著者
藤井 利江 山口 裕幸
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.135-148, 2003-03-31
被引用数
2 or 0

The purpose of this study was to grasp the actuality of undergraduates question behaviors in classes, and to examine factors affecting them. In study 1, observation of undergraduates' question behaviors was conducted. As a result, the question behaviors were classified into four styles: 1.voluntary style, 2.not-voluntary style, 3.after-class style, 4.no-question. In study 2, the questionnaire about the usual question behavior, the reason why they don't ask voluntary in classes, and factors that seemed to affect question behaviors was conducted. Subjects were 292 undergraduates. Results were as follows: (a) the tendency that students didn't ask question voluntary in classes, but ask question actively after classes was founded, (b) not only the individual characteristics, but also the class situation affected the undergraduates' question behaviors. Result of this study suggested that the undergraduates' question behaviors were affected by the existence of other students and the mood of class strongly. so that students didn't ask questions voluntary in classes.
著者
中園 尚武 野島 一彦
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.325-334, 2003-03-31

The purposes of this research were to make the scale on peer relationship which added the viewpoint of the indifferent attitude for the peer relationship and to examine features of peer relationship in university students. 248 university students (male166, female82) were given a questionnaire. The scale which consisted of 4 factors of "real intention and closer relation", "fear of estimation and interest", "widely and pleasantly" and "egocentric" was made. As a result of classifying the subject by the scale, "the indifference group" which avoided closer peer relationship and did not mind the estimation from their friend and was egocentric was confirmed. And the reason for the attitude to peer relationship was examined from the description. It was considered that they would not have the interest for the peer relationship for their safety and stabilization.
著者
佐伯 怜香 新名 康平 服部 恭子 三浦 佳世
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.181-192, 2006-03-31
被引用数
0 or 7

When we read books or see noble sights, our states are emotionally moved (Tokaji, 2004). Japanese people call these states as "kandoh". The previous works have suggested the experiences of kandoh in youth or adulthood influenced self-efficacy. However, it is unclear that the experiences of kandoh in childhood influence self-consciousness of children. The purpose of this study was to examine factors which compose of the experiences of kandoh in childhood and how those factors influence on self-efficacy and self-esteem. We administered questionnaire to 389 children on the relationship between the experiences of kandoh and self-efficacy or self-esteem. Our results showed that: (a) the experiences of kandoh was constructed by one factor, (b) the experiences of kandoh had a positive effect on self-efficacy, and (c) the experiences of kandoh had a positive effect on self-esteem. These results suggest that the experiences of kandoh in childhood is effective for self-consciousness of children.
著者
森園 絵里奈
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.273-280, 2005

The purpose of this research is to study the narratives of the past of the elderly in relation to their attitudes toward the past and life satisfaction. A scale consisting of 9 questions was developed to measure the frequency of articulation of spontaneous reminiscences in daily life. The sample consisted of 78 elderly people. The results suggest that the elderly who recall their past positively didn't talk about the past frequently, and that negative narratives were told more than positive ones. It was also found that the elderly who recall their past positively tend to be more satisfied with life. These results suggest that there is a meaningful relationship between narratives of the past, attitudes toward the past, and life satisfaction. When understanding the elderly, the frequency and contents of their narratives are valuable sources of reference.
著者
北山 修
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.1-9, 2000-03-10

フロイトの報告したドラ症例は,彼の本格的症例報告としては最初のもので,精神分析を学ぶ者たちにとっては教科書的存在であった。しかし,最近では精神分析研究者からの批判の対象になっており,とくにP.Mahonyの詳細で質の高い研究は,この小論の著者である私にこれを書かせることになった。その前半では,病歴を要約し,本症例のフロイトの理解と取り扱いでこれまで注意深く批判されている諸点を紹介しているが,そこには母親についての無視の意味や,父親やK氏との共謀的な同盟関係についてフロイト自身が気づいていないことなどが含まれている。後半では,患者の言い回しの曖昧さや比喩的構造について,治療者が言語学的に理解し活用することが,その批判点にもかかわらず,本症例からもっとも学ぶべきところのひとつであり,それはヒステリーや心身症を患う神経症患者の精神医学病理を把握するために役立つものであることを論じている。
著者
石田 哲也
出版者
九州大学大学院人間環境学研究院
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, pp.91-99, 2010

The purposes of this study are to construct an addiction tendency scale and investigate the relationship between addiction tendency and mental health, emptiness, and self-esteem. On the basis of factor analyses with 36 items, an addiction tendency scale with three subscales has been constructed. Factor 1 is "feelings of indispensability", factor 2 is "loss of control", and factor 3 is "bad influence on interpersonal relationships and social life". To investigate the psychological background of addiction, subjects were classified into two groups: high addiction group and low addiction group. This result of t tests indicate that the high addiction group had a greater feeling of emptiness than the low addiction group. This result suggests that addiction may arise from efforts to satisfy such emptiness or to achieve a sense of fulfillment by "using" a person, substance, or behavior.
著者
春日 由美
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.157-171, 2000-03-10

本論文では,これまでの発達心理学・臨床心理学における研究や指摘などを振り返り,日本における父娘関係を考察するものである。主な内容は次のとおりである。(1)父娘関係は娘にとって2つの側面から重要であると考えられる。その1つは娘の人格形成の種々の側面への影響である。そしてもう1つは父親から娘への愛情面であり,それは娘にとって重要な心理的支えになると考えられる。(2)日本では父親も娘も,父親は娘にとって「やさしい」存在であると捉えている。またそのような日本における父親の「やさしさ」を,子ども達は「母親的やさしさ」であると感じている。けれども父親から娘への愛情は,母親から娘への愛情よりも距離を保った,「見守る眼」のようなものである。(3)娘の持つ父親イメージは,彼女達の両親の夫婦関係に影響を受ける部分がある。また家庭における父親が「大黒柱」としてイメージされることが,娘にとっての父親の魅力を高めていた。
著者
鄭 艶花 野島 一彦
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.111-117, 2008
被引用数
1 or 0

This research, by focusing on the Internet dependence tendency process and consciousness, aimed at establishing and assessing the following three hypotheses; 1)the Internet dependence tendency is progressive, with a process which advances from "affirmative merits" to "distinction trouble with reality", 2) university students with higher Internet dependence tendency are less aware of their dependence tendency, 3) university students with lower Internet dependence tendency are more aware of their dependence tendency, A questionnaire survey of 360 university students, first, confirmed the hypothesis l)by showing that Internet dependence tendency is progressive and that the progression from "affirmative merits" to distinction trouble with reality" is not a linear process but a process with 10 routes. Second, students with higher Internet dependence tendency consist of those who were aware of their tendency, those who were not and those who were unable to decide which group they belonged, which confirmed the hypothesis 2) partially. Third, wider variations in the level of awareness were found among students with lower Internet dependence tendency, which also confirmed the hypothesis 3) partially.
著者
丸野 俊一 堀 憲一郎 生田 淳一
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.1-19, 2002-03-31
被引用数
5 or 0

The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) To investigate differences in strategies for scientific reasoning or verification between discussion groups where members share one naive theory (or explanation) for the differences of behaviors between two dogs and those where they do not, and (2) to identify and characterize the functions of metacognitive speeches (e.g., "Well...""Um...""Let see...""But...), which are covert or overt "uttcrance", observed under the reflective or critical thinking in action when subjects often try to clarify their own ideas and to examine evidence for or against their theory from a new perspective, and pose a question and try to give an alternative idea in evaluating other ideas or theories. To investigate college student's naive theories for the difference between the reactions of two dogs to a stranger, we asked them, in a preliminary study, to write down their possible explanation (s) for it. Based upon the explanations (or naive theories) which students gave in this preliminary study, the following 3 groups were formed: Condition A groups where group members commonly held one naivc theory to he true; Condition B groups where menbers commonly held one naive theory to be untrue, and finally, Condition C groups where all member held different theories from one another. One group consisted of 4-5 students, and they were asked to engage in discussion for 30 minutes, under the following instruction: "Please discuss your explanation (naive theory) by evaluating all possible proofs/evidence and decide whether or not it can be concluded to be a valid explanation."Main findings were as follows. (1) Condition A groups were more likely to use "proving" strategies by pointing out the evidence/proofs that demonstrate their theory's plausibility. (2) Condition B groups were more likely to use "disproving"strategies by pointing out the evidence/disproofs that undermine the theory, (3) metacognitive speeches occurred in the two situations: One situation where each member engaged in reflective thinking in action and here covert or overt "utterance"was directed toward oneself, and the other situation where one member posed a question or gave an alternative idea in evaluating other ideas or theories and here covert or overt "utterance"was directed toward other members instead, and (4) five functions of metacognitive speeches were identified and characterized: To show one's consent, to show disagreement, to indicate possible problems (by reviewing the line of discussions that have taken place), to organize one's own understanding, and to create a new idea/perspective or propose an alternative idea/perspective.
著者
増岡 怜那 高橋 靖恵
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.139-146, 2006-03-31

When small children (three to six years old) express their anger through inappropriate behavior or over reacting, most parents and other adults find this anger hard to deal with. That is because people see anger as a negative emotion. In actuality expressing anger can be a positive step in emotional development. In this study two kinds of tests were conducted on six years olds. The first test, [Tree drawing test] a drawing of a tree from each subject, was used to measure the individual's level of emotional development. In the second test each subject was shown four conflicting scenes and then asked to give an emotional reaction by choosing from four different facial expressions - happy, sad, anger, surprise. From this study it became evident that helping small children to understand their anger and encouraging expression of anger in an acceptable manner, positive emotional development occurs.
著者
苅田 知則
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.105-122, 2000-03-10

本研究は,イナイ・イナイ・バーやカクレンボ,秘密基地づくり等,子どもの「隠れる行為」に着目し,これまで日本の様々な学問領域においてどのような研究が行われてきたかを概観した。本稿では,最初に「イナイ・イナイ・バー」「カクレンボ」「秘密基地づくり」「その他」という行為の形態に応じて,先行研究の動向を紹介した。次に,子どもの「隠れる行為」の動機を理解する視点として,「解釈論」「空間論」「変遷論」を挙げた。まず,「解釈論」では,「隠れる」動機を子どもの「内的要因」「外的要因」のどちらに求めるか,またその解釈が「日常観察」「病理治療」的背景のどちらで行われたのか,という軸にしたがって分類を行った。第2に,「空間論」では,子どもと物理的空間との相互作用に着目した「ミクロ空間論」と,空間認知の立場から生活環境における他の空間との関係性に焦点を当てた「マクロ空間論」に先行研究の知見を整理した。最後に,年齢によって子どもが興じる「隠れる行為」の形態が異なることから,「変遷論」を展開した。
著者
黒木 美紗
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.31-39, 2007

Infants are born with some preferences to some specific stimulation to extract important information from the environment to the adjustment and the living by priority. This limits environmental stimulation and the experience that infants receives, and provide constant directionality in development. In early infancy, infants' various abilities and the behavior styles of infants are acquired based on this perceptional and behavioral bias. The ability of responding to joint the attention was also considered to develop based on infants' visual perceptional bias. However, the development base of another side of joint attention-initiating joint attention-was not clarified yet. In this thesis, the effect of emotional state on infants' attention was considered as the trigger of infants' initiating join attention.
著者
中島 俊思
出版者
九州大学大学院人間環境学研究院
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.207-216, 2009

The development of children with NICU hospitalization experience, especially of low- birth-weight infants, is said to be at high-risk because of their mothers' psychological characteristics, as well as the vulnerabilities caused by their own immaturity. This study examined the psychological characteristics of mothers with children experienced NICU hospitalization, at one month after giving birth. "Self-esteem" and "postnatal depression" with which have been proved to affect later development were used as index of infant-mother relationships in "Motherhood Attachment Inventory", egarding "Self Insufficiency", NICU-group significantly showed lower score for items related to desire of closeness, such as physical contact through holding pr eye-contact. On the other hand, NICU-group showed lower score for items of "I know my baby needs me", "I know my baby's temperament", "I know what my baby wants". The results of this study suggested difficulties in early construction on infant-mother relationship in NICU-group and a thus the importance of support for fostering both mothers and children eith NICU hospitalization experience is reconsidered.
著者
Kuang Mei-Fun Nojima Kazuhiko
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.295-305, 2003-03-31

This study is focused on the mental health of female in Taiwan with different sexual orientation using the Internet as the research tool. The result presented that the same sex orientation female in Taiwan are feeling more stress for being female and lesbian in the family, school and work. However they also showed more reluctant to seek the professional psychological help and medication. This study also analyzed the difference between self-identified lesbian gender role in order to have more understanding about the relationship between lesbian sub-culture and mental health. The result showed that the butch lesbian reported the highest stress but the lowest mental health concerns. On the other hand the pure lesbian expressed the highest rate of mental health problems.
著者
児玉 恵美
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.147-155, 2000-03-10

本研究では,多くの夢研究においてこれまで看過されてきた,どのくらい夢に関心を持ち夢から影響を受けるかなど,主体の「夢に対する態度」を特に取り上げている。夢み,夢への態度と,性別,YG性格検査との関連を見ることにより,夢と覚醒時との連続性を今までとは異なった視点で検討することを試みた。大学生420人を被験者として質問紙調査を行った結果,(1)男女とも同頻度の夢を見るが,女性の方が夢の記憶が明瞭であること,(2)抑うつ的で回帰性傾向の高い人は,より夢への態度が積極的で夢想起頻度も高く,夢に巻き込まれやすい人たちであると言えるだろうということなどが推測された。
著者
野島 一彦 桂木 彩 篠原 光代 二ノ宮 英義 原田 絵美子 吉田 眞美 李 暁霞
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.175-183, 2007

This paper is a trial of the facilitator training for structured encounter group by using "Collaborative Method". Six facilitators facilitated a structured encounter group (8 sessions, 90 minutes, every week) with an experienced facilitator, and the "collaborative method" and "theme decided method" were introduced to the group. The group structure and the group process of this group were narrated. As the results, three points were discussed as below; (1) Characteristics and significance of the "Collaborative Method", (2) Characteristics and significance of the "theme decided method", (3) Acquisition of the facilitation technique. It was concluded that "Collaborative Method" is useful as facilitator training for structured encounter group.
著者
鄭 艶花
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.239-246, 2004-03-31

The purpose of this study is to analyze and clarify the independence consciousness of female university students of China applying psychological research methods. In the course of the study a questionnaire research was conducted on eighty three Chinese female university students with regard to the scales of Cinderella complex and the social role attitudes. Firstly the results indicate positive correlations between the independent variable of "defend-family-traditionalism factor" with three factors of dependency, lack of confidence and responsibilities evasion, a particularly strong correlation being found with the dependency factor. Secondly Chinese female students who are the single child of their families showed stronger dependency on their families than those who are not. Finally the number of students who do not choose to find an employment immediately after the graduation is increasing, which shows a correlation with the lack of confidence factor. The findings appear to suggest that as a result of rapid changes in the social environment and public principles Chinese female university students, who have been regarded as having a high level of independence, are beginning to show multi facets hat cannot be thoroughly comprehended by the traditional framework of consciousness.
著者
鉄 拳
出版者
九州大学大学院人間環境学研究院
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, pp.69-77, 2011

This paper examined regional characteristic of stress in junior high school students from Okinawa and Fukuoka. The results showed that the frequency and strength of stressor in Fukuoka is higher than Okinawa. And stress response for students in Fukuoka is higher than for those in Okinawa. It was showed a higher stress reacton in Fukuoka, and students of this population seem to receive more social support. It is thought that it is because they have more experience receiving stressors. There is no difference in the factor concerning to "Relation between parents" in both regions, but Fukuoka shows a higher level in the factors related to "friends", "teacher", and "studies". There was no difference in the support from "teacher" and "friend" in both regions. Finally, in Fukuoka it was found higher the level of the "support from parents", and there was no difference in the support from "teacher" and "friends".
著者
中尾 達馬 加藤 和生
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.19-27, 2004-03-31

This study examined reliabilities and validities of adult attachment style scales for "the generalized other" (ECR-GO, RQ-GO). 378 college students participated in Study 1, and 77 college female students participated in Study 2. In Study l, we examined (1) reliability of ECR-GO by a coefficients and factor comparison between ECR-GO and ECR, (2)validity of ECR-GO by correlations between ECR-GO and three scales theoretically related to Self- and Others- views (e.g., Self-esteem scale; Rosenberg, 1965), (3) whether the patterns of the distribution of 4 attachment styles classified by RQ-GO differ by the types of attachment figures rated for (ECR-GO, RQ-GO). In Study 2, we examined 1 month test-retest reliabilities of ECR-GO and RQ-GO: By examining (1) correlations between Time 1 and Time 2 (for both scales) , and (2) a cross table of 4 attachment styles classified by RQ-GO on the 2 times. The results of the two studies demonstrated that ECR-GO and RQ-GO have good psychometric properties in reliabilities and validities.
著者
野島 一彦
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.11-19, 2000-03-10

エンカウンター・グループという用語は,1970年代の米国では,(1)潜在能力啓発運動全体,(2)スモールーインテンシブ・グループ,(3)ベーシック・エンカウンター・グルーブ,という3つの意味で使用されている。しかし日本では1970年代から,(1)ベーシック・エンカウンター・グループ,(2)構成的エンカウンター・グループ(構成的グループ・エンカウンター),という意味で使用されている。本校では,日本におけるエンカウンター・グループの実践と研究の展開について述べる。日本へのベーシック・エンカウンター・グループの導入は,1969年に,Rogers,C.R.のもとで2年間学んだ畠瀬稔によって行われた。最初の実践は,1970年に京都で行われた。以後,畠瀬を中心とする人間関係研究会,村山正治を中心とする福岡人間関係研究会等がその実践と研究を今日に至るまで継続している。その対象は,一般人,中学生,高校生,予備校生,大学生,看護学生,保母,教師,養護教諭,家族,不登校の子の親,看護婦,電話相談員,企業人,カウンセラー等,多様である。野島ら(1991)は,精神分裂病者を対象として,ベーシック・エンカウンター・グループ的集団精神療法を実施している。研究発表は,1971年の畠瀬,野島による日本心理学会での最初の発表以来,着々と続けられている。研究の主な領域は,(1)プロセス研究,(2)効果研究,(3)ファシリテーター研究,(4)適用である。研究の展望は,村山ら(1979),小谷ら(1982),野島(1983),茂田ら(1983),村山ら(1987),中栄治(1989),坂中正義ら(1994),林もも子(1997),野島(1997)等で行われている。構成的エンカウンター・グループは,1970年代半ばから日本の各地でいろいろな人達によって,様々な形態で行われるようになった。構成的エンカウンター・グループは,主に教育の領域で実践が盛んに行われている。日本の学校で大きな問題になっているいじめ,不登校等の予防のために,また学級集団づくりや仲間づくりのために導入が行われている。鍋田(1991)は,思春期の対人恐怖症や登校拒否児への治療として構成的エンカウンター・グループを用いて効果をあげている。研究発表は,1978年の国分康孝と菅沼憲治による日本相談学会での発表以来,着々と続けられてきている。研究の主な領域は,(1)プロセス研究,(2)効果研究,(3)エクササイズ・プログラム研究,(3)適用である。研究展望は,野島(1992)によって行われている。米国でのエンカウンター・グループの実践は,1960年代から1970年代にかけて盛んに行われたが,その後は衰退し,研究発表も最近では見られなくなっている。しかし,日本ではこの30年間続いてきたし,現在でも盛んである。そして,今後もさらに盛んになっていくことが予測される。