from 1990 to 1999. 2. Concern of the respondents for the funeral practice is influenced by experience of bone cleansing. Most of the respondents over 50 years old who have experienced bone-cleansing, sup port cremation. About 40% of the respondents below 50 years old who have little experience, support free of the funeral practice. About 90% of inhabitants choose to have cremation after their death. 3. Among the patients over 65 years old from islands without crematorium who were hos pitalized in 4 hospitals in mainland Okinawa, those over 90 years hospitalized for terminal care constituted the high number, accounting for 23.1% from Zamami. The non existence of the crematorium facility and concern of the inhabitants seem to exert considerable influence on the lives of old people in isolated small islands.
著者
新城 正紀 有泉 誠 等々力 英美 恩河 尚清 金城 英子
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.6, pp.362-373, 1997-11-30 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
21

Analyzing the records kept in Koza Public Health Center, this study aimed to elucidate tuberculosis (TB) control in Okinwa after World War II. The records included each patient's registration year, name, sex, date of birth, address, occupation, disease classification, treatment classification, bacterial tests, type of chemotherapy, surgical history, length of chemotherapy and ambulatory treatment. Pulmonary TB cases, 5, 289 in total, were the subjects of the present analyses . Based on the date of registration, the patients were assigned to phase I(1952-1961) or phase II (1962-1971), since the treatments changed from the concomitant use of 2 medications (isoniazid and pyrazinamide) in the former to that of 3 medications (streptomycin in addition to the above 2) in the latter . From the viewpoint of public health, medical care for TB patients was markedly improved from phase I to phase II, as exemplified by the decrease in the mean medication period from 3.9 years to 3.1 years and the decrease in the mean control period from 4 .8 years to 4J years. It is concluded that the home therapy system which was introduced to TB contorl in Okinawa in the postwar period to cope with insufficient medical resources, particularly in health centers, functioned effectively.
著者
Liu ASATO Keiko TOMORI Kiyoko HIGASHIMORI Sumie SHINJO Sumiko KINJO Shigeru YAMAMOTO
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
Japanese Journal of Health and Human Ecology (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.4, pp.219-236, 1995-07-31 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
80

Okinawa prefecture, consisting of the Ryukyu Islands in the southern part of Japan archiperago, is located in the subtropics. From ancient time, Okinawa had developed trading networks with China, Korea and many Southeast Asian countries and had received cultural influence from them. As the results, it is said that the foods consumed by, and food habits of, Okinawans, have been more similar to those in such countries than in Japan. The life span of Japanese has recently become longest in the world, and it has been longer in Okinawa than in any other prefectures. In this respect, special attention has been drawn to the historical aspects of Okinawan food habits. In the literature so far, however, typical foods, recipes and food habits in specific historical periods were documented but their compiled description throughout the history was lacking. This paper aims at a comprehensive description of the various events from the ancient time to the present to demonstrate their interrelation in a chronicle. Major a pects treated are introduction of foods, food production systems, food-processing, trades, marketing activities, food consumptions, religious roles of food services, and famines caused by natural and man-made disasters in relation to food habits.
著者
豊川 裕之 加藤 知己 佐伯 圭一郎 矢ケ崎 信子 岸田 謙一 李 廷秀
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.4, pp.192-200, 1987
被引用文献数
1

A-mode式超音波皮脂厚計(TATT TH-500)を用いて,日本人の皮下脂肪厚の性・年齢別度数分布を作成するために,今回は小学生(1~6年生)の皮脂厚の計測を行なった.1986年5月から7月にかけて東京都にある4つの某小学校の児童1925人(男子:984人,女子941人)を対象にして,4部位の皮脂厚を計測した.主な結果は以下の通りである. (1)小学生の全学年(7~12歳)において,いずれの部位でも女子の皮脂厚の方が男子よりも厚い傾向が認められた. (2)小学生における4部位(biceps,triceps,subscapular,suplailiac)の皮脂厚は,年齢に伴い概ね漸増する傾向が示唆された. (3)超音波皮脂厚計を用いて,4部位における小学生の皮脂厚の度数分布を作成した. (4)部位別皮下脂肪厚と身長,体重,Kaup指数との関連を,年齢の影響を除去して男女別にそれぞれ全例について検討したところ,以下に示す結果が得られた. 1)身長と各部位別皮下脂肪厚及びこれらの合計値との間には男女ともに正の相関(0.2~0.3)が認められた. 2)男女ともに,体重が重いほど各部位別皮脂厚値及びこれらの合計が大きいという関係が認められた. 3)Kaup指数が体重,比体重,Rohrer指数よりも皮脂厚値と最も強い正の相関が認められた.
著者
堀田 之 大橋 邦和 中尾 初生 渡辺 鑑江 久世 妙子 浅木森 利昭
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.3, pp.193-197,A11, 1961 (Released:2010-11-19)
参考文献数
15

This study of 1230 infants and newborns was undertaken to realize the development of motor activity. Followings are the results obtained.(1) The percentage of the infants who had acquired the activity arised with the monthage advanced, increasing its value rapidly near the point at which median infants had acquired the activity. And it became a slow increase after that point, showing this tendency more obviously in the higher stages of motor development.(2) The harder became the behavior to achieve, the longer were needed the periods during which the percentage of the infants who had acquired the activity came to 100% from 50%, for there were the infants who acquired the activity extremely late for their chronological age. This fact suggests that the motor development is affected by the physical and environmental components.(3) No remarkable differences were observed in the period at which 50% of the infants had acquired the activity comparing with the pre-war babies.(4) No sexual differences were observed in the period at which 50% of the infants had acquired the activity
著者
Tsuyoshi MATSUBA Momoko CHIBA Khongsap Akkhavong Aporn Sisuraj Yutaka INABA
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, no.6, pp.255-262, 2005 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
13

尿路結石症が多発するラオスにおいて,食習慣や生活習慣に関連する因子と疾患発症との関係を明らかにすることを目的に症例対照研究が行われた.尿路結石症例114名および病院ベースでマッチされていない対照97名が調査対象として選ばれた.質問紙を用いて食習慣や生活習慣に関する因子について質問され,各因子についてオッズ比が求められた.また食習慣に関しては,各々の摂取食品項目がどのような因子によって成り立っているのかを明らかにするため因子分析が用いられた.更に共分散構造分析(構造方程式)を用いて食習慣と疾患との間の関係についてモデルを構築しそれぞれの関連を明らかにした.尿路結石は病因の異なる2つのグループ,すなわち上位尿路結石および下位尿路結石に分けられる.下位尿路結石については伝統的な摂取食品項目との間に正の関連を表し,近代的な摂取食品項目との間には負の関連を示した.対照的に上位尿路結石は伝統的な食品項目よりも近代的な食品項目との問により高いパス係数が認められた.ラオスでは今後食生活の近代化によって,下位尿路結石は減少するものの上位尿路結石の罹患は上昇することが考えられる.
著者
緑川 泰史 山内 太郎 石森 大知 大塚 柳太郎
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.4, pp.132-142, 2003-07-31 (Released:2010-06-28)
参考文献数
21

Seasonality of nutrient intake was evaluated by 7-successive-day food consumption survey in the ordinary season (March) and the slack season (June) of fish catch among 13 married couples in a Solomon Islands society, who were engaged in traditional horticulture and fishing, together with time allocation study. Males' time spent in gardening and fishing was significantly shorter in June than in March (gardening: -48 min/d, and fishing: -43 min/d; P<0 .05, respectively), while there was no seasonal difference in females. On the other hand, males spent more time in hunting and marketing, and females in particular did more time in marketing (P<0.01). No significant difference in energy intake between March and June was observed for either sex. The protein intake was significantly lower in June than in March (males: -23.9 g/d, P<0.01; females: -12.0 g/d, P<0.05). The males' fat intake was significantly higher in June than in March (+14.8 g/d, P<0.05), thought not significantly in females. To compensate the smaller amount of fish catch in June, the villagers spent more time in hunting and marketing, and they took larger amounts of coconut and a kind of nut, which abounds with fat . This study thus suggested that changes in food obtaining activities and food intake patterns of the villagers played significant roles to cope with seasonal shortage of fish catch.
著者
内村 祐之 石橋 猛雄 西 信次 渡邊 榮市
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.1, pp.48-55,en8, 1934-12-30 (Released:2010-11-19)

Um der Erläuterung der Lues-Metalues-Frage näher zu kommen, wurde le systematisclie Untersuchung der Wassermannschen Reaktion unter der Ainu-Rasse angefangen. Die vorliegende Mitteilung enthält die Ergebnisse aus dem Material, welches von der Gemeinde Piratori, Hokkaido, und ihrcr anliegenden Umgebung stammt. Die Gesamtzahl der Untersuchten betrug 610, darunter 203 Männer, 407 Frauen. Durch die wahllose Durchführung der Untersuchung von Gesunden und Kranken sind die folgenen Ergebnisse etwa als die Durcbschnittszahl anzusehen, welche auf die Syphilisausbreitung dieser Gegend hinweist.Wenn es berücksichtigt wird, dass die Prpzentzahl aus Kontrollmaterial, welches aus etwa 200 c. -igentlichen Japanern dieser Gegend bestand, 16, 9% war, so ist es klar ersichtlich, wie stark die Syp%ilis unter den Ainu verbreitet ist. Die folgende Tabelle demonstriert die Wassermannshe Reaktion bei den verschiedenen Lebensaltern.Sehr zu beachten ist die hthe Prozentzahl unter der Gruppe bis zum 15. Lebensjahre, Während sonst bei der klinischen Untersuchung dei-Kinder nur äusserst selten congenital-syphilitische Merkmale zu finden waren je ein Fall mit den Hutchinsonschen Zähnen und der Sattelnase. Auch von ophthalmologischer Seite wutcle kein einziger Fall mit parenchymatöser Keratitis festgestellt. Trotz solchen klinischen Verhältnissen wird dennoch die erwähnre hohe Prozentzahl unter den Jugenhlichen nicht anders als der Ausdruck der ausgebreiteten Congenital-Lues gedeutet werden müssen. Die Prozentzahl der positiven WaR. schwankt von Dorf, zu Dorf von 20, 9% bis zu 53, 8%. Diese Schwankung kann sich gewissermassen auf die geographischen, hygienischen oder sozialen Verhaltnisse jedes Dories beziehen.Durch die klinisch-neurologische Untersuchung fand mai sehr häufig Fälle mit pathologisch r Lichtreaktion der Pupillen. Wir fanden aber in chn Ainu aus erwähnter Gegend nur je einen Fall von Dementia paralytica und Tabes dorsalis a's die manifeste Syphilis des Zentralnervensystems. Die klinische Form dieser Metaluetiker zeigte keine Abweichung von der typischen.Die Bluttypenbestimmung, die bei der Untersuchung der WaR. anhangs-weiss ausgeführt wurde, ergab folgendeZahlen: Gruppe o: 99 Fälle, Gruppe A: 188 Fälle, Gruppe B: 194 Fälle, Gruppe AB: C8 Fälle. Der berechnete Rassenindex, 0, 98, deckt skin mit der Literatur erhobenen Zahlen anierer Autoren.
著者
附田 鎭厦
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.5-6, pp.133-145,A11, 1955 (Released:2010-11-19)
参考文献数
16

1950年から1952年間における現存日本人成人男女(満20才~60才)の頭部形質を全国的資料に基つき,環境別並びに地方別分類研究の結果,次の如き成績をえた.1)頭長は農村,山村,漁村へと都市から遠ざかるにつれて大を示し,町は短い.頭幅はこれに反し,町が最も広く,農,山,漁村は,概して狹い.従つて,町は最も短頭型を呈し,農,山,漁村は,比較して順次長頭に傾いている.頭高も概して町が高く,農山村は低い.2)近畿地方人は,頭長短く,頭幅並びに頭高大にして,最も短頭且つ高頭型を示し,これを遠ざかる東北,北陸,九州地方人は比較して長頭且つ低頭である.その中間に位置する中国,四国,関東地方人は,頭径においても,その中間を占め,比較的短頭型に属する.3)これらを10年乃至20年前の先人の成績に比較すると,その間多少の異変はあるが.頭長において約1.5mm内外の短縮が認められ,頭幅,頭高においては若干の伸長はあるが大差がない.4)対馬島民の頭形は島村漁民でありながら町型に類似しており,九州地方に近接していながら,近畿地方人に近似した頭型を示している.これは特異な現象で所謂,種族差を表示せるものと認められる.5)頭部三径の分布偏差は,頭高が最も大を示し,頭幅が最も小である.而してそのいづれの項目に於ても,環境差よりも地方差の方が大である.6)頭径並びに頭形が文化環境或は知的能力とも密接な関係がある.広頭並びに高頭は,文化圏により親近性を有し,狹頭且つ低頭は,より文化に遠ざかつていることは略々推定される.7)アジア諸民族との比較においては,頭長はその平均値において,中間より稍々大を示しており,他の各径は略々中等位にあるが,その分布幅は広く,いづれの種族とも相交錯しておる.比較を試みるならば,近畿地方人は朝鮮人に最も類似しており,中国,四国,関東の諸地方人は,中国人に近似し,東北,北陸,九州の末端地方はアイヌ人のそれに近いということができる.
著者
今井 留香 豊川 裕之
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.1, pp.14-37, 1987 (Released:2011-02-25)
参考文献数
36

(1) To apply the ultrasound technique to measuring the subcutaneous fat thickness in neonates. (2) To test the hypothesis that there is a relationship between the neonatal weight loss and their changes of subcutaneous fat thickness during the same period. (3) To relate the results to the maternal and neonatal data. The thickness of subcutaneous fat layer were measured in 172 infants within 24 hours of birth, on the second and the fourth day from the birth, using then pulsed ultrasound apparatus. Six sites were chosen over the right side of the body; (1) biceps (2) triceps (3) subscapular (4) suprailiac (5) upper breast (6) front thigh. The birthweight, gestational age, some anthropometric data at birth, and maternal characters were also recorded. The ultrasonic pulses were clear enough to read when measuring the subcutaneous fat thickness in the neonates. The mean of the fat thickness on the third day was significantly smaller than that of the day of birth, i.e. the first day and the fifth day, indicating the relationship with the weight loss during the four days after birth . It was obvious that fat thickenss is related with birthweight and not with gestational age. The effects of other elements on the fat thickness are now under analysis.
著者
渡辺 鑑江
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.2, pp.130-158,A7, 1961 (Released:2010-11-19)
参考文献数
38

Female pelvis, as the most important part of maternity, has repeatedly studied not only in Japan but in foreign countries, but few with the research from the point of view of relative growth throughout thewhole ages till maturity. This study of 1543 normal pelvis, sampled at random by sex, year-age (month-age in infancy), through the ages between 1 month and 17 years, was attempted to clarify the developmental changes of pelvic cavity by means of stochastical analysis on the radiographic measurements.The results obtained are as follows.(1) The pelvic cavity was found to become larger with the age advanced, and to show a particularly rapid. growth for three months after birth, between the ages of 1 and 4 years, and also in the puberty.(2) Sexual differences of pelvic cavity were observed already in the infancy, that is, the upper structure in males and the lower structure in females were greater than those in opposite sex. After 10 years old, the growth of pelvic cavity in females was remarkable and in the puberty every parts of the cavity measured in females was greater than that in males.(3) The investigation on relative growth between each parts of the pelvic cavity measuied in this study revealed that in the early infancy the maximum distance between both obturator-foramina increased most rapidly while the distance of Wollenberg's Y-cartilage-line did eminently in the later infancy and also in the puberty. The growth of breadth of the cavity was superior to that of the height in the infancy, while after that the latter became superior to the former ; in the puberty the both were almost of the same increase from the point of view of relative growth.(4) The growth of the pelvic cavity had so close relationship to that of the pelvis that the coefficients of correlation between them gave very high possitive values.
著者
與古田 孝夫 石津 宏 秋坂 真史 名嘉 幸一 高倉 実 宇座 美代子 長濱 直樹 勝 綾子
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, no.2, pp.81-91, 1999-03-31 (Released:2011-10-21)
参考文献数
36

To clarify Japanese university students' attitude toward suicide and to relate it with their views on life and death, a questionnaire survey was conducted for 1, 366 students of University of the Ryukyus in Okinawa Prefecture in 1992 The major findings were as follows.1. The subjects who had thought about suicide (called "suicide awareness" group) accounted for 6.3% ; compared between the students from Okinawa and those from other prefectures this rate was significantly higher in the latter (p<0.01).2. The suicide awareness group thought about death earlier in their lives and had more positive attitude toward death such as "release from suffering, " "beautiful" and "peaceful" than other two groups.3. The association between attitude toward suicide and consciousness about death in the homeland was recognized by the suicide awareness group (a half of the students) more than by other two groups (p<0.001) and the suicide awareness group showed higher proportions in justification of suicide (p<0.001) and in courageous behavior for suicide (p<0.05).4. Compared with other two groups, the suicide awareness group had a higher proportion in positive feeling on the effect of religion on death (p<0.001) and a lower proportion in belief of metempsychosis (remigration of souls) (p<0.001).5. Regarding the association with terminal situation, the suicide awareness group showed a higher proportion in recognition of cerebral death as human death (p<0.001) and differed from other two groups in desired place at death and desired treatment in the terminal period.
著者
浅見 正彦
出版者
The Japanese Society of Health and Human Ecology
雑誌
民族衛生 (ISSN:03689395)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.4, pp.321-338,A20, 1961 (Released:2010-11-19)
参考文献数
38

During the period of a year and five months (May 1958-October 1659), I have from the standpoint of constitutional anthropology, made measurements of the living bodies (trunk, limbs, head, face, etc.) of 565 adult males and 325 adult females who are the inhabitants of the SuhO district of Yamaguchi Prefecture. I have made detailed observations based upon the measurement values and index values of 27 items, and have made a comparative study with those of other districts. The following is the result, although here I have restricted the comparative study to adult males.1) The average height of the SuhO district males is 159.98cm and belongs to the “small” group according to Martin's height classification, but as a Japanese adult male they belong to the “below medium” group. Their measurements resemble those of the adult males of the districts of Tosa, Takachiho, Kaga plain, and South Noto.2) The maximum length of the head measured 184.00mm, resembling that of the peoples of Shinshu-Iida, Izumo, and Koma, while the maximum width of the head measured 151.70mm., resembling that of Tosa, Oku-Noto, Bitchu, and Izumo.3) The index number of the length and width of the head is 82.65, belonging to the small-head type, far exceeding the average index value of 81.31 of the district measured by Dr. Koya. This reveals the fact that the maximum length of the head is short in comparison to its maximum width. As seen in view of Martin's head classification, 44.15% of the SuhO district males belong to the 'small head type, and 31.86% to the medium head type. The classification curve and T.D. strongly resembles that of the adult males of Izumo, Koma, Harima, Yamato, Inaba, and Shinshu-Kami-Ina. The resemblance to the Ainu of Hokkaido and to the people of Etcha is negligible.4) Comparing the SuhO district males with those of other districts according to the M.T.D., those of the Koma, Yamato, Izumo, Harima, Bitchu, East Saitama, and Shinshu-Iida, reveal a M.T.D. of below 5.50. This is an interesting discovery in view of the fact that the districts just mentioned all retain the history of immigration from the Asian Mainland. On the other hand, the people of Etcha and Noto who are considered to be of Ainu origin, together with the Ainu of HokkaidO, reveal a M.T.D. of over 12.00, and the relationship is vague.From the above data the general conclusion can be drawn that the people of SuhO district, judging from the measurement results of the various qualities of the highest value in constitutional anthropology, are highly similar to the Yamato, Izumo, Bitchaand Koma people, descendants of immigrants from the Asian Mainland and who had boasted of the highest form of civillization in Japan, and also to the peoples who held active communication with the Asian Mainland. The Suho people had relations with the Yamato dynasty since the era of the tenth Emperor Sujin and went under the leadership of the Yamato dynasty by the time it completed the unification of the country around the middle of the fourth century. They thus were able to prosper, and due to dommunication facilities they probably received the influence of both the Sanyo and San-in sides of the mountainous area, and further by constitutional anthropological study, they show strong racial affiliality to the peoples of Yamato and Izumo. It is also an interesting fact to note that they also show a strong resemblance to the peoples of Bitcht and Harima situated along the Sanyo highway.