著者
杉山 幸丸 三谷 雅純 丸橋 珠樹 五百部 裕 ハフマンマイケル A 小清水 弘一 大東 肇 山越 言 小川 秀司 揚妻 直樹 中川 尚史 岩本 俊孝 室山 泰之 大沢 秀行 田中 伊知郎 横田 直人 井上(村山) 美穂 松村 秀一 森 明雄 山極 寿一 岡本 暁子 佐倉 統
出版者
京都大学学術出版会
巻号頁・発行日
2000-09

食う-食われる,エネルギー収支,どうやって子孫を残すか……サルたちはさまざまな生物的・非生物的環境とどのように関わりながら暮らしているのだろうか.本書によって,霊長類社会の研究者はその社会の生物学的背景をより深く理解でき,他の生物の生態研究者は霊長類における生態学的研究の最前線に触れられる.
著者
中川 尚史 川本 芳 村山 美穂 中道 正之 半谷 吾郎 山田 一憲 松村 秀一
出版者
京都大学
雑誌
基盤研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2011-04-01

ニホンザルは順位序列が明確な専制型と分類されてきた。しかし、野生群は乳母行動から、餌付け群は給餌実験時の攻撃性から評価した結果、勝山、小豆島は専制型、屋久島、淡路島は寛容型と個体群間変異があった。他方、モノアミン酸化酵素A遺伝子およびアンドロゲン受容体遺伝子の頻度に個体群間変異があり、屋久島では前者の短いアリル、淡路島では後者の長いアリルが高頻度で見られた。これはアカゲザルやヒトの攻撃性と遺伝子型の関連と一致する傾向であった。また、ミトコンドリアDNAによる分子系統関係も、屋久島と淡路島は比較的近縁であることを示し、社会様式の違いに遺伝的背景があることを示唆する結果となった。
著者
松村 秀一 前田 秀一 高橋 淳 吉川 貞雄
出版者
公益社団法人 高分子学会
雑誌
高分子論文集 (ISSN:03862186)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.4, pp.317-324, 1988-04-25 (Released:2010-02-26)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
11 20

ポリピニルアルコール (PVA) の生分解について詳細な検討を行い, 活性汚泥により生分解を受けることを認めた. 細菌としてPseudomonas sp. M1及びPseudomonas putida M2などがPVAのポリマー部分分解菌として単離された. これらを用いた試験からポリビニルアルコールの優れた生分解性が確認された. さらに, ビニルタイブの生分解性を有する高分子電解質の分子設計としてポリアクリル酸ナトリウムの主鎖中に生分解性を有するポリビニルアルコール単位を有するポリ [(アクリル酸ナトリウム) -co- (ビニルアルコール)] [P (SA-VA)] を酢酸ビニルとアクリル酸を共重合させることにより合成し, 得られたものの生分解について検討を行った. その結果P- (SA-VA) は土壌で生分解を受けることが見いだされた. また, 共生的に働いているPseudemonas sp. C1及びC2の2菌株がP (SA-VA) のポリマー部分分解菌として単離, 同定された.
著者
朴 炳順 松村 秀一
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.67, no.553, pp.147-153, 2002-03-30 (Released:2017-02-04)
参考文献数
21

To clarify the characteristics of Rental Wooden Multiple Dwellings (RWMD) in the early Showa era, 7 buildings of the present RWMD built in the first half of 1930s were investigated. The characteristics specified from this investigation are as follows; l) the design of exterior appearance and main entrance is semi-European style-Types, 2) the dwelling units are located at the both side of indoor corridor. 3) the manager who habitually resides plays an important role in the management of RWMD, 4) the size of dwelling unit for rent is six or four half-Tatami mats, 5) a gas range and closet are furnished for exclusive use, and a washroom, toilet, and kitchen are for common use.
著者
松村 秀一 権藤 智之 佐藤 考一 森田 芳朗 江口 亨
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.78, no.693, pp.2307-2313, 2013-11-30 (Released:2014-07-10)
参考文献数
18

Major prefabricated houses manufacturers started their business around 1960s and became world class large housing companies. This study clarifies 9 major prefabricated houses manufacturers' developments at early stage by interviews with their in-house engineers and architectural designers as well as analysis of relating documents. Early prefabricated houses were developed by small number of engineers intensively. Various architecture and specialists including foreign architecture, famous architects and academics affected these developments in some aspects. Furthermore, each of early prefabricated houses had many unique characteristics in building systems. Some of them had changed in early stages, while the others still remain nowadays.
著者
佐藤 考一 松村 秀一
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.722, pp.841-850, 2016 (Released:2016-04-30)
参考文献数
20

The Housing Loan Corporation founded in 1950 was the most powerful supplier of public houses in Japan, which financed the enormous amounts of the Government Housing Loan for Japanese people during the latter half of the 20th century. For instance, approximately sixteen million housing units financed by the Housing Loan Corporation were built from 1966 to 2000, and accounted for about seventy percent of public houses. This research aims to clarify how the Housing Loan Corporation had improved the quality of Japanese houses. To verify the promotion of prefabricated houses by the Government Housing Loan, this paper carries out two approaches: one is to compile the statistic of it and the other is to make a historical review based on the examination of the Housing Loan Corporation's business plans during fifty years. And the followings are clarified. The course of the Housing Loan Corporation's history was to make a variety of loans to the dwelling units for sale. When the Government Housing Loan started in the early 1950s, the customized houses accounted for above ninety percent of the owner occupied dwellings and most of it was loaned to them. But the loans to the dwelling units for sale occupied almost fifty percent of it in the late 1990s. Because the more they were built in Japan, the more the Housing Loan Corporation loaned to them. This suggests that the system of the Government Housing Loan accommodated itself to structural changes of housing market in Japan. The Government Housing Loan to wooden prefabricated houses and steel made a substantial contribution to Japanese houses. The former, based on Agrément on Factory-made Houses since 1966, made an origin of seismic and fire preventive performance with current wooden houses of Japan. The reason is that it grew a structural planning method based on the bearing wall line and a specification of quasi fire resistive construction with wooden materials, which are generally used in designing conventional houses today. In contrast, the latter, started in 1962 as part of noncombustible building policy, seems not to bring anything of technical development. But the Government Housing Loan gave the steel prefabricated houses a quality assurance on new building system, and became the start of spreading tie-up loans in detached houses of Japan. Nowadays steel construction houses occupy approximately twenty percent of Japanese housing market and distinguish it from other countries'. In Europe and America, the purchasers of steel prefabricated houses weren't loaned generally by any financial institutions. This is pointed out to be one of reasons why they didn't take roots there. Therefore, the Government Housing Loan to steel prefabricated houses can be said to become the start of making an identity of Japanese housing market.
著者
阿部 芳郎 松村 秀一 真子 義邦 坂田 英昭 三浦 健司 酒井 要
出版者
Japan Oil Chemists' Society
雑誌
油化学 (ISSN:18842003)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.6, pp.456-466, 1985

Poly [(sodium acrylate) -<I>co</I>- (vinyl alcohol)] P (A-VA), poly [(sodium acrylate) -<I>co</I>- (methyl vinyl ether)] P (A-MVE), polyL (sodium 2-hydroxyacrylate) -<I>co</I>- (sodium acrylate) P (HA-A), poly [(disodium maleate) -<I>alt</I>- (vinyl alcohol) P (Ma-VA), poly (disodium fumarate) -<I>alt</I>- (vinyl alcohol)] P (F-VA) were prepared, and their building performances in detergents were examined. Their sequestering power for Ca<SUP>2+</SUP> and dispersing power MnO<SUB>2</SUB> were determined and compared with the corresponding properties of sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP) and disodium 3-oxapentandioate (ODA). The biodegradability of the oligomers was also studied under aerobic conditions.<BR>These oligomers showed better detergency building performances than those of ODA, and some of them were superior to those of STPP. Oligomeric P (A-VA) prepared by UV polymerization showed the best building performances in detergent systems and biodegradability tested in this report. The introduction of hydroxyl groups and ether groups to poly (sodium acrylate) promoted their detergency power and biodegradability.
著者
戸嶋 一敦 中田 雅也 松村 秀一
出版者
The Society of Synthetic Organic Chemistry, Japan
雑誌
有機合成化学協会誌 (ISSN:00379980)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.6, pp.503-513, 1996-06-01 (Released:2009-11-16)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
1 2

The molecular design and chemical synthesis of novel and artificial enediyne classes of DNA cleaving molecules 14, and their chemical and DNA cleaving profiles are described. The enediyne sulfides 1aI were synthesized via the coupling of the vinyl iodide 8 and the protected propargyl alcohol 9, and the intramolecular cyclization of the dibromide 17. 1b was found to cycloaromatize by 1, 8-diazabicyclo [5.4.0] undec-7-ene (DBU) in 1, 4-cyclohexadiene through radical pathways and by a hydroxy anion in dimethyl sulfoxide-Tris-HCl, pH 8.5 buffer through a polar pathway. 1aI cleaved DNA under weakly alkaline conditions, and 1e, 1k and 1l, all of which have a DNA intercalatable moiety, exhibited strong DNA cleaving activities with the identical high purine base (G>A) selectivity. The enediyne triols 2ac were prepared from xylitol (19) via the conversion of the keto-aldehyde 24 into the keto-enediyne 25 by an intramolecular aldol reaction. 2a was also cycloaromatized in a manner similar to that for the enediyne sulfide, and 2ac showed guanine-specific DNA cleavages under weakly alkaline conditions. The enynallene sulfones 3af were obtained by m-CPBA oxidation of the corresponding enediyne sulfides. 3c was cycloaromatized by DBU through both radical and polar pathways. 3af cleaved DNA at any DNA-base site under weakly alkaline conditions, and 3df possessing a hydrophilic moiety exhibited stronger DNA cleavages. The dienediynes 4ac were synthesized from 25. 4c possessing acetoxy groups at the propargylic positions was cycloaromatized by methyl thioglycolate through radical pathways, and cleaved DNA at any pH with guanine-base selectivity. Furthermore, the DNA cleaving activity of 4c significantly increased in the presence of methyl thioglycolate.
著者
佐藤 考一 松村 秀一
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.543, pp.139-145, 2001

This Paper discusses the possibilities and contributions of establishing 'design-oriented components', which provide flexible design for the A/E, and concludes follows. 1. The production system of component manufacturers has enough flexibility to accept special orders from the A/E since they have changed from production for stock to that for order. 2. There is no reason why the A/E selects ready-made components only for his design, nevertheless the idea of open system has been based on such components manufactured by the production system for stock. 3. It is essential to establish design-oriented components with which their information is represented by a means of operating their attribute easily. Such components are expected to gather A/E's needs for new developments by component manufactures.
著者
権藤 智之 上橋 由寛 松村 秀一
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.647, pp.193-200, 2010-01-30 (Released:2010-04-02)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
1

In Okinawa, new wooden house construction starts is very small compared with in the whole Japan. So, wooden house builders in Okinawa have many difficulties, like shortage of lumbers or carpenters. But, from the 1990s, pre-cut lumber shipped from southern Kyushu area have got used in Okinawa. With this new building method, some companies which have no experience of wooden construction moved onto wooden house construction. Most of them build small numbers of wooden houses, and do another business on the other hand. And wooden house building system is influenced by limited distribution channel as well as environmental factor.