著者
山辺 規子
出版者
奈良女子大学
雑誌
研究年報 (ISSN:03872769)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, pp.103-128, 1996

Here present some book lists of statinarii or bookshop keepers who dealed with text books for studies at the universities in Italy in the high middle ages. The first list is based on the trascription of the document of Olomuc, which was thought to have been written in c.1274/76(Table 1). The second is made from that of Montpellier, perhaps dated in c.1280(Table 2). The third is the inventory of the property left by Solimanus Martini, stationarius of Bologna, who died in 1289(Table 3). In these book lists of stationarii, books were lined in order;legal texts(civil and canonical), Apparatus, and legal monographies, though they contained books smaller in number than those on the book list for the taxation of statuta universitatis scholarium iutistarum bononiensium in the early fourteenth century(Table 4). The last table shows comparatively these book lists, other lists of stationarii refered by Genest, and the list of books actually daled with in 1265-1330, studied by Perez Martin on the base of Memoriales of Bologna(Table 5). It indicates implicitly the activities of stationarii not so strictly restricted by statutes of the university.
著者
山辺 規子
出版者
奈良女子大学
雑誌
人間文化研究科年報 (ISSN:09132201)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, pp.203-216, 2012-03-31

The manuscripts known by the Latin title, Tacuinum Sanitatis are translations from Tak,wīmal-s,ihha Tak,wīm al-s,ihha written by Ibn-Butlan, eastern Christian doctor who wanted to show naturesof elements of life so concisely. In later middle ages, Tacuinum Sanitatis were made into illuminatedmanuscripts in northern Italy or near around. In these manuscripts, the explanations of each reduced. Buteven then we can get information of the natures of elements which are described by several parameters, i.e.their properties (hot, cold/wet, dry) generally expressed in degrees. Here are shown elements of the mostfamous illuminated manuscripts of Tacuinum Sanitatis, Tacuinum Sanitatis in medicina, cod.Vind.2644 ofVienna, Theatrum Ssanitatis of Rome (Casanatense 4182) and Tacuinum Sanitatis Latin 9333 of Paris ontable from which it gets clear that there can be found many differences in properties and degrees, especiallybetween Casanatense 4182 and others. The manuscript of Casanatense 4182 might be made with advisesof other doctors, even if its pictures have many common points with others. If we want to approach themedieval diet theory more precisely, we should examine many more manuscripts
著者
高田 京比子 三成 美保 小浜 正子 田端 泰子 栗原 麻子 山辺 規子 長志 珠絵 河村 貞枝 福長 進 森 紀子 山本 秀行 京楽 真帆子 持田 ひろみ
出版者
神戸大学
雑誌
基盤研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2006 (Released:2006-04-01)

アメリカ文学におけるますキュリニティー研究の成果を摂取しながら、日本史・東洋史、西洋史における母 - 息子関係の比較研究を行った。2006年度に3回、2007年度に5回、2008年度に1回の研究会と合宿発表会を持ち、それぞれの研究成果を発表して討論を行った。2008年には「家長権をめぐる<母>機能の比較史」というタイトルで比較家族史学会に於いてミニシンポジウムを行った。
著者
山辺 規子
出版者
奈良女子大学文学部
雑誌
奈良女子大学文学部研究教育年報 (ISSN:13499882)
巻号頁・発行日
no.11, pp.145-156, 2014

Tacuinum Sanitatis, one of the handbooks of diet and regimen sannitatis in medieval Europe, was originally written in Arabic in the form of table by Christian physician Ibn Butlan in eleventh-century Baghdad. It contained forty tables, each of which was composed of seven items, which means that it related 280 items. When it was translated into Latin in Europe with the title of Tacuinum Sanitatis, the composition was not so changed. The Latin manuscripts reserved the form of 40 tables and 280 items. However,in the last quarter of fourteenth century, appeared the new typeof Tacuinum Sanitatis with images of items and only shorter explanations. They lost the form of table and consisted smaller number of points. To get spaces for the images, the form of table had to be changed, but the diminution of items needs more considerations. Here the lists of items of tables of Tacuinum Sanitatis in Latin version and those of Tacuinum Sanitatis with images are examined and it gets clear that large parts of items deleted out are those of exoticcuisines or oriental ingredients which are difficult to show their identity for painters. Furthermore, we can confirm not only the decrease of but also the increase of items, which are familiar to Europeans, for example, pork or parsley.Illuminated manuscripts of Tacuinum Sanitatis were made to be more adaptable to Europe.
著者
服部 良久 青谷 秀紀 朝治 啓三 小林 功 小山 啓子 櫻井 康人 渋谷 聡 図師 宣忠 高田 京比子 田中 俊之 轟木 広太郎 中村 敦子 中堀 博司 西岡 健司 根津 由喜夫 藤井 真生 皆川 卓 山田 雅彦 山辺 規子 渡邊 伸 高田 良太
出版者
京都大学
雑誌
基盤研究(A)
巻号頁・発行日
2009-04-01 (Released:2009-04-01)

23人の研究分担者が国内外の研究協力者と共に、中・近世ヨーロッパのほぼ全域にわたり、帝国、王国、領邦、都市と都市国家、地方(農村)共同体、教会組織における、紛争と紛争解決を重要な局面とするコミュニケーションのプロセスを、そうした領域・組織・政治体の統合・秩序と不可分の、あるいは相互関係にある事象として比較しつつ明らかにした。ここで扱ったコミュニケーションとは、紛争当事者の和解交渉から、君主宮廷や都市空間における儀礼的、象徴的な行為による合意形成やアイデンティティ形成など、様々なメディアを用いたインタラクティヴな行為を包括している。
著者
三成 美保 栗原 麻子 福長 進 山本 秀行 高田 京比子 京樂 真帆子 長 志珠絵 森 紀子 山辺 規子 河村 貞枝 井出 千春 沖野 真理香 田端 泰子 小浜 正子 田端 泰子
出版者
摂南大学
雑誌
基盤研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2009 (Released:2009-04-01)

「マスキュリニティの比較文化史」につき、3点を明らかにした。(1)「マスキュリニティ史」は「男性史」とは区別されるべきであり、ジェンダー史の一領域として「歴史学におけるジェンダー主流化」を牽引する重要な役割を果たす。(2)「マスキュリニティ」は多様であり、男性の属性とは限らない。「覇権的/従属的マスキュリニティ」の差異化は、時代と社会により異なる。(3)「同性愛」概念は19世紀に登場し、私的な同性愛関係はしばしば公的領域(政治・経済・軍隊)の人的紐帯を決定した。
著者
山辺 規子
出版者
奈良女子大学
雑誌
奈良女子大学文学部研究教育年報 (ISSN:13499882)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.101-111, 2005-03-31

"Tacuinum Sanitatis (in Medicina)" is the medievalhealth handbook which contains the informationof healthy alimentation etc., translated from themedical book written by the eleventh centuryphysician named Ibn Butlan (Abu al-Hasan al-MukhtarIbn al-Hasan Ibn 'Abdun Ibn Sa'dunIbn Butlan) in Arabic. He explained elementsthat are necessary for everybody in dailypreservation of his health in the form of simpletables, and then the book was called "Taqwim al-Sihha.The Latin term "Tacuinum" is derived from"Taqwim" which means tables.We cannot say the date and the place of translationinto Latin, but at least there was Latinversion in Kingdom of Sicily in the thirteenthcentury. Neither original works of Ibn Butlanin Arabic nor did earlier manuscripts of translationin Latin have illuminated pictures. Butwe can find some illuminated manuscripts of"Tacuinum Sanitaits" in the later Middle Ages, mainlydrawn up in Northern Italy.As the primary step of the research on TacuinumSanitatis, here are sketched features and datesof some illuminated manuscripts of TacuinumSanitatis : codex vindobonensis series nova 2644,Osterreichische Nationalbibliothek, Wien; ms.4182,Biblioteca Casanatense, Roma (of which title is"Theatrum Sanitatis"); ms.Nouvelle Acquisitions latines1673, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris;ms.1041, Bibliotheque de l'Universite de Liege;ms.3054 (anciently Leber, 1088), Bibliothe queMunicipale Rouen.The earliest manuscript might be ms.1673 ofParis, which had belonged to Verde, daughterof Bernabe) Visconti, "signore" of Milan (13541385).The second one seems to be ms.1041 ofLiege in 1370s attributed to Giovannino deGrassi, master of the cathdral of Milan andfamous drawer of sketch book of Bergamo. Themost famous manuscript, ms.2644 of Vienna wasdemanded by Archibishop of Trent in 1390s,though it also had the coat of arms of the Cerrutiof Verona. The circumstances of completationof ms.4182 of Rome is obsure, but the similarityof ms. 4182 of Rome and ms.2644 of Vienna showsus that these two codex were made at the workshopsof close relationships. The codex of ms.3054 of Rouen might be made in the fifteenthcentury.The original "Taqwim al-Sihha" has 280 items,but those illuminated manuscripts generally haveless. The items treated are mostly alimentary:fruits, vegetables, herbs, corns, beans, pains,birds, animals, fishes, wines, oils etc. thoughseasons, winds, actions and sentiments are alsoreferred. Every page has only one largeillumination and some medical explanations onthe item. The red-framed pictures are drawn toindicate not only the objects but also scenesrelated, so they vividly image the ordinary livesin later Middle Ages.
著者
山辺 規子
出版者
奈良女子大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2007 (Released:2007-04-01)

本研究では、まずイタリア各地の都市について、実際に都市の称揚につながった都市の公共建造物、城壁、大きな教会(托鉢修道会教会、守護聖人の教会、司教座聖堂)などの景観を確認する。そのうえで、その景観の形成過程を調べ、さらにそれがいかに描かれているかを検討して、イタリア支配者層が持つ空間支配のありかたを示す。第二に、各都市に拠る支配者層が自らの支配権を誇示するために、職人や芸術作品、工芸品などの技術などを共有して、いわば支配者層の文化ネットワーク空間を構成することを検討した。