著者
本迫 庸平
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, pp.105-114, 2010-03-10

This paper focuses on educational activities of “Educational Back-up Intelligence Center(EBIC)”, which is run by community's people. EBIC was established lately for the supports of its owner school(s) in Japan, and Ministry of Education has made it project since 2008. Through two antecedent EBIC's cases study, the paper points out its educational functions; discipline, primary career sense and learning attitude. On the other hand, EBIC's educational activities have difficulty because it is practiced by community's people as amateur teacher. The paper suggests how they tackle the problem.
著者
橋本 鉱市
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, pp.97-107, 2016

The purpose of this article is the content analysis of university advertisements placed in the exam-study magazine "Keisetsu-Jidai" during the 40 years following World War II. Especially focused on the graphics (non-textual matter), it traces universities' publicity activities and their transformation. Findings were as follows. 1) Buildings pictures have been used as a symbol of reconstruction of universities during postwar Showa era. 2) Chat scenery of students and laboratory pictures has increased since the late 1960s. 3) Portraits placed only one student also increased after the late 1970s. It is assumed that these changes reflect the transformation of the image for university.
著者
柴田 崇
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.43, pp.279-286, 2003

This paper attempts to demonstrate the uniqueness of David Katz's theory in general and of his theory of ""medium"" in particular. When we explore the environment with our hand we can immediately feel objects in the environment. What is intriguing is that the same seems to hold true when we explore the environment with a rod in our hand. The tip of the tool, in other words, seems to be capable of direct perception and the tool as a whole seems to become ""transparent"" when it is in use. It will be argued that a phenomenon like this can be understood as the Cartesian ""dogma"" if we read Katz's ""The World of Touch"" in the light of James J. G ibson's theory of tools.
著者
西島 央 藤田 武志 矢野 博之 荒川 英央 中澤 篤史
出版者
東京大学
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.42, pp.99-129, 2003-03-10

In this research, we will endeavour to illuminate the factors that affect high school students'commitment to their schools; their future educational goals and career trajectories. Examining how they have been involved in various club activities at school will provide the basis for this evaluation. In doing so, we will propose "a plural model of school culture." The research is being carried out within a context of significant educational change. The implementation of the new national curriculum (course of study), a five-day week school system, and the co-operative linkage of schools, homes, and communities are likely to have some form of impact that will need to be assessed. This leads us to adopt a methodological approach that makes extensive use of a series of research surveys. These will seek to identify the effects which the new national curriculum will have upon students'school lives, especially in relation to club activities. So far, we have carried out two extensive questionnaires in 1999 and 2001 along with additional participant observation in a limited number of schools. Our target group has been junior high school students. In light of the above and in view of our proposed new series of research surveys for high school students we will construct a hypothetical analysis in order to prepare a survey for use in the reinvestigation of the matter in 2004. This series of research surveys on high school students aims to propose an agenda for school education which should take account of what form club activities should take in the future. To date, we have analysed data stemming from 4,500 questionnaires. These have been collected from high-school students in two (Shizuoka and Niigata) different prefectures and the Tokyo metropolitan area in March 2002. In this paper we will deal with the following four issues. 1, Using four clusters which based on the levels of commitment to their various aspects of the school life, classes, official events, and club activities, we discuss the students'adaptability to school life. 2, Focusing on the differences of the opportunities in sports/culture activities being influenced by the students'family backgrounds, we argue the significance of club-activities for students in their junior high school days. Besides we explore the issues so as to realize "the lifelong sports-society", focusing on the sports club-activities. 3, We examine students'behaviours from the viewpoint of whether they are an active club member or whether they have withdrawn from such activities. This will be used, in part, as a predictor for the various path-ways that students take as they adapt themselves to the changing nature of life during their high school experiences.
著者
松井 健人
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, pp.33-41, 2017

This paper aims to offer an insight into the meaning of reading in Bildungsroman Santaro's Diary, written by Jiro Abe. Scholars have mainly studied Santaro's Diary through its reception among readers and the influence it had on students of later generations. Above all, this Bildungsroman has been considered as the principal main cause that, which brought about the boom of indiscriminate reading of western classical books in the Taisho Era. More recent studies have revealed that such a statement was based mostly on the reception of the book, rather than its content. Despite this, however, what it meant to read in Santaro's Diary remains unclear. Therefore, in this paper, I am going to show that the reading of Santaro has important function as an art of self-inquiry. Moreover, the limit of the act of reading as self-inquiry will be clarified.
著者
根本 彰 三浦 太郎 中村 百合子 古賀 崇
出版者
東京大学
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, pp.453-478, 2000-03-15

12 policy statements, in which 4 are during the former, 3 during the middle, 5 during the later Occupation Period (1945-1952) in Japan, are analyzed to investigate the course of library policies at the Education Division of the Civil Information and Education Section (CIE). General Headquarters, Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (GHQ/SCAP). In result we indicate that the national plan with public libraries made by P. O. Keeney was not taken over by his successors after his dismissal in April 1947,and that important library policies were begun by those except the libraries officers. And we consider that there was a concept of library developments among those of the CIE but there was no single continuing policy with the library.
著者
秋田 喜代美 辻谷 真知子 石田 佳織 宮田 まり子 宮本 雄太
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, pp.43-65, 2018-03-29

The quality of Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) outside environments is becoming an important theme, but not enough is known yet about the settings and practices in Japanese playgrounds. To discuss the way to guarantee the quality of children's experiences, studies were reviewed for foreign countries and Japan, and research was done about playgrounds and outside environments in 1,740 Japanese centers. Similarities and differences between centers were shown, evaluationg scales were made from results, and some important ideas of practice were revealed. In conclusion, there are many differences between outside settings of centers. Practices that have longitudinal view, understanding of surroundings, and enough communication between staffs lead to richer environments. The important points from both tangible and intangible elements of centers' environments should be clarified.
著者
入谷 亜希子
出版者
東京大学
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, pp.1-9, 2006-03-10

This paper tries to demonstrate how and why the working class got high literacy before the formation of public educational system, and also to clarify the significant meaning of execution as educational place. For example, chapbooks or reading matters which educated people and raised their literacy came not from school but from the place of execution that played a role of amusement. This explains how reading matters had helped the working class to get reading ability before 1870 (Elementary Education Act).
著者
松永 幸子
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.44, pp.59-64, 2005-03-10

David Hume (1711-1776), a philosopher of Scotland in 18 th century, treats 'education'concerned with the artificial virtues in his moral theory, especially in his most important work A Treatise of Human Nature (1739-1740). But his theory about 'education'has been neglected, as compared with other conceptions. In this paper, the writer has attempted to clarify Hume's moral theory concentrating on his treatise of 'education'. Hume divides the virtues into two, the natural virtues and the artificial virtues. He treats justice as one of the main artificial virtues and insists it is to be created not only by the human conventions but also by 'education'. As same as justice, other artificial virtues like chastity and modesty are formed mainly by 'education'. 'Education'occupies a quite important position in his theory as the principle that produces the artificial virtues.
著者
豊田 香
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, pp.275-285, 2013-03-10

This paper focuses on the nature of knowledge learned at business schools. Combining the practical knowledge in business with the academic knowledge in universities can result in knowledge that enriches both worlds, but in order to do so it is essential to understand the whole picture of the nature of knowledge according to its levels of abstraction. This paper shows five levels; (1) pure science, (2) applied science, (3) clinical science, which are developed by scientists or scholars, (4) scientific explicit knowledge, and (5) practical explicit or implicit knowledge, which are developed by people in practice. The differences among them are not only who develops the knowledge, but also who judges its relevance and effectiveness.
著者
海老根 理絵
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, pp.193-202, 2008

In this article, studies on the construction of the view of death and life, as well as studies on the education of death and life, were reviewed. Today we have a lot of problems on death, such as students commit suicide because of bullying, and children killing and wounding others. However, many previous studies on the view of death and life have focused on only particular groups (e.g., old people, patients in terminal care), and have not focused on general population, especially young population. This review suggested that we should pursue research on the construction of young people's view of death and life, and conduct empirical research on the effective death and life education program in order for us to live happily.
著者
中坪 太久郎
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, pp.203-211, 2009-03-10

The aim of this article is to review the study on family of patients with schizophrenia. These study were composed of the following three; 1)research about hypothesis of the family etiology theory, 2)study on the expressed emotion, and 3)study uses the stress coping model. These study suggested that the family with schizoprenia could be in a complex context, and they needs special support. Based on above-mentioned, it is necessary to consider the study concereing the family's experience in addition to the finding in a prior study on supporting the family. Therefore, the understanding of the process of the family by a qualitative study is also important.
著者
小室 弘毅
出版者
東京大学
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, pp.17-26, 2001-03-15

This paper attempts to reexamine the criticism on the "Taisho culturalists" in "the Attempt to modern histoy" by Junzo Karaki. Karaki criticises "Santaro's Diary" by Jiro Abe for its dilettantism. I divide the ideology of the culturalizum into the concept of the cultivation in the "Taisho culturalists" and in the next generation. I attempt to prove that Karaki really attempted to criticise not the concept of the cultivation in the "Taisho culturalists" but in the next generation. For that, I classify the cultivation into "the cultivation as lived" and "the cultivation as written". "The cultivation as lived" is the self-cultivation. "The cultivation as written" is the view of cultivation and the result of "the cultivation as lived". I attempt to examine how "the cultivation as written" is read.
著者
小国 喜弘 木村 泰子 江口 怜 高橋 沙希 二見 総一郎
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, pp.1-28, 2016-03-31

The purpose of this paper is to discuss theory and art in Inclusive Education (referred to as “Full Inclusion” in the United States) within regular classes or at regular schools, by focusing on the practice of Osaka City Municipal Ozora Elementary School, which is known to utilize Inclusive Education. Section 1, entitled “Explaining Ozora Elementary School,” was written by Yasuko Kimura, the former principal of the school. In section 2, we discuss the history of the movement towards Inclusive Education in Japan, which began in the 1970s. In section 3, we discuss details pertaining to teachers’ value of human rights in daily school life. In section 4, we outline the kinds of techniques that must be acquired by teachers who work in Inclusive Education schools.
著者
李 軍
出版者
東京大学
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, pp.125-134, 1998-03-26

Confucius (551-479 B. C.), the most famous ancient Chinese educator and philosopher, successfully ran the largest private school of his time and explored a vast spectrum of educational issues. Revered as the first great educator in Chinese history, Confucius cast a long shadow not only on Chinese education but on Chinese society and the state as a whole. This paper tries to explore the relationship of Confucian educational ideology to Traditional Chinese Culture through perspectives of Educational sociology and history. The author holds that Confucius clearly defined the role of education in the development of society, developed the most comprehensive curriculum of his time which centered on the six arts and a highly innovative and flexible pedagogy, and at last founded his Confucian educational ideology which influenced deeply on the formation of ancient Chinese culture. The research also focuses on the role of Confucian educational ideology in the formation and development of traditional Chinese culture from five aspects which are : 1) Confucian benevolence and Chinese philosophy of life; 2) Confucian etiquette and Chinese social principles; 3) Confucian golden mean and Chinese thinking model; 4) Confucian Six Classics and Chinese national characteristics; and 5) Confucianism and China's respecting teachers and attaching importance to education. What Confucius emphasized on was You Jiao Wu Lei (provide education for all people without social discrimination) which is the first statement about equality and expansion of educational opportunity in the world history. The author points out that Confucian educational ideology emphasized on the responsibility of individual to society and nation, and is conducive to cultivating global citizens in the future.
著者
許 婷婷
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.47, pp.41-50, 2008-03-10

「六諭」及與其相關的道徳話語在中國明清時代的庶民教化政策中扮演著重要的角色,而且與宗族社會形成息息相關。在十八世紀初期,《六諭衍義》這一主要解釋「六諭」的書亦傳來日本,對日本徳川時代的庶民教化政策亦〓了相當重要的作用。該書被施于訓點在日本出版之外,以室鳩巣所注釋的《六諭衍義大意》爲首之許多「六諭」道徳話語的異本亦陸續被出版。故,本文首先従教育思想史的觀點來考察與「六諭」相關的諸文本是如何輸入日本且出版的。然而在中國明清時代使用的《六諭衍義》與在徳川時代主要被使用的《六諭衍義大意》一書的内容並不盡相同。所以,本文對《六諭衍義》與《六諭衍義大意》的内容進行比較,試圖探討《六諭衍義》與鳩巣所注釋的《六諭衍義大意》之内容差異與日中社會體係差異之間的關係。並且希望透過以上的檢討,來思考在東亞各國間之道徳話語的流傳與演變的這一問題。
著者
三浦 太郎
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, pp.393-401, 1998-03-26

In the Edo period, among Japanese people who went abroad there were some who were keen about the difference between Western and Japanese libraries. Okataro Morita created the word "Shojaku-kwan (or Shoseki-kwan)" in order to express huge scale of the Western library. Then Seiryu Ichikawa used the word to give expression to a new library which would be open to the public and overcome the limit of the previous Japanese governmental library, Momijiyama Bunko, whose use had been restricted to the tycoon as a rule. The idea "Open to the public" was realized in 1875 when the Tokyo Shoseki-kwan was established as a free public library.
著者
古仲 素子
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, pp.29-38, 2016-03-31

The purpose of this paper is to clarify how activities of music club were carried out in Japanese junior high schools between 1920-1930, focusing on influence of the popularization of harmonica. In the 1920s, product development and advertisement by musical instrument maker, for making harmonica popularized and raising the position, enabled most people including students to get harmonica. The popularization of harmonica made musical activities in schools activated. Also, it drastically changed quality of students' musical performance and relationships between teachers and students, between course of studies and extra-curricular activities.