著者
堀田 香織
出版者
埼玉大学教育学部
雑誌
埼玉大学紀要. 教育学部 = Journal of Saitama University. Faculty of Education (ISSN:18815146)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.1, pp.145-163, 2019

The present survey targeted 256 mothers belonging to two groups of single-mother households. It investigated actual conditions regarding nonresident father visitations of their children as well as the attitudes of the mothers regarding such visitations. The survey results showed that 39.5% of respondents allowed nonresident fathers to visit their children, while 59.8% did not. The frequency of such contacts most commonly was once per month, with each meeting lasting at longest at six to nine hours. The wishes of the children were confirmed by 30.9% of respondents, and were not confirmed by 66.4%. Furthermore, in response to the question as to whether or not it was felt that such contact between fathers and children was necessary for the child, 43.0% said they “strongly” or “mostly” agreed on the necessity while the 50.8% said the contact was “not really” or “not at all” necessary. Of these numbers, 17.6% of the respondents who had the attitude that such visitations were necessary did not follow through with such meetings, while 13.3% who saw them as unnecessary did follow through. The most common problem that mothers cited in terms of actually setting up the visitations was “Getting in touch with the father about visitations is stressful,” followed by “The child is uneasy (or seems to be) after a visit” and “The father has a bad influence on the child.” The important issues here would seem to be making it possible for mothers to receive assistance from someone so that arranging visitations is not stressful to them, and to continue efforts to verify whether or not such visitations are truly being done for the sake of the children. Finally, the most common response to the question as to what mothers think is achieved by arranging visitations was “The visit communicates to the child that his/her father cares for him/her” followed by “The father becomes aware of himself as a father and performs his duties as one.”
著者
桐原 奈津 坂西 友秀
出版者
埼玉大学教育学部
雑誌
埼玉大学紀要 〔教育学部〕 教育科学 (ISSN:03879321)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.1, pp.55-80, 2003

Sixty-eight female and 57 male undergraduate students were asked to fill in a questionnaire about their attitudes and responses toward sexual minorities (homosexual men, lesbians, and bisexuals). In Japan, many people have gender stereotypes. Gender stereotypes make students expect that both men and women will behave in line with their sexual roles. The attitudes and responses of the participants in this study toward the behavior of the minorities tend to be negative because of the large discrepancy between the expected behaviors patterns for sexual minorities and the actual patterns. We predicted that male and female students would attribute more negative traits such as indecisive, strange, and slender to the sexual minorities, and have negative reactions to them when they come out. The results were as follows: In general, male students have stronger tendencies to stress gender than female students, and were more negative to sexual minorities coming out. Participants tended not to recognize legal marriages between sexual minorities. The students with strong traditional orientations for male-centered human relations had more conservative attitudes toward the minorities than the students with weak traditional orientations. The results were discussed from the viewpoint of gender stereotypes and prejudice against minorities.
著者
谷 謙二 春原 光暁
出版者
埼玉大学教育学部
雑誌
埼玉大学紀要. 教育学部 = Journal of Saitama University. Faculty of Education (ISSN:18815146)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.1, pp.261-277, 2020

In this study, we analyzed distribution of condominiums, supply fluctuations and land use changes in Chuo Ward of Tokyo from 1997 to 2016. The results are summarized as follows. During the period, supply of 368 condominiums was confirmed. In terms of location, only a few are in the first zone, and the second and third zones occupy many. There are many 10 to 14 story condominiums in the second zone, and many of the condominiums over 30 stories located in the third zone. The number of units supplied decreased from 2006 to 2009, but later recovered in Chuo Ward. Compared with the first half and the second half, the price and the floor space increased in the second period. The most common land use 6 years ago was the business, followed by the housing. In the Nihonbashi wholesaler district, there were many changes from office buildings to condominiums.
著者
坂西 友秀
出版者
埼玉大学教育学部
雑誌
埼玉大学紀要. 教育学部 = Journal of Saitama University. Faculty of Education (ISSN:18815146)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.2, pp.331-354, 2017

This study is the first half of a series of studies. One of the purposes of this paper is to overview the historical transition process of discrimination and prejudice about race / ethnicity. The second objective is to show that the essential cause of discrimination and prejudice is not being in biological differences and features but social and cultural creation. Therefore, the contents and aspects of discrimination and prejudiceare changing dramatically according to the times. The first part (I) briefly traced the realities of race and ethnic discrimination and prejudice based on the slavery system and historical facts of black liberation. The abolition of slavery in the United States was attained at the end of the hardship as a result of overcoming the “racial conflict” and social movement. Nonetheless, even in the 1950s, the actual state of black discrimination was prevalent in society. The development of the civil rights movement clearly showed that race, ethnic discrimination, prejudice exists strictly in society. Even now at the time of the 21st century, discrimination and prejudice remain in front of us as a serious problem. In the discussion, first, in Chapter 1, we clarified the history of overseas racial / ethnic discrimination and prejudice according to the following contents. 1 Ethnic discrimination and prejudice in the world, (1) Introduction, (2) Slavery and racial discrimination, (3) Modern race discrimination and apartheid, (4) Racial discrimination education under apartheid, (5) Black image, (6) Classification of race, (7) Race ninth actuality, (8) The origin of race is the same, (9) Differences in physical characteristics by race, (10) Symbolized “Black man” Sambo. “In the second chapter, we examined historically the problems of racial / ethnic discrimination and prejudice in Japan, in relation to the Pacific War / Defeat. The contents of the discussion are as follows. 2 Ethnic discrimination and prejudice in Japan, (1) Discrimination and prejudice as “inaccessible people”, (2) Forced entrainment of Koreans and discrimination and prejudice, (3) Opening and “Caucasian” and “Black” stereotype, (4) Social background of the birth of a “mixed-blooded child”, (5)Survey on actual condition of ‘Mixed child’, (6) Schooling and racial discrimination and prejudice of ‘mixed-blooded child’.
著者
涌井 剛 関 由起子
出版者
埼玉大学教育学部
雑誌
埼玉大学教育学部附属教育実践総合センター紀要 = Journal of Integrated Center for Clinical and Educational Practice (ISSN:13477420)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, pp.139-142, 2017

長期入院中の高校生への学習支援が十分行われていない。その支援制度を確立するためには、当事者である入院中の高校生自身が知事への提言という行動を起こさざるを得ない現状がある。そこで本研究では、長期入院する高校生の教育支援方法とその必要性について、日々子どもたちと向き合っている教員という立場から論じる。また、高校生への学習支援制度のない自治体における支援方法のひとつとして、特別支援学校のセンター的機能を活用した高校生への支援についての実践についての効果と課題についても論じる。
著者
吉田 智美 河村 美穂
出版者
埼玉大学教育学部
雑誌
埼玉大学紀要. 教育学部 = Journal of Saitama University. Faculty of Education (ISSN:18815146)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.2, pp.123-134, 2009

The aim of this study is to explain the historical change of indoor shoes and their role in school life.Three points were used in researching about indoor shoes, because there have been no previous studies.(1) Explaining how the use of indoor shoes was influenced by the architecture of the school buildings from the Meiji era to the present, paying special attention to the school entrance.(2) Researching the use of indoor shoes using pictures of Saitama womens’ teacher’s school.(3) Taking a questionnaire for people above 50 about indoor shoes in their schooldays and explaining the role of the shoes.Japanese students have been removing their shoes at the school entrance for 130 years, from when the educational system started to the present.The custom of removing shoes at the school entrance, putting them into boxes, and changing into indoor shoes first appeared during the Taisho era. This custom originates from everyday life in Japan and was used as a teaching tool.
著者
伊藤 直仁 有川 秀之
出版者
埼玉大学教育学部
雑誌
埼玉大学紀要. 教育学部 = Journal of Saitama University. Faculty of Education (ISSN:18815146)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, no.2, pp.91-107, 2016

This study investigated the effects that a cartwheel will give a forward roll and a backward roll, rationality and efficiency to learn from a cartwheel, when thinking of the connection of the tricks from the movements to widen the angle between the upper body and the legs.1 To learn a forward roll next to a cartwheel makes a forward roll that has a large angle between the upper body and the legs in short learning time. The movements to widen the angle between the upper body and the legs of a cartwheel are transferred a forward roll. So there is a connection between a cartwheel and a forward roll.2 To learn a backward roll next to a cartwheel improves a backward roll and makes a backward roll that has a large angle between the upper body and the legs in short learning time. The movements to widen the angle between the upper body and the legs of a cartwheel are transferred a backward roll. Especially, for children who can not do a backward roll to learn a backward roll next to a cartwheel is very effective. So there is a connection between a cartwheel and a backward roll.3 For children who have little experience of Floor Exercises to learn a forward roll or a backward roll next to a cartwheel promises to master the tricks rationally and efficiently. So this is a systematic learning that centralizes different lineages by setting the movements to widen the angle between the upper body and the legs as key skills.
著者
吉田 智美 河村 美穂
出版者
埼玉大学教育学部
雑誌
埼玉大学紀要 教育学部 (ISSN:18815146)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.2, pp.123-134, 2009

The aim of this study is to explain the historical change of indoor shoes and their role in school life.Three points were used in researching about indoor shoes, because there have been no previous studies.(1) Explaining how the use of indoor shoes was influenced by the architecture of the school buildings from the Meiji era to the present, paying special attention to the school entrance.(2) Researching the use of indoor shoes using pictures of Saitama womens' teacher's school.(3) Taking a questionnaire for people above 50 about indoor shoes in their schooldays and explaining the role of the shoes.Japanese students have been removing their shoes at the school entrance for 130 years, from when the educational system started to the present.The custom of removing shoes at the school entrance, putting them into boxes, and changing into indoor shoes first appeared during the Taisho era. This custom originates from everyday life in Japan and was used as a teaching tool.
著者
坂西 友秀
出版者
埼玉大学教育学部
雑誌
埼玉大学紀要 〔教育学部〕 教育科学 (ISSN:03879321)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.2, pp.73-95, 2002

We conducted research on the interactions and relations between Japan and European countries from the 16th to 18th centuries by analyzing diaries, old writings, and old manuscripts with the following perspectives:1. The Japanese perspective on both Westerners and Blacks before National Isolation.2. The Japanese perspective on Blacks before National Isolation.3. The Japanese perspective on both Westerners and Blacks during the Era of National Isolation. Shogun Toyotomi Hideyoshi was very surprised and delighted to see the gorgeous parade of missionaries who were sent to Japan by the vice president oflndia in 1590 as the Portuguese delegation. In the late 16th Century, the Shogun banished foreign missionaries in order to eliminate their work in Japan, but he continued trade between Japan and Portugal. In general, foreign people who stayed in Japan in the 16th and 17th centuries tended to give a poor impression to Japanese citizens. The Japanese watched them everywhere as they were very different from the Japanese. They looked strange to the Japanese, spat even in the houses, walked in the houses with their boots on, ate beef, and did many other things that appeared strange to the Japanese. Most Japanese considered Westerners to be ill mannered and prudish because much of their conduct conflicted with Japanese culture. People living in Nagasaki, which was one of the most important port towns at that time, feared the foreign traders would buy Japanese women and children to sell as slaves to other Asian and Western countries. Blacks were regarded as slaves, and looked down on as inferior people by the Japanese. The people of the port town might already have had ethnic stereotypes toward Blacks in the 16th century. It was not until the end of the Edo era that problems concerning trade, military, and foreign affairs become important psycho-historical background factors influencing relations between Japanese and Westerners.
著者
亀崎 美苗
出版者
埼玉大学教育学部
雑誌
埼玉大学紀要. 教育学部 = Journal of Saitama University. Faculty of Education (ISSN:18815146)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.2, pp.109-116, 2017

This paper investigated the meaning of the things that students had to clean at school. The school is a place of learning also a place of living, it is important to consider the way of cleaning as one of daily living acts. First of all, was studied a training of cleaning itself has been done at home. Then, from the literature and previous studies, summarized the history of the clean-up activities in the school, discussed today issues and the flow leading to modern. Finally, summarizes the results obtained from the analysis of two of the contents, it has been described future challenges and significance of school cleaning as seen from the perspective of housing education. Handling of cleaning in the home, from an important position as day-to-day discipline, due to changes surrounding the post-war society and living life, to keep away from him from the parents’ consciousness along with the alleviation of the burden, has buried in a variety of life activities of day-to-day. Daily cleaning of the school has become a place of valuable experience for the students. It is also important for parents to provide opportunities to learn together for the actively cleaning and maintenance of building at school in the future.