著者
小沢 佳史
出版者
経済理論学会
雑誌
季刊経済理論 (ISSN:18825184)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.4, pp.78-87, 2013

The aim of this paper is to show John Stuart Mill's first prospect for the stationary state. The stationary state is one of the famous terms in political economy, which means a state of human society where the wealth of a nation does not increase nor decrease. It is well known that Mill celebrates it in his treatise Principles of Political Economy. Our conclusion is that Mill's first prospect for the stationary state is one which does not suppose a realization of this state. Previous studies offer an interpretation that Mill regards a practice of associations as a process of realizing the ideal stationary state. For the 3rd and subsequent editions of Mill's Principles, we maintain that this interpretation is appropriate. However, this is only true with regard to these editions. The construction of this paper is as follows: First, it is shown that whereas he considers a progressive state of national wealth the best option for the time being, Mill thinks that an ideal of human society is the kind of stationary state in which people have no intention of increasing wealth. From this, a question arises as to how this ideal stationary state can be realized. Then we compare the theory of associations in the 1st and 2nd editions of Mill's Principles with that in the 3rd and subsequent editions. We conclude that in former editions, a prospect that the ideal stationary state can be realized through a practice of associations is not proposed; Mill judges a practice of associations not to be realistic at present and scarcely refers to changes in society to which it will give occasion. As described above, a realization of the ideal is not proposed in the 1st and 2nd editions of Mill's Principles. However, we can seek, even in these editions, the meaning of the theory of the stationary state: to change attitudes of legislators. Based on this theory, Mill proposes to legislators that they ought to put the greatest importance not on the mere increase of production but on the improvement of distribution, "as the true desideratum."
著者
Masahisa ENDO Willy JOU
出版者
Japanese Association of Electoral Studies
雑誌
選挙研究 (ISSN:09123512)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.1, pp.96-112, 2014 (Released:2018-01-05)
参考文献数
60
被引用文献数
2

Both scholarly and journalistic accounts in Japan have long used the terms ‘conservative (hosyu)’ and ‘progressive (kakushin)’ to characterize political parties. However, the question of whether the general public shares a common view of party positions along the conservative-progressive spectrum has not heretofore been empirically investigated. The present study attempts to fill this vacuum by examining how different age cohorts perceive 1) overall party system polarization and 2) the positions of parties consistently identified by scholars as anchoring the two ends of the ideological scale. Analysis of surveys covering nearly three decades reveals a significant positive relationship between age and perceived polarization that has strengthened over time. Furthermore, the conventional view of parties' ideological positions widely held among political scientists is no longer shared by younger voters. These findings, which are mostly attributable to a generational effect, call for a fundamental reevaluation of the role of ideology in Japanese party politics.
著者
神宮司 洋一
出版者
The Kitakanto Medical Society
雑誌
北関東医学 (ISSN:00231908)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.3, pp.185-209, 1978-06-30 (Released:2009-11-11)
参考文献数
46

On the development of mammalian diaphragm it is generally accepted that the muscle of diaphragm was derived from lower cervical myotomes. In the recent, however, it was described on the diaphragm of xenopus, which was consisted of pars ventralis and pars dorsalis, that the latter one was derived developmentally from the mesoderms of forelimb bud.To compare the origin and migration of muscle of mammalian diaphragm with those of xenopus, the author has investigated the development of mouse diaphragm by means of light and electron microscopy on the embryos aged from 9.25 through 12.5 gestational days. The graphic reconstructions traced from photomicrographs taking from the tinctorially examined serial sections are available for the present study.From these observations the following results are obtained;1) The most part of diaphragmatic premuscle mass arises from the ventral edges of 4th and 5th cervical myotomes at early limb bud period (9.75-10.25 gestational days), and secondarily it migrates ventrolaterally toward the dorsal part of transverse septum during at early to late limb bud periods (9.75-11.5 g.d.).2) Only at the late limb bud period (10.5-11.5 g.d.) the diaphragmatic premuscle mass, which was just mentioned in 1), comes into contacts with the proximal border of the mesoderms of forelimb bud, and it appears that the former premuscle mass has received some part of the latter mesoderms during this period. With further development, the diaphragmatic premuscle mass after receiving some part of mesoderms from forelimb bud has migrated far ventral to the transverse septum; thus the contribution of the mesoderm of forelimb bud to the development of diaphragm has been demonstrated in mouse embryos as in xenopus.3) During the process of migrations, the diaphragmatic premuscle mass has mainly consisted of presumptive myoblasts which were characterised by its spindle shapes and numerous free ribosomes with no detectable myofibrils in their cytoplasms.Appearance of myoblasts containing myofibrils is proven in the transverse septum firstly at the later stage (12.5 g.d.) when the premuscle mass has arrived its definitive sites.

1 1 1 1 OA 人物偶録

著者
徳富猪一郎 著
出版者
民友社
巻号頁・発行日
1928
著者
岸本 美緒
出版者
岩波書店
雑誌
思想 (ISSN:03862755)
巻号頁・発行日
no.1106, pp.2-6, 2016-06
著者
平野 浩
出版者
日本選挙学会
雑誌
選挙研究 (ISSN:09123512)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.2, pp.60-72, 2011 (Released:2017-06-12)
参考文献数
25

本稿は,2009年衆院選の前後に実施された2波の全国パネル調査データに基づき, この選挙時におけるメディアへの接触が有権者に対してどのような影響を及ぼしたのかを明らかにし,それを通じてメディアと選挙との今日的関係について考察することを目的とする。分析の結果,(1)政治的知識への効果に関しては,特定のテレビ番組や対人ネットワークが知識の3次元のすべてにプラスに働くのに対し,新聞やインターネットの効果は限定的である,(2)メディア接触は内閣への業績評価・期待,政党リーダーへの感情に対しては一定の影響を及ぼしているが,経済状況認識や争点態度に対する影響は僅かである,(3)投票方向に対するメディア接触の影響は,一部のテレビ番組視聴を除いてほとんど見られない,などの点が明らかとなった。これを受けて,メディアの影響力に関する有権者の実感と上記の知見との架橋について考察する。
著者
浅野 則子
出版者
別府大学会
雑誌
別府大学紀要 (ISSN:02864983)
巻号頁・発行日
no.60, pp.1-7, 2019-02

大伴家持と妻大嬢は大伴家として望まれた婚姻であり、幸せな関係を維持したとされている。しかしながらそれを証明するのは歌のみである。二人の関係が安定したものとなる時期以前の「二人の空白期」とされる時期に家持は「亡妾」への挽歌を作っているが、この挽歌により万葉集において大嬢との幸せな関係が強調されている。
著者
石原 孟 山口 敦 藤野 陽三
出版者
Japan Society of Civil Engineers
雑誌
土木学会論文集 (ISSN:02897806)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2003, no.731, pp.195-211, 2003-04-21 (Released:2010-08-24)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
2

本研究では複雑地形における局所風況を数値的に予測するために必要な計算領域の大きさを明らかにするとともに, 新しい境界処理手法と数値解法を提案し, 大型風洞実験によりその妥当性を検証した. まず計算領域の大きさに関して, 計算領域の高さ, 幅, 上流境界の位置が流れ場に与える影響を明らかにした. また境界処理方法として, 地形の体積が一定となるような緩衝領域を境界付近に設置するとともに, 対象領域と同じ程度の大きさの付加領域を上流に設置する手法を提案した. さらに大規模線形連立方程式の数値解法について詳細な比較検討を行い, 高速かつ安定な数値解法を提案した. 最後に実地形模型を用いた大型風洞実験を行い, 本研究で開発した数値予測手法が従来の手法より複雑地形上の局所風況を精度よく予測できることを実証した.
著者
小池 博明 半澤 幹一
出版者
長野工業高等専門学校
雑誌
長野工業高等専門学校紀要 = Memoirs of Nagano National College of Technology (ISSN:18829155)
巻号頁・発行日
no.53, pp.1-10, 2019-06-30

This paper is an investigation and interpretation (釈論) of 'Oe no Chisato-shu' (大江千里集) which is an anthology of Waka (和歌=ancient Japanese poems) by Oe himself.In this anthology, as usually called Kudai-waka (句題和歌), each Waka is given one phrase poetic title from Kanshi (漢詩=ancient Chinese poem) selected by Oe. The authors of this paper think that the mutual relations between expressions in both Waka and Kanshi have various patterns. So,the central purpose of our investigation is to concretely explicate the actual condition of all these patterns. And first,this paper treats of Waka No.11~No.13 of 'Oe no Chisato-shu'.
著者
古屋 徳彦
出版者
順天堂大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2015-04-01 (Released:2015-04-16)

本研究はNeurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA)原因遺伝子群の機能解析をオートファジーとの連関に注目して行った。siRNAを用いたNBIA原因遺伝子群のノックダウン(KD)を試みたところ、FTL、 PANK2、COASYのKDによりオートファジーへの影響が認められた。CRISPR/Cas9を用いて作成したFTL ノックアウト(KO)細胞を解析したところ、フェリチノファジーの低下、ミトコンドリア機能の低下、酸化ストレスに対する耐性の低下が認められた。これらの表現型がNBIA病態発症メカニズムと関連していると考えられる。