著者
藤井 利江 山口 裕幸
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.135-148, 2003-03-31
被引用数
2 or 0

The purpose of this study was to grasp the actuality of undergraduates question behaviors in classes, and to examine factors affecting them. In study 1, observation of undergraduates' question behaviors was conducted. As a result, the question behaviors were classified into four styles: 1.voluntary style, 2.not-voluntary style, 3.after-class style, 4.no-question. In study 2, the questionnaire about the usual question behavior, the reason why they don't ask voluntary in classes, and factors that seemed to affect question behaviors was conducted. Subjects were 292 undergraduates. Results were as follows: (a) the tendency that students didn't ask question voluntary in classes, but ask question actively after classes was founded, (b) not only the individual characteristics, but also the class situation affected the undergraduates' question behaviors. Result of this study suggested that the undergraduates' question behaviors were affected by the existence of other students and the mood of class strongly. so that students didn't ask questions voluntary in classes.
著者
江藤 正顕
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
Comparatio (ISSN:13474286)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, pp.55-66, 2008

This paper focuses on the structure of internal dialogue in Chibimaruko-chan, an animation made by SAKURA Momoko. The concrete characteristic is 'heart-talk', an equivalent of internal dialogue in Japanese, which is frequently employed in the field of animation. With incorporation of images and voices of radio actors and actresses, the structure of 'internal dialogue' brings us a supernatural dimension of 'reality'. Especially, the vertically or horizontally parallel lines on the characters' faces, though displayed with simplicity, depict the precise mental movement of the characters. The characteristics of such mental movement are best represented in animation when such expressive technique compounds the characters' inner voices. This paper aims to explore the meaning of Japanese animation in the modern times in order to understand these phenomena better, and to investigate the totality and the antiquity which are embedded in animation with regards to religion and philosophy.
著者
岩本 誠一 江口 将生 吉良 知文
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
經濟學研究 (ISSN:0022975X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.4, pp.1-19, 2007-12

本論文では、黄金数、白銀数、青銅数を中心にそれぞれの比・形・率との数理的関係を体系的に考察する。まず、黄金数、白銀数、青銅数を黄金2次方程式、白銀2次方程式、青銅2次方程式の正の解としてそれぞれ定義し、この3つの数を用いて、黄金比、白銀比、青銅比を導入する。次に形として、この3つの比をもつ長方形、黄金長方形、白銀長方形、青銅長方形を定義する。さらに率として、この3つの数を求める2つの近似方法-連分数法と多重根号法-の縮小率に着目して、2つの縮小率の比がそれぞれ黄金比、白銀比、青銅比であることを示す。最後に、一般の第n貴金属数についても比、長方形、縮小率との関係を述べる。
著者
陣内 正敬
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
言語文化論究 (ISSN:13410032)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.71-77, 1990

An analysis cencerning the address terms of Japanese is made by examining their usages in "Sazae-san", a TV program where we can find plenty ef examples of modern Japanese. lt reveals the following sociolonguistic rules on how to address others.(1)The Japanese makes a distinction between superiers and inferiors. As the reflection of this fact, k (kinship terms) and T (titles) are used for the former, FN (first name) and LN(last name)for the latter. Furthermore, K and T are used non-reciprocally, that is,those who give K (T) to the addressee receive FN (LN), while between equals FN and LN can be used reciprocally.(2) The Japanese also makes a distinction between in-group membership and out-group one. An important criterion for the distinction is the relationship. K and FN are used for the in-group members, T and LN for the out-group ones.Nevertheless, when the intimacy increases in the dyad, T can be replaced by LN in (1),LN by FN in (2) resulting in the reciprocal usage in both cases.
著者
山田 巌
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学医学部保健学科紀要 (ISSN:13482319)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.67-71, 2004-09-06

The growth of Haemophilus influenzae could not be confirmed by Rice Bran agar, but could be confirmed by Rice Bran broth, blood one, and the mixing of the both in after 24 hours of cultivation. As for the capsule formation, it could not be confirmed by Rice Bran broth, but could be confirmed by blood broth, and the mixing one of Rice Bran and blood in after 48 hours of cultivation.
著者
中島 楽章
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
史淵 (ISSN:03869326)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.140, pp.51-99, 2003-03-30
著者
浜本 満
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
大学院教育学研究紀要 (ISSN:13451677)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.53-70, 2006

Anthropological writings abound in allusions to belief. Ethnographers have been accustomed to say, for example, that people of such and such place firmly believe that most of their misfortunes are caused by witchcraft of envious neighbors, or that they believe in the supreme God who controls rainfall, etc. Such descriptions have often been considered problematic, to say the least. For, as many critics argue, if the term "belief" is related to some inner state of a believer, it would be enormously difficult to infer other people's belief, particularly if they are culturally different, when you have no means of access directly to the inside of someone's mind. In this article I will show this kind of criticism is based on inappropriate assumptions about the very concept of belief, and thus is totally unfounded. As Needham's famous book "Belief, Language, and Experience" shows, this criticism might well have devastating effects on anthropological research. I will argue that the word 'believe' as well as other related concepts does not refer to any specific inner state of mind, but is related to two axes of binary estimation of the belief-object: an axis of trustworthiness (true/false distinction in reference to a proposition will be shown to be just another case of trustworthiness), and an axis of possibilities of conflicting judgment in shared discursive space (space of communication). Belief (and/or knowledge) is not simply a matter of intellectual concern, but is directly pertinent to social subject's pragmatic engagement with the world seen as a kind of a gamble-space.

8 0 0 0 OA 破産か長者か

著者
岩本 誠一
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
經濟學研究 (ISSN:0022975X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.1, pp.27-45, 2003-01-30

本論文では、賭博者破産問題をマルコフモデルとして定式化して埋め込み法で解く。これは、与問題をある問題群に埋め込んで、その部分問題間の再帰式を導き、これを解いて、本来の問題の解を求める方法である。埋め込み法は、いわゆる動的計画法のアプローチを最適化を意識しないで適用したものである。また、「勝敗差がはじめて3になったとき優勝決定とする」ルールの下で、プロ野球・日本シリーズでの優勝確率・平均試合数を再帰的に求める。
著者
中園 尚武 野島 一彦
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.325-334, 2003-03-31

The purposes of this research were to make the scale on peer relationship which added the viewpoint of the indifferent attitude for the peer relationship and to examine features of peer relationship in university students. 248 university students (male166, female82) were given a questionnaire. The scale which consisted of 4 factors of "real intention and closer relation", "fear of estimation and interest", "widely and pleasantly" and "egocentric" was made. As a result of classifying the subject by the scale, "the indifference group" which avoided closer peer relationship and did not mind the estimation from their friend and was egocentric was confirmed. And the reason for the attitude to peer relationship was examined from the description. It was considered that they would not have the interest for the peer relationship for their safety and stabilization.
著者
佐伯 怜香 新名 康平 服部 恭子 三浦 佳世
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
九州大学心理学研究 (ISSN:13453904)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.181-192, 2006-03-31
被引用数
0 or 7

When we read books or see noble sights, our states are emotionally moved (Tokaji, 2004). Japanese people call these states as "kandoh". The previous works have suggested the experiences of kandoh in youth or adulthood influenced self-efficacy. However, it is unclear that the experiences of kandoh in childhood influence self-consciousness of children. The purpose of this study was to examine factors which compose of the experiences of kandoh in childhood and how those factors influence on self-efficacy and self-esteem. We administered questionnaire to 389 children on the relationship between the experiences of kandoh and self-efficacy or self-esteem. Our results showed that: (a) the experiences of kandoh was constructed by one factor, (b) the experiences of kandoh had a positive effect on self-efficacy, and (c) the experiences of kandoh had a positive effect on self-esteem. These results suggest that the experiences of kandoh in childhood is effective for self-consciousness of children.
著者
住田 正樹 溝田 めぐみ
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
大学院教育学研究紀要 (ISSN:13451677)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.23-43, 2000
被引用数
1 or 0

The purpose of this paper is to make it clear the relationship between mothers' child-care-anxiety and the effect of child-care circle activities. Child-care circle came to be formed everywhere. Today's young mothers have worries of everykind for their child-care and have difficulties in bringing up their children without experiences of the child-care. So, mothers began to form child-care circles so that they might talk and do learning about the child-care with their companies. In other words, the aim of child-care circle is to remove and reduce mothers' child-care-anxiety. But there are actually various purposes of mother's joining the circle. There are two types that mother joins it; positive type and negative type. But positive type can be sorted in two further. By one, it is the type which mother makes the circle with her company and talk together and learn again about the child-care. One more is the type which mother participate in so that she may make child's playmates. Negative type is participation for the reason that mothers are free or are asked by other people. Therefore, the type that mother participates in the child-care circle is divided into three. We made these three types the analysis outline, and analyzed the relationship between mothers' child-care-anxiety and the effect of child-care circle activities. And then the contents of mothers' child-care-anxiety were classified here in four: the general emotion concerning child-care, child-care-anxiety about child's growth and development, the anxiety which mother feels in her child-care ability, the anxiety by the discontent and the weakness which is born of the burden of the child-care and the restraint of the child-care. We carried out mailing investigation targeting the mothers who participated in the child care circle in Fukuoka City, and got an answer from 621 people. The collection rate was 51.68%. The investigation period is during December from October, 1999. The various following points became clear as a result of the analysis. (1) In the positive type which mothers participated in child-care circles to make their companies, most of mothers feel life to be fresh. Then, in another type which mother participated in for the child, most of mothers are satisfied that their children could make their playmates. (2) It shows a tendency to ease mothers' child-care-anxiety by participating in child-care circles. But mother's child-care-anxiety may increase by participating in the child-care-circle conversely. It is because mothers compare the way of her child-care with the way of the child-care of the member of the circle by participating in it and they come to lose confidence. And then mothers compares their child and other member child and have the worry of whether their child's growth and development are delayed. (3) As the reason of participating in the child-care circles varies, the degree of mother's child-care-anxiety is different. In other words, the degree of effect of the child-care circle activities varies in the purpose of the participation.
著者
植田 信広
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
法政研究 (ISSN:03872882)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.4, pp.573-604, 1992-03
著者
山岸 賢一郎
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
飛梅論集 : 九州大学大学院教育学コース院生論文集
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.109-124, 2007-03

Until now, some Japanese philosophers of education have read the late works of Wittgenstein as containing a certain concept of the Other. From there, they have been elaborating an argument which is a theory of the Other as well as a theory of educational relationship. According to this argument, the Other is the learner who appears in the inside of the realizability of educational relationship. It stresses the Heterogeneity existing between the learner and the teacher. In addition, it claimed the ethical problem resulting from heterogeneous character of the learner, based on its Otherness, which calls for its respect. In this paper, the above described concept of the Other and the subsequent theory of the Other will be reconsidered and reformulated. After a close reading of Wittgenstein's writings on rule following, it will be made clear that if any Other shall be found in the his argument, it is a rather different concept. That is, a concept belonging to the outside of realizability of educational relationship. For this reason, it cannot be called a learner. From such reconsiderations, it can be concluded as follows: 1) that the Wittgensteinian approach to the Other has no relation whatsoever with the educational relationship theory. 2) that no ethical problem concerning the learner can directly be drawn from the concept of the Other. 3) that one who stands in the inside of the realizability of educational relationship (as learner or teacher) necessarily shares some kind of homogeneity and commonality in some way or another.