著者
鈴川 由美 豊田 秀樹 川端 一光
出版者
日本教育心理学会
雑誌
教育心理学研究 (ISSN:00215015)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.2, pp.206-217, 2008-06-30
被引用文献数
1

わが国の生徒は数学の知識や技能を日常生活の場面で活かす能力が弱いと言われている。OECDが実施している生徒の学習到達度調査(PISA)は,このような生活に関係する課題を活用する能力を測ることを目的とした国際的な学力調査である。この調査の結果から,他の国と比較したわが国の特徴を分析することができるが,国の成績の順位や各項目の正答率はその国の教育水準を反映するため,知識を日常場面で活かす力という観点からはそれを直接比較することはできない。本論文では,PISA2003年調査の「数学的リテラシー」の結果を反応パターンから分析し,多母集団IRT(Item Response Theory)によるDIF(Differential Item Functioning)の検討を行うことで,それぞれの国に所属する同一水準の学力の生徒の反応パターンの違いを明らかにした。分析の対象は,オーストラリア,カナダ,フィンランド,フランス,ドイツ,香港,アイルランド,イタリア,日本,韓国,オランダ,ニュージーランド,アメリカの13か国である。分析の結果,この13か国のうち,わが国は最も特異な困難度のパターンを持っているということが明らかになり,またその特徴として,日常生活に関連する項目を解く力が弱いということが示された。
著者
鈴川 由美 豊田 秀樹
出版者
The Japanese Psychological Association
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.1, pp.51-63, 2012
被引用文献数
1 2

This study analyzed the statistical power of research studies published in the "Japanese Journal of Psychology" in 2008 and 2009. Sample effect sizes and sample statistical powers were calculated for each statistical test and analyzed with respect to the analytical methods and the fields of the studies. The results show that in the fields like perception, cognition or learning, the effect sizes were relatively large, although the sample sizes were small. At the same time, because of the small sample sizes, some meaningful effects could not be detected. In the other fields, because of the large sample sizes, meaningless effects could be detected. This implies that researchers who could not get large enough effect sizes would use larger samples to obtain significant results.
著者
鈴川 由美 豊田 秀樹
出版者
日本認知科学会
雑誌
認知科学 (ISSN:13417924)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, no.1, pp.202-222, 2011 (Released:2011-09-07)
参考文献数
25

When applying inference statistics, power analysis should be performed as a part of research plan, and in reporting the results, some measure of effect size is supposed to be included, as APA noted. However, they have been considered less serious indeed. Power analysis including estimation of effect size will be illustrated with sample effect size and sample statistical power calculated for the articles published in the Cognitive Studies.
著者
豊田 秀樹 福富 護 西田 智男
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.1, pp.1-8, 1993-01-22 (Released:2016-12-01)

The purpose of this study is to show the existence of sexual unidimension of female expressions in comics and gravures in the magazines. 1221 comics and 6861 gravures in 332 magazines published in June, 1989 were collected. The numbers of figures which can be categolized with sex and certain conditions of expression were counted. The frequency tables were analyzed by Quantification type III. The major findings were: (1) most of the expression of female figures in magazines can be explained by an unidimensional scale, named Degree of Exposure. (2) The degree of female expression tends to be more unidimensional in gravures than in comics.
著者
尾崎 幸謙 豊田 秀樹
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.76, no.2, pp.97-104, 2005-06-25 (Released:2010-07-16)
参考文献数
10

The purpose of this research is to provide a two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) model for a latent factor. Typical psychological studies measure mental states with questionnaires and analyze the variance of the measures into the portions attributable to various sources. This type of research, when conducted under regular ANOVA designs, uses total score as the dependent measures. However, this method is based on the unrealistic presumption that every item on the questionnaire has the same factor loading on the attribute being measured. In this research, we incorporated factor analysis model, and used a latent factor instead of total score as the dependent measure, thereby applying ANOVA under a more realistic assumption. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used to express statistical models. This paper also examined a relation between music and mood, which is a quite popular area of research in psychology of music. To study the possible effects of tonality and key-signature on mood, music was chosen to represent tonality and key-signature conditions.
著者
豊田 秀樹 拜殿 怜奈 久保 沙織 池原 一哉 磯部 友莉恵
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.86, no.6, pp.535-544, 2016 (Released:2016-02-25)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
1

The purpose of this study is to propose a method of factor analysis for analyzing contingency tables developed from the data of unlimited multiple-choice questions. This method assumes that the element of each cell of the contingency table has a binominal distribution and a factor analysis model is applied to the logit of the selection probability. Scree plot and WAIC are used to decide the number of factors, and the standardized residual, the standardized difference between the sample, and the proportion ratio, is used to select items. The proposed method was applied to real product impression research data on advertised chips and energy drinks. Since the results of the analysis showed that this method could be used in conjunction with conventional factor analysis model, and extracted factors were fully interpretable, and suggests the usefulness of the proposed method in the study of psychology using unlimited multiple-choice questions.
著者
豊田 秀樹 川端 一光 中村 健太郎 片平 秀貴
出版者
日本行動計量学会
雑誌
行動計量学 (ISSN:03855481)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.1, pp.101-110, 2007 (Released:2007-05-30)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
1 1 1

This study proposes the adoption of a neural network as an alternative to logistic regression analysis, which is conventionally used to estimate the propensity score (Rosenbaum & Rubin, 1983). Moreover, covariates that are frequently obscured are presented.Considering the response pattern to a mail survey by random sampling as a criterion, we examined how is the response pattern to a Web survey by purposive selection rectified using the propensity score. The propensity score was estimated using the subjects' demographic variables as covariates.The results of adopting a neural network were compared with those of the logistic regression analysis. As a result, the accuracy of bias reduction by the threelayer neural networks was found to be greater than that by the logistic regression analysis.In addition, detailed contents of the covariates were presented, and a decision tree was produced to examine the influence of covariates on allocation of the subjects to survey forms.
著者
豊田 秀樹 池原 一哉
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.1, pp.32-40, 2011 (Released:2011-08-29)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
1

In this article, we propose a non-hierarchical clustering method that can consider the relations between several variables and determine the optimal number of clusters. By utilizing the Mahalanobis distance instead of the Euclidean distance, which is calculated in k-means, we could consider the relations between several variables and obtain better groupings. Assuming that the data are samples from a mixture normal distribution, we could also calculate Akaike's information criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian information criterion (BIC) to determine the number of clusters. We used simulation and real data examples to confirm the usefulness of the proposed method. This method allows determination of the optimal number of clusters, considering the relations between several variables.
著者
鈴川 由美 豊田 秀樹
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.1, pp.51-63, 2012 (Released:2012-09-26)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
1 2

This study analyzed the statistical power of research studies published in the “Japanese Journal of Psychology” in 2008 and 2009. Sample effect sizes and sample statistical powers were calculated for each statistical test and analyzed with respect to the analytical methods and the fields of the studies. The results show that in the fields like perception, cognition or learning, the effect sizes were relatively large, although the sample sizes were small. At the same time, because of the small sample sizes, some meaningful effects could not be detected. In the other fields, because of the large sample sizes, meaningless effects could be detected. This implies that researchers who could not get large enough effect sizes would use larger samples to obtain significant results.
著者
久保 沙織 豊田 秀樹
出版者
日本パーソナリティ心理学会
雑誌
パーソナリティ研究 (ISSN:13488406)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.2, pp.93-107, 2013-11-30 (Released:2013-12-04)
参考文献数
23

多特性多方法行列を扱う確認的因子分析モデルにおいて,CT-CMモデルは信頼性と収束的・弁別的妥当性の解釈が一通りに定まるというメリットがあるが,識別されない場合が多い。一方で,CT-C (M-1)モデル(Eid, 2000)は,識別は保証されるものの,基準となる方法の選択に依存して,同一データに対して信頼性と妥当性の解釈が変わってしまうという欠点がある。そこで本論文では,CT-CMモデルを基に,方法因子の因子得点の和が0という制約(Kenny & Kashy, 1992)を導入することで,基準となる方法を決める必要がなく,信頼性や妥当性の解釈が一通りに定まるモデルを提案する。主要文献より引用した12の相関行列に3種類のモデルを適用した結果と,シミュレーション研究の結果から,提案モデルは信頼性と妥当性に関する解釈が一通りに定まり,識別の可能性も高く,有望なモデルであることが示唆された。
著者
豊田 秀樹 福中 公輔 川端 一光 片平 秀貴
出版者
日本行動計量学会
雑誌
行動計量学 (ISSN:03855481)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.35, no.1, pp.91-101, 2008 (Released:2009-04-07)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
1

In this study, a secondary factor analysis of multiple populations with a structured mean was applied to the independent, and mean values were decomposed into common and unique components. In this manner, a method for discovering the most effective model was proposed. In order to ensure the practical effectiveness of this method, the data of Brand Japan from 2004 to 2006 was analyzed. This data was composed of 1,000 brands and 15 variables. As a result, some models fitted to the data well in all variations of models, and the best model could be decided by interpreting meanings. This model was applied to the brand data, and factor scores were calculated for every construct. Characteristics of every brand were discovered by observing its movement.
著者
豊田秀樹編著
出版者
東京図書
巻号頁・発行日
2012
著者
豊田 秀樹 拜殿 怜奈 久保 沙織 池原 一哉 磯部 友莉恵
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.86.14055, (Released:2016-01-15)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
1

The purpose of this study is to propose a method of factor analysis for analyzing contingency tables developed from the data of unlimited multiple-choice questions. This method assumes that the element of each cell of the contingency table has a binominal distribution and a factor analysis model is applied to the logit of the selection probability. Scree plot and WAIC are used to decide the number of factors, and the standardized residual, the standardized difference between the sample, and the proportion ratio, is used to select items. The proposed method was applied to real product impression research data on advertised chips and energy drinks. Since the results of the analysis showed that this method could be used in conjunction with conventional factor analysis model, and extracted factors were fully interpretable, and suggests the usefulness of the proposed method in the study of psychology using unlimited multiple-choice questions.
著者
豊田 秀樹
出版者
日本行動計量学会
雑誌
行動計量学 (ISSN:03855481)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.1, pp.35-42, 2000 (Released:2009-04-07)
参考文献数
86
被引用文献数
2 1 3

Within the past decade, structural equation modeling (SEM) has been a well known component of the methodological arsenal of the social sciences and behavioral sciences in Japan. This approach is being employed in an expanding range of substantive areas because of it includes many conventional statistical method such as the general linear model and factor analysis. This review paper is intended for researchers and students who want to study and use SEM or covariance structure analysis described in books and articles published previously.
著者
鈴川 由美 豊田 秀樹
出版者
日本認知科学会
雑誌
認知科学 = Cognitive studies : bulletin of the Japanese Cognitive Science Society (ISSN:13417924)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, no.1, pp.202-222, 2011-03-01

When applying inference statistics, power analysis should be performed as a part of research plan, and in reporting the results, some measure of effect size is supposed to be included, as APA noted. However, they have been considered less serious indeed. Power analysis including estimation of effect size will be illustrated with sample effect size and sample statistical power calculated for the articles published in the <I>Cognitive Studies</I>.
著者
豊田 秀樹 中村 健太郎 村石 幸正
出版者
日本教育心理学会
雑誌
教育心理学研究 (ISSN:00215015)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.4, pp.392-401, 2004-12-30

双生児と一般児を統合的に扱う遺伝ACEモデルが新制田中B式知能検査に適用される。データは中学1年時と高校1年時にそれぞれ採られた縦断データである。本研究では構造方程式モデルの下位モデルである遺伝ACEモデルと縦断的解析を融合したモデルによって, 115組の一卵性双生児と32組の二卵性双生児, ならびに881人の一般児の被験者を分析した。知能点と7つの各下位検査についてそれぞれ母数の推定を行い, 加算的遺伝, 共有環境, 非共有環境の各説明割合が明らかとなった。個々の項目に関する特徴に加え, 全体として中学時, 高校時の双方とも非共有環境の説明割合が比較的大きいことが示された。