著者
工藤 大介 中谷内 一也
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.1, pp.35-44, 2014-08-18

This study investigated why the restrained buying called reputational risk occurred after The Great East Japan Earthquake, focusing on the psychological factors influencing consumers. A preliminary investigation (N=112) identified affective (System 1) factors - "negative affect," "association with Fukushima," "support for quake-hit areas," and "radiation anxieties" - and reason (System 2) factors - "knowledge-based judgment" and "rational decision" - based on the dual-process theory. Initially, the results of structural equation modeling (SEM) conducted on the main survey data (N=310) indicated the influence of multi-collinearity. Accordingly, the factors "negative affect," "association with Fukushima," and "radiation anxieties" were integrated as "anxiety over radiation and nuclear power." The result of SEM on the refined model suggested this factor causes restrained buying while "support for quake-hit areas" is effective in its mitigation. Finally, future contingency plans to combat reputational risk were discussed based on the findings of this study.
著者
中谷内 一也 工藤 大介 尾崎 拓
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.85, no.2, pp.139-147, 2014 (Released:2014-06-25)
参考文献数
42
被引用文献数
3 3

This study investigated the levels of public trust in organizations associated with the Great East Japan Earthquake. In Study 1 (N = 639), the levels of trust in eight organizations as well as the determinants of trust–perceived salient value similarity (SVS), ability, and motivation– were measured twice, first immediately after the earthquake and then a year later. The results indicated that the trust levels for six of the eight organizations had been preserved, supporting the double asymmetric effect of trust. The results of structural equation modeling (SEM) revealed that SVS explained trust more when the organization had been less trusted. Trust in the organization explains well the perceived reduction of the target risk. The results of SEM in Study 2 (N = 1,030) replicated those of Study 1, suggesting the stability of the explanatory power of the determinants of trust. Implications of the study for risk management practices are discussed.
著者
工藤 大介 中谷内 一也
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.1, pp.35-44, 2014-08-18 (Released:2015-06-06)
参考文献数
42
被引用文献数
3

This study investigated why the restrained buying called reputational risk occurred after The Great East Japan Earthquake, focusing on the psychological factors influencing consumers. A preliminary investigation (N=112) identified affective (System 1) factors—“negative affect,” “association with Fukushima,” “support for quake-hit areas,” and “radiation anxieties”—and reason (System 2) factors—“knowledge-based judgment” and “rational decision”—based on the dual-process theory. Initially, the results of structural equation modeling (SEM) conducted on the main survey data (N=310) indicated the influence of multi-collinearity. Accordingly, the factors “negative affect,” “association with Fukushima,” and “radiation anxieties” were integrated as “anxiety over radiation and nuclear power.” The result of SEM on the refined model suggested this factor causes restrained buying while “support for quake-hit areas” is effective in its mitigation. Finally, future contingency plans to combat reputational risk were discussed based on the findings of this study.
著者
工藤 大介 渡部 広明 大須賀 章倫 松岡 哲也
出版者
一般社団法人 日本救急医学会
雑誌
日本救急医学会雑誌 (ISSN:0915924X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.12, pp.1101-1106, 2008-12-15
参考文献数
12
被引用文献数
5

非閉塞性腸管虚血症(nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia; NOMI)は,低灌流に引き続いて発生する腸管の動脈攣縮によるもので,虚血が不可逆的になると腸管壊死を引き起こす。門脈ガス血症(hepatic portal venous gas; HPVG)や腸管嚢腫様気腫像,高乳酸血症などの腸管壊死を示唆するとされる所見を伴っていながら,結果的に全層性の腸管壊死がみられなかった例を対照的な壊死症例と合わせて 2 例報告する。症例はいずれもショック状態で当センターへ搬送となった。HPVG,腸管嚢腫様気腫像,高乳酸血症などを認め,臨床上腸管壊死を強く疑い緊急開腹手術を施行した。 1 例は小腸の全層壊死を伴っており腸管切除術を施行し, 2 例目は壊死が粘膜に限局していたことから,second look手術を施行し腸管切除を回避することが可能であった。NOMIの症例において腸管壊死を示唆する門脈ガス血症,腸管嚢腫様気腫像等を認めた場合は,腸管壊死を疑い一般的に開腹術が妥当な治療と考えられる。しかしながら,本症例によりこれらの所見を伴う症例において必ずしも腸管壊死を伴わない場合があることが示された。ただし,現時点では腸管壊死の有無を確実に術前診断するすべはなく,開腹術はやむなしと思われる。