著者
八田 武俊 八田 武志 岩原 昭彦 八田 純子 永原 直子 伊藤 恵美 藤原 和美 堀田 千絵
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.85.13040, (Released:2015-01-15)
参考文献数
42

In this study, we examined the relationships among higher brain function, trust or distrust, and gullibility in middle-aged and elderly people. It has been pointed out that the trust can be regarded the psychological frame of automatic processing in decision-making. The participants were 309 rural community dwellers (127 males and 182 females) whose mean age was 64.9 years old (SD = 9.9). The trust scale of Amagai (1997) and the Nagoya University Cognitive Assessment Battery were used to measure sense of trust and higher brain function, respectively. Gullibility was measured by self-report using two items. Correlation analyses showed that higher brain function positively correlated with degree of trust in others and negatively correlated with distrust. However, regression analysis demonstrated that only the relationship between category fluency and distrust was significant. Furthermore, the degree of distrust positively correlated with gullibility.
著者
八田 武志 八田 武俊 岩原 昭彦 八田 純子 伊藤 恵美 堀田 千絵 永原 直子 加藤 公子 藤原 和美
出版者
人間環境学研究会
雑誌
人間環境学研究 (ISSN:13485253)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.1, pp.43-50, 2018 (Released:2018-07-02)

The purpose of this study was to develop a new questionnaire to assess the burden expressive suppression for Japanese (J-BES) based on the BES by Niermeyer, Franchow & Suchy (2016). In this study 1, 465 upper-middle and older adults filled 20 questionnaire items and two factors, social suppression and personal suppression, were identified by the factor analysis and selected 8 items as J-BES. In study 2, possible relations between J-BES score and D-CAT (representing attention related prefrontal cortex function) and Logical Memory test (representing memory related frontal-temporal cortex function) scores were examined. High J-BES score group participants showed worse D-CAT scores than low J-BES score group participants. These findings seem to support that J-BES has a certain level of test validity.
著者
田巻 義孝 堀田 千絵 加藤 美朗
出版者
人間環境学研究会
雑誌
人間環境学研究 (ISSN:13485253)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, no.2, pp.153-159, 2014 (Released:2014-12-25)
被引用文献数
2

The aim of this study was to examine the two points in DSM-5 (Diagnosis and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5-th. ed.) diagnostic standard. The first point is that the severity level for intellectual disability is determined by adaptive functioning rather than IQ scores. The second point is that the autistic disorder is determined by deficits in two core domains (a: social communication and social interaction, b: restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior), but they cannot be used for determining whether to make diagnosis function at predetermined items.
著者
八田 武俊 八田 武志 岩原 昭彦 八田 純子 永原 直子 伊藤 恵美 藤原 和美 堀田 千絵
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.6, pp.540-548, 2015

In this study, we examined the relationships among higher brain function, trust or distrust, and gullibility in middle-aged and elderly people. It has been pointed out that the trust can be regarded the psychological frame of automatic processing in decision-making. The participants were 309 rural community dwellers (127 males and 182 females) whose mean age was 64.9 years old (<i>SD</i> = 9.9). The trust scale of Amagai (1997) and the Nagoya University Cognitive Assessment Battery were used to measure sense of trust and higher brain function, respectively. Gullibility was measured by self-report using two items. Correlation analyses showed that higher brain function positively correlated with degree of trust in others and negatively correlated with distrust. However, regression analysis demonstrated that only the relationship between category fluency and distrust was significant. Furthermore, the degree of distrust positively correlated with gullibility.
著者
市野 素英 田村 智彦 西山 晃 堀田 千絵
出版者
横浜市立大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2011 (Released:2011-08-05)

寄生虫感染症のマラリアでは、免疫応答で重要な役割を果たす樹状細胞(DC)の成熟阻害が起こり、宿主が免疫抑制状態に置かれることが知られている。しかし、その分子メカニズムはよく判っていない。本研究では、マラリア原虫感染赤血球が宿主の骨髄細胞に作用し、DCの分化に必須の転写因子IRF4/IRF8の発現を転写レベルで抑制してDCの分化異常を起こすことを、マウスマラリアモデルを用いた解析により明らかにした。
著者
堀田 千絵 伊藤 恵美 岩原 昭彦 永原 直子 八田 武俊 八田 純子 八田 武志
出版者
人間環境学研究会
雑誌
人間環境学研究 (ISSN:13485253)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, no.2, pp.143-149, 2009 (Released:2010-01-14)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
1 3

We examined the relationship between the feeling of well-being and the duration judgments by remembering of a negative (earthquake) and non negative (social) memories for 40s, 50s, 60s, 70s, and 80s elderly groups. They were asked to produce the subjective time for each event and fill out the questionnaire of feeling of well-being. The results showed that female participants in 70s, 80s elderly groups decreased the subjective time of the negative event. Moreover, as feeling of well-being declined, the subjective time of the negative event were also decreased. The results suggest that less subjective time of the negative events may lead to less forgetting of them and associate with the present negative activities and imagining negative future happenings.
著者
西山 晃 田村 智彦 市野 素英 堀田 千絵
出版者
横浜市立大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2011 (Released:2011-08-05)

細胞分化には、各系譜に特異的な転写因子による適切な遺伝子発現が必須であり、その破綻が免疫不全やがんなどの疾患を引き起こしうる。転写因子IRF8は単球を含む血球細胞分化に必須であり、慢性骨髄性白血病の重要な制御因子と考えられている。本研究ではIRF8の機能解析を通じて血球細胞の分化機構を明らかにし、ひいては白血病の新規治療法の可能性を探ることを目標とした。IRF8の遺伝子導入等の複数のマクロファージ分化系で遺伝子発現を網羅的に解析した。その結果、共通に発現が誘導される転写因子を同定し、それらの遺伝子導入によりIRF8を介さないマクロファージ分化を達成した。