- 北海道医療大学歯学会雑誌 (ISSN:09109722)
- vol.27, no.1, pp.15-22, 2008-06
Dental findings are useful for personal identification of unknown bodies. Especially, in mass disaster cases, the identification of bodies has been carried out by the dental association in each region. However, in usual cases, i.e., murders, accidents, suicides etc., the identifications are carried out depending on the local conditions, for example, the presence of a police dentist, agreements between the police and the dental association etc. This report describes the actual states and future prospects for personal dental identification in local areas, through four drowning cases which occurred in an area under the jurisdiction of the Hokkaido police, Kushiro area, Ikeda police station. Unknown bodies found in the area under the Ikeda police station jurisdiction, are inspected by the police dentist living in Ikeda city at the request of Ikeda police station-except for criminal cases. The inspection which is practiced in remote areas, like Ikeda city, is usually carried out at the mortuary in the local police station, without a dissecting table or ventilation. In addition, because a portable X-ray camera for post-mortem dental examination use only was not available, the police dentist borrowed a camera which is for usual clinical use. These circumstances in non-metropolitan areas need to be improved. However, at present, making an effort to utilize the newest knowledge and technology on personal dental identification through any kind of training course, practice and networks, is the best way for police dentists to get accurate results.