著者
岡田 斉 萩谷 久美子 石原 俊一 谷口 清 中島 滋
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.87-96, 2009-03-01

Many recent studies have suggested that deficits in dietary-based omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids may make an etiological contribution to mood disorders and that supplementation with omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids may provide a treatment strategy (Hagg, 2003; Parker, Gibson, Brotchie, Rees, & Handzi-Pavlovic, 2006; Vaddadi, 2006). However, a few studies did examine the relationship between daily food intake and mood disorders. Thus, we surveyed students with regard to these relationships. Two hundred and forty eight university students completed the SDS and eighty item food appetite survey. Results showed that low-depression group tended to favor fish and deep yellow vegetables more than the high-depression group. These results suggest that a preference for fish and deep yellow vegetables relates to depression. Antioxidative effects of these foodstuffs may facilitate antidepressive effects of omega-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids.
著者
岡 明彦 天野 祐二 内田 靖 香川 幸司 高取 健人 北嶋 直人 園山 浩紀 多田 育賢 楠 龍策 福庭 暢彦 大嶋 直樹 森山 一郎 結城 崇史 川島 耕作 石原 俊治 木下 芳一
出版者
一般財団法人 日本消化器病学会
雑誌
日本消化器病学会雑誌 (ISSN:04466586)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.110, no.10, pp.1804-1813, 2013 (Released:2013-10-07)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
1

保存的加療にて軽快した餅による消化管障害(イレウス,潰瘍)の8例を報告した.既報を含めた検討では,餅による消化管障害には,次のような特徴がある.(1)イレウス,穿孔,潰瘍がある.(2)50~60歳代の男性に多く,義歯や早食いが誘因となる.(3)発症数は10月から増え1月に最も集中.(4)イレウスでは腹膜刺激症状,穿孔をともないやすい.(5)硬くなった餅はスネアで破砕可能.(6)餅のCT像は「均一」な「高濃度」であり,CT値は145HU前後である.
著者
石原 俊
出版者
京都大学
雑誌
京都社会学年報 : KJS
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, pp.1-33, 2005-12-25

In the 19^<th> Century the Ogasawara/Bonin Islands were the center of the automatic life world in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean called "Japan Ground" by the seamen and whalers. From 1830 to 1875 the settlers of the Ogasawara Islands came from all parts of the world. They contacted and traded with whalers who stopped at these islands. In 1875 "the Empire of Japan" began to occupy these islands and these settlers were naturalized to "Japanese", but these people named "kikajin"(meaning naturalized people) re-arranged and kept their automatic life world. They kept trading with "foreign" seamen who stopped at these Islands. After 1870's they were employed as hunters by the "foreign" schooners to the Sea of Okhotsk for fur-seal hunting every year, often "violating" the border of "Russia" or "Japan". Under such condition the Ogasawara Islands and the life world of the settlers attracted the attention of the politicians, economists, journalists and explorers in "the Empire of Japan" in 1880's and 1890's. The oceans and islands in "Japan Ground" were named "Nan-yo"(meaning the southern ocean of "the Empire of Japan"). They "found" the Ogasawara Islands the center or the strongpoint of the oceans and islands in "Nan-yo" and the very model of the development of "Nan-yo". About that time the key word of the discourses and practices on "Nan-yo" was "Jiyu-koueki"(meaning free trade). Before the occupation of "the Empire of Japan" the Ogasawara Islands and "Japan Ground" had been focused by "the British Empire"(e.g. Rutherford Alcock), the United States of America(e.g. Matthew Perry) and the Tokugawa Regime(e.g. "John Mung") as the proving ground of the development based on the principle of "free trade". After the occupation the Ogasawara Islands came to be regarded as the strongpoint and the model of "Nan-yo" by the discourses and practices which supported "Jiyu-koueki"(e.g. Ukichi Taguchi, Tohru Hattori and Han-emon Tamaki). Such discourses and practices supported utilizing the life world around "kikajin(s)" in the Ogasawara Islands, especially their automatic and border-transgressing practices. They promoted the development of the Ogasawara Islands and "Nan-yo" through the "free" trading and colonizing without strong sovereign or military power. However in 1900's the development of the Ogasawara Islands became the big undertaking accompanied with the strong sovereign power and the large budget of "the Empire of Japan". The "Ogasawara-sima En-yo Gyogyo Kaisha"(meaning "the Ogasawara Islands Pelagic Fishery Company") which was founded and backed up by the local agency of "the Empire of Japan" took the initiative in this undertaking. Moreover the company began to appropriate the life world around "kikajin(s)". In 1910 the naturalized people in the Ogasawara Islands repelled the local agency to defend their automatic life world. "Nan-yo" was "found" the ideal proving ground of the development based on the principle of "free trade", and/but "Nan-yo" was the critical point of such development. This critical point was the inevitable and immanent result of "the imperialism of free trade"(by J. Gallagher & R. Robinson).
著者
石原 俊一 内堀 知美 今井 有里紗 牧田 茂
出版者
一般社団法人 日本健康心理学会
雑誌
健康心理学研究 (ISSN:09173323)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.Special_issue, pp.177-184, 2015 (Released:2015-02-19)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
1

Type D personality has recently attracted attention as a psychological factor closely related to the onset and progression of coronary heart disease (CHD). The purpose of the present research was to develop the Japanese version of Type D scale and to evaluate its validity and reliability. Participants (N=291; 133 CHD patients, 158 normal adults) completed questionnaires including the Japanese version of the Type D Scale (DS14), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Kikuchi's Social Skills Scale-18 (Kiss-18), and Negative Emotional Suppression Tendency Scale. Exploratory factor analysis of Japanese DS14 revealed two factors (social inhibition: SI, and negative affectivity: NA) comprised of 14 items. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated an adequate index of fitness. In addition, the scale had an acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha, SI=.862, and NA=.799), as well as adequate reliability. These results indicate that the Japanese version of DS14 is a clinically useful scale for evaluating Type D personality in patients with CHD.
著者
石原 俊時
出版者
東京大学経済学会
雑誌
経済学論集 = The journal of economics (ISSN:00229768)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.1, pp.50-73, 2015-07

論文/Article
著者
建部 雅子 石原 俊幸 松野 宏治 藤本 順子 米山 忠克
出版者
一般社団法人日本土壌肥料学会
雑誌
日本土壌肥料學雜誌 (ISSN:00290610)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.3, pp.238-246, 1995-06-05
被引用文献数
33

Spinach and komatsuna were cultivated with 0,10,15 and 30g N m^<-2> applications in an Ando soil, and the changes of the contents of sugars, ascorbic acid, nitrate and oxalic acid which are the constituents related with the quality of the vegetables, and the relations between the growth (fresh weight), nitrogen status and the contents of these constituents were investigated. Ascorbic acid is contained both in spinach and komatsuna, but oxalic acid is contained at a high level in spinach and at trace levels in komatsuna. Nitrate nitrogen contents increased along with the increase of applied nitrogen, and reached 1.14g (kg FW)^<-1> in spinach leaf petiole and 1.26g (kg FW)^<-1> in komatsuna leaf petiole at harvest with the application of 30g N m^<-2>. In both crops, sucrose content was highest in the plot of 0g N m^<-2>, glucose content was highest in the plot of 10g N m^<-2>, and they were lowered with increased application of nitrogen. Total ascorbic acid (ASA+DHA) content was decreased by increasing the nitrogen application : from 0.74g (kg FW)^<-1> at the plot of 0g N m^<-2> to 0.51g (kg FW)^<-1> at the plot of 30g N m^<-2> in spinach and from 1.00g (kg FW)^<-1> at the plot of 0g N m^<-2> to 0.48g (kg FW)^<-1> at the plot of 30g N m^<-2> in komatsuna. In spinach, the total (water-soluble plus-insoluble) oxalic acid content was increased in the leaf blades and decreased in the leaf petioles along with the increase of nitrogen application, and there was no difference in the whole leaves with the treatments. The contents of sucrose and ascorbic acid were high in the plants in which yield and nitrogen content were low and dry matter content was high. In view of the quality of spinach and komatsuna, the low nitrogen application is better, but the amount of nitrogen application must be determined considering the maintenance of growth and yield.
著者
大内 裕和 水溜 真由美 石原 俊 長 志珠絵 黒川 みどり 鳥羽 耕史
出版者
中京大学
雑誌
基盤研究(B)
巻号頁・発行日
2010-04-01

1950年代が、戦前や戦時期との連続性を持ちながら、戦後の社会システムや大衆意識の形成にとって、決定的な意味を持っていたということを、当時の史資料から明らかにした。これらについて、多数の雑誌論文の執筆、学会発表、図書の刊行を行った。また、1950年代を再検討することによって、<現代>が戦後社会の転換点であることを、より明確にすることができた。これらについても、多数の雑誌論文の執筆、学会発表、図書の刊行を行った。
著者
石原 俊時
出版者
東京大学経済学会
雑誌
経済学論集 (ISSN:00229768)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.78, no.1, pp.63-82, 2012-04

特集 : フィランスロピーの国際比較 : 公と私の間でSpecial Issue : An International Comparison Study on Philanthropy : Between Public and Private Spheres
著者
石原 俊信 吉岩 豊三 金﨑 彰三 宮崎 正志 津村 弘
出版者
西日本整形・災害外科学会
雑誌
整形外科と災害外科 (ISSN:00371033)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.2, pp.287-290, 2015-03-25 (Released:2015-05-22)
参考文献数
8

外傷性環椎後頭骨脱臼は致死的外傷に伴うことが多く,生存例であっても重傷頭部外傷の合併により看過されることがある.今回救命し得た1症例を経験したので報告する.症例は75歳,男性.軽自動車を運転中に大型トレーラーとオフセット衝突して受傷した.自発呼吸はあるが,意識昏睡状態であり,四肢完全麻痺,外転神経麻痺を認めた.急性硬膜下血腫,頭蓋頚椎移行部レベルのくも膜下出血,両側動揺性胸郭,血気胸,骨盤骨折を合併していた.basion-dens intervalは15.8mmと拡大し,condyle-C1 intervalはいずれも正常2.0mmを超える値であり,外傷性環椎後頭骨脱臼と診断した.全身状態が落ち着いた受傷後5週に後頭頚椎固定術を施行した.術後,ベッドアップの制限なく,瞬目で,はい,いいえの意思疎通を行い,離握手も可能となった.
著者
五十嵐 航 大澤 達也 大寺 元氣 石原 俊一 田積 徹
出版者
文教大学
雑誌
人間科学研究 = Bulletin of Human Science (ISSN:03882152)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, pp.149-164, 2018-03-01

The current study experimentally manipulated the process in which two types of products were provided: one had a characteristic design but its use was not readily apparent (the product requiring familiarization, or PRF) while the other had a general design and its use was readily apparent (the self-explanatory product, or SEP). The aim of this study was to investigate differences between the PRF and SEP in terms of the value of an emotional connection, the value of familiarization, and desire to buy. Results indicated that the PRF significantly induced both an emotional connection and familiarization more than the SEP did, but the desire to buy the two products did not differ significantly. The current results did not experimentally indicate whether an emotional connection or familiarization leads to a desire to buy. In addition, this study analyzed the association between formation of impressions of a PRF and the emotional connection or familiarization with that product. Results indicated that a more novel PRF resulted in a stronger emotional connection and increased familiarization. A bland impression diminished familiarization, but individual differences in a bland impression were not associated with an emotional connection. Impressions of the novelty of a PRF may be associated with encounters with that product overall while a bland impression may be specifically associated with certain encounters with that product.◆本研究では、デザインが特徴的で一見して使途がすぐにわからない商品(経験ブロバイダー商品)と、一般的なデザインで使途がすぐにわかる同じカテゴリの商品(対照商品)を呈示することで経験プロバイダーを実験的に操作し、これらの商品に対して、実験参加者の情緒的経験価値と関係的経験価値、および、購買意欲に違いが認められるのかを検証した。その結果、経験プロバイダー商品は対照商品よりも有意に情緒的経験価値と関係的経験価値を生じさせたが、それらの商品の購買意欲には違いが認められなかった。これらの結果から、経験価値が購買意欲の違いを生み出すかどうかを実験的に明らかにすることはできなかった。また、本研究で用いられた経験ブロバイダー商品の印象構造が情緒的経験価値と関係的経験価値とどのように関連するのかを検討した。その結果、これらの商品に対して斬新な印象を抱く人ほど、情緒的経験価値と関係的経験価値が高まり、柔和な印象を抱く人ほど関係的経験価値は低下するが、柔和な印象の個人差は情緒的経験価値と関連がないことが示された。これらの結果は、経験ブロバイダー商品に対する印象には、経験価値全般と関連するもの(斬新な印象)もある一方、経験価値と特異的に関連するもの(柔和な印象)もあることを示唆する。
著者
藤田 晴久 福島 紘司 桜井 敏晴 福間 真理子 瀬戸 淑子 藤田 知信 伊藤 光一 篠原 紀夫 由本 靖 石原 俊信
出版者
公益社団法人 日本化学会
雑誌
日本化学会誌(化学と工業化学) (ISSN:03694577)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1990, no.5, pp.566-574, 1990-05-10 (Released:2011-05-30)
参考文献数
10

有機ケイ素化合物の抗腫瘍活性を培養細胞系と実験動物移植腫瘍系を用いて検討した。50種類の化合物には培養細胞系においてEhrlichがん,肉腫-180.Lewis肺がんおよびB-16メラノーマに対して細胞増殖抑制効果を示す化合物が認められ,また,マウス移植腫瘍系においても上記の各固形腫瘍に対して経口投与によって有効な抗腫瘍活性を現わす化合物が見いだされた.中でも2-(2-Trimethylsilylethy1)thiaethylamine(SDK-12A)は最も強い活性を示し,その効果は抗がん剤5-FUのそれに匹敵するものであった。さらに,SDK-12AはLewis肺がんの転移を有意に抑制し.遅延型免疫機能賦活化作用も認められた。またSDK-12Aは実験動物において毒性面では安全性の高い化合物であった。これらの結果は,SDK-12Aが多面的作用を持った特異な化合物であり,抗がん剤開発の研究領域からみて興味ある物質である。