- 早稲田大学人間科学研究 (ISSN:09160396)
- vol.3, no.1, pp.147-159, 1990-03-25
Recently, researchers and clinicians in psychology and medicine are showing keen interest in cognitive behavior modification (CBM) which has been developed based upon behavior modification but puts emphasis on cognition. The purpose of the present paper is to overview CBM, examine the present state of it, and suggest its future directions. The techniques, targets, and objects of evaluation, the theoretical basis, and the procedures of CBM, and so on were reconsidered. Suggested main future directions of CBM are as follows. (1) "Cognition" should not be considered as the explanatory concept but instead as the operational indepenent variable. (2) It is necessary to confirm if the belief system of the client changes when such cognitive techniques as "cognitive restructuring" and "self-instruction" are introduced. (3) Intrinsic studies concerning the nature of cognitive techniques are required. (4) The procedural validity and the effects of "imagery rehearsal" techniques should be more clarified. Cognitive behavior modification is a prospective approach, however, further research considering the above directions is needed to develop and refine it.