- 耳鼻と臨床 (ISSN:04477227)
- vol.18, no.1, pp.11-16, 1972 (Released:2013-05-10)
The number of patients with Ménière's disease, the author noticed, increased in winter and decreased in summer. Besides the author had an impression that the many attacks occurred in cold weather. The purpose of this paper is to investigate these situations in more detail.In one year, between January and December of 1970, two hundred and eight cases were undergone the neurotological equiribrium examination in our clinic. In these cases, only twenty two patients had typical, fitful and repeated vertigo attacks, and they showed loudness recruitment phenomenon. Moreover they had not such a cause of vertigo as accident, intoxication, tumor or infection. It was investigated how the first attacks of these twenty two cases distributed in four seasons. The result was that Ménière's disease broke out most in winter ( confidence coefficient 90%, Fig. 1). Maximum and minimum temperature of a day and passege of fronts at Fukuoka were recorded between December 1970 and February 1971. Then, in this period, the cases which suffered from the reliable attacks were recorded in the same table (Fig. 2). Totally twenty four attacks were marked. The following became clear that at the day or the next day that the minimum temperature was below 4°, the attacks of Ménière's disease marked increased (confidence coefficient 95%).Roughly speaking, the patients who had attacks in winter were skeleton and delicate. On the other hand, the cases who had attacks in the other seasons were corpulent and had a high blood pressure and felt fatigued.