著者
干場 恵美子 稲垣 照美 木村 尚美 阿部 宣男 宮内 一美
出版者
The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.714, pp.409-417, 2006

The fantastic light of firefly, which keeps fascinating the heart of Japanese from ancient time, and the ecosystem are taken up as one of cure fields being benefit from the nature. In this study, from a viewpoint of Kansei engineering, we focused on the hue of light emission pattern of firefly, and we examined whether it causes the human spirit any effects or not by using various statistical analysis and Kansei analysis. It was revealed that there is a high possibility that the sufficient cure effect exists in the hue of light emission pattern of firefly and the ecosystem. This research is the first basic trial turned to the creation of cure spaces for hospice and welfare facility, which utilize the firefly and the mini ecosystem artificially modeled in an enclosure.
著者
堤 一郎
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.746, pp.2387-2395, 2008-10-25 (Released:2011-03-04)
参考文献数
17

Wooden carriage manufacture of Japanese Imperial Government Railway (J. I. G. R.) Works and Japanese young railway engineer cultivation in the Meiji period are described. In the start of J. I. G. R.'s transport business, 143 rolling stocks were imported from the U. K., and English railway engineers were employed. They cultivated Japanese young trainees through the construction of wooden carriages by themselves on the job training. A drawing of Adams bogie track with Munsell wheels, brief personal record of four English railway engineers and three Japanese young engineers were explained. Mechanical Engineering Heritage of four wooden carriages preserved in Japan are introduced, too.
著者
橋本 良夫 斉藤 敏克
出版者
The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.687, pp.3029-3033, 2003

A method is proposed to analyze dynamic response of a rocket-launcher system at lift-off. In this paper, rocket-launcher system is modeled as finite element Bernoulli-Euler beams connected with two slippers which are modeled as linear springs. A beam element with a moving spring is devised to represent the rocket-launcher interaction. Coupled equations of motion with time-varying coefficients are derived and solved by using direct method such as the Wilson θ method to calculate the dynamic response of the system. To verify the validity of this method, dynamic response is calculated by using the data of M-3S rocket-launcher system. Two rocket models, rigid-body and elastic-body models, are used in this calculation. The numerical results obtained from two models are compared and discussed.
著者
小林 吉之 嶺 也守寛 藤本 浩志
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.725, pp.274-279, 2007-01-25 (Released:2011-03-04)
参考文献数
14
被引用文献数
1 1

To determine the accuracy of foot position sense in the means of foot placement, young adults were asked to place either medial edge or lateral edge of their feet along the base line on the floor as close as possible, and the edge of placed feet were scanned by using laser displacement gauge. From the collected data, constant error, the distances between the edge of placed feet and the base line on the floor, and absolute error, the absolute distances between the edge of placed feet and the base line on the floor were defined and compared between the medial or lateral trials, and dominant leg or indominant leg. The statistical analysis showed significant differences of constant error between the trials only. The trials to place their medial edge tend to place their feet away from the base line, and the trials to place their lateral edge tend to place their feet in to the base line. These results indicate that we tend to expect the position of our feet more medially than actual, and these discrepancy may be one of a reasons of tripping or banging of our feet to the obstacles while walking.
著者
鈴木 曠二
出版者
The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.457, pp.1736-1739, 1984

The Dynamic Soaring is the soaring technique making use of the wind gradient. The order, Albatross belongs to, includes several species which use this technique and have various scale. Main conclusion is as follows: They practice almost physically similar dynamic soaring. The larger one practices a larger dynamic soaring and requires a stronger wind than the smaller one does, in the wind near the sea surface. Such a scale effect corresponds with the fact that a Wandering Albatross lives in the zone of the westerlies of the Southern hemisphere; on the other hand, a Streaked Shearwater which is smaller than it lives in areas where it is not so windy. But if the wind profile was almost linear, the said relation between the scale of a bird and the wind strength would be reversed.
著者
白國 紀行 谷村 正治 宮崎 文夫
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.716, pp.1021-1027, 2006-04-25 (Released:2011-03-04)
参考文献数
4

Among high-speed railway systems, the superconducting maglev train is an innovative transportation system, in which trains are levitated and driven at speeds of up to 550 km/h. But in case of quench of superconducting magnet, vehicles are forced to touch down on the guideway. For safe landing, we developed the new equipment named “Emergency Wheel”. Our process of development is as follows : (i) To know the maximum load for the landing, we simulated the electromagnetic power and dynamics of vehicles. (ii) Each element of emergency wheel was developed and tested in a factory. (iii) Quench tests were conducted on the Yamanashi Maglev Test Line and results showed a good accordance between simulation and test. Through the study and development of emergency wheel, we established a design method of safety equipment for Maglev.
著者
山田 健介 宮本 共生 臼井 清一
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, no.708, pp.2557-2562, 2005-08-25 (Released:2011-03-04)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
4 3

The paper presents a design and characteristics of a new holonomic omnidirectional moving vehicle, which simultaneous and independently controlled translational and rotational motions. The moving vehicle has four rubber balls instead of wheels. Each ball is driven by two rotating rollers. But the system has only four actuators. The kinematics of the moving vehicle is analyzed and the control algorithms are derived for the holonomic and omnidirectional moving vehicle. The experimental results show that the proposed new type of moving mechanism has good characteristics and the sensor on board is useful for autonomous moving under relatively large disturbance.
著者
山中 仁寛 中易 秀敏 三好 哲也 前田 多章
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.719, pp.2248-2256, 2006-07-25 (Released:2011-03-04)
参考文献数
17

A new method is proposed to measure the useful field of view (UFOV) when one can recognize the objects by visual task. Since the distance from fixation point to target mark is the strength of stimuli, the psychometric curve is utilized for UFOV by the statistical estimation by Probit and Staircase methods. An approximation by ellipse is also applied to represent the contour of the UFOV. The proposed method enables one to estimate the threshold of recognition with probability that means the UFOV with the detection probability. Therefore, it is proposed in this paper to determine the threshold in any direction from fixation point of the UFOV with visual task by psychometric curve. The availabilities of the proposed method are examined for accuracy and efficiency by the experiments.
著者
新宮 正弘 江口 清 山海 嘉之
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.76, no.772, pp.3630-3639, 2010
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
1

Polio survivors with severe limb paralysis cannot move their limbs voluntarily because they have a significantly reduced number of motor neurons due to the poliovirus infection. There is a danger that their ability to control their neuromuscular system, in particular fundamental abilities such as balancing flexors and extensors in the neuromuscular system may decrease dramatically in the long-term. If such polio survivors could improve their ability to balance, it would be possible for them to use the "Robot Suit HAL" wearable movement support device. HAL anticipates its wearer's intended movements through the measurement of bioelectrical signals, and generates assistive torques to support their movements. This study proposes a biofeedback training method using visual information, with the objective of restoring motor functions using HAL. A biofeedback system that feeds-back bioelectrical signals visually was developed, and tested with a polio survivor. The polio survivor was able to adjust the balance of their muscular control through the proposed training method, and voluntary motion was recorded to a paralyzed knee using a single-joint type HAL. These results suggest that polio survivors who have been paralyzed for a long time may improve their ability to control their neuromuscular system by using the proposed training method.
著者
星川 秀利 藤本 浩志
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.680, pp.1080-1085, 2003-04-25 (Released:2008-02-26)
参考文献数
12

The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of lower saddle height on the knee joint. Five healthy male pedal at 60 rpm against the work load of 100 and 200 W. Three saddle heights of 80, 90 and 100% of trochanteric leg height are selected in this study. During each trial, the position data of the right lower limb's joints by the video camera and the force data of the right pedal by the force sensor are measured. Using these data, the inverse dynamics analysis is done, and the following results are obtained. The peak link force acting on the knee joint and the peak knee extension moment do not indicate any change over the three saddle heights, however, the angles at their peak values shift to the knee flexion as the lower saddle height. These results indicate that the lower saddle would overload at the knee joint.
著者
藤本 浩志 加藤 一郎
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.582, pp.641-646, 1995-02-25 (Released:2008-02-26)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
1 1

This paper deals with the method of controlling an A/K prosthesis which allows disabled persons to ascend a staircase. Since conventional A/K prostheses are capable of only the function of walking on a level surface, disabled persons wearing conventional A/K prostheses have been compelled to walk on stairs with unnatural posture. The research study of developing powered A/K prostheses has the important themes of not only developing the mechanism of the prosthesis but also devising the controlling method. By measuring the axial forces acting on the socket ; which is the man-machine-interface, during walking, using the six axis force-moment sensor, the torque of a disabled side hip joint was calculated. We devised the control method using this torque as the control signal. Results of clinical walking experiments showed that a subject wearing the A/K prosthesis was able to walk with a joint angle pattern similar to that of unaffected persons. Furthermore, from the results of the inverse dynamics analysis, the subject was found to generate a similar torque pattern and power pattern at his disabled side hip joint. Thus the effectiveness of the controlling method proposed in this study was confirmed.
著者
小出 祐一 中川 正紀 福士 直己 石垣 博邦
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.725, pp.66-71, 2007-01-25 (Released:2011-03-04)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
1

In vibration design, we need to estimate the damping ratio to calculate the dynamic response of a structure. In particular, an estimation of its probability distribution is important to carry out so-called probabilistic design. For this paper, we developed an estimation method using the Bayesian approach to generate the probability distribution of the damping ratio from a vibration test with a small sample size. The Bayesian approach has special significance to engineering design, where available test data is invariably limited, for the approach can systematically incorporate subjective judgments based on experience or indirect information with observed data. We supposed that the probability distribution of the damping ratio has a normal distribution. Therefore, we applied the Bayesian approach to estimate unknown parameters of the distribution. In addition, we compared this method with a method of moments classified as a classical estimation and investigated the influence of sample size by conducting an evaluation test. With the results of our analysis, we came to the following conclusions. First, he true standard deviation of the damping ratio is less than 0.4, and the prior distribution of the standard deviation ranges between 0 and 0.5. (1) The estimated probability distributions determined by the Bayesian approach and the classical approach almost fully agree across more than 40 specimens. (2) The Bayesian approach provides good agreement, less than 10 percent error, with a true standard deviation for approximately 10 specimens. Even though the prior distribution of standard deviation ranges between 0 and 1.0, almost the same accuracy is obtained for approximately 10 specimens.
著者
斉藤 俊 千葉 洋三
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.623, pp.2389-2394, 1998-07-25 (Released:2008-02-26)
参考文献数
10

Two kinds of road racer bicycles are employed to research vibration characteristics of driving bicycles. After obtaing the natural frequencies and modes by vibration test in the non-driving state, practical driving tests are carried out. The acceleration of vibration in the middle of the handles and under the saddles are measured and the corresponding spectral density functions are calculated based on FFT method. The results show that in the driving bicycles, the dominant frequencies exist between 10 Hz and 50 Hz and the lower two modes in the non-driving state are excited.
著者
中村 友道 廣田 和生 友松 健一 高井 睦夫 岩瀬 敏彦 宇和川 誠一 班目 春樹 岩壺 卓三 齋藤 孝基
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.668, pp.1064-1072, 2002-04-25 (Released:2008-02-26)
参考文献数
7
被引用文献数
1 1

A partial but full-size mock-up test of practical steam-generator U-bend tubes in nuclear power plants has been carried out, where the test model has been set in a HFCF-123 fluid two-phase flow loop. U-bend tubes are supported with so-called "Anti-vibration Bars (AVB) ", which have two types of AVBs in Japan, 7-span type and 5-span one. Both types of AVBs have been examined and it is found that tubes with AVB supports shows no large amplitude vibration up to 150% flow rate to the practical condition. Basic data for the fluidelastic instability are obtained when some tubes have been set to be flexible at some contact points with AVBs.
著者
西原 修 坂谷 祐輔 北野 弘明 平岡 敏洋 熊本 博光
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.738, pp.250-258, 2008-02-25 (Released:2011-08-16)
参考文献数
8

The Meihan highway linking Kameyama in Mie Prefecture and Tenri in Nara Prefecture is one of most accident-prone areas in Japan. Representative accident factors that have been identified for the Meihan highway are chronic speeding and complex road alignments, including many sharp curves and steep slopes. One particular section is known as the “Omega curve” as the road shape is similar to the Greek character “Ω”. In this study, the probable effects of proposed plans to improve the road alignment of the Nakahata section are investigated by performing driving simulations to identify typical hazards, ranging from traffic conflicts to vehicle accidents. It was found that incidents that begin as a minor traffic conflicts can frequently escalate to become a fatal accidents. It was also found that improved road alignment generally reduces the required tire forces. For typical traffic conflict patterns reproduced using the driving simulator, it was found that road alignment resulted in considerable improvements in safety indexes which are effective indicators for the occurrence of rear-end collisions.
著者
灘野 宏正 中迫 正一 河野 正来 南 一郎 山口 博幸
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.690, pp.554-559, 2004-02-25 (Released:2011-03-04)
参考文献数
7

To clarify the wear resistance and seizure resistance of the vegetable oils with anti-wear additives of Dibenzyl-Disulfide (DBDS) and Phosphonic Acid-Dibutyl (DBPo), the four-ball tests were carried out under dip-feed lubrication using Soda-type four-ball machine. The width of the wear scar on the stationary balls lubricated with the vegetable oils containing DBPo additive was smaller than that without the additive, and was smaller than that containing DBDS additive. The seizure resistance of the vegetable oils with DBDS additive increased in following order : Turbine oil<Rapeseed oil<Soybean oil<Corn oil. On the other hand, the seizure resistance of the vegetable oils with DBPo additive increased in the following order : Turbine oil<Soybean oil<Corn oil<Rapeseed oil. The DBPo additive showed significant improvements in seizure resistance compared with DBDS additive.
著者
灘野 宏正 中迫 正一 河野 正来 南 一郎 山口 博幸
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.690, pp.554-559, 2004

To clarify the wear resistance and seizure resistance of the vegetable oils with anti-wear additives of Dibenzyl-Disulfide (DBDS) and Phosphonic Acid-Dibutyl (DBPo), the four-ball tests were carried out under dip-feed lubrication using Soda-type four-ball machine. The width of the wear scar on the stationary balls lubricated with the vegetable oils containing DBPo additive was smaller than that without the additive, and was smaller than that containing DBDS additive. The seizure resistance of the vegetable oils with DBDS additive increased in following order : Turbine oil<Rapeseed oil<Soybean oil<Corn oil. On the other hand, the seizure resistance of the vegetable oils with DBPo additive increased in the following order : Turbine oil<Soybean oil<Corn oil<Rapeseed oil. The DBPo additive showed significant improvements in seizure resistance compared with DBDS additive.
著者
永瀬 和彦 橋 弘矩
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.744, pp.1938-1947, 2008-08-25 (Released:2011-03-04)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
1 1

The friction coefficient μ on the contact point position between a wheel flange and a rail is said to seriously affect on the occurrence of the wheel-climb derailment. However, the method to quantitatively and exactly evaluate the μ has not suggested until to the present. The authors proposed a method to easily and exactly evaluate the value, and made it clear by an experiment, employing a 1/5 scale model track and model truck. The result obtained through the experiment indicates that the value on dry rails has a similarity with that of the adhesion coefficient, and that the dry rail on the main line keeps the value at high level. Using the μ value obtained by the studies, the risk of the wheel-climb derailment was evaluated. As the result of the evaluation, they found that higher μ value than the conventionally used one should be introduced for the risk evaluation of the derailment, and that very short term lateral force below 60 ms should be observed on the steep curvatures.
著者
古林 卓嗣
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.641, pp.306-313, 2000-01-25 (Released:2008-02-26)
参考文献数
12
被引用文献数
1 1

A numerical study of self-acting gas-lubricated wave journal bearings is presented for their dynamic performances : HFW(self-excited half-frequency whirl)stability and dynamic response of an out-of-balance rotor. The study is conducted under practical operating conditions by means of a nonlinear orbit approach. Numerical examples of wave bearings are compared with those of herringbone-grooved bearings, and it is found that wave bearings give relatively favorable dynamic performances. Considering both HFW stability and dynamic stiffness, three-wave bearings are recommended for a practical use. However, it should be pointed out that HFW stability of wave bearings is quite sensitive to the wave amplitude, and also the synchronous orbit geometry of an unbalanced rotor supported on a wave bearing can be complicated out of plain circle.
著者
古林 卓嗣
出版者
一般社団法人 日本機械学会
雑誌
日本機械学会論文集 C編 (ISSN:03875024)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.604, pp.4636-4643, 1996-12-25 (Released:2008-02-26)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
1 1

A multigrid method has been introduced as a fast alternative to conventional relaxation methods for obtaining a solution to the Reynolds equation for self-acting gas-lubricated bearings. This paper verifies the procedure applied to both static and time-dependent dynamic analyses of plain-cylindrical journal bearings. The method gives successful results with less computational effort compared with single grid-oriented iterative methods. In addition, the new approach does not require a trial and error process to optimize the overrelaxation parameter unlike a successive overrelaxation method. The nonlinear orbit method which is an accurate but time-consuming transient analysis is expected to be reduced to a handy design tool for a complicated bearing system on incorporating the multigrid technique.