- 埼玉大学紀要. 教育学部 = Journal of Saitama University. Faculty of Education (ISSN:18815146)
- vol.66, no.2, pp.331-354, 2017
This study is the first half of a series of studies. One of the purposes of this paper is to overview the historical transition process of discrimination and prejudice about race / ethnicity. The second objective is to show that the essential cause of discrimination and prejudice is not being in biological differences and features but social and cultural creation. Therefore, the contents and aspects of discrimination and prejudiceare changing dramatically according to the times. The first part (I) briefly traced the realities of race and ethnic discrimination and prejudice based on the slavery system and historical facts of black liberation. The abolition of slavery in the United States was attained at the end of the hardship as a result of overcoming the “racial conflict” and social movement. Nonetheless, even in the 1950s, the actual state of black discrimination was prevalent in society. The development of the civil rights movement clearly showed that race, ethnic discrimination, prejudice exists strictly in society. Even now at the time of the 21st century, discrimination and prejudice remain in front of us as a serious problem. In the discussion, first, in Chapter 1, we clarified the history of overseas racial / ethnic discrimination and prejudice according to the following contents. 1 Ethnic discrimination and prejudice in the world, (1) Introduction, (2) Slavery and racial discrimination, (3) Modern race discrimination and apartheid, (4) Racial discrimination education under apartheid, (5) Black image, (6) Classification of race, (7) Race ninth actuality, (8) The origin of race is the same, (9) Differences in physical characteristics by race, (10) Symbolized “Black man” Sambo. “In the second chapter, we examined historically the problems of racial / ethnic discrimination and prejudice in Japan, in relation to the Pacific War / Defeat. The contents of the discussion are as follows. 2 Ethnic discrimination and prejudice in Japan, (1) Discrimination and prejudice as “inaccessible people”, (2) Forced entrainment of Koreans and discrimination and prejudice, (3) Opening and “Caucasian” and “Black” stereotype, (4) Social background of the birth of a “mixed-blooded child”, (5)Survey on actual condition of ‘Mixed child’, (6) Schooling and racial discrimination and prejudice of ‘mixed-blooded child’.