著者
藤村 政樹 野村 将春 坂本 さゆり 上尾 友美恵 柴田 和彦 小川 晴彦 西 耕一 松田 保
出版者
The Japanese Respiratory Society
雑誌
日本胸部疾患学会雑誌 (ISSN:03011542)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.1, pp.105-112, 1990-01-25 (Released:2010-02-23)
参考文献数
14

若年健康女性にみられる深吸気の Vmax 増加効果と basal bronchomotor tone の関係にっいて, partial and maximum expiratory flow-volume curve を用いて検討した. 深吸気の Vmax 増加効果は, ipratropium bromide によるPEF25の増加率 (r=-0.81, p<0.0002) および salbutamol によるPEF25の増加率 (r=-0.62, p<0.01) と有意の相関を示した. 深吸気の Vmax 増加効果の日差変動は, PEF25の日差変動と有意 (r=0.68,p<0.005) に相関したが, MEF25の日差変動とは相関しなかった. 以上より, 若年健康女性における深吸気の Vmax 増加効果は, 迷走神経緊張による basal bronchomotor tone が亢進しているためにみられる現象と考えた.
著者
藤村 政樹 野村 将春 坂本 さゆり 上尾 友美恵 柴田 和彦 小川 晴彦 西 耕一 松田 保
出版者
The Japanese Respiratory Society
雑誌
日本胸部疾患学会雑誌 (ISSN:03011542)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.1, pp.105-112, 1990

若年健康女性にみられる深吸気の Vmax 増加効果と basal bronchomotor tone の関係にっいて, partial and maximum expiratory flow-volume curve を用いて検討した. 深吸気の Vmax 増加効果は, ipratropium bromide によるPEF<sub>25</sub>の増加率 (r=-0.81, p<0.0002) および salbutamol によるPEF<sub>25</sub>の増加率 (r=-0.62, p<0.01) と有意の相関を示した. 深吸気の Vmax 増加効果の日差変動は, PEF<sub>25</sub>の日差変動と有意 (r=0.68,p<0.005) に相関したが, MEF<sub>25</sub>の日差変動とは相関しなかった. 以上より, 若年健康女性における深吸気の Vmax 増加効果は, 迷走神経緊張による basal bronchomotor tone が亢進しているためにみられる現象と考えた.
著者
大西 史晃 松田 保 金森 雅夫 的地 修 豊田 則成 廣木 武士
出版者
びわこ成蹊スポーツ大学
雑誌
研究紀要 (ISSN:13489399)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.105-115, 2010-03-15

Introduction: "Kids Project" is a project which started from 2003 by the Japan FootballAssociation (JFA) and its purpose is to support kids to like sports and also to learn socialskills through playing sports. Biwako Seikei Sports College(BSSC) started this project at thesame time that JFA did. Student coaches who are certified as JFA Kids' Leaders visitkindergartens in Otsu city, and instruct kids to do physical activities such as soccer, tag, andso on. Kids learn social skills such as rules, responsibility, team work, and fair play. Since BSSCstarted this project, it has become in creasingly popular in the community year by year. Fromthe year of 2005, evaluation of the project has been carried out at the end of every year. Thisstudy was to investigate the result of "Kids' Project" by analyzing the end term evaluationfrom 2005 to 2007 and to clarify problems that need to be resolved to provide a betterprogram in the future. Design: The number of kindergartens that participated into doing theend term evaluation was 18 in 2005, 30 in 2006, and 27 in 2007. The age range of subjects was3 to 5 years old. The evaluation form consisted of two types of questions. One is a 4-pointsgradingsystem to a provided question "Are contents of the program appropriate for yourkids?" In this grading system, 1 means "it suits very well" and 4 means "it does not suit atall". The other is a free comment for requests to coaches. In the evaluation of 2007, extraquestions were added. The extra questions were "Any behavioral change in a group?" and"Any behavioral change in the individual? Answers for these questions were chosen from oneof 4 comments, A: I strongly agree, B: I agree, C: I disagree, and D: I strongly disagree. Result:The average point of the 4-point-grading system to the question" Are contents of the programappropriate to your kids?" is 1.76 in 2005, 1.76 in 2006, and 1.81 in 2007. The major comment forrequests to coaches in 2005 was" Coaches were very polite to kids" for good and" We need apreliminary meeting at the beginning of the year." for bad. The major comment for requests tocoaches in 2006 was "Coaches became very close to kids and kids like the coaches" for goodand "Coaches need to show a better approach to handicapped kids." for bad. Major commentfor request to coaches in 2007 was "Coaches' approach to handicapped kids was very good."for good and "Coaches visit our kindergarten more often." for bad. Answers for the question"Any behavioral change in a group?" were 3 of A, 16 of B, 5 of C, 0 of D, and 3 of no comment.Answers for the question "Any behavioral change in the individual?" were 4 of A, 16 of B, 5for C, 0 of D, and 2 of no comment. Conclusion: Since a high average score in the gradingsystem in each year were reported, it is clarified that this project suits kids who are under theage of 6. Also, it is clear that kids are able to learn social skills through this project.
著者
金森 一紀 魚谷 浩平 高倉 文嗣 西岡 真二 越野 健 藤村 政樹 中積 泰人 岡藤 和博 松田 保 上尾 友美恵 柴山 正美 川井 清
出版者
The Japanese Respiratory Society
雑誌
日本胸部疾患学会雑誌 (ISSN:03011542)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.9, pp.970-976, 1986-09-25 (Released:2010-02-23)
参考文献数
24

健常者および非発作期の気管支喘息患者を対象に深吸気の影響を検討した. Maximum expiratory flow-volume curve のV25をMEF25, これと同一肺気量における partial expiratory flow-volume curve のVをPEF25とし, Deep Inspimtion (DI) Index=(PEF25-MEF25)/PEF25を求めた. 健常者では若年者の DI Index は負となり深呼吸による気道拡張効果が認められたが, この効果は加齢とともに減弱し, 50歳以上では DI Index は正の値になった. 抗コリン剤吸入後には DI Index は有意に増加して正の値となり年齢差は認められなくなったことから, 若年者では迷走神経の緊張が強く気道の resting tone が収縮性に保たれていることが推測された. 気管支喘息のうち40歳未満で%FEV1.0≧70%の患者では DI Index は負となり, 抗コリン剤吸入後には有意に増加して年の値となったことから, 気管支喘息でも深呼吸の気道拡張効果は存在し迷走神経が関与していると考えられた.
著者
松田 保
出版者
一般社団法人 日本血液学会
雑誌
臨床血液 (ISSN:04851439)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.7, pp.1085-1092, 1987 (Released:2009-02-02)
参考文献数
18

Changes in coagulability, fibrinolytic activity and viscosity of blood, related to age were investigated in healthy subjects. The results were as follows: Factor VIII activity and plasma fibrinogen content increased with age, however factor V activity were lower in aged subjects. Activities of factors X and VIII, and levels of fibrinogen, antithrombin III and plasminogen in plasma were higer in the young male than in the age-matched female, although those were lower in the aged male than in the female with corresponding age. Von Willebrand factor in plasma were assayed in the aged subjects and was higher in male than in female. Hematcrit values and blood viscosity were higher in the male than in the female, in general. Hematcrit values tended to decline with age, although blood viscosity were higher in the aged subjects. From these results, it seems to be reasonable to conclude that aged male is Slightly thrombotic than age-matched female. This may contribute to longevity of female.
著者
高橋 正行 吉満 樹 廣木 武士 松田 保 豊田 一成
出版者
びわこ成蹊スポーツ大学
雑誌
研究紀要 (ISSN:13489399)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.65-72, 2007-03-15

The objective of this study is to establish clear targets in physical training with the BiwakoSeikei Sport College Football Club(BSSCFC)Soccer Team by measuring various physicalparameters. Subjects of this study are 139 soccer players in BSSCFC as of April 2006 whocompleted the cardiopulmonary exercise test and measurement of body composition.. Theexercise test was by Treadmill with graded load until target heart rate or leg fatigueoccurred with expired gas analysis. We statistically analyzed all data by academic year, team,and position. Football players of BSSCFC had lower maximum oxygen consumption(VO2max)and higher percentile body fat compared with most world competitive football players. WithinBSSCFC, I team players had higher body fat than top team players. Centerback players weretaller and sidehalf players were shorter in height compared with the total average.Goalkeepers and centerback players were heavier. The top team players had higher VO2max, VO2max/kg, and ATge/kg values than the total average. Regarding the energyefficiency parameter, VO2/time was better in the top team and worse in the U-23+Lago team.In conclusion, the major comparative gap between world competitive football players andBSSCFC soccer players were the latter had(1)lower VO2max and(2)higher body fat,while the top team had the best value within BSSCFC.

1 0 0 0 OA 気管支喘息 II

著者
坂東 琢麿 西 耕一 大家 他喜雄 安井 正英 藤村 政樹 松田 保
出版者
日本呼吸器内視鏡学会
雑誌
気管支学 : 日本気管支研究会雑誌 (ISSN:02872137)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.6, pp.569-574, 1992-09-25

症例は57歳, 男性で, 主訴は胸部異常陰影であった。1990年7月3日, 急性心筋梗塞と診断され, 7月7日当院受診, 胸部X線像にて右上肺野に浸潤影が認められたが, 7月26日には自然消退した。外来にて経過観察中の9月27日に, 左中下肺野に斑状影が出現した。気道症状はなかったが, 軽度の炎症反応があり, 呼吸機能検査で軽度の拘束性障害が認められたため, 間質性肺炎を疑い, 気管支鏡検査を行った。気管支肺胞洗浄中の細胞は増加し, リンパ球が増加していた。病理組織学的には器質化肺炎と診断された。こうした所見は, アレルギー反応によって生ずる間質性肺炎に類似しており, 本症例では血清抗心筋抗体が陽性であることなどから, 心筋梗塞後症候群の一亜型と思われた。