著者
高良 恒史 大西 憲明 橋詰 勉 金澤 治男 横山 照由
出版者
一般社団法人日本医療薬学会
雑誌
医療薬学 (ISSN:1346342X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.1, pp.57-62, 2002-02-10 (Released:2011-03-04)
参考文献数
8
被引用文献数
5

In 1996, the Department of Clinical Pharmacy at the Education and Research Center of Kyoto Pharmaceutical University was established to enrich the education program of pharmaceutical health care and sciences, and to also be used as a pre-training program for undergraduates before taking part in externships at hospitals or pharmacies. In the following year, the training center of clinical pharmacy (a simulated pharmacy) was also founded, and has since been used for the practical training of pharmaceutical health care and sciences for third-year undergraduate students. We herein describe our findings of an unregistered questionnaire survey of the undergraduate students' view, while also evaluating and discussing the effectiveness of this training program.Almost all students considered undergoing the practical training to be useful and necessary for them, because their scores before and after the training were 4.24 and 4.56 points on a scale of 5 point maximum, respectively. The students also evaluated each part of the training program, with mean values before and after the practice 3.75-4.01 and 3.70-4.39, respectively. The students did voice various opinions regarding the practical training program. Consequently, the students are satisfied with the practical training programs at present, however, we will have to continually improve such programs to better meet the students needs.
著者
千葉 薫 宮崎 勝巳 板谷 幸一 佐藤 誠二 高橋 保志 松原 和夫
出版者
一般社団法人日本医療薬学会
雑誌
医療薬学 (ISSN:1346342X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.1, pp.41-46, 2002-02-10 (Released:2011-03-04)
参考文献数
6

Hospital pharmaceutical preparations (HPP) are used in patients whose complications are not well controlled by the commercially available drugs or injections. The use of HPP is effective when HPP are proposed through clinical pharmacy services. A questionnaire was developed to evaluate the use of HPP and then was sent to 49 hospital pharmacies who belong to the Hokkaido Association for Hospital Pharmaceuticals.As a result, 32 institutions replied to questionnaire, thus indicating a recovery rate of 65%. HPP, including mixtures of injectable drugs, were used at 30 out of 32 institutions. According to the questionnaires, 11 hospitals manufactured 24 HPP which were used during clinical pharmacy services. Half of these preparations were used to care for adverse symptoms, such as stomatitis, induced by the cancer chemotherapy.The use of HPP prepared by clinical pharmacy services is closely related to patient's symptoms. The practical use of HPP is not only considered to improve drug compliance and the QOL of patients, but are also thought to enhance the general capabilities of pharmacists in clinical pharmaceutical practice.
著者
松本 和馬
出版者
日本森林学会
雑誌
森林科学 (ISSN:09171908)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, pp.53-60, 2004-02-01 (Released:2018-06-14)
著者
梅村 雅之 伊東 亜紀雄 鍋島 俊隆
出版者
一般社団法人日本医療薬学会
雑誌
医療薬学 (ISSN:1346342X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.1, pp.16-21, 2002-02-10 (Released:2011-03-04)
参考文献数
17

In hematopoietic cell transplantation, amphotericin B (AMPH) syrup is widely used for the prevention of local fungal infections in the intraoral and gastrointestinal tracts. However, the dosage compliance tends to be poor due to its unpleasant taste. We therefore developed a candy preparation for AMPH in order to improve compliance. In this study, we examined the thermostability, stability under storage and the dissolution pattern of AMPH in this preparation. The oral contents of AMPH after administration in the candy preparation were also measured in healthy volunteers. A low calorie sweetener was heated to melt and cooled down to several temperatures (150-190°C). After cooling, AMPH syrup or powder grinding tablets were added (9 mg/ 3 g/piece : the final contents). The results of a thermostability examination show that AMPH was not affected at 150°C, however, it tended to be damaged at higher temperatures. When one piece of AMPH candy preparation was administered for 30 sec to healthy volunteers, the oral concentration of AMPH is higher than 100μg/mL for 10 min, which is more than the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) for Candida albicans. Furthermore, the results of a texture test using healthy volunteers indicate that the taste, i.e., flavor, feel on the tongue, etc of the candy preparation made from syrup was superior to that made from powder. These results suggest that a sufficient oral concentration of AMPH to prevent fungal infection was obtained in this candy preparation. As a result, this candy preparation may improve not only the dosage compliance but also the QOL of the patients.
著者
千田 哲資 木村 基文 神原 利和
出版者
魚雑
雑誌
魚類学雑誌 (ISSN:00215090)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.2, pp.193-198, 1993

西太平洋熱帯域 (北緯2-8°, 東経140-151°) の漂流物に随伴する魚類の胃内容物を調べたところ, 5つの科に属する6種がウミアメンボを食していた.特にギンガメアジでは61%と高い捕食率であったのに対し, 他の7種のアジ科魚類130個体では1個体のツムブリを除いてウミアメンボを食していたものはなかった.捕食されていたウミアメンボのうち, 66.4%がツヤウミアメンボ, 32.7%がセンタウミアメンボであった.それぞれ1個体の雌雄のコガタウミアメンボが, 従来本種は分布していないと考えられていた北緯4。付近で採集したギンガメアジ (別個体) に食されていた.魚類は海鳥とともに, 遠洋性ウミアメンボの無視できない捕食者であると考えられた.

1 1 1 1 OA 船山遺書

著者
清王夫之撰
出版者
曾氏金陵刊
巻号頁・発行日
vol.第76册, 1865
著者
渋野 拓郎 竹内 直子 橋本 博明 具島 健二
出版者
広島大学生物生産学部
雑誌
生物生産学研究 (ISSN:1341691X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.37, pp.17-21, 1998-12

魚食性魚類に餌として利用されている魚類の分類群とその大きさを明かにするために、南日本の口永良部島の磯において肉食性魚類の消化管内容物を調査した。調査対象種14科31種723個体中、アオヤガラ Fistularia petimba、ワヌケトラギス Parapercis cephalopunctata、アカエソSynodus ulae、ギンガメアジ Caranx sexfasciatus などの14科31種156個体によって合計339個体の魚類が捕食されていた。この中で、表層性のキビナゴ Spratelloides gracilis が最も多く利用されていた。また、口永良部島の磯においては、体長19.0mmから55.0mm、体高4.0mmから8.0mmの魚類に対する捕食圧が高いことが明らかになった。The gut contents of piscivorous fishes (14 families, 31 species, 723 specimens) collected at the reefs of Kuchierabu-jima, southern Japan, were examined to determine the composition and size of their fish prey. One hundred fifty six of predators in 31 species and 14 families, including Fistularia petimba, Parapercis cephalopunctata, Synodus ulae, Caranx seafasciatus, fed on 339 items of prey. Piscivorous fishes at the reefs ate mainly the pelagic fish, Spratelloides gracilis. The feeding pressure was particularly high in fishes with body length 19.0-55.0 mm and body depth 4.0-8.0 mm at these reefs,
著者
倉田 稔
出版者
日本鱗翅学会
雑誌
蝶と蛾 (ISSN:00240974)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.1, pp.39-46, 1970

第8報としてシタバガ類Catocalaとギンガ類Chasminodes(共にヤガ科Noctuidae)をまとめ,あわせて分布上興味ある本州未記録種と中部地方の未記録種などを数種記録する.本文に先だち常日頃御指導いただいている信州大学小山長雄博士並びに東京都の杉繁郎氏に深謝いたします.

1 1 1 1 OA 饌書

著者
羽倉用九
巻号頁・発行日
1845
著者
五十嵐 大介
出版者
東洋文庫
雑誌
東洋学報 = The Toyo Gakuho (ISSN:03869067)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.91, no.1, pp.75-102, 2009-06

During the Mamluk period, powerful figures, especially the Mamluk military aristocracy, began to convert their private property into waqfs (Islamic religious endowments) for the purpose of securing the endowers’ private sources of revenue. The growth of the so-called “self-benefiting” waqf, that is、 a waqf earmarked for the endowers themselves as the main beneficiaries of the revenue earned from the waqf, reflected such circumstances. This article attempts to show the realities behind the “self-benefiting waqf,” examining 1) the ways by which endowers could include themselves as waqf’s beneficiaries, 2) the social stratum of such endowers, 3) the size of the waqfs in question, and 4) stipulations providing for beneficiaries after the death of the endowers contained in waqf deeds.Theoretically, the three schools of Islamic law, except the Hanafi school, denied the legitimacy of the “self-benefiting waqf,” however, in reality, the practice became widespread in both Mamluk Egypt and Syria. There were three methods by which waqf endowers could include themselves as beneficiaries. The first was to expend all earnings from the waqf’s assets on the endower himself; the second was to expend the surplus from waqf earnings after expenditures on the maintenance of waqf-financed religious or educational institutions, salaries and other compensation for the staff, etc; and the third was to divide waqf earnings between the endower and his charitable activities.Among the three methods, the first was the most popular, no doubt because it was a way by which the endower could benefit most directly from his waqf. In this ease, anyone who donated his private property as waqf, which involved the abandonment of all rights of ownership over it, could, nevertheless, continue to oversee the endowed property and pay himself compensation as the waqf’s controller (nazir). It can be said that there was no change in the de facto relationship between the property and its “ex”-owner before and after the endowment was made. In short, the “self-benefiting waqf” of this type could be seen as a way of securing the actual “possession” of one’s estate against such emergency circumstances as sudden political upheavals, sudden death by natural disaster, outbreak of war, or political intrigue, situations under which the subsequent confiscation of property could have occurred at any moment.
著者
酒井 哲也 野上 謙一
出版者
一般社団法人情報処理学会
雑誌
研究報告情報学基礎(FI) (ISSN:09196072)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2009, no.2, pp.105-112, 2009-01-15
参考文献数
15

(株)ニューズウォッチは,ユーザの情報要求の変化をシステム側が促進し,ユーザが繰り返し検索を行う過程で有用な情報に 「出会う」 ことを可能にする探検型検索サイト「コトバ ノ ウチュウ」 を 2008 年 9 月に正式リリースした.このサイトでは,情報要求の変化促進の手段として,日本語版ウィキペディアの参照関係を視覚したインタフェース 「ギンガ」 を提供している.本研究では,「コトバ ノ ウチュウ」の 2008 年 10 月分のクエリログおよびクリックスルーデータを用い,ユーザが 「ギンガ」 上でどのようなクエリからどのようなクエリに遷移するかを分析した.その結果,ユーザは,人名から人名,組織名から組織名,地名から地名といったように現在のクエリと同一のタイプのクエリに遷移する明確な傾向があることがわかった.本知見は,探検型検索においてより有用なクエリ候補をユーザに提示するために役立てる予定である.In September 2008, NewsWatch, Inc. released an exploratory Web search site called KotobaNoUchu (Galaxies of Words), which encourages change in the user's information need and enables "serendipitous search" through repeated querying. To this end, KotobaNoUchu visualises the graph structures of Japanese Wikipedia, in a graphical interface called ginga (galaxy). In this study, we analyse the query log and clickthrough data of KotobaNoUchu from October 2008, to see how users move from a certain type of query to another on the ginga interface. Our results show that users clearly tend to make transitions within the same query type - from person names to person names, from place names to place names, and so on. We plan to utilise this finding for providing the user with more useful query candidates for exploratory search.
著者
河村 幸彦 泉 富士夫
出版者
日本中性子科学会
雑誌
波紋 (ISSN:1349046X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.1, pp.22-25, 2015 (Released:2018-11-14)
参考文献数
18

CO molecules taken up in clathrate hydrates with structures I and II show highly disordered arrangements, which are hard to analyze by classical methods for structure refinement adopting split-atom models. Rietveld refinements followed by maximum entropy method analyses from TOF neutron powder diffraction data of CO clathrate hydrates made it possible to visualize doughnut- and die-like distributions of CO molecules in 512 and 51264 cages, respectively.
著者
河村 幸彦 門馬 綱一 泉 富士夫
出版者
日本中性子科学会
雑誌
波紋 (ISSN:1349046X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.1, pp.66-71, 2013 (Released:2018-11-14)
参考文献数
29

Free programs for the maximum-entropy method (MEM) and three-dimensional visualization are introduced with emphasis on their applications to TOF neutron powder diffraction data. The importance of correcting for thermal diffuse scattering is stressed to improving the accuracy of results obtained by powder diffraction.