著者
乾 彰夫 中村 高康 藤田 武志 横井 敏郎 新谷 周平 小林 大祐 本田 由紀 長谷川 裕 佐野 正彦 藤田 武志 横井 敏郎 藤田 英典 長谷川 裕 佐野 正彦 佐藤 一子 本田 由紀 平塚 眞樹 大串 隆吉 関口 昌秀 上間 陽子 芳澤 拓也 木戸口 正宏 杉田 真衣 樋口 明彦 新谷 周平 安宅 仁人 小林 大祐 竹石 聖子 西村 貴之 片山 悠樹 児島 功和 有海 拓巳 相良 武紀
出版者
首都大学東京
雑誌
基盤研究(A)
巻号頁・発行日
2007

本研究は、変容する若者の学校から仕事への移行実態を把握するため、調査開始時点で20歳の若者の18歳時点から24歳までの間の就学・就労等をめぐる状態変化と、その過程での諸経験・意識等を、同一対象者を継続的に追跡するパネル方式で調査したものである。このような調査では対象者からの毎回の回答率を維持し続けることが最も重要であるが、本研究では中間段階で予定を上回る回答率を達成できていたため、調査期間を5年間に延長する計画変更をおこない、最終年度を待たず次課題繰り上げ申請を行った。調査は次課題期間にわたって継続する予定である。収集されたデータの中間的分析はおこなっているが、本格的分析は今後の課題である。
著者
苅谷 剛彦 安藤 理 有海 拓巳 井上 公人 高橋 渉 平木 耕平 漆山 綾香 中西 啓喜 日下田 岳史
出版者
東京大学
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.47, pp.51-86, 2008-03-10

For academic high school students in local areas, it is necessary to make geographical transition from their home town to cities to go to ""good"" universities, while others may decide to remain their home countries to go to local colleges. What factors differentiate students into those two routes to have higher education? For what sake do some students decide to leave for large cities, and others to stay in their home town? This study pays attention to geographical mobility of students in top rank academic high schools in Japan. We administered a survey of 3,767 senior students in 12 high schools, all of which admit academically top students in their areas in 2006 and 2007. By analyzing the survey data, we will explore the following research questions: 1. What factors, including structural and socio-psychological, influences students'decision of mobility both at college entrance and future job entry? 2. What reasons lead them to pursue ""elite"" universities? Which goals either for self -realization or contribution to the society give rationale to apply for those universities? Are there any different mechanisms of this determination between high schools in large cities and rural areas? 3. What factors influence the formation of students'consciousness to contribute to the society? Do school experiences raise such consciousness? What school activities and cultures affect it? The data analyses shows that academic high schools in local communities have power to influence students'mobility and creating consciousness for devoting for the society.
著者
乾 彰夫 佐野 正彦 堀 健志 芳澤 拓也 安宅 仁人 中村 高康 本田 由紀 横井 敏郎 星野 聖子 片山 悠樹 藤田 武志 南出 吉祥 上間 陽子 木戸口 正宏 樋口 明彦 杉田 真衣 児島 功和 平塚 眞樹 有海 拓巳 三浦 芳恵 Furlong Andy Biggart Andy Imdorf Christian Skrobanek Jan Reissig Birgit
出版者
首都大学東京
雑誌
基盤研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2014-04-01

本研究は、代表者らグループが2007~2012年度に実施した「若者の教育とキャリア形成に関する調査」を踏まえ、①そのデータの詳細分析を行い、現代日本の若者の大人への移行をめぐる状況と課題を社会に公表すること、②他の先進諸国の同種データと比較することで日本の若者の移行をめぐる特徴と課題を明らかにすること、の2点を研究課題とした。①に関してはその成果を著書『危機のなかの若者たち』(東京大学出版会、410 頁、2017年11月)として刊行した。②に関しては海外研究協力者の参加の下、イギリス・ドイツ・スイスとの比較検討を行い、2017年3月国際ワークショップ(一般公開)等においてその結果を公表した。
著者
苅谷 剛彦 安藤 理 有海 拓巳 井上 公人 高橋 渉 平木 耕平 漆山 綾香 中西 啓喜 日下田 岳史
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.47, pp.51-86, 2008-03-10

For academic high school students in local areas, it is necessary to make geographical transition from their home town to cities to go to "good" universities, while others may decide to remain their home countries to go to local colleges. What factors differentiate students into those two routes to have higher education? For what sake do some students decide to leave for large cities, and others to stay in their home town? This study pays attention to geographical mobility of students in top rank academic high schools in Japan. We administered a survey of 3,767 senior students in 12 high schools, all of which admit academically top students in their areas in 2006 and 2007. By analyzing the survey data, we will explore the following research questions: 1. What factors, including structural and socio-psychological, influences students'decision of mobility both at college entrance and future job entry? 2. What reasons lead them to pursue "elite" universities? Which goals either for self -realization or contribution to the society give rationale to apply for those universities? Are there any different mechanisms of this determination between high schools in large cities and rural areas? 3. What factors influence the formation of students'consciousness to contribute to the society? Do school experiences raise such consciousness? What school activities and cultures affect it? The data analyses shows that academic high schools in local communities have power to influence students'mobility and creating consciousness for devoting for the society.
著者
有海 拓巳 Takumi ARIKAI 浜銀総合研究所 Hamagin Research Institute Ltd.
出版者
THE JAPAN SOCIETY OF EDUCATIONAL SOCIOLOGY
雑誌
教育社会学研究 = The journal of educational sociology (ISSN:03873145)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.88, pp.185-205, 2011-06-10

本研究では,「地方/中央都市部の進学校に通う生徒の学習・進学意欲がいかにして維持されているのか」について,そのメカニズムの一端を明らかにすることを目的とし,(1)生徒が置かれている学習環境に差異があるなかで,それぞれの生徒の学習・進学意欲はどのようにして維持されているのか,(2)それぞれの生徒の学習・進学意欲には,いかなる達成動機(志向性)が作用しているのかという2点に着目し,分析を行った。分析の結果,地方の生徒については,学習塾等の教育機会が中央都市部と比べて乏しい学習環境にあるなかで,逆に,そのような環境に置かれているからこそ,入学した学校の教師との間の信頼関係が強くなることがわかった。さらに,地方の生徒に関しては,教師によって強調される「社会的な自己実現」といった志向性が,学習・進学意欲に作用していることが明らかになった。一方で,中央都市部の生徒については,周囲に学習塾や大学等の教育機会が多くあることから,学校の教師の積極的な介入が無くとも学習・進学意欲が維持されうる状況にあることがわかった。また,その際,学習・進学意欲に対しては,地位達成志向が強く作用していることが明らかになった。本研究を通じて,階層・高校ランク上位グループの学習・進学意欲がいかにして維持されているのか,地方/中央都市部という区分において,その説明図式には質的な差異が見られることを明らかにすることができた。The aim of this paper is to explain how academic high school students in rural/urban areas are motivated for learning and for higher educational achievement. This study focuses especially on differences in the learning environment and differences in the effects of value orientations among students in rural/urban areas. There are a number of gaps in learning environments between rural/urban areas. For example, students in rural areas have to make a geographical transition from their home town to central cities to go to "good" universities, and there is also a difference between rural/urban schools in the ratio of students who study at "juku." In the different learning environments, how are students in each area motivated for learning and for higher educational achievement? Are they motivated in the same way (with the same value orientations)? To answer these questions, we administered a survey to 3,767 senior students in 12 high schools, all of which admit academically top students in their area, and interviewed some of the teachers. The main findings are as follows. (1) The relationships between students and schoolteachers are different in rural/urban schools. In rural areas, students (and their parents) tend to have complete trust in their schools and teachers. On the other hand, urban school students tend to have a stronger relationship with their parents and/or "juku." (2) Teachers' attitudes toward their students differ between rural/urban schools. In rural schools, teachers try to motivate their students by emphasizing a type of value orientation known as "contribution to society." (3) Student motivation for learning and for higher educational achievement is associated with different value orientations in rural/urban areas. The motivation of rural students is positively associated with making a "contribution to society," while urban students are motivated more strongly by "status attainment." These results show clearly that students in rural/urban areas are motivated differently for learning and for higher educational achievement.
著者
安藤 理 井上 公人 中西 啓喜 有海 拓巳 苅谷 剛彦
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, pp.43-67, 2009-03-10

The social difference is controversial in modern society. Regarding this issue, high school education study has developed its work on high school students, as the subject of the research, of going on to various courses after graduation or those born in lowgrade family. It is said that those in relatively weak tier are likely to have more disadvantage, which depicts the clearer aspect of differentiated society./ On this matter, we pay an attention to students graduating in privileged high schools or those going on to four-year university after such style of high schools. We additionally divide the region of high schools that the mentioned students graduated into “rural part” and “urban part” in order to make an argument based upon differences among the concerned areas. The aim of this study is to analyze the ability and consciousness of those thought to steadily pave the way the route in order to gain the socially stable life and to argue differentiated society from varied aspects. Mainly four subjects as followed are to be analyzed./ Japan has various regional differences. In such a society,/ 1. Who considers them elite ?/ 2. Who will be in favor of redistribution ? We are, upon the two written subjects, to clarify the influence of the regional movement. Meanwhile, there has been issued the differences from the birth levels. We make an analysis with an attention to Honda's proposal (2005) “post-modern ability”. Specifically analysis is to be assigned as below./ 3. What kind of ability developed in high school can make “post-modern ability” be in full swing at university ?/ 4. What kind of person can make “post-modern ability” be in full swing at university ? This study aims to analyze the ability and consciousness of those, without sexual difference, on social difference and to clarify their real aspects so that we can see the future of the differentiated society.
著者
安藤 理 井上 公人 中西 啓喜 有海 拓巳 苅谷 剛彦
出版者
東京大学大学院教育学研究科
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, pp.43-67, 2008

The social difference is controversial in modern society. Regarding this issue, high school education study has developed its work on high school students, as the subject of the research, of going on to various courses after graduation or those born in lowgrade family. It is said that those in relatively weak tier are likely to have more disadvantage, which depicts the clearer aspect of differentiated society./ On this matter, we pay an attention to students graduating in privileged high schools or those going on to four-year university after such style of high schools. We additionally divide the region of high schools that the mentioned students graduated into "rural part" and "urban part" in order to make an argument based upon differences among the concerned areas. The aim of this study is to analyze the ability and consciousness of those thought to steadily pave the way the route in order to gain the socially stable life and to argue differentiated society from varied aspects. Mainly four subjects as followed are to be analyzed./ Japan has various regional differences. In such a society,/ 1. Who considers them elite ?/ 2. Who will be in favor of redistribution ? We are, upon the two written subjects, to clarify the influence of the regional movement. Meanwhile, there has been issued the differences from the birth levels. We make an analysis with an attention to Honda's proposal (2005) "post-modern ability". Specifically analysis is to be assigned as below./ 3. What kind of ability developed in high school can make "post-modern ability" be in full swing at university ?/ 4. What kind of person can make "post-modern ability" be in full swing at university ? This study aims to analyze the ability and consciousness of those, without sexual difference, on social difference and to clarify their real aspects so that we can see the future of the differentiated society.