- 東京大学宗教学年報 (ISSN:2896400)
- vol.14, pp.111-125, 1997-03-31
Recent research into C. G. Jung has shown that Jung's thought was unique and that Freud's influence was, in fact, not crucial. Jung's thought can best be understood, therefore, in the context of his life as a whole. Drawing from his autobiography and other materials published after his death, we now know that Jung, from childhood, was motivated to integrate his split personality. This split generated his two modes of experiencing religion - traditional Christianity and his particular experience of God - and he felt a tension between the two. Jung's mature thought always focused on Christianity. The "reinterpretation of Christianity" was one of the central themes of his thought, its purpose being the reconciliation between his own psychology and traditional Christianity. The answer had not yet been found in 1912, when his cooperation with Freud came to an end. It seems that the answer instead began to take form in the period between 1913 and 1918, his "critical years" (Homan's term). In this light, the Answer to Job (1952) occupies a special position in Jung's life and work. In that book, I suggest, we can see Jung's "starting point" and "end result" come together. He reinterpreted Christianity and "developed its myth" so as to give a place to his secret experience of God in a Christian context.